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Crime & Violence

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Crime & Violence

  1. 1. B Y R A C H E L M A R C H I L D O N C H I L D & Y O U T H W O R K E R " C R I M E I S O N E O F T H E M O S T P R O M I N E N T " S O C I A L P R O B L E M S " I N C A N A D I A N L I F E " . ( J A C K S O N , 1 9 9 5 . P . 6 2 ) . Problems of Well-Being: Crime & Violence
  2. 2. What is a crime?  A crime is the violation of norms that are written into the law (Holmes, 2016. p.107).  We categorize crime under: - Property Crime - Violent Crime - Victimless Crime - Cooperate Crime - Computer Crime
  3. 3. Property Crime Violent Crime  A property crime is when an individual damages or steals somebody else’s property.  Vandalism, motor vehicle theft, shoplifting, and arson are some examples of property crimes.  A violent crime occurs when someone harms, attempts to harm, threatens to harm or even conspires to harm someone else. Violent crimes are offenses which involve force or threat of force, such as rape, robbery or homicide. (Montaldo, 2015). As well as murder.
  4. 4. Victimless Crimes Cooperate Crimes  Vice crimes are considered to have no victim apart in the illegal activity.  Examples of this can vary from drugs charges to gambling.  Occupational crime, where individuals commit crimes in the course of their employment, and criminal business practices (Holmes, 2016. p. 124).  An example of this would be fraud.
  5. 5. Computer Crime  Any illegal activity that is committed while using a computer.  Identity theft, and hacking are some examples of computer crimes.
  6. 6. Crime and Violence looks like this…
  7. 7. Canadian Crime Statistics  2 million criminal incidences were reported to Canadian Police Services in the year of 2012.  In 2011, there were 36,000 more incidences reported than 2012.  Why? Due to the decrease in non-violent crimes such as; mischief, break-ins, disturbing the peace, possession of property and theft of a motor vehicle.
  8. 8. Youth & Crime  Nearly 40,000 cases were completed in Canadian Youth Court in 2013/2014. (Statistics Canada, 2015).  This number is 12% lower than the previous year.  Also, the lowest number of cases calculated in youth courts since the data began 20+ years ago! What an improvement.. But still much more room for improvement!
  9. 9. Youth & Crime Cont’d  The most common youth crimes consist of: ▪ Mischief ▪ Theft Under $5,000 ▪ Common Assault ▪ Failure to Comply with an Order (Statistics Canada, 2015).
  10. 10. Did you know...  62% of accused youth in 2013/2014 were of the ages of 16/17.  Males made up 78% of the overall accused in youth courts.  The court process for a youth on average lasts for four months. (Statistics Canada, 2015).
  11. 11. Why is criminal activity more prevalent amongst individuals who have yet to reach middle age?  Younger individuals are more likely to be working lower wage jobs, or be unemployed.  The desire for goods and opportunities' is still out of their grasp! (Holmes, 2015. p. 128/129)
  12. 12.  When youth are found guilty; custodial sentences, community service and/or probation is what they are allotted.  Diversion is another option that the Judge may propose; and the best strategy in my opinion! (Statistics Canada, 2015).
  13. 13. What is a Diversion Program?  A program where youth ages 12-17 are given the opportunities' to perform specific sanctions, attend meetings and meet all deadlines in order to have their charge dismissed/withdrawn.  Diversion programs are only offered to first time, minor, nonviolent offences such as: ▪ Theft Under $5,000 ▪ Mischief ▪ Possession of a Controlled Substance ▪ Attendance Acts ▪ Trespass at Night ▪ Minor Assaults
  14. 14.  This program can be referred to a youth by either the Court, or the Arresting Officer.  Diversion Programs have been created to keep smaller, nonviolent crimes out of the Court system. Also, to give first time offenders a second chance at keeping their record clean of any criminal history.
  15. 15. Why is Diversion beneficial to our youth?  Diversion gives children and youth a second chance.  Many commit the crime and immediately are regretful and remorseful.  Many children and youth who commit minor crimes also have more going on with themselves than what appears at the surface (i.e. Abuse at home, relationship issues, struggling with school, possible mental health).  You must remember that Diversion is given to the children and youth who NEED it. It is to help BENEFIT them, in hopes that they will not reoffend.
  16. 16.  "The literature is pretty consistent that you're better off diverting the less serious offenders out of the juvenile justice system, and if possible, hooking them up with services," says Medical University of South Carolina psychologist Scott Henggeler, PhD”. (DenAngelis, 2011).
  17. 17. Conflict Perspective  “Social inequality may lead individuals to commit crimes such as armed robbery and burglary as a means of economic survival. Other individuals who are angry and frustrated by their low position in the socio-econimic hierarchy, may express their rage and frustration through crimes, such as drug- use, assault and homicide”. (Holmes, 2016. p. 115).
  18. 18. Conflict Perspective  We can look at social inequality when it comes to males and females, but we can also look at it when it comes to Youth vs. Adults.  Youth are categorized as “lazy, deviant, disrespectful and selfish”.  Some youth may very well fit that category, but not all youth – and when we look at youth that way, how do we build on their strengths and empower them? We don’t. They begin feeling hopeless and worthless, and another reason why youth commit crimes!
  19. 19. References  DeAngelis, T. (2011). Better Options for Troubled Teens. American Psychological Association. Retrieved From: http://www.apa.org/monitor/2011/12/troubled-teens.aspx  Holmes, M., Mooney, L., Knox, D., & Schacht, C. (2016). Understanding social problems (5th Canadian ed.). Toronto: Nelson Education Ltd.  Jackson, M., Griffiths, C. (1995). Canadian Criminology, Perspectives on Crime and Criminality. Canada. Harourt Brace & Company.  Montaldo, Charles. (2015). What is a Crime? About News. Retrieved from: http://crime.about.com/od/Crime_101/a/What-Is-A-Crime.htm  Statistics Canada. (2015). Youth and Crime, 2013/2014. Retrieved from: http://www.statcan.gc.ca/daily-quotidien/150928/dq150928b-eng.htm 