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L7 favella bairro squatter redevelopment

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L7 favella bairro squatter redevelopment

  1. 1. CASE STUDY: Settlement redevelopment in Rio de Janeiro
  2. 2. Improving a shanty town… …what would you do? Look at your cards and in groups of 3 decide what you would want to change. You have to decide what to do over a 2 year period and you have 200 shanty town points to spend each year. Write your answer on the mini whiteboard
  3. 3. Housing in Rio • Over one million people live in over 600 favelas in Rio de Janeiro, for example Rochina. • The houses are constructed from any materials available, such as wood, corrugated iron and broken bricks. • The accommodation lacks basic services such as running water, sewage and electricity. • The houses are often built on hillsides which means that, when it rains, flash floods can cause landslides. • Inhabitants of favelas have no legal right to the land on which they live, which means that they can be evicted at any time. • Historically some favelas had been bulldozed to the ground but now the government accept that they are here to stay.
  4. 4. Rochina Fact File • Rochina is a large squatter settlement (200,000 people) and now 90% of its housing is made from brick and have electricity, running water and sewage systems. • Residents work in one of the wealthy areas near by, e.g. Ipanema and this gives them money to help improve their homes. • Rochina has an amazing number of services now, its own radio station, clothes shop, travel agents and school!
  5. 5. Rochina Favela Self Help Scheme • Stage 1: – This aimed to improve the buildings in the favelas. The occupants were given paved and formally named roads, water and sewage pipelines, moved from areas of very high risk (from landslides) to safer locations and rivers were channelled to stop them causing flooding in the favelas.
  6. 6. Rochina Favela Self Help Scheme • Stage 2: – The next stage was aimed at integrating the favela dwellers into society by generating employment, improving education levels (e.g. ICT) and giving residents credit so that they can buy their own building materials to help improve their homes.
  7. 7. Local Authority schemes: Barra da Tijuca Video (45.30 – 48 mins). • Due to the mountainous relief and its coastal location space has been at a premium for a long time in Rio. As a result a new road – the Elevado do Joa – was built to link the centre to a new suburb of Barra da Tijuca. • Barra has grown from 2,500 in 1960 to now over 100,000! It has a huge number of services like car mechanics, schools, hospitals and offices. • It is mainly for the wealthy middle class who can afford to commute to the centre of Rio for work each day. It is a centre in its own right now and people do live and work in this new settlement.
  8. 8. Map of Rio de Janerio Rio CBD Rochina Urban area Elvado do Joa City grown on flatter land in- between mountains Barra de Tijuca Atlantic Ocean
  9. 9. Homework • Question: • Use a named example to describe how problems of squatter settlements in the poor world can be reduced. (6)
  10. 10. What is wrong with these houses?