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Circassia, Genocide and Ethnic cleansing - Part 2

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Circassia, Genocide and Ethnic cleansing - Part 2

  1. 1. Walid Hakouz Part II Toronto - Canada 2011 Circassia Genocide & Ethnic Cleansing
  2. 3. April – May 1864 Exodus to Turkey <ul><li>50,000 disembarked at Trabzon , and moved to: </li></ul><ul><li>Akchakale , and Saridere </li></ul><ul><li>40,000 disembarked at Samson , and moved to: </li></ul><ul><li>Izmir , Mudanya , Bandirma , Adapazari , Dusche Bursa , Balikesir, and ، Kutahya </li></ul><ul><li>6,000 re-setteled at Balikesir </li></ul><ul><li>96,000 </li></ul>
  3. 4. May 21 st 1864 Circassian Exodus
  4. 5. May 21 st 1864 <ul><li>109,000 arrived at Trabzon </li></ul><ul><ul><li>40,000 disembarked at Trabzon . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>20,000 moved to Amasya , and Erzincan . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>4,000 moved to Bafra . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>45,000 sailed to Samsun . </li></ul></ul><ul><li>109,000 </li></ul>
  5. 6. July 1864 Exodus to Turkey <ul><li>7,000 families re-settled at : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Kilis. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nizip. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ghazi-Antep. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mara. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Parzracik. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>They were re-settled every 50 families in a village. </li></ul><ul><li>7,000 families </li></ul>
  6. 8. 20,000 Circassians disembarked at Varna, where the Turkish Governor Nasrat Pasha, and وصول 20,000 شركسي إلى فارنا – Varna ، والوالي التركي نصرت باشا يرافقه B. Philpot نائب منطقة Lydney يشرفان على ترحيلهم إلى مدينة Cirnavoda الرومانية . 20,000 people July 17 th 1864 Exodus to Romania
  7. 9. <ul><li>82,000 disembarked at Varna , and transferred: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>20,000 to Cirnavoda . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>13,000 to Shumlu , Silistre , and Vidin . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>12,000 to Sofia , and Nish . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>27,000 to Amselfeld (today Kosovo ). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>10,000 to Sishtov , Ruse , and Nicopol . </li></ul></ul><ul><li>82 ,000 people </li></ul>July 1864 Exodus to Romania
  8. 10. <ul><li>5,000 disembarked at Burgos , and transferred to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Shumlu , and Adrianople . </li></ul></ul><ul><li>3,000 disembarked at Costanta , and transferred to: Cirnavoda . </li></ul><ul><li>8,000 peolpe </li></ul>July 1864
  9. 12. 7,000 arrived in Dobrogea , as Dimitrie A. Varia reports of the Russian Counselor at Constantinople, Vladimir A. Tepolov , where he stated that in 7,000 Circassians live in Cercheza , and Cerchezu villages at Dobrogea area, and all of the are from the Shapsough clan. 7,000 July 1864 Exodus to Romania
  10. 13. 10,000 arrived at Macedonia , and were re-settled in: Serres , Nea-Lonia , Ormylia , Bayrakli , Ernikoy , Houmouto , Elsiani , Demir-Hisar , Apides , Boutokowo , Koulia , and Drama . 10,000 1865 Exodus to Macedonia
  11. 14. <ul><li>450 Thessaloniki. </li></ul><ul><li>185 Larissa – Thessaky area. </li></ul><ul><li>315 Balbanil. </li></ul><ul><li>225 Armyo, and Lozanda. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1,175 families </li></ul></ul>186 6 - 1875 Settlement in Greece
  12. 15. 1869 Settlement in Turkey <ul><li>2,200 Balikesir. </li></ul><ul><li>535 Uonye. </li></ul><ul><li>47 Atineh. </li></ul><ul><li>130 Niksar. </li></ul><ul><li>471 Fasta. </li></ul><ul><li>3,382 families </li></ul>
  13. 16. Circassians Expulsion F. Roubaud
  14. 17. Circassian Genocide & Ethnic Cleansing Committed by Tsarist Russia deported more than 1,000,000 Circassians

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