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English 6-dlp-53-comparing-adverbs

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English 6-dlp-53-comparing-adverbs

  1. 1. ENGLISHENGLISHENGLISHENGLISH Marcy_cb21 6666 Module 53 A DepEd-BEAM Distance Learning Program supported by the Australian Agency for International Development COMPARING ADVERBS
  2. 2. 41 How are you today? In your previous modules you have learned many things about adjectives. This time we will learn more about adverbs. Can you still remember what adverbs are? Unlike adjectives which modify nouns and pronouns, adverbs modify verbs, adjectives and adverbs. You will have more exercises on adverbs in this module. This module will tell us about the three degrees of comparison of adverbs to compare the actions of persons and things. Give the correct form of comparison for each word in the parenthesis. Do this in your notebook. Here’s an example: Who looks (elegantly), Nora or Linda? Answer: Who looks more elegantly, Nora or Linda? 1. They studied (religiously) today than yesterday. ________________________________________________. 2. Among the girls, Sheena answered math problems (carefully). ______________________________________________________________. 3. Of the two brothers, Carlo swims (fast). ________________________________________. 4. Ken writes (well) than Joji. ___________________________. To the Learner Let’s Try This Let’s Learn This
  3. 3. 42 5. My juice drink tastes (sweetly) than yours. ____________________________________________. How did you find the pretest? Here are the correct answers. 1. more religiously 2. most carefully 3. faster 4. better 5. more sweetly Are all your answers correct? Don’t worry learner if you did not get a perfect score. You will learn more about comparing adverbs as you do each activity in this module. Be ready and have fun! Read the dialog between the two boys as they watch a running competition. Find out how they compare the actions of the runners. Let’s Study This Arnel runs fast, but Arman runs faster. Rene runs the fastest in the race. The crowd cheers more excitedly for Arman than for Arnel. But they cheer the most excitedly for Rene.
  4. 4. 43 Answer the questions. 1. Who runs faster, Arman or Arnel? 2. Who runs the fastest? 3. For whom is the crowd cheering more excitedly? Most excitedly? Read the sentences taken from the dialog. A. 1. Arnel runs fast. 2. Arman runs faster than Arnel. 3. Rene runs the fastest in the race. B. 1. The crowd cheers excitedly for Arnel. 2. The crowd cheers more excitedly for Arman. 3. They cheers the most excitedly for Rene. - What are the underlined words in each set of sentences? fast, faster, fastest excitedly, more excitedly, most excitedly - How do these adverbs change in the comparative degree? In the superlative degree? Few adverbs like fast, hard, soon show comparison by means of –er and –est endings. Example: fast faster fastest hard harder hardest soon sooner soonest Most adverbs form their comparative degree by adding more or less, and most or least for the superlative form. Example: excitedly more excitedly most excitedly skillfully more skillfully most skillfully
  5. 5. 44 Other adverbs compare irregularly. Example: well better best much more most many more most bad worse worst little less least Here are other reminders when comparing adverbs. 1. When adding –er or –est to a word ending in y following a consonant, change y to i then add the suffix. Example: happy happier happiest 2. When adding –er or –est to an adverb ending in a consonant following one vowel, double the final consonant. Examples: fat fatter fattest thin thinner thinner 3. Than always follows the comparative form of adverbs. Examples: sweeter than faster than 4. The always precedes the superlative form of adverbs. Examples the sweetest the fastest
  6. 6. 45 5. Never use both methods together. Incorrect: the most fastest Correct: the fastest Incorrect: more better than Correct: better than 6. Adverbs that serve as intensifiers like too, very, quite, somewhat, or rather cannot be compared. Give the correct form of comparison for each word in the parentheses. Write your answers in a sheet of paper. 1. Manny weighed the (heavy) ____________ of all the boys. 2. Tiger Woods ranks the (high) ____________ among the golfers. 3. Ana presented her case (convincingly) ____________ than the first speaker. 4. Iris read the poem (clearly) _____________ than Lina. 5. Mexicans cheered (loud) ______________ than the Americans. Are you done? Look at the Answer Key and check your answers. What’s your score? If your score is 4-5, proceed to the next module. If your score is 3 and below, do the next activity. Let’s Do This
  7. 7. 46 Give the degree of comparison of the underlined adverbs. (positive, comparative, superlative) __________ 1. Filipinos cheered the loudest of all. __________ 2. Fans listening on the radio followed the game intently. __________ 3. Americans cheered loudly while watching the game. __________ 4. Fans watching TV followed the game more intently than they did. __________ 5. Pacquiao fought more vigorously this time than last year. Finished? Look at the Answer Key and check your answers. How many correct answers did you get? If you got 4-5, you already learned the lesson. Go to the next module. If you got 3 and below. You still have activities to do in this module. Answer Let’s Test Ourselves. Let’s Do More
  8. 8. 47 How do we compare adverbs? Like adjectives, adverbs have positive, comparative, and superlative forms when used in comparing actions and descriptions. Most adverbs form their comparative degree by adding more or less, and mOst or least for the superlative form. Example: vigorously more vigorously most vigorously A few adverbs show comparison by means of –er and –est endings. Example: high higher highest Other adverbs compare irregularly. Examples: well better best many more most Let’s Remember This
  9. 9. 48 Tell whether the underlined adverb is in the positive, comparative, or superlative degree. Do this in your notebook. The Blue Lakers Team won their fight against the Salt Lake Springs Team in New York Town on November 18, 2007. Sports analysts and observers gave the following reasons for their win. The Blue Lakers Team came (1) more prepared than Salt Lake Springs Team. The Blue Lakers players looked (2) healthier than the Salt Lake Spring players. They practiced (3) more vigorously than their opponent. They showed to all that they played (4) strongly and came out (5) more respected than ever. The Blue Lakers players are admired as (6) most highly respected among the players in their generation. Their country was proud of them. Are you done? Look at the Answer Key again and check your answers. How much did you get? If you got 5-6, go to the next module. If you got 4 and below, answer the last activity. Let’s Test Ourselves
  10. 10. 49 Write the correct form of the adverb in parenthesis. Rewrite the whole sentence. Do this in your notebook. 1. Earl writes (well) than Jason. ________________________________________________________________ 2. The Rolls Royce travels (fast). ________________________________________________________________ 3. A jet plane goes (fast) than a train. ________________________________________________________________ 4. During the fight, Edwin acted (bravely) of the three boys. ________________________________________________________________ 5. No battle was ever fought (heroically) than the Battle of Mactan. ________________________________________________________________ Finished? Check your answers against the Answer Key. What’s your score? Did you got 4 or 5? Good. Here’s a star for you! If you got 3 and below, do the activities in this module again. Let’s Enrich Ourselves
  11. 11. 50 Let’s Do This 1. heaviest 2. highest 3. more convincingly 4. more clearly 5. louder Let’s Do More 1. superlative 2. positive 3. positive 4. comparative 5. comparative Let’s Test Ourselves 1. comparative 2. comparative 3. comparative 4. positive 5. comparative 6. superlative Let’s Enrich Ourselves 1. Earl writes better than Jason. 2. The Rolls Royce travels fast. 3. A jet plane goes faster than a train. 4. During the fight, Edwin acted the most bravely of the three boys. 5. No battle was ever fought more heroically than the Battle of Mactan. Answer Key

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