1. SUBJECT:PROF. ED. 13
Topic: BUDDHIST PHILOSOPHY OF EDUCATION
Reporter: RODYLY S. GIANAN
BUDDHIST PHILOSOPHY OF EDUCATION
Four Noble Truth
Life is suffering(dukkha)
There are causes of suffering self-centered carving.
Sufferings can be removed
There are eight-fold path for removing sufferings
3 objectives of Buddhist Philosophy of Education
Education must address social needs.
Education must address needs in terms of development of the individual, preparing the
individual to live in the world.
Education must address the ultimate truth.
Aims of education
The Buddhist educational aims were comprehensive based on knowledge, social
development, religious development, and character development aims w/c were as follows:
To follow the moral values of Buddhist religion
To adopt good conduct and violence
To achieve the final goal of Nirvana
To propagate Buddhism
To give up caste system
To take the teachings of Buddhism to the masses.
To sacrifices for achieving knowledge
To provide education in the language of masses
To emphasize the progress and development of the society rather than the individual
2. To provide education through the new system this was stated by Buddha.
Principles of Education
• Avidya that is ignorance must be removed through education as it is the root cause of
• Education should be provided in peaceful surroundings in Buddhists monasteries, viharas and
organized educational institutions instead of Gurukulas.
• Pupils should be educated in a democratic atmosphere
• Things of luxury must be prohibited for students.
• Framed few commandments for the Suddhvi, Harika (new entrant) at the time of ‘Pabajja’
ceremony. Educational period for this phase was 12 years.
• After 20 years of age Upsampada ritual was performed to gain an entry into higher education.
Two tier system:
1) Popular Elementary Education
2) Higher Education
Methods of Teaching
>Mostly verbal. >Question, answer, discussion and debates.
>Agra shishyapranali (Monitorial system)>Travelling and Nature study method
>Book method.>Preaching and conference method
>Medium of instruction was pali and also importance to vernacular dialects were given.
Educational implication of Buddhist Philosophy
>Cosmopolitan>Total development of personality
>No corporal punishment>Positivism
>Development of good conduct>Moral Discipline
>Emphasis on Manual skills>Pragmatic
>Methods of Teaching>International
>Value education & Character development>Curriculum
>Organization and Structure of Universities >Education as a social Institution
>Imparting education in practical subjects >+Collective Teaching Methodology