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Human wildlife conflict
Human wildlife conflict
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  1. 1. WELCOME By D . Sree Sravani, 15KT1A0423, ECE-A.
  2. 2. MAN Vs WILD LIFE CONFLICT
  3. 3. Means… Human–wildlife conflict refers to the interaction between wild animals and people and the resultant negative impact on people or their resources, or wild animals or their habitat.
  4. 4. It occurs… When growing human population overlap with established wildlife territory, creating reduction of resources or life to some people and/or wild animals.
  5. 5. Causes…  As human population expanded into wild animal habitats.  Natural wildlife territory is displaced.  Reduction in the availability of natural prey/food sources.  New resources created by human draw wildlife resulting in conflict.
  6. 6. conflict…Human–wildlife conflict occurs with various negative results. The major outcomes of human- wildlife conflict are:  Injury and loss of life of humans and wildlife.  Crop damage, livestock depredation, predation of managed wildlife stock.  Damage to human property.  Tropic cascades.  Destruction of habitat.  Collapse of wildlife populations and reduction of geographic ranges.
  7. 7. Human-Wildlife Conflict Prevention  Lethal methods of control should not be first response  Public education is needed  Improved land use planning
  8. 8. Conflict resolution or management The aim of conflict resolution or management is to reduce the potential for human- wildlife conflicts in order to protect life and limb, safety and security of animal populations, habitat and general biodiversity, and also to minimise damage to
  9. 9. techniques Management techniques of wildlife are of two types.  The first type are the traditional techniques which aim to stop, reduce or minimise conflict by controlling animal populations in different ways. Lethal control has the longest history but has major drawbacks.  Other measures, less costly in terms of life, are trans-location, regulation and preservation of animal populations.
  10. 10.  Modern methods depend upon the understanding of ecological and ethological understanding of the wildlife and its environment to prevent or minimise conflict; examples being behavioural modification and measures to reduce inter Potential solutions to these conflicts include electric fencing, land use planning, community-based natural resource management (CBNRM), compensation, payment for
  11. 11. In efforts to reduce human-wildlife conflict, World Wide Fund for Nature(WWF) has partnered with a number of organizations to provide solutions around the globe. Their solutions are tailored to the community and species involved. For example, in Mozambique, communities started to grow more chili pepper plants after making the discovery that elephants dislike and avoid plants containing capsaicin. This creative and effective method
  12. 12. Studies Human-Elephant conflict in the Southern-Western Ghats…. A case study from…. The Peppara Wildlife Sanctuary,Kerala,India.
  13. 13. oCrop damage by Asian elephant(Elephus maximus) has been studied extensively all over the Asian countries. oA survey in 2008 on crop depredation by wild animals in Kerala revealed that crop damage is heavy. oHuman-Wildlife interaction in Karnataka state,especially the conflict between elephant and humans has been studied by Sukumar and Appayya.
  14. 14. Cape Leopard Trust Human Wildlife Conflict Case Study
  15. 15. Where leopards come into conflict with farmers by killing livestock, at least three outcomes present themselves: (i) the farmer wants the leopard killed; (ii) the farmer wants the leopard removed from his property, but not killed and (iii) the farmer does not mind having
  16. 16. Research Papers : Wildlife – Human Conflict
  17. 17. Title Year Author Living with wildlife : the roots of conflicts and the solutions 2007 R.Sukumar,Claudio Sillero - Zubiri,Adrian Treves Testing the efficacy of a chilli - tobacco rope fence as a deterrent against crop raiding elephants 2010 K.Chelliah,G.Kanna,N.Baskara n,R.Sukumar Road Kill of animals by highway traffic in the tropical forests of Madumalai Tiger Reserve , South India 2010 N.Baskaran,D.Boominathan Socio - Economic status of Elephant Keepers and Human Captive Elephant Conflict : A case study of the three management systems in Tamil Nadu , SI 2009 N.Baskaran,V.Vanitha,K.Thiyag esan Wildlife Human Conflict in India : An ecological and social perspective 1994 R.Sukumar Elephant - Man Conflict in Karnataka 1986 R.Sukumar The management of Large Mammals in relation to Male Strategies and conflict with people 1991 R.Sukumar

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