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The role of civil society – lessons from Indonesia.

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Maria Rydlund, Senior Policy Officer Tropical Forest at Swedish Society for Nature Conservation

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The role of civil society – lessons from Indonesia.

  1. 1. The role of civil society – lessons from Indonesia Maria Rydlund, Senior Policy Officer, Tropical Forest, SSNC 2019-03-21 1
  2. 2. SSNC’s Global Program Strengthen the civil society through support to environmental & social civil society organisations - Tropical Forest Program - Indigenous and local communities rights to forest - Rights based approach - securing tenure rights - Promoting indigenous & local knowledge - Addressing underlying causes of deforestation - Logging - Plantations – palm oil for example - Partners in Indonesia - WALHI/Friends of the Earth Indonesia - Non Timber Forest Products Exchange Program Indonesia (NTFP EP Indonsia) - TuK Indonesia 2
  3. 3. The role of civil society organisations – the One Map initiative 3 - Overlapping concessions issues - difficult for civil society to properly target concession holders using illegal practices. - Civil society has been pushing for the government to release a unified One Map - Launched in December 2018 President Jokowi and WALHI representatives
  4. 4. The EU Timber Regulation - an example 4 An illegal logging camp in Indonesia. Photo: Rhett A. Butler - Deforestation has spread to areas with dense forest in eastern Indonesia - North Maluku 25 000 ha -> 52 000 ha/year (2009 – 2016) - The Timber Legality Verification System (called SVLK) - Expected to reduce deforestation - Still need to be improved - The Independent Forest Monitoring Network in Indonesia (JPIK) found 54 permit holders with SVLK certificates with boundary conflicts, week forest protection, low recognition of people’s rights
  5. 5. The EU Timber regulation, continuation 5 To achieve a clean supply chain huge efforts needed from - Producer country governments - Consumer country governments - International donors - Private sector Civil society is particular crucial in monitoring & reporting - CSOs - Affected communities Trucks waiting for sunset Photo: M Rydlund
  6. 6. Small scale agriculture and plantations need attention 6 Source: What causes deforestation in Indonesia? Kemen G Austin et al 2019 in Environ. Research Letters
  7. 7. Gender justice in Indonesia’s forest governance 7 Women have less involvement in decision making - Increasing women’s participation in forest management improve governance - Forest governance increase women’s participation in informal markets - Failure to consult women when negotiating a community’s free, prio, informed consent disempower women - Civil society organisations have a key role in empowering women
  8. 8. Coconut Agroforestry-Aceh Barat Coconut Agroforestry-Aceh Barat Styrax/Benzoin Agroforestry- Batang Toru Styrax/Benzoin Agroforestry- Batang Toru Rubber Agroforestry- Bungo Rubber Agroforestry- Bungo Cinnamon Agroforestry- Kerinci Cinnamon Agroforestry- Kerinci Shorea Agroforestry - Krui Shorea Agroforestry - Krui Coffee Agroforestry- Lampung Coffee Agroforestry- Lampung Homegarden - Jawa Homegarden - Jawa Coconut Agroforestry- Tanjabar Coconut Agroforestry- Tanjabar Tembawang Agroforestry –West Kalimantan Tembawang Agroforestry –West Kalimantan Cacao Agroforestry- Gorontalo Cacao Agroforestry- Gorontalo Mixed garden- Nunukan Mixed garden- Nunukan Sago Agroforestry- Jayapura Sago Agroforestry- Jayapura Rattan –West KutaiRattan –West Kutai Rattan –Central Sulawesi Rattan –Central Sulawesi Indonesia has a potential for NTFP
  9. 9. Indigenous communities are at the forest frontier 9 “We are the first ones to be affected,” says Sônia Guajajara, one of Brazil’s best known indigenous leaders. “We’re seeing floods that last longer, we’re seeing droughts that are longer, we’re seeing a reduction in fish with the drying out”. “And so it affects our food security. It also affects our culture.” Interview in NY Times, March 2019 Photo: New York Times, March 2019
  10. 10. 10 Thank you!