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Complete Streets, Complete Places

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The characteristics of complete streets and complete street networks. How completes streets create complete places

Veröffentlicht in: Bildung, Kunst & Fotos, Technologie
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Complete Streets, Complete Places

  1. 1. Complete Streets, Complete PlacesNorman W. GarrickUniversity of Connecticut
  2. 2. New Generation Manualsfor Urban Streets
  3. 3. Chicagoans experience city life through its streets.We must build and maintain our roadsfor healthy business districts, vibrant neighborhoods, and high quality of life– and move away from the narrow perspectives of the past.We must measure success on safety, choices, and livability.Gabe Klein, Commissioner, CDOThttp://www.cityofchicago.org/content/dam/city/depts/cdot/Complete%20Streets/CompleteStreetsGuidelines.pdfReleasedApril 2013
  4. 4. Storrs, CT2011
  5. 5. Storrs, CT2011
  6. 6. Storrs, CT2011
  7. 7. Storrs, CT2013
  8. 8. Storrs, CT2013
  9. 9. Storrs, CT2013
  10. 10. Storrs, CT2013
  11. 11. Why do we need Complete Streets? Economic vitality and viability Traffic safety Travel choices Sustainable access and travel
  12. 12. Three Patterns for Complete Streets1. Connected and Complete Street NetworkComplete streets function as part of a connected and complete streetnetwork with different types of streets serving different functions2. Convenience, Comfort and Safety for VulnerableRoad UsersComplete streets are convenient, safe and comfortable for all, but especiallyfor vulnerable road users3. Sense of PlaceComplete streets are places. Never just conduits for travel
  13. 13. Element 1Design Connected and Complete Street Networks
  14. 14. Street Networks
  15. 15. versusRisk of Severe Injury or Fatality*Chance of being Severely Injured30% HigherChance of being Killed50% Higher*Given that an injury occurred
  16. 16. Odds of Dying in a Road Accidentbased on Intersection Density*1 in 2001 in 500*Given that an injury occurred
  17. 17. Percentage of People Walking, Biking or Taking Transit
  18. 18. Percentage of People Walking, Biking or Taking TransitEffect of Intersection Density for Gridded Network
  19. 19. Designing Connected Networkswww.cnu.org/sites/www.cnu.org/files/sustainable_street_network_principles_op.pdf
  20. 20. Characteristicsof a Complete Street Network1. High Level of Connectivity at Neighborhood City-wide Regional Scale1. Frequent Intersections2. All streets are walkable and Crossable3. Wide variety of street types (Boulevard, Avenues, Streets, Lanes)
  21. 21. Element 2Design for Vulnerable Road Users
  22. 22. Who are the Vulnerable Road Users?A vulnerable user is anyone who takes to the street without armor- Stephen Plowden
  23. 23. http://technogreatideas.blogspot.com/2008/09/strange-and-unusual-armoured-vehicles.htmlInvulnerable Road UsersComplete streets mean that we shouldn’t have to be armored to feel safe on the roads
  24. 24. Vulnerability of Different Types of Road UsersChance of Dying if Injured in Road AccidentSource: Bicycle Safety and Mode Choice (Garrick 2008)Based on 24 California Cities
  25. 25. Chance of Pedestrian Fatality vs. Impact Speedhttp://webarchive.nationalarchives.gov.uk/+/http://www.dft.gov.uk/foi/responses/2005/nov/203040message/paperaboutthedepartments20302445
  26. 26. Street Design Factors affecting Speed Street cross-section Design Intersection and Crossing Design Relationship to Land and Building
  27. 27. Typical Elements of Sidewalk Zone
  28. 28. Context Sensitive Solutions in Designing Major Urban Thoroughfares for WalkableCommunitiesTypical Width on Urban Thoroughfares9 to 12 ftWidth of AllElements varydepending onContext7 to 8 ft Next to ParkingWe Need > 5 feet> 7 is probably too much
  29. 29. RadiusRadiusRadius of Return
  30. 30. Element 3Design Streets as Places
  31. 31. Norman W. GarrickTraditional street in Kingston, Jamaica
  32. 32. Newer street in Kingston, Jamaica
  33. 33. Willimantic, CT
  34. 34. Washington, DC
  35. 35. Charleston, SC
  36. 36. Buffalo, NY
  37. 37. Charleston, SC
  38. 38. Storrs, CT2011
  39. 39. Storrs, CT2011
  40. 40. Storrs, CT2011
  41. 41. Storrs, CT2013
  42. 42. Storrs, CT2013
  43. 43. Storrs, CT2013
  44. 44. Storrs, CT2013

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