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  1. Steam Production and Its Utilization By Dr. T. Rajasekhar Asst Professor Department of Dairy Engineering College of Dairy Technology, SVVU, Tirupati
  2. What is Steam? As the temperature increases and the water approaches its boiling condition, some molecules attain enough kinetic energy to reach velocities that allow them to momentarily escape from the liquid into the space above the surface, before falling back into the liquid. When the number of molecules leaving the liquid surface is more than those re-entering, the water freely evaporates. Steam should be available at the point of use:  In the correct quantity.  At the correct temperature and pressure.  Free from air and incondensable gases.  Clean.  Dry.
  3. Steam Production To produce steam Boiler is used. A number of different boiler types have been developed to suit the various steam applications. The objectives of a boiler are: • To release the energy in the fuel as efficiently as possible. • To transfer the released energy to the water, and to generate steam as efficiently as possible. • To separate the steam from the water ready for export to the plant, where the energy can be transferred to the process as efficiently as possible.
  4. Modern Packaged Boiler
  5. Vertical Tube Packaged Boiler
  6. Examples for Steam Heating Possible layout of coils in a rectangular tank Side hung coils A conventional jacketed vessel
  7. Measurement of Steam Consumption
  8. Arrangement of steam supply for consumers of High Pressure and Low Pressure
  9. Steam Distribution in a Dairy Plant