Before 1521- Pre- Hispanic Time
1521-1896- Spanish Regime
1898-1935- American Period
1935-1941- Commonwealth Period
1941-1944- Japanese Occupation
After WWII- Present
Education was both informal and unstructured.
Education was taught orally, practical, and hands-on
Filipino men and women knows how to read and
write using their own alphabet called alibata.
Educational System during the Spanish
The principal aim was to make native Filipinos obedient and God-fearing Christians.
The educational system is formal.
There were separate schools for boys (colegios) and girls (beaterios).
Religion was a compulsory subject at all levels. The schools focused on the Christian
Education was managed, supervised, and controlled by the friars.
Reading, writing, arithmetic and some vocational and practical arts subjects were
taught. History, Latin, geography and philosophy were taught as well.
During the early part of 17th century, colleges and universities were only open to the
Spaniards and those with Spanish blood (meztizos).
In 19th century, Education decree 1863 required the government to provide school
institutions in every town (public schools) thus Filipino students were already
Educational System during the
The principal goal was to educate and to train in the science of self-government.
Educating the Filipinos was one of their top priorities.
Americans made it a point to teach English to the Filipinos and American soldiers
were the first teachers.
Trained teachers replaced soldiers.
Filipinos warmly received their new teachers, Thomasites
In January 1901, free primary education was provided and a school for Filipino
teachers were established.
Pensionados- they were bright Filipino students who were given the opportunity
to take up higher education in American colleges and universities.
Compulsory religious instructions were abolished.
Educational Act 1901 “Separation of Church and State in Education”
Education under the Commonwealth
In accordance with the 1935 constitution, the Commonwealth provided
free education in public schools all over the country.
President Quezon created the National Council of Education in 1936.
Vocational and adult education were given emphasis
President Quezon issued the EO No. 217 – Quezon’s Code of Ethics which
was required to be taught in all schools.
In 1940, changes were made in the country’s educational system by
virtue of Educational Act of 1940.
Changes in Education during the
Changes were made in the system of education in February 1942,
these changes were:
• To stop depending on western countries like the U.S., and Great Britain.
Promote and enrich the Filipino culture.
• To recognize that the Philippines is a part of the Greater East Asia Co-
Prosperity Sphere so that the Philippines and Japan will have good relations.
Japanese Catholic priests were sent to the Philippines to help promote the
idea that Japan, being an Asian country, was a friend to all Asian people
including the Filipinos.
• To learn and adopt Nippongo and to stop using the English language.
Nippongo was made compulsory subjects in all schools.
• To spread elementary and vocational education.
• To inspire people with the spirit to love neighbor (patriotism).
Education System During Martial Law
The Department of Education became the:
1972- Department of Education and Culture
1978- Ministry of Education and Culture
1982- Ministry of Education, Culture, and Sports
A bilingual education scheme was established in 1974,
requiring English and Filipino to be used in schools.
Science and Math subjects as well as English language and
literature classed were taught in English while the rest
were taught in Filipino.
Educational System in the Present Period
In 1994, Congress passed the Republic Act 7722 and Republic Act
7796 creating the Commission on Higher Education (CHED) and the
Technical Education and Skills Development Authority (TESDA). The
institute governing basic education was thus renamed in 2001 as the
Department of Education (DepEd).
Philippine education is patterned after the American system, with
English as the medium of instruction.
Schools are classified into public or private.
The general pattern of formal education follows four stages:
o Pre-primary level, (nursery, kindergarten and preparatory) offered in
most private schools;
o Primary education, six years
o Secondary education, four years.
o College education usually takes four, sometimes five and in some cases
as in medical and law schools, as long as eight years.
o Graduate schooling is an additional two or more years.
Classes start in June and end in March. Colleges and universities
follow the semestral calendar from June-October and November-
• The K to 12 Program covers 13 years of basic education with the
following key stages:
• Kindergarten to Grade 3
• Grades 4 to 6
• Grades 7 to 10 (Junior High School)
• Grades 11 and 12 (Senior High School)