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REPORTEDSPEECH
(DIRECT– INDIRECT SPEECH)
Direct and Indirect Speech
2. Change of tenses
 Direct Speech
 John said, “I am coming.”
 Indirect Speech
 John said that he was coming.
3. Change of situations
Direct Speech
John said, “I did this exercise last
night.”
Indirect Speech
John said that he had done that
exercise the previous night.
•'this' becomes 'that'
•'last night' becomes 'the previous night'
•other examples are as follows :
Direct Speech
this
here
now
today
yesterday
tomorrow
last week
next month
ago
Indirect Speech
that
there
then
that day
the day before / the previous
day
the next day
the week before / the
previous week
the following month
before
4. Questions and answers
Direct Speech
1 John asked her, “Are you coming?” (yes/no
question)
2 John asked, “Where is Mary?” (wh-question)
Indirect Speech
1 John asked if / whether she was coming.
2 John asked where Mary was.
•yes/no questions - use if/whether
•wh-questions - use the wh-word
5. Actions : promises, orders, requests,
advice etc.
Direct Speech
John ordered Bill, “Clean my boots.”
Indirect Speech
John ordered Bill to clean his boots. (object + to +
infinitive)
6. Report using present and future tenses
Direct Speech
John said,'The sun rises from the east.'
Indirect Speech
John said that the sun rises from the east.
•if the original speaker’s present and future is still
present and future
•in other words, the tense is unchanged
7. Wh- Questions
Direct Speech
My friend asked,"Where is Venus?"
Indirect Speech
My friend asked where Venus was.
Other examples of WH-questions:
Direct Speech
My friend asked "How are you?"
Indirect Speech
My friend asked how I was.
TRANSFORMATION PROCESS:
1) Put the subject before the verb.
2) Change the pronoun: you to I
3) Join the clauses using the how,
who, whom, where, when, why
4) Adjust the 2nd verb to
the time frame of the 1st verb.
examples of WH-questions
 My friend said, "Where are you going?"
 My friend asked where I was going.
 My friend said, " Whom did you call?"
 My friend asked whom I had called.
examples of WH-questions
 My friend said, " Whom I was calling?"
 My friend asked whom I had been
calling.
 My friend said, " Where have you
been?"
 My friend asked where I had been.
examples of WH-questions
 He asked me, "What did she say?"
 He asked me what she had said.
 He asked me, "When are you
leaving?"
 He asked me when I was leaving.
examples of WH-questions
 He asked me, "Who is coming for dinner?"
He asked me who was coming for dinner.
 He asked me, "How many times have you
seen that movie?"
 He asked me how many times I had seen that
movie.
examples of WH-questions
 He asked me, "What time is it?"
 He asked me what time it was.
 He asked me, "How old are you?"
 He asked me how old I was.

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Direct indirect Speech.ppt

  • 2. Direct and Indirect Speech 2. Change of tenses  Direct Speech  John said, “I am coming.”  Indirect Speech  John said that he was coming.
  • 3. 3. Change of situations Direct Speech John said, “I did this exercise last night.” Indirect Speech John said that he had done that exercise the previous night. •'this' becomes 'that' •'last night' becomes 'the previous night'
  • 4. •other examples are as follows : Direct Speech this here now today yesterday tomorrow last week next month ago Indirect Speech that there then that day the day before / the previous day the next day the week before / the previous week the following month before
  • 5. 4. Questions and answers Direct Speech 1 John asked her, “Are you coming?” (yes/no question) 2 John asked, “Where is Mary?” (wh-question) Indirect Speech 1 John asked if / whether she was coming. 2 John asked where Mary was. •yes/no questions - use if/whether •wh-questions - use the wh-word
  • 6. 5. Actions : promises, orders, requests, advice etc. Direct Speech John ordered Bill, “Clean my boots.” Indirect Speech John ordered Bill to clean his boots. (object + to + infinitive)
  • 7. 6. Report using present and future tenses Direct Speech John said,'The sun rises from the east.' Indirect Speech John said that the sun rises from the east. •if the original speaker’s present and future is still present and future •in other words, the tense is unchanged
  • 8. 7. Wh- Questions Direct Speech My friend asked,"Where is Venus?" Indirect Speech My friend asked where Venus was.
  • 9. Other examples of WH-questions: Direct Speech My friend asked "How are you?" Indirect Speech My friend asked how I was. TRANSFORMATION PROCESS: 1) Put the subject before the verb. 2) Change the pronoun: you to I 3) Join the clauses using the how, who, whom, where, when, why 4) Adjust the 2nd verb to the time frame of the 1st verb.
  • 10. examples of WH-questions  My friend said, "Where are you going?"  My friend asked where I was going.  My friend said, " Whom did you call?"  My friend asked whom I had called.
  • 11. examples of WH-questions  My friend said, " Whom I was calling?"  My friend asked whom I had been calling.  My friend said, " Where have you been?"  My friend asked where I had been.
  • 12. examples of WH-questions  He asked me, "What did she say?"  He asked me what she had said.  He asked me, "When are you leaving?"  He asked me when I was leaving.
  • 13. examples of WH-questions  He asked me, "Who is coming for dinner?" He asked me who was coming for dinner.  He asked me, "How many times have you seen that movie?"  He asked me how many times I had seen that movie.
  • 14. examples of WH-questions  He asked me, "What time is it?"  He asked me what time it was.  He asked me, "How old are you?"  He asked me how old I was.