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  1. Module 6: Grooming
  2. Grooming • When a person tries to build a trusting relationship with a child or a child’s family so that they can sexually abuse the child. • Involves the person building connection and trust with a child and family over days, weeks, months or years. • The person might befriend a family and seem to have an amazing connection with the child. • TThey might gradually spend more and more time with the child. This lays the groundwork for sexual abuse at a later time.
  3. What's happening TO the child Remember....... Grooming may cause a child to: • think as though they have an important and special relationship with the person who is harming them; • experience confusion over the nature of their relationship; • internalise the abuse as their fault, feeling responsibility for any harm experienced and fearing they will be blamed, punished, or not believed; • fear that they will be separated from their family or home if they speak out; and/or • believe that disclosure will cause harm to someone or something they love and care for, such as family members or pets.
  4. We need to be aware of grooming and concerning adult behaviours . Grooming is likely to target vulnerable children and those lacking supervision. It is • Predatory • Opportunistic • Situational
  5. Just as children are groomed by adults to allow them to perpetrate sexual acts, other adults are also are also 'groomed' (or desensitised) to perceive potentially risky behaviour as harmless” (van Dam, 2011).​ What's happening AROUND the child
  6. Grooming This short quiz will check your understanding of grooming and what behaviours should be the cause for concern. In the following situations decide whether the behaviour is acceptable or unacceptable.
  7. A team member who pays a lot of attention to one particular child, to the point where they don't seem to pay attention to anyone else. Acceptable Unacceptable
  8. This is an UNACCEPTABLE situation - if you observe this happening, discuss with the appropriate person in your organisation, such as the Safeguarding Officer. Depending on the context and other factors of concern, this may need to be reported.
  9. An adult guardian who calls their child pet names like 'sweetheart ' and "love" Acceptable Unacceptable
  10. This is ACCEPTABLE BEHAVIOUR - provided there are no other factors or behaviours that raise concern.
  11. A team member regularly play fights with a child in a way that involves a lot of wrestling and close contact. Acceptable Unacceptable
  12. This is UNACCEPTABLE - and a situation that you should monitor and may need to report.
  13. Checklist of grooming and concerning adult behaviours • paying particular interest to a child • has a 'child friend' • Isolating a child from others • More interested in children than adults • Suspicious behaviour towards children *eg giving gifts • engages in inappropriate contact with a child • Looks at child pornography • Seems unclear about boundaries • encourages secrets in children • describes children in sexual words • Manipulates opportunities to be alone with a child.
  14. What can be put in place to reduce risks of grooming and abuse? Clear policies and procedures Child Safe Organisation Standards Vetting and Screening processes Staff training Code of Conduct Assess the physical environment Prompt and thorough response to complaints

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