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The History of the Grand Canyon and the Hualapai and Havasupai Nations 
One of America’s most iconic destinations, the Gra...
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The history of the grand canyon and the hualapai and havasupai nations

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http://www.scenic.com/tours/indian-country-adventure | The Havasupai and Hualapai are two tribes of Native Americans living in the Grand Canyon area. Tribal lands offer many recreational and educational experiences for visitors to the area.

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The history of the grand canyon and the hualapai and havasupai nations

  1. 1. The History of the Grand Canyon and the Hualapai and Havasupai Nations One of America’s most iconic destinations, the Grand Canyon draws thousands of visitors each year. Although everyone who ever sees a postcard of the awe-inspiring natural beauty of the Grand Canyon recognizes the landmark on sight, few people know the history of the people who lived in the area around the canyon for thousands of years – the Hualapai and Havasupai Nations of Native Americans. Tourists planning Grand Canyon Skywalk tours or other tours can have a richer experience by learning more about the area’s history. Ancient Culture The area around the Grand Canyon has been inhabited for thousands of years. Archaeologists refer to the first people to live in the area as Ancient Puebloans. They are thought to be the forerunners of modern Pueblo peoples, such as the Navajo. Later inhabitants of the area include the Cohonina, the forerunners of the Hualapai and Havasupai. The Hualapai and Havasupai The Hualapai traditionally inhabited a 100 mile stretch of forest beginning at the south end of the Grand Canyon. The Havasupai live in an area about the size of Delaware near Cataract Canyon. The Havasupai and Hualapai have historically had good relations, and are ethnically and culturally very similar. The word “Havasupai” translates as “People of the Blue-Green Waters,” referring to the beautiful waterfalls of the Havasupai Indian Reservation. Visitors on Grand Canyon sightseeing tours will often visit the Havasupai reservation to experience the natural beauty of this sacred ground. The Havasupai have lived in the Grand Canyon area for nearly 800 years. Between the 1880s and 1920s, the Havasupai were all but forced off of their land by the U.S. government, and the tribe suffered greatly. In the 1970s, much of their land was returned to them. Today the tribe numbers about 650 members. The Hualapai, or ”People of the Tall Pines” number around 2,300, including 1,600 tribe members who live in the Grand Canyon area. The Hualapai fought a war with European settlers between 1865-1870, with disastrous results for the tribe, which lost many to battle and privation. The tribe later hammered out an agreement with the U.S. government to retain some of their land and maintain their way of life. Hualapai lands are a sportsman’s paradise, with ample hunting, hiking, and fishing opportunities. A great deal of the tribe’s income derives from the Grand Canyon Skywalk. Grand Canyon Skywalk tours offer a glass bridge that allows visitors to walk past the Grand Canyon’s rim to look down upon the Colorado River. Havasupai and Hualapai lands offer many recreational and educational opportunities to Grand Canyon sightseeing tour attendees. Scenic Airlines & Coaches can provide safe, informative tours of the area. Learning more about these ancient bands of Native Americans will enrich visitors’ experiences when they tour the Grand Canyon.