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Let´s travel to Scotland 
Scottish: ALBA
LOCATION 
• Scotland is one of the 4 nations of the United Kingdom. 
• It´s located in the north of Great Britain. 
• It´s...
• The territory of Scotland includes 186 nearby islands, most of 
them contained in three groups: 
– the Hebrides or the W...
SCOTLAND IN FACTS 
• Population 5.000.000 
• Capital city Edinburgh 
• Emblem Thistle 
• Flag The Saltire 
• Currency Poun...
The thistle 
According to a legend, the Norse army wanted to invade 
Scotland many years ago. One night, some Norse 
soldi...
The Saltire 
The Scottish flag is called The Saltire. 
It´s blue with a white cross, the cross of saint Andrew.
The Gaelic language 
• The Gaelic language is part of a family of 
Celtic languages. 
• Gaelic speakers mostly live in the...
LANDSCAPE 
The Scottish territory can be 
divided in 2 totally different 
parts: 
- The Highlands : a 
mountainous region ...
Ben Nevis 
It´s the highest mountain in the UK.
River Tay 
It´s the longest river in Scotland.
Loch Ness 
• “Loch” is the Scottish word for “lake”. 
• Loch Ness is located in the Highlands, not very far from 
Invernes...
• Loch Ness is very famous for its monster: 
Nessie. Nessie is a legend in Scotland. 
• An Irish monk saw it in the VI cen...
• Since then, many tourist and scientists visit the 
loch every year, trying to see Nessie. 
• Some people think it is a p...
Main cities 
• Edimburgh 
• Glasgow 
• Aberdeen 
• Dundee 
• Inverness
Edinburgh 
The population is 1,400,000. 
It is the most beautiful city in the UK.
Edinburgh castle 
Edinburgh Castle has got a fascinating history. 
It is more than 3000 years old. 
It was the residence o...
The honours of Scotland 
The ancient Honours of Scotland are the Crown, the 
Sceptre and the Sword of State. 
They are on ...
One o´clock gun 
Edinburgh Castle is also the home of the One 
O'Clock Gun.
Stone of destiny 
Also known as Stone of Scone or The Coronation 
Stone.
Glasgow 
The population is 600.000 inhabitants. 
It is the largest city in Scotland and the third one in the UK, 
after Lo...
Aberdeen
Dundee
Inverness
CULTURE: The Kilt 
The kilt is a kind of skirt that men and boys traditionally 
wear in the Highlands. 
It is made of wool...
CLANS 
• Scottish families are called clans. 
• Each clan has a special plaid to show what their 
family is. There are hun...
FOOD: Haggis 
It´s made from the organs of sheep mixed with oats 
and spices, and tied in a sheep’s stomach and 
cooked. 
...
Whisky 
• The national drink is whisky, and its production 
contributes significantly to the economy. 
• In Gaelic it mean...
Scottish music 
Bagpipes are the national instruments. 
The harp, the fiddle and the accordion are also 
popular.
Dancing 
Sword dance is a traditional Scottish dance.
FAMOUS SCOTTISH 
Alexander Graham Bell - inventor of the telephone 
Sean Connery - an actor (James Bond) 
Sir Arthur Conan...
TRADITIONS: Hogmanay 
• New Year’s Eve (Hogmanay) is when some of the most 
lively celebrations take place. 
• Traditional...
First-footer 
• Another tradition associated with New Year’s Eve is the 
“first-footer,” or the first person to cross the ...
“Auld Lang Syne” 
• The song “Auld Lang Syne,” by the Scottish 
poet Robert Burns, is sung on New Year’s Eve.
Burns Night 
• Many Scots honour Burns’s birthday (25th 
January) by celebrating his life and works at 
Burns suppers, whe...
St. Andrew´s Day 
• Saint Andrew’s Day, on 30th November, honours the 
patron saint of Scotland. 
• Some Scots wear a blue...
Let´s travel to scotland
Let´s travel to scotland
Let´s travel to scotland
Let´s travel to scotland
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Let´s travel to scotland

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A brief presentation about Scotland for primary students of English, focusing on main vocabulary and traditions.

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Let´s travel to scotland

  1. 1. Let´s travel to Scotland Scottish: ALBA
  2. 2. LOCATION • Scotland is one of the 4 nations of the United Kingdom. • It´s located in the north of Great Britain. • It´s bordered on three sides by seas: The Atlantic Ocean and the North Sea.
  3. 3. • The territory of Scotland includes 186 nearby islands, most of them contained in three groups: – the Hebrides or the Western Isles, on the western coast – the Orkney Islands, on the north-eastern coast – and the Shetland Islands, located northeast of the Orkney Islands.
  4. 4. SCOTLAND IN FACTS • Population 5.000.000 • Capital city Edinburgh • Emblem Thistle • Flag The Saltire • Currency Pound sterling • Language English and Scottish Gaelic • Patron Saint Saint Andrew • Largest city Glasgow
  5. 5. The thistle According to a legend, the Norse army wanted to invade Scotland many years ago. One night, some Norse soldiers tried to attack a Scottish encampment by surprise. But one barefoot Norse soldier stepped upon a thistle, crying out in pain and alerting the Scottish to the presence of the Norse invaders.
  6. 6. The Saltire The Scottish flag is called The Saltire. It´s blue with a white cross, the cross of saint Andrew.
  7. 7. The Gaelic language • The Gaelic language is part of a family of Celtic languages. • Gaelic speakers mostly live in the Western Isles, the Central belt and the northern Highlands.
  8. 8. LANDSCAPE The Scottish territory can be divided in 2 totally different parts: - The Highlands : a mountainous region in the north. It´s got the Grampian mountains and Ben Nevis, the highest mountain in the UK. Loch Ness is also here. - The Lowlands: it´s a plain with no mountains but valleys.
  9. 9. Ben Nevis It´s the highest mountain in the UK.
  10. 10. River Tay It´s the longest river in Scotland.
  11. 11. Loch Ness • “Loch” is the Scottish word for “lake”. • Loch Ness is located in the Highlands, not very far from Inverness. • It is the second largest lake in Scotland.
  12. 12. • Loch Ness is very famous for its monster: Nessie. Nessie is a legend in Scotland. • An Irish monk saw it in the VI century. • Later, in 1933, the MacKays, the owners of an inn, observed an “enormous animal” in the loch. • The first photo was taken in 1934 by a group of scientists.
  13. 13. • Since then, many tourist and scientists visit the loch every year, trying to see Nessie. • Some people think it is a prehistoric dinosaur that survived from the last ice age. • It is still a mistery.
  14. 14. Main cities • Edimburgh • Glasgow • Aberdeen • Dundee • Inverness
  15. 15. Edinburgh The population is 1,400,000. It is the most beautiful city in the UK.
  16. 16. Edinburgh castle Edinburgh Castle has got a fascinating history. It is more than 3000 years old. It was the residence of many Scottish Kings and Queens.
  17. 17. The honours of Scotland The ancient Honours of Scotland are the Crown, the Sceptre and the Sword of State. They are on view in the Crown Room in Edinburgh Castle.
  18. 18. One o´clock gun Edinburgh Castle is also the home of the One O'Clock Gun.
  19. 19. Stone of destiny Also known as Stone of Scone or The Coronation Stone.
  20. 20. Glasgow The population is 600.000 inhabitants. It is the largest city in Scotland and the third one in the UK, after London and Birmingham.
  21. 21. Aberdeen
  22. 22. Dundee
  23. 23. Inverness
  24. 24. CULTURE: The Kilt The kilt is a kind of skirt that men and boys traditionally wear in the Highlands. It is made of wool in a tartan pattern. It is used in formal ocassions.
  25. 25. CLANS • Scottish families are called clans. • Each clan has a special plaid to show what their family is. There are hundreds of plaids or TARTANS.
  26. 26. FOOD: Haggis It´s made from the organs of sheep mixed with oats and spices, and tied in a sheep’s stomach and cooked. It is eaten together with mashed potatoes.
  27. 27. Whisky • The national drink is whisky, and its production contributes significantly to the economy. • In Gaelic it means “water of life”.
  28. 28. Scottish music Bagpipes are the national instruments. The harp, the fiddle and the accordion are also popular.
  29. 29. Dancing Sword dance is a traditional Scottish dance.
  30. 30. FAMOUS SCOTTISH Alexander Graham Bell - inventor of the telephone Sean Connery - an actor (James Bond) Sir Arthur Conan Doyle - the author of Sherlock Holmes Rod Stewart- famous pop singer Captain Kidd - a famous pirate Robert Burn – a famous poet Robert Louis Stevenson - author of Treasure Island Annie Lenox – famous pop singer Andy Murray – famous tennis player
  31. 31. TRADITIONS: Hogmanay • New Year’s Eve (Hogmanay) is when some of the most lively celebrations take place. • Traditionally, on Hogmanay, children go to the doors of their neighbours, and sing and cry out “Hogmanay!” to receive oat cakes in return.
  32. 32. First-footer • Another tradition associated with New Year’s Eve is the “first-footer,” or the first person to cross the door of a house after midnight on New Year’s Eve. • The first-footer has to be a dark-haired man carrying presents: a coin, bread, salt, coal, a drink, ... They represent : – Coin: financial prosperity – Bread: food – Salt: flavour – Coal: warmth – A drink: good cheer This way the family will have good luck for the new year.
  33. 33. “Auld Lang Syne” • The song “Auld Lang Syne,” by the Scottish poet Robert Burns, is sung on New Year’s Eve.
  34. 34. Burns Night • Many Scots honour Burns’s birthday (25th January) by celebrating his life and works at Burns suppers, where haggis is served.
  35. 35. St. Andrew´s Day • Saint Andrew’s Day, on 30th November, honours the patron saint of Scotland. • Some Scots wear a blue-and-white X on this day to symbolize the cross upon which Saint Andrew was crucified by the Romans. This X-shaped cross has become a patriotic symbol.

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