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Transactional Analysis - Strokes Presentation.pptx

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Transactional Analysis - Strokes Presentation.pptx

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Strokes are a Communication mechanism for leadership. It is used as feedback too. Help mentor and coach individuals at any level in the organisation for performance.

This is a study done in Transactional Analysis, derived by Eric Berne.

Strokes are a Communication mechanism for leadership. It is used as feedback too. Help mentor and coach individuals at any level in the organisation for performance.

This is a study done in Transactional Analysis, derived by Eric Berne.

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Transactional Analysis - Strokes Presentation.pptx

  1. 1. STROKES HUNGER FOR BASIC NEEDS
  2. 2. STROKES… • Stroke reinforces behavior - Tool for Child development • Unseen Thread of Human Relations
  3. 3. STROKES - Definition • A stroke is defined as a unit of recognition. (Berne 1971) • “A stroke is a unit of attention which provides stimulation to an individual”. (Woollams and Brown: Transactional Analysis 1978)
  4. 4. WHAT IS STROKES…. • HUNGER FOR STIMULATION • HUNGER FOR RECOGNITION
  5. 5. Hunger for Stimulation - Stimulus Hunger Need for physical and mental stimulation
  6. 6. Stimulus Hunger • Study by Rene Spitz Berne’s Choice of the word stroke refers to the infants need for touching.
  7. 7. Hunger for Recognition - Recognition Hunger • As grownups, we learn to substitute other forms of recognition in place of physical touching. • A smile, a compliment, frown or insult – all shows our existence has been recognized. • Berne used to term recognition hunger to describe our need for this kind of acknowledgement from others.
  8. 8. STROKES - Classification • Positive / Negative • Verbal / Non-Verbal • Internal / External • Conditional / Unconditional
  9. 9. Verbal or Non-Verbal • Any transaction is an exchange of strokes. • Most transactions involve both verbal and non verbal exchanges. • They may be wholly non verbal. • It is difficult to imagine a transaction which is purely verbal.
  10. 10. Internal or external • INTERNAL – Stroke from nature, Happy memories, fantasies, exercise, etc • EXTERNAL- strokes from others are important for healthy living.
  11. 11. Positive or Negative • A positive stroke is one which the receiver experiences as pleasant. • A negative stroke is one experienced as painful. • Any kind of stroke is better than no stroke at all.
  12. 12. Conditional or Unconditional • A conditional stroke relates to what you do. • An unconditional stroke relates to what you are. • Positive conditional. • Positive unconditional. • Negative conditional. • Negative Unconditional
  13. 13. Stroking effect on Hormones • Endorphin • Dopamine • Sorotonin • Oxytonin
  14. 14. Activity 1 • Write down two strokes you gave today • Write down two strokes you received today.
  15. 15. Activity 2 Identify which kind of stroke it is. • Verbal or Non-verbal. • Positive or Negative. • Conditional or Unconditional. • Positive conditional. • Positive unconditional. • Negative conditional. • Negative Unconditional • Internal or External.
  16. 16. Activity 3 • Give a positive conditional stroke to the person sitting to your left • Give an internal positive unconditional stroke to yourself • Give a Non-Verbal stroke to the person sitting to your right
  17. 17. Stroking and reinforcement of behavior • Stroking reinforces the behavior which is stroked. • If there do not seem to be enough positive strokes to fulfill our need for stroking, we will go ahead and seek out negative strokes. • Quality and intensity of strokes are important.
  18. 18. STROKES - Pattern • Giving • Accepting • Rejecting • Asking • Self Stroke
  19. 19. Giving Strokes Types • Plastic Stroke: Not genuine. Plastic strokes are insincere positives. Eric Berne described this as marshmallow – Throwing. • Counterfeit Stroke: sounding +ve stroke with –ve string. Counterfeit strokes are as though they give something positive, then take it away again. • Self Stroke: Appreciating oneself • No Stroke: Ignore
  20. 20. Taking Strokes • We are used to getting certain strokes. • Because of their familiarity, we devalue these strokes. • We may secretly want to receive other strokes which we seldom get. • We deny to ourselves that we want the strokes we most want.
  21. 21. Taking Strokes • • Everybody has their preferred stroke quotient. • • Quality of strokes cannot be measured subjectively. • • A high quality for stroke to you may be a low-quality stroke for me. • Different strokes for different folks.
  22. 22. STROKES - Filtering • Plastic Strokes • Counterfeit Strokes • Self Stroking
  23. 23. STROKES… • The secret behind Human Relations • Strokes make life worth living

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