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Immigration Powerpoint

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Immigration Powerpoint

  1. 1. U.S. Immigration: History and the Controversy
  2. 2. What? <ul><li>Immigration: Moving to a new country to live there permanently </li></ul><ul><li>Emigrant: A person who leaves his or her country to live in another </li></ul><ul><li>INS: (Immigration and Naturalization Service) The government bureau that administers the U.S. immigration policy </li></ul>
  3. 3. What? con’t <ul><li>Naturalization: the process by which an alien becomes a citizen </li></ul><ul><li>Refugee: A person who flees to another country for safety </li></ul><ul><li>Quota: A numerical limit on a type or race of people who can come into a country ; started in 1924 </li></ul><ul><li>Illegal alien: A person who has entered the country in violation of immigration laws </li></ul>
  4. 4. What? Con’t <ul><li>Green Card: A document authorizing an alien to work or study in the U.S. </li></ul><ul><li>Legalization: A government process in which an illegal immigrant becomes a legal resident </li></ul><ul><li>Preference System: A system that chooses which immigrants can enter the U.S. </li></ul><ul><li>Non-Immigrant Aliens: Foreign college students & temporary workers in the U.S </li></ul>
  5. 5. Legal U.S. Immigration History <ul><li>Northern Europeans: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ireland, Sweden, Germany, Norway </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Eastern Europeans: Russians, Jews, Polish </li></ul><ul><li>Southern Europeans: Italians, Greeks, Turks </li></ul><ul><li>Holocaust Victims </li></ul><ul><li>Vietnam War Refugees </li></ul><ul><li>Today: Mexican, Central/Middle Americans, Somalians </li></ul><ul><li>Late 1800’s – early 1900’s </li></ul><ul><li>Late 1800’s -early 1900’s </li></ul><ul><li>1930’s -1940’s </li></ul><ul><li>1940’s </li></ul><ul><li>1960’s – 1970’s </li></ul><ul><li>1980’s - Present </li></ul>Who When
  6. 6. Legal Immigration to the U.S.
  7. 7. Legal Immigration in the U.S.
  8. 8. Illegal U.S. Immigration History <ul><li>Primarily From: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mexico </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Central America </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cuba </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Haiti </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>China </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>* Why these groups?* </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Really started in the 1960’s </li></ul>Who? When?
  9. 9. Where do Illegal Immigrants Come From? In Percentage
  10. 10. Where, Why, and How LEGAL Immigration Works <ul><li>Land of Opportunity </li></ul><ul><li>Freedom </li></ul><ul><li>Social Equality </li></ul><ul><li>Famine </li></ul><ul><li>To escape a revolution or war </li></ul><ul><li>Get a Green Card </li></ul><ul><li>Take the Citizenship test </li></ul>Where? Why? How? Immigration Centers
  11. 11. Where, Why, & How ILLEGAL immigration works <ul><li>Jobs!!! </li></ul><ul><li>Reunite with family </li></ul><ul><li>Can’t pass the citizenship test </li></ul><ul><li>Migrant worker: travel the country looking for work </li></ul><ul><li>* Much cheaper labor! </li></ul><ul><li>* Imagine the costs of our food/products without illegal immigrants </li></ul><ul><li>Cross the border at night </li></ul><ul><li>Hire a coyote: a professional smuggler </li></ul>Where? Why? How? <ul><li>Along borders; especially our southern border </li></ul><ul><li>In cargo, from China and Central America </li></ul>
  12. 12. Where Illegal Immigrants Live By Percentage
  13. 13. Are there Any Solutions? <ul><li>Building a fence along the border- $ 6 billion </li></ul><ul><li>Let the illegal immigrants stay; most do jobs legal citizens don’t want </li></ul><ul><li>Kick out all illegal immigrants </li></ul>
  14. 14. Assignment <ul><li>We have discussed the issue of immigration. On a piece of paper (you will hand it in), write a paragraph paraphrasing the discussion. Include a possible solution (it must be humane!). A paragraph needs to be 5-7 sentences. </li></ul>