Debate .pptx

Assistant Professor um Parul Institute of Engineering and Technology
3. Jul 2022

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Debate .pptx

  1. Prepared by: Ruchi Joshi Assistant Professor Career Development Cell Parul Institute of Engineering and Technology Debate “Don't raise your voice, improve your argument." Desmond Tutu
  2. We will discuss…. 1. What is Debate? 2. A formal debate involves two sides 3. “Don't raise your voice, improve your argument.“ 4. Structuring Arguments to Occupy Space 5. Three Minutes debate planner 6. Basic Strategy and Skills 8. Functional Language 9. Difference Between GD and Debate 10. A Few Dos and Don’ts 11. Elements 12. Post-debate Discussion and Assessment 13. Rubric
  3. What is Debate? A debate is a discussion or structured contest about an issue or a resolution. The debate, which means scratching and digging, is a kind of dialogue to find answer or solution. In other words, two or more people are talking about a topic, exchanging ideas to deliver opinion. The debate is meant to explore, and exploring the truths through interactions have a significant impact on the mental aspect of the human mind (Soraya, 5002). The "debate" includes regular and targeted verbal exchange of concepts and ideas that can be done by a group of people. This form of learning is used in formal systems to collaborative learning processes. The "debate" is a specific training methods that has specific steps. (Rahimi, 5002), which are discussed in this study.
  4. A formal debate involves two sides one supporting a resolution and one opposing it. • Debates may be judged in order to declare a winning side. Debates, in one form or another, are commonly used in democratic societies to explore and resolve issues and problems. • Decisions at a board meeting, public hearing, legislative assembly, or local organization are often reached through discussion and debate. Indeed, any discussion of a resolution is a form of debate, which may or may not follow formal rules (such as Robert’s Rules of Order).
  5. “Don't raise your voice, improve your argument." (Desmond Tutu ,Address at the Nelson Mandela Foundation in Houghton) • Debate is a contest of interpretations and, therefore, arguments. • Evaluation of arguments is a subjective activity. Like any effort to persuade, the success of the arguments
  6. Structuring Arguments to Occupy Space Just as a carpenter uses scaffolding to hold the pieces of a building together while it is being assembled debate planner need to use plan!
  7. Debate Preparation • Develop the resolution to be debated. • Organize the teams. • •Establish the rules of the debate, including timelines. • Research the topic and prepare logical arguments. • Gather supporting evidence and examples for position taken. • Anticipate counter arguments and prepare rebuttals. • Team members plan order and content of speaking in debate. • Prepare room for debate. • Establish expectations, if any, for assessment of debate.
  8. Three Minutes debate planner Debate teaches useful skills for other academic pursuits and life more generally. Most obviously, debaters build confidence speaking in public and expressing their ideas eloquently.
  9. Basic Strategy and Skills
  10. Functional Language
  11. Difference Between GD and Debate
  12. Preparing for a Debate
  13. A Few Dos and Don’ts Dos: • Wear school uniform or neat casual clothes to the debate. • Arrive ten minutes prior to the commencement of the debate. • Go to the Information Desk upon arrival to confirm the location of your debate. • Ensure that your first and last name is written on the Official Score Sheet and Chairman’s Sheet. • Stand in front of the Chairman and Timekeeper when you speak. • Wait for the Chairman to introduce you before getting up to speak. • Be ready to get up straight away when your name is called by the Chairman. • Applaud each speaker. • Number your cue cards. • Remain quiet while other debaters are presenting their speeches and the Adjudicator is writing. • Listen to the feedback from the adjudicator. Prepare a “thank you” speech. • Shake the hands of your opposition after the debate. • Be humble in victory and gracious in defeat. • Have fun. Don’ts: • Address the adjudicator individually. The adjudicator is a member of the audience. • Use sheets of paper for your notes. • Use mannerisms that will be distracting to the audience. • Interrupt other speakers while they are speaking. • Use personal attacks towards the opposition in your speech. • Shout. • Use inappropriate language. • Include false evidence or facts in your speech. • Turn around and look at the Chairman or opposition when speaking. • Use ‘um’ and ‘er’. • Interrupt the adjudicator during feedback.
  14. Important elements of debate (1)The parties (2)The speeches (3)The judge (4)The decision (5)The argument Important elements of the argument • Perspective • Development • Shock of ideas • Refutation • Defense
  15. The proposition • The proposition is the resolution that the parties must support or refute. It usually comes in one of the following formats: • Having accepted that X , so Y Is true / false. • Yes to is B Y B is C , so to is B . • That the X They are Y . • Propositions are always presented in an affirmative format, this does not mean that they must be taken for granted. • One of the most common problems that arise around the proposition is that the parts of the debate use arguments that are not 100% related to the proposition.
  16. The parties • The parties are the individuals or groups involved in the debate. Every debate must involve at least two parts: one in favor of one affirmation and one against it. The work of the parties is to convince the judge that their position is the right one. • In addition, the parties should study their opinion in depth. Debating is not about taking a side and then saying that this is better. The debate includes a thorough research process by the participating individuals.
  17. The speeches • The debate game revolves around discourses that are presented by each of the parties. In these discourses, the arguments that support or reject the proposition are presented. • Speeches are usually subject to time: in most debates there is a time limit, which regulates the intervention of each of the participants. Usually, these interventions do not exceed ten minutes. • Because the intervention time period is short, the parties must be able to present their arguments correctly, relying on the economy of language and persuasion to achieve the desired effect.
  18. The judge • On many occasions, debate participants and viewers consider that it is the duty of the parties to convince the opposing party. This idea is false. There is no debate to convince the opponent, he debates to convince a third party: the judge. • The duty of the parties is to present their arguments in such a way that they are able to convince the judge or the judges. • The judge's duty is to determine which of the parties has presented the arguments in the most efficient manner, which has used 100% arguments related to the proposition. In short, which of the parties has won the debate.
  19. The decision • In general, it can be said that the debate is a subjective game. Repeatedly, the loser feels that he presented his arguments better than his opponent. • This is largely because the decision of who wins and who loses depends on the judges, who are human beings with preconceived ideas and opinions. • In any case, the number of judges is usually more than one, so that the decision of the winner is more or less impartial. • You may be interested Who Participates in a Debate?
  20. Central element of the debate THE ARGUMENT Every argument must have five aspects: (1) Perspective (2) Development (3) Flash of ideas (4) Refutation (5) Defense
  21. Perspective The perspective is the point of view taken by the parties in the discussion when presenting their arguments. If the party is in favor of the proposition, then his outlook will be positive.
  22. Development This refers to the way in which the ideas that support our point of view are exposed. It is not enough to present the argument however well that it is, but must be developed. “You never change things by fighting the existing reality. To change something, build a new model that makes the existing model obsolete.”
  23. Shock of ideas This is the moment in which the ideas of one side are faced with those of the other side, which is an essential part of the debate.
  24. Refutation • The refutation occurs when one of the parties presents arguments proving that the opinion of the other party is not valid. These are known as counterarguments. • In order to be able to refute correctly, the party must pay careful attention to the intervention of its opponent. It is the duty of the party to find weaknesses, inconsistencies and flaws in the arguments of the opposing party.
  25. Defense • Counter arguments can not be ignored by the defense, but must be answered. The part whose argument is being refuted defends its opinion through arguments that invalidate the counter arguments. • Refutation and defense are repeated in cycle: ideas are presented, refuted, defended and refuted again until the conclusion of the debate. • Other elements of the arguments that are also worth mentioning are description, explanation and demonstration.
  26. Arguments and Argumentation When many people think of an argument, they imagine a dispute between individuals. Often thought to be unpleasant, argument—as most people imagine it—may involve anything from a polite difference of opinion to a screaming match between bitter rivals. In the context of debate, none of these conceptions of argument is accurate. Here an argument is the fundamental building block of persuasion. An argument is a collection of statements organized in a way that highlights connections between those ideas to demonstrate that because some of the statements in the collection are believed to be true, other statements in the collection should be accepted as true.
  27. Post-debate Discussion and Assessment When the formal debate is finished, allow time for debriefing and discussion. Members of the audience should be given an opportunity to ask questions and to contribute their own thoughts and opinions on the arguments presented. Members of the debate teams may also wish to reflect on their performance and seek feedback from the audience, including the teacher. If some form of assessment was part of the debate plan, it would be conducted at this time. Assessment could be conducted by the teacher, the judging team, or the entire class. (See BLM G-15: Debate Assessment Rubric.)
  28. Rubric
  29. Thank You