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Religion and Society

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Religion and Society

  1. 1. Religion and Society Penn Tulabing. Larena,CPS,MPA
  2. 2. Learning Outcomes • Discuss the significant role of religion in society • Distinguish religion from other social institutions • Define and explain the meaning of religion • Explain the various religious groups • Connect contemporary religious movements with globalization
  3. 3. Nature of Religion • Religion is one of the society’s important social institutions. It. Plays a very significant role in the lives of people from birth to end of our natural life.
  4. 4. Etymologically • Religion comes from the Latin word “Religare” which means to bind together, the bond between God and Man
  5. 5. • According to John Cuber “Religion is a culturally entrenched pattern of behavior composed of sacred beliefs, emotional feelings accompanying the belief and overt conduct implementing the beliefs and feelings.This concept embodies the following : • 1.sacred beliefs • 2. emotional feelings accompanying the beliefs • 3. overt conduct implementing the beliefs and feelings
  6. 6. Emile Durkheim in his classic study “The Elementary Forms of Religious life” • Defined religion as a unified system of beliefs and practices related to sacred things.
  7. 7. The Bible (from Koine Greek τὰ βιβλία, tà biblía, "the books") is a collection of sacred texts or scriptures. Varying parts of the Bible are considered to be a product of divine inspiration and a record of the relationship between God and humans by Christians, Jews, Samaritans, and Rastafarians.
  8. 8. The Quran, also Romanised Qur'an or Koran, is the central religious text of Islam, which Muslims believe to be a revelation from God. It is widely regarded as the finest work in classical Arabic literature. The Quran is divided into chapters, which are subdivided into verses.
  9. 9. Elements of Religion • Ritual and Prayer These refer to the formalized social rituals possessed by all religions. However many religions also feature private prayers.
  10. 10. Elements of Religion • Emotion • One of the functions of ritual and prayer is to produce an appropriate emotional state.
  11. 11. Elements of Religion • Belief Basic to every religion and beliefs concerning the nature of the Universe and man in relation to it.
  12. 12. Elements of Religion • Organization Almost all religions adopt an organized structure through which specialists can be recruited and trained,religious meetings conducted and interaction .
  13. 13. Universality of Religion • Religious beliefs are evident in all known contemporary cultures.
  14. 14. Universality of Religion • Many anthropologists,Sociologists and Psychologicats have offered theories to account for the universality of religion.Most of these theories seem to fall into three groups • 1. the Psychological • 2. the Sociological • 3. the mixture of the two
  15. 15. Church • The church is a religious organization that claims to possess the truth about salvation exclusively. A classic example is the church
  16. 16. Types of Religious Organization • Religion is necessarily social .Belief and rituals are usually shared by people belonging to a definite religious community.While an individual may opt not to belong to or affiliate with an established religion or religious tradition,that person is still religious and belongs.
  17. 17. Types of Religious Organization • The EL Shaddai, a Philippines- based Catholic Charistic religious group ,was founded by Mariano “Mike” Zunienga Velarde.El Shaddai has grown rapidly in the last decade and as of 2005, had a reported 8 million members worldwide.
  18. 18. EL Shaddai ChurchBro. Mike Velarde
  19. 19. Knights of Columbus
  20. 20. Knights of Columbus • The Knights of Columbus (K of C) has been in existence in the Philippines for over a century, having been established by a group of Americans as the Knights of Columbus Council 1000 in Intramuros, Manila, on April 23, 1905. In 1907, the first Filipinos were admitted into the Council. The Order of the Knights of Columbus was founded in 1882 by Fr. Michael J. McGivney at Saint Mary’s Church in New Haven, Connecticut, with mostly Irish industrial workers as its members. Since its inception, Manila Council 1000 has been at the service of the Archbishop of Manila. As of 2017, it has 394,012 Knights in the Philippines. The K of C has been described by Pope John Paul II as “the strong right arm of the Catholic Church.”
  21. 21. The Catholic Women’s League (CWL), the largest Catholic women’s organization • The CWL was formed in 1919 by Michael O’ Doherty with a group of prominent Catholic civic women, among them, Annie Macleod Kingcome, Maria Villamor, Aurora Aragon Quezon, and Margarita Ansaldo, who saw the need for an organization to take care of the spiritual and moral, at times temporal, concerns of young women, students, and young professionals. • the women’s group said all 84 CWL dioceses and around 250,000 women across the country
  22. 22. The Catholic Women’s League (CWL),
  23. 23. Sect. • Iglesia Ni Cristo (Church Of Christ)is an independent nontrinitarian Christian religious organization that originated in the Philippines. It was registered in 1914 by Felix Y. Manalo,who became its first Executive Minister. In 2015, the Philippine census by the Philippine Statistics Authority found that 2.64% of the population in the Philippines are affiliated with the Iglesia Ni Cristo, making it the religion with the third largest number of adherents, with Islam at 6.01% and Roman Catholicism at 79.53%
  24. 24. Felix Manalo
  25. 25. Denomination • The National Council of Churches in the Philippines NCCP; is a fellowship of ten mainline Protestant and non Roman Catholic Churches in the Philippines denominations, and ten service-oriented organizations in the Philippines. A member of the World Council of Churches and the Christian Conference of Asia, the NCCP represents close to twelve million Protestant adherents. Advocacy for environmental protection and against large-scale mining are part of its core mission.Christian organizations other than churches may be received as associate members.
  26. 26. The United Church of Christ in the Philippines • A Christian denomination in the Philippines. Established in its present form in Malate, Manila, it resulted from the merger of the Evangelical Church of the Philippines, the Philippine Methodist Church, the Disciples of Christ, the United Evangelical Church and several independent congregations. • The United Church is a mainline Protestant group in the Philippines with around 1,500,000 members and 1,593 pastors in 2,564 congregations as of 2008. Its main office is located at 877 EDSA, West Triangle, Quezon City. Metro Manila
  27. 27. UCCP Churches Ellinwood Malate Church Silliman University Church
  28. 28. The Philippine Independent Church • The Philippine Independent Church (Spanish: Iglesia Filipina Independiente; Tagalog: Malayang Simbahan ng Pilipinas; Latin: Libera Ecclesia Philippina; colloquially called the Aglipayan Church, IFI and PIC) is an independent Christian denomination in the form of a national church in the Philippines. Its schism from the Roman Catholic Church was proclaimed in 1902 by the members of the Unión Obrera Democrática Filipina, due to the mistreatment of the Filipinos by Spanish priests and the execution of José Rizal during Spanish colonial rule.
  29. 29. The Philippine Independent Church Isabelo de los Reyes y Florentino Gregorio Aglipay
  30. 30. Cult • Sun Myung Moon was a Korean religious leader, also known for his business ventures and support for political causes. A messiah claimant, he was the founder of the Unification movement (members of which considered him and his wife Hak Ja Han to be their "True Parents"), and of its widely noted "Blessing" or mass wedding ceremony, and the author of its unique theology the Divine Principle
  31. 31. Sun Myung Moon
  32. 32. Rizalista religious movements • New religious movement and a form of Folk Catholicism adopted by a number of ethnic religious groups in the Philippines that believe in the divinity of Jose Rizal, the Philippines' de factonational hero. Many of these sects or religious movements believe that Rizal is still living and that he will deliver his followers from oppression and poverty. Rizalist groups have differing views on the divinity of Jose Rizal. Some believe that he is God himself, some believe that Rizal was the second son of God, the reincarnation of Christ. Some of these groups also identify Rizal as the god of the pre- Spanish Malay religion
  33. 33. Rizalista religious movements
  34. 34. Techniques of Religion • Prayer • Sacrifice • Reverence • DIVINATION • Taboo • Rituals • Ceremony • Magic
  35. 35. Syncrestism • The growth of popular religion or folk religion
  36. 36. Religious Syncrestism • Our Lady of Peace and Good Voyage also known as the Virgin of Antipolo and the Our Lady of Antipolo
  37. 37. Religious Syncrestism • The Black Nazarene is a life-sized image of a dark-skinned, kneeling Jesus Christ carrying the Cross enshrined in the Minor Basilica of the Black Nazarene in the Quiapo district of the City of Manila
  38. 38. Religious Syncrestism • The oldest Christian artefact in the Philippines,originally a gift from explorer Ferdinand Magellan to Rajah Humabon and his chief consort on account of their baptism in 1521
  39. 39. Cultural Festival • cultural festivals are part of special activities and are defined as "events which aim to use the results of everyday learning to heighten motivation".
  40. 40. ILAGA • Ilaga is a local christian extremist militia composed of Visayas groups that combined local magical tradition with Catholic beliefs • Norberto Manero Jr. • Killer Priest
  41. 41. Religion and Women • The study of women and religion typically examines the role of women within particular religious faiths, and religious doctrines relating to gender, gender roles, and particular women in religious history. Most religions elevate the status of men over women, have stricter sanctions against women, and require them to be submissive
  42. 42. Bishop Katherine Jefferts Schari • Katharine Jefferts Schori (born March 26, 1954) is the former Presiding Bishop and Primate of the Episcopal Church of the United States. Previously elected as the 9th Bishop of the Episcopal Diocese of Nevada, she was the first woman elected as a primate in the Anglican Communion
  43. 43. Rania Al-Abdullah • the queen consort of Jordan. Born in Kuwait to a Palestinian family, she later moved to Jordan for work, where she met the then prince Abdullah. Since marrying the now King of Jordan in 1993, she has become known for her advocacy work related to education, health, community empowerment, youth, cross-cultural dialogue and micro-finance.
  44. 44. María Corazón "Cory" Sumulong Cojuangco Aquino • Filipino politician who served as the 11th President of the Philippines, becoming the first woman to hold that office. Corazon Aquino was the most prominent figure of the 1986 People Power Revolution, which ended the 21-year rule of President Ferdinand Marcos. She was named Time magazine's Woman of the Year in 1986. Prior to this, she had not held any elective office.
  45. 45. Inter Faith Prayer