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"Religion.ppt"

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"Religion.ppt"

  1. 1. BHARATI VIDYAPEETH’S YASHWANTRAO CHAVAN LAW COLLEGE,KARAD Name :- Shambhuraj Sunil More Roll No. :- 5141 Class :- Pre Law I (Semester II) Subject :- Sociology I
  2. 2. BROAD QUESTION:- Define the term religion, Explain the elements and function of religious institutions?
  3. 3. Introduction Though religion is a highly personal thing , yet it has a social axcept and social role to play. It has been a powerful agency in the society and performed many important social function.According to Arnold W. Green religion has three universal functions , firstly, it rationalises and makes bearable individual suffering in the known world.secondly, it enhances self-importance and Thirdly,it helps to knit the social values of a society into a cohesive whole.
  4. 4. MEANING • From the Latin religio (respect for what is sacred) and religare (to bind, in the sense of an obligation), the term religion describes various systems of belief and practice concerning what people determine to be sacred or spiritual. • Religion is a system of faith and worship. • A system of beliefs, rituals, and ceremonies • Religion is a social institution involvingbeliefs and practices based on aconception of the sacred. • According to Emile Durkheim, religion involves“things that surpass the limits of ourknowledge”.
  5. 5. DEFINITION • Religion is a “unified system of beliefs and practices related to sacred things, that is to say, things set apart and forbidden – beliefs and practices which unite people into one single moral community.” • Sacred- that which people set apart as extraordinary, inspiring a sense of fear and respect (worship). • Ogburn-Religion is an attitude towards super-human powers.
  6. 6. ELEMENTS OF RELIGION INSTITUTIONS 1] Belief :- • Statements to which members of a particular religion adhere. • It does not belong to reason or logic. • Belief in one God, the Doomsday, life after death, the Angels, the Prophets, sacred books and good and bad luck are the elements of faith and belief in Islam.
  7. 7. 2] Ritual :- • All religions observe ceremonial practices called rituals. • Religious rituals are prescribed acts that are sacred and symbolize the sacred things. 3] Sacred Objects:- • Every religion believes on some holy or sacred things which constitute the center of religion. • The temples, idols and cows are sacred for Hindus. • Cross, Church and Bible are sacred for Christians. • The Holy Quran, the Baitullah, and mosque are sacred objects for Muslims.
  8. 8. 4] Symbolism :- • In religion, symbols are used for sacred objects and beliefs. Religious symbols are a way to unite members of a common faith tradition, and to indicate to others the religious tradition they represent. 5] SECT :- • A sect can be defined as a relatively small religious group that has broken away from some other religious organization to renew what it considers the original vision of the faith • Sect members have rigid religious convictions and deny the beliefs of others
  9. 9. 6] Organization :- • Religious activities generally need some infrastructure to be conducted. For this reason, there generally exist religion supporting organizations. Without organization no religion can survive. 7] Secularization :- • The process by which religious beliefs, practices, and institutions lose their significance in sectors of society and culture.
  10. 10. FUNCTIONS OF RELIGIOUS INSTITUTIONS 1) Religion Creates Social Solidarity :- • Religion is considered as a ‘Societal Glue’, as it creates harmony of attitude, ideas and habits among its followers. They come closer to one another and are cemented together. • Religious rituals like weddings, births, burials and celebration of special religious events promote group solidarity and cohesion as all members know how to behave towards one another .
  11. 11. 2) Socialization :- • As a process of initiation into the larger society, religion is an actual agent of socialization. In this case, parental faith, or religion becomes the faith of children. • E.g: Religion teaches its followers to accept even negative life experiences, and their fate as something that is divinely predestined. 3) Judgment of Right and Wrong :- •It helps to determine what is considered acceptable behaviour and what is not. E.g Islam divides actions into two categories; the right acts lead to Heaven and the wrong acts to Hell.
  12. 12. 4) Social Control :- •Besides acting as an integrating force, religion also provides guidance and becomes a means of social control. • It provides rules and standards of behaviour. • It also provides fear of divine punishment for those who do not abide by the rules, hence creating physical and social cleanliness. •Religious beliefs can influence the conduct of those who believe in them. It keeps people ‘in line’ through folkways and mores. Religious sanctions play a significant role in this regard. Many taboos in various cultures have religious sanctions, e.g., the taboo against eating of pork in Jewish and Muslims and cows meat in Hindus.
  13. 13. 5) Religion Gives Answer :- •It gives explanation or knowledge about the occurrence of certain phenomena. What is the purpose of life? Is there an afterlife? Why do people suffer? 6) Religion removes the fears and anxieties :- •Religion removes the fear and anxiety of the individual by reassuring him of the care and protection. Religion is a sense of comfort and support to the individuals during times of personal and social crises such as death of loved ones, serious injury, etc.
  14. 14. 7) Preservation of Values :- • Religion preserves social values which have been derived from it. • The social values are closely linked with the religious teachings, therefore those acts are condemned or forbidden that are not ‘in line’ with the religious teachings. • Sanctity of women, respect for Ramadhan, sacred places and the elders.
  15. 15. SHORT NOTE :- Terrorism an a Social issue
  16. 16. MEANING The term terrorism” is vague word ,Lattin root ‘terrere’ meaning “To frighten” In this sense terrorism means an attempt which seeks to achieve it’s goals by frightening those who appear to Standing in this way.
  17. 17. DEFINITION According to Schmid and jongman –Terrorism is an anxiety inspiring method of Repeated violent action, employed by (semi) – clandenstine individual, group or state actors. The immidiate human victims of victims of violens are generally choosen randmly selectively from a target population, and serve as messege generato.
  18. 18. TERRORISM Terrorism is one of the most broadly debated and controversial Contemporary global issue All countries. Of the world have now become either direct or indirect victims of terrorism. Not a single day is passed without preceing. The horror of mass killing. Terrorism is different from guerrilla warfare, revolution, intimidation, Insurgency and other criminal acts. Terrorism is also different from Intimidation and insurgency. Terrorism is a struggle a against between Social group and political force. Not against Individual. Terrorist may or may not be a national of the country in which he operates.
  19. 19. CAUSES OF TERRORISM 1] Unemployement :- In India, Lack of upward mobility within the society and Lack of proper education causes unemployement. 2] Poverty and Economic Inequalities :- Social stratification, and Economical differences increase tension and hostilies when they stripped of their lands or rights denied these caused terrorism.
  20. 20. 3] Illiteracy :- Lack of education is the main cause of terrorism Uneducated persons are easy crime to be motivated to commit as they have no ability to think. 4] Religious conflict :- There is a belief that terrorism caused by terrorism, religious dochine pose encouragement of attack is more violent.
  21. 21. 5] Territorial Conflict :- Territorial conflict is major cause of terrorism. Possession of natural resources makes territorial conflict. 6] Globalization :- Globalization is political,Economic and social homogenization of global population.
  22. 22. CONCLUSION Terrorism is most complicated in nature, it has multi-dimensions as issue. The war on terrorism is wear on justice, integrity and freedom and protection of entire society. Politics and international relations.
  23. 23. THANK YOU !!

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