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WWW.IFLA.OR
G
BETWEEN PIRACY AND
THE
PRIVATISATION OF
KNOWLEDGE
LIBRARIES IN THE
INTERNATIONAL
COPYRIGHT DEBATE
Stephen Wy...
WWW.IFLA.OR
G
INTRODUCTION
Sources: Sweetsugarbelle, wikia.com, clipartpanda.com
WWW.IFLA.OR
G
LIBRARIES AS BALANCERS
(1/3)
THE SOCIALISATION OF ACCESS TO KNOWLEDGE?
• Acquiring content through tradition...
WWW.IFLA.OR
G
THE PITFALLS LIBRARIES HELP AVOID
• Monopolistic behaviour by
rightholders
• Market failures -
externalities...
WWW.IFLA.OR
G
WHO STANDS TO BENEFIT?
• Children/Families
• Teachers and Educators
• Vulnerable Groups
• Governments
• Deve...
WWW.IFLA.OR
G
TRENDING (BUT NOT NECESSARILY IN A GOOD WAY):
• #GreatExpectations (access, within and across
borders)
• #Po...
WWW.IFLA.OR
G
WHERE DOES THIS LEAVE LIBRARIES (AND THEIR BALANCING ROLE
• Libraries face new obligations,
uncertainties an...
WWW.IFLA.OR
G
A MULTI-LEVEL GAME
• National Reforms
• Poland, Armenia,
Moldova
• Regional Reforms
• European Union
• (Mega...
WWW.IFLA.OR
G
A MULTILATERAL DEAL: THE FIRST BEST SOLUT
• A Solution at WIPO Could:
• Drive National Reform
• Facilitate C...
WWW.IFLA.OR
G
WHAT WAY FORWARDS?
• Maintain Momentum
• Mobilise National Efforts
• Develop Counter-Arguments
• Work on Hol...
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CopyCamp Presentation IFLA

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Presentation given at CopyCamp 2016, on the work of IFLA in promoting balanced copyright systems at WIPO (the World Intellectual Property Organisation), as a means for libraries to continue providing equitable access to knowledge.

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CopyCamp Presentation IFLA

  1. 1. WWW.IFLA.OR G BETWEEN PIRACY AND THE PRIVATISATION OF KNOWLEDGE LIBRARIES IN THE INTERNATIONAL COPYRIGHT DEBATE Stephen Wyber Policy and Research Officer, IFLA Stephen.Wyber@ifla.org
  2. 2. WWW.IFLA.OR G INTRODUCTION Sources: Sweetsugarbelle, wikia.com, clipartpanda.com
  3. 3. WWW.IFLA.OR G LIBRARIES AS BALANCERS (1/3) THE SOCIALISATION OF ACCESS TO KNOWLEDGE? • Acquiring content through traditional means… • … but then making this available to all… • … within the boundaries set by copyright exceptions and limitations
  4. 4. WWW.IFLA.OR G THE PITFALLS LIBRARIES HELP AVOID • Monopolistic behaviour by rightholders • Market failures - externalities/public goods • Neglect of human rights goals LIBRARIES AS BALANCERS (2/3) Sources: Wikipedia, Wikipedia, UN
  5. 5. WWW.IFLA.OR G WHO STANDS TO BENEFIT? • Children/Families • Teachers and Educators • Vulnerable Groups • Governments • Developing Countries • Creators and Publishers • Overall Social and Economic Welfare LIBRARIES AS BALANCERS (3/3)
  6. 6. WWW.IFLA.OR G TRENDING (BUT NOT NECESSARILY IN A GOOD WAY): • #GreatExpectations (access, within and across borders) • #PoorLaw (unclear, unreformed, or unhinged) • #MarketPower (when not even libraries can keep up) • #DigiFail (when digital access comes with a catch) THE CHALLENGES FACED (1/2)
  7. 7. WWW.IFLA.OR G WHERE DOES THIS LEAVE LIBRARIES (AND THEIR BALANCING ROLE • Libraries face new obligations, uncertainties and costs… • … and so cannot deliver what their users expect… • … which pushes people towards piracy THE CHALLENGES FACED (2/2)
  8. 8. WWW.IFLA.OR G A MULTI-LEVEL GAME • National Reforms • Poland, Armenia, Moldova • Regional Reforms • European Union • (Mega) Trade Deals WHERE ARE LIBRARIES ENGAGED? (1/3)
  9. 9. WWW.IFLA.OR G A MULTILATERAL DEAL: THE FIRST BEST SOLUT • A Solution at WIPO Could: • Drive National Reform • Facilitate Cross-Border Uses • Limit Complexity… • Except at WIPO Itself: • Five Principles? • Eleven Topics? • Don’t ask about Legal Form WHERE ARE LIBRARIES ENGAGED? (2/3)
  10. 10. WWW.IFLA.OR G WHAT WAY FORWARDS? • Maintain Momentum • Mobilise National Efforts • Develop Counter-Arguments • Work on Hold-Outs (the EU) • Help gratefully received! WHERE ARE LIBRARIES ENGAGED? (3/3)

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