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Basic counselling skills

counselling is all about finding a way or making one ....

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Basic counselling skills

  1. 1. A tool to handle Children andAdolescence in School more effectively
  3. 3. •Contrary to what many people think, therole of a counsellor is not to give advice.•Instead, they will help you question theway you look at things, the way youbehave or react to situations or people andthey can also help you to develop newstrategies for dealing with your situation.• They do this by getting to know you,developing an understanding of yourcircumstances, listening to what you haveto say and by offering support and insight.
  4. 4. The counselor So that the The counselor So that themust client can May client canListen Develop his/her thinking Ask questions Develop her/his own thinkingNot judge Feel safe and respected Summarize Hear her/hisPay attention Know you care thoughts andAccept the clients Know he/she is know she/hefeelings not being judged is understoodThink about the Get the best helpclient possible
  5. 5.  It can be really helpful to talk to someone you know and trust you may feel more comfortable confiding in someone who’s removed from your personal situation and is therefore more objective. Having a set time and space to talk may help you to work through the issues concerning you.
  6. 6. •Provides emotional security and comfort•Promotes insight•Generates self awareness•Facilitates confidence
  7. 7. When being withdrawn lack of appetite Taking too much food Sleeping very little or more than 9 hours per night, loss of interest in things they once enjoyed, neglecting personal hygiene crying for no reason Over sensitive with otherwise negligible issues seeming sad for longer than two weeks Academic deterioration Disobeying significant adults Extreme stubbornness and difficult to manage by any means
  8. 8.  Violent behavior harming or threatening to harm themselves or others, including animals Using slangs Aggressive attitude Suddenly gaining or losing a lot of weight, which could indicate a life-threatening eating disorder Tendencies to violate institutional disciplines
  9. 9.  Extreme, rapid changes in moods or personality, or drastic changes that last more than six weeks Running away from home Illegal activities Behavior problems at school Using tobacco, drugs, or alcohol A sudden change in friends Risky sexual behavior or sexual promiscuity Other risky or dangerous behavior Noticeable changes in school performance or attendance
  10. 10. Counselling is definitely worth considering when: you are feeling overwhelmed or depressed you need someone to listen to you and help you work out what’s most important an issue or situation is seriously affecting your day-to-day life you can’t make important decisions and are not sure what to do next.
  11. 11.  Building rapport Ensuring trust issues and confidentiality Attending Listening Responding Showing genuineness Providing Empathy Being transparent to self (to be aware of own emotional issues)
  12. 12.  Self aware Respect Trustworthiness Competence Suspend critical judgment Genuineness Being concern/being there Empathy
  13. 13.  Listening attentively Empathy Warmth Respect Confidentiality Being non-judgemental Being non-hurting Being non- threatening Being non- punishing
  14. 14. Sit squarelyOpen postureLean forwardEye contactRelaxed attitude
  15. 15. Listening  Hearing +UnderstandingUnderstanding includes•What is told by the person,•How it is told/untold,•What happens in me, as counsellor, at that time
  16. 16.  Passive listening Selective listening Active listeningAttentive, open minded listening helps the person to Experience and express her/his feelings Develop self-help skills and sense of responsibility Reduce defensive behaviour Take a positive/constructive problem-solving approach
  17. 17. •Evaluative•Interpretative•Supportive•Probing•Understanding
  18. 18.  Evaluative – making judgments of good/bad, right/wrong, should/should not, fair/unfair, just/unjust, etc. Interpretative-trying to infer a meaning behind a problem/statement Supportive-being reassuring, calming Probing- clarification, seeking further information Understanding – confirming with the speaker that the listener has understood the message correctly
  19. 19.  An open question is one that is used in order to gathering more of relevant information – intention is to get long/detailed answer. A closed question is one used to gather specific information - it can normally be answered with either a single word or a short phrase.
  20. 20. What we can learn through questions? : 􀂙 The general situation-- "What did you want to talk about?" 􀂙 The facts-- "What happened?" 􀂙 Feelings-- "How did you feel?" 􀂙 Reasons-- "Why did you do that?" 􀂙 Specifics– “Will you please give me an example”
  21. 21. •REPHRASING (restating what is told, withoutadding or subtracting its meaning. SometimesParaphrasing is used to clarify / Summarizing isfocusing on the main points of the conversation )•REFLECTING ( To convey that the feelings oremotions are understood)•REFRAMING ( to facilitate the person to thinkfrom other perspectives, develops insight)
  22. 22. •Content: The actual words used, non- verbal messages•Depth: How serious/superficial is the message•Meaning: Response should neither add or omit meaning/matter, thus choice ofwords , language used is very important
  23. 23. introduction, information gathering, discussionandconclusion.Note taking and Record keeping may also berequired, but keeping in mind the issues of sessionneed and confidentiality
  24. 24.  Understanding the person’s feeling/emotions /thinking process from his/her shoes Not being concerned too much(sympathy)/ too less (apathy)
  25. 25.   EMPATHY SYMPATHY  I appreciate what you are going Poor you! It is really sad this through should not have happened to I understand you must be you  feeling I know how you feel. I was also I can understand that you are in the same situation once.  feeling angry with your boss. Your boss is really being mean I accept that you are very scare and unfair to you – It is very and unsure, if you will be able horrible of him.  to deal with the situation right Don’t be scared! You are a now…… strong grown, up human being Just sitting in silence while the and I am behind and will help client expresses his/ her sorrow you however I can.  by crying; it is all right to let I am feeling very sorry for you – him/ her fully feel whatever he please don’t cry everything will or she is feeling and just be be alright. there with the person
  26. 26. Be aware of Body languages:facial expressions, angle of ourbody, proximity of ourselves toanother, placement of arms andlegs, raising and lowering ofeyebrows, tone of voice , etc .
  27. 27.  Counselors can take comfort in knowing that they have cared for a person during a very significant time in her / his life, and can remind themselves of this quotation by Thomas Carruthers: A teacher is one who makes himself / herself progressively unnecessary.
  28. 28.  Which facilitates an individual to explore his/her own world , and To find a best suitable way out for his/her difficulties , thus To become better balanced individual in terms of his/her overall wellbeing
  29. 29. Counseling is an important part of handling problems . Individual or group sessions, in school, can help the children and adolescence to: Understand why their behaviors are negative, and how to cope better Recognize and change negative thoughts that may cause or trigger their behaviors Find better ways to solve problems Learn better social skillsSchool counselor/ provision of appropriate counseling services in school play a very significant role in this context.
  30. 30.  Understand why their behaviors are negative, and how to cope better Recognize and change negative thoughts that may cause or trigger their behaviors Find better ways to solve problems Learn better social skillsSchool counselor/ provision of appropriate counseling services in school play a very significant role in this context.
  31. 31.  To observe and identify problem areas (emotional, behavioural, social, study related difficulties, academic deterioration, etc.) properly To provide initial support to them, initially, in school To refer for further intervention, in time, if required

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counselling is all about finding a way or making one ....


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