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Vaccination turkey

  2. What is vaccine? • A vaccine is a biological preparation that provides active acquired immunity to a particular disease. • A vaccine typically contains an agent that resembles a disease-causing microorganism and is often made from weakened or killed forms of the microbe, its toxins, or one of its surface proteins. • The agent stimulates the body's immune system to recognize the agent as a threat, destroy it, and to further recognize and destroy any of the microorganisms associated with that agent that it may encounter in the future.
  3. Health Care System in Turkey • Health care in Turkey consists of a mix of public and private health services. • Turkey has universal health care under its Universal Health Insurance system. • Under this system, all residents registered with the Social Security Institution can receive medical treatment free of charge in hospitals contracted to the SGK.
  4. Coverage • Emergencies • Work accidents and vocational illnesses • Infectious diseases • Preventive health services (drug and alcohol abuse) • Childbirth • Extraordinary events (injuries from war and natural disasters) • Fertility treatment for women younger than 39 • All surgery deemed medically necessary • Vaccination
  5. Vaccination Calendar • 7
  6. Hepatit B Vaccine • The vaccine is usually given as 2, 3, or 4 shots over 1 to 6 months. • Infants should get their first dose of hepatitis B vaccine at birth and will usually complete the series at 6 months of age. • All children and adolescents younger than 19 years of age who have not yet gotten the vaccine should also be vaccinated
  7. BCG Vaccine • Bacillus Calmette–Guérin (BCG) vaccine is a vaccine primarily used against tuberculosis (TB). • The vaccine given only one dose in end of 2nd month.
  8. DaBT Vaccine • DTaP vaccine can help protect from diphtheria, tetanus, and pertussis. • DTaP is only for children younger than 7 years old. DTaP vaccine is not appropriate for everyone—a small number of children should receive a different vaccine that contains only diphtheria and tetanus instead of DTaP.
  9. Some children should not get DTaP vaccine or should wait • Has had an allergic reaction after a previous dose of DTaP, or has any severe, life-threatening allergies. • Has had a coma or long repeated seizures within 7 days after a dose of DTaP. • Has seizures or another nervous system problem. • Has had a condition called Guillain-Barré Syndrome (GBS).
  10. Inactive Polio Vaccine • Polio is a disease caused by a virus. • It is spread mainly by person to-person contact. • Most people infected with polio have no symptoms, and many recover without complications. • Sometimes people who get polio develop paralysis (cannot move their arms or legs). • Polio can result in permanent disability. • Most people should get IPV when they are children. Doses of IPV are usually given at 2, 4, 6 to 18 months, and 4 to 6 years of age.
  11. Haemophilus Influenzae Type B Vaccine • Doses of Hib vaccine are usually recommended at these ages: • First Dose: 2 months of age • Second Dose: 4 months of age • Third Dose: 6 months of age (if needed, depending on brand of vaccine) • Final/Booster Dose: 12–15 months of age
  12. Some people should not get this vaccine • Hib vaccine should not be given to infants younger than 6 weeks of age.
  13. Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine • Vaccination can protect both children and adults from pneumococcal disease. • Pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (called PCV13) protects against 13 types of pneumococcal bacteria. • PCV13 is routinely given to children at 2, 4, 6, and 12–15 months of age. • It is also recommended for children and adults 2 to 64 years of age with certain health conditions, and for all adults 65 years of age and older.
  14. MMR (Measles, Mumps, and Rubella) Vaccine • Children should get 2 doses of MMR vaccine, usually: • First dose: 12 through 15 months of age • Second dose: 4 through 6 years of age
  15. Some people should not get this vaccine • Is pregnant, or thinks she might be pregnant. • Pregnant women should wait to get MMR vaccine until after they are no longer pregnant. • Has a weakened immune system due to disease (such as cancer or HIV/AIDS) or medical treatments (such as radiation, immunotherapy, steroids, or chemotherapy). • Has ever had a condition that makes them bruise or bleed easily. • Has recently had a blood transfusion or received other blood products. You might be advised to postpone MMR vaccination for 3 months or more.
  16. Td Vaccine (Tetanus and diphtheria) • Td is usually given as a booster dose every 10 years but it can also be given earlier after a severe and dirty wound or burn.
  17. Hepatitis A Vaccine • Hepatitis A vaccine is an inactivated (killed) vaccine. • Patient will need 2 doses for long-lasting protection. • These doses should be given at least 6 months apart. • Children are routinely vaccinated between their first and second birthdays (12 through 23 months of age). • Older children and adolescents can get the vaccine after 23 months.
  18. Varicella (Chickenpox) Vaccine • Children 12 months through 12 years of age should get 2 doses of chickenpox vaccine, usually: • First dose: 12 through 15 months of age • Second dose: 4 through 6 years of age • People 13 years of age or older who didn’t get the vaccine when they were younger, and have never had chickenpox, should get 2 doses at least 28 days apart.
  19. Some people should not get this vaccine • Is pregnant, or thinks she might be pregnant. • Pregnant women should wait to get chickenpox vaccine until after they are no longer pregnant. Women should avoid getting pregnant for at least 1 month after getting chickenpox vaccine. • Is taking salicylates (such as aspirin). People should avoid using salicylates for 6 weeks after getting varicella vaccine.