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American Civilizations A Brief Introduction to the Aztec and Inca
In the prehistoric period, people migrated into the western hemisphere.
Different tribes, societies, and civilizations soon formed from North America . . .
<ul><li>to Meso and South America </li></ul>
Some early American Civilizations included . . . <ul><li>North America: </li></ul><ul><li>Hopewell </li></ul><ul><li>Adena...
Maya, Aztec, and Inca Empires were the civilizations of Mesoamerica and Andean South America that “get the most ink” in ge...
<ul><li>Mayan Civilization </li></ul>
 
 
<ul><ul><li>Mayan Hieroglyphs </li></ul></ul>
Mayan 365 day calendar with 260 day calendar added
Aztec and Inca are written about the most because <ul><li>Aztec and Inca Empires . . . </li></ul><ul><li>represent a culmi...
 
TENOCHTITLAN – The Aztec Capital City
Machu Pichu – Inca Ceremonial Center
Whose point of view dominates the earliest sources on early civilizations of the Americas? <ul><li>Spanish military office...
THE AZTEC (or Mexica) EMPIRE An Empire that was the most advanced in the Americas? OR A political system built on systemat...
TENOCHTITLAN – The Aztec Capital City
Aztec human sacrifice - on a greater scale than anywhere or any time in human history.
 
Quote of the Day 11-10 <ul><li>“ the Aztecs may appear irrational, terrifying, & murderous; yet . . . we [the US] have bee...
Another interpretation: <ul><li>“ In this world, torn with hate and war, we may well consider their [the Aztecs'] example....
Another interpretation: <ul><li>“ [The Aztecs were] perhaps the most successful regime of terror the world has ever seen; ...
Another interpretation: <ul><li>“ Nothing caused me so much admiration and seems to me more worthy of praise and rememberi...
 
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  1. 1. American Civilizations A Brief Introduction to the Aztec and Inca
  2. 2. In the prehistoric period, people migrated into the western hemisphere.
  3. 3. Different tribes, societies, and civilizations soon formed from North America . . .
  4. 4. <ul><li>to Meso and South America </li></ul>
  5. 5. Some early American Civilizations included . . . <ul><li>North America: </li></ul><ul><li>Hopewell </li></ul><ul><li>Adena </li></ul><ul><li>Mississippian </li></ul><ul><li>South America </li></ul><ul><li>Moche </li></ul><ul><li>Chimu </li></ul><ul><li>Nazca </li></ul><ul><li>Mesoamerica: </li></ul><ul><li>Teotihuacan </li></ul><ul><li>Olmec </li></ul><ul><li>Toltec </li></ul><ul><li>Maya </li></ul>
  6. 6. Maya, Aztec, and Inca Empires were the civilizations of Mesoamerica and Andean South America that “get the most ink” in general histories of the world.
  7. 7. <ul><li>Mayan Civilization </li></ul>
  8. 10. <ul><ul><li>Mayan Hieroglyphs </li></ul></ul>
  9. 11. Mayan 365 day calendar with 260 day calendar added
  10. 12. Aztec and Inca are written about the most because <ul><li>Aztec and Inca Empires . . . </li></ul><ul><li>represent a culmination of earlier civilizations. </li></ul><ul><li>were the last indigenous empires of the Americas (before European conquest). </li></ul><ul><li>and there are more written sources on these civilizations. </li></ul>
  11. 14. TENOCHTITLAN – The Aztec Capital City
  12. 15. Machu Pichu – Inca Ceremonial Center
  13. 16. Whose point of view dominates the earliest sources on early civilizations of the Americas? <ul><li>Spanish military officers writing after the 1500s </li></ul><ul><li>Spanish Roman Catholic priests </li></ul><ul><li>Some natives who interacted with Europeans. </li></ul>
  14. 17. THE AZTEC (or Mexica) EMPIRE An Empire that was the most advanced in the Americas? OR A political system built on systematic terror tactics and brutality?
  15. 18. TENOCHTITLAN – The Aztec Capital City
  16. 19. Aztec human sacrifice - on a greater scale than anywhere or any time in human history.
  17. 21. Quote of the Day 11-10 <ul><li>“ the Aztecs may appear irrational, terrifying, & murderous; yet . . . we [the US] have been just as addicted to killing, even in our own century.” </li></ul><ul><li>Michael Wood </li></ul>
  18. 22. Another interpretation: <ul><li>“ In this world, torn with hate and war, we may well consider their [the Aztecs'] example. The Indians worked together for their common good, and no sacrifice was too great for their corporate well-being' George C. Vaillant ('The Aztecs of Mexico') </li></ul>
  19. 23. Another interpretation: <ul><li>“ [The Aztecs were] perhaps the most successful regime of terror the world has ever seen; [they carried out] mass murder... staged as an exultant feat of human butchery; [they] recorded the slaughter ... [in] an orgy of death imagery.” </li></ul><ul><li>Dr Nigel Spivey (How Art Made The World' (BBC TV and book) </li></ul>
  20. 24. Another interpretation: <ul><li>“ Nothing caused me so much admiration and seems to me more worthy of praise and remembering than the care and discipline with which the Aztecs raised their children. In effect, it would be quite difficult to find a nation which in its times of paganism gave more attention to this element of highest importance to the state.” </li></ul><ul><li>Father José de Acosta </li></ul>

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