3. GROUP 5:
NAMES OF THE GROUP MEMEBERS ARE:
SOBANA QAMAR (Group leader)
A verb, is derived from the Latin word VERBUM, is a word which conveys the
meaning of an action.
A verb is a word that describes an action being done by someone or
something. Some common action verbs are (bring,read,walk,run,jump,learn
and many more)
5. REGULAR AND IRREGULAR VERBS
What are Regular Verbs?
Regular verbs in English create the past simple and past
participle by adding -ed to the base form.
6. If the verb ends in a consonant and -y, we change the -y to -i and added -ed. For example:
If a verb ends in -e we simply add -d, For example:
7. Here are some examples of regular verbs:
• “Yesterday Jack studied all day.” the
• “Raul has accepted the job offer.”
• “Have you finished yet?”
• “We really liked the film we watched last night.”
What are Irregular Verbs?
We can divide these into four types:
1) Verbs which have the same base form, past simple and past participle
2) Verbs which have the same past simple and past participle
3) Verbs which have the same base form and past participle
4) Verbs which have a different base form, past simple and past participle
Here are the most common irregular verbs in these
10. KINDS OF VERBS
• These are action verbs that have an object to receive that action.
• He rode the bicycle.
• These are action verbs but unlike transitive verbs, they do not have an object for receiving
• She laughed.
• He jumped.
11. FURTHER KINDS
There are three further types of verb.
1) Action verb (Main Verb)
2) Helping verb (auxiliary)
3) Linking verb (Main verb)
12. ACTION VERB
The action verb (main verb) is also called the lexical verb or the principal verb. This term
refers to the important verb in the sentence, the one that typically shows the action. Main
verbs can stand alone, or they can be used with a helping verb, also called an auxiliary verb.
They expresses some specific action. It’s important to remember that the action does not
have to be physical.
o Action verb examples:
The action verb examples in the following
sentences are in bold for easy identification.
I run faster than David.
He does it well.
She thinks about poetry all day long
13. LINKING VERB
These are also known as state of being verb. State of being verbs describe
conditions or situations that exist. State of being verbs are inactive since no
action is being performed. They connects or links a subject to a noun. States
of Being Verb Examples:
The state of being verbs in the following sentences are in bold for easy
I am a student.
We are circus performers.
Please be quiet.
Messi is a football player.
Verbs such as smell, look, taste, feel can also be linking verbs.
14. HELPING VERB
Helping verbs do just what they sound like they do—they help! Different helping verbs help
or support the main verb in different ways. Helping verbs are also known as auxiliary verbs.
are used together with a main verb to show the verb’s tense, mood or to form a question or
The verb before the last verb.it shows time aspect and somehow mood.
Auxiliary verb examples:
o Forms of verb be.
15. The auxiliary verb examples in the following
sentences are in bold for easy identification.
o I will go home after football practice.
The auxiliary verb will is telling us that the action
of the main verb go is going to take place in the
future – after football practice has ended. If the
auxiliary verb will was removed, we get the
o I go home after football practice.
In this case, there is no definite time frame for
the action. The sentence suggests that going
home after football practice is just something the
subject I generally does.
Some other examples are:
The soldiers are advancing forward.
Jenny has spoken her final words.
16. In addition, we can sometimes use the auxiliary very
before the pronoun to make a question:
i. Might you come with me later?
ii. Did we consider Sara’s feelings?
iii. Has Jenny spoken her final words?
Also, auxiliary verbs are used to help form negative
statements, with the use of words
like not and never. These will usually split the
auxiliary and main verbs:
i. I may never come with you again.
ii. We did not consider Sara’s feelings.
iii. Jenny has not spoken her final words.
Helping verb always help an action verb or a
i. I will play the piano.(will=helping verb, play=main
ii. I will be a teacher.(will =helping verb,be=linking
Some verbs can function as main verb and a helping verb,
but they will only do one job at a time in a sentence.
I have a cat.(have=main verb,linking verb)
I have been reading a great book.(have =helping verb)
18. It is not necessary that only one
helping verb used in a sentence. More
than one helping verbs can be used in
o The farmers will have been working in the
fields since morning.
o Here the helping verbs are WILL, HAVE
BEEN and working is the main
verb/action verb in the given sentence.
19. VERB PHRASE
When you have a helping verb along with MAIN VERB (action verb or a
linking verb ,all of those verbs together are called verb phrase.
o Now, I will eat fruits and vegetables.
a. Helping verb = will
b. Main verb(action verb) = eat
c. Verb phrase = will eat
o I have been feeling great.
a. Have been = helping verb
b. Feeling = main verb/ linking verb
c. Have been feeling = verb phrase