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Animal ethics

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Animal ethics

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Animal ethics

  1. 1. Animal ethics
  2. 2. Early Events and Legislation • 1635: First known animal protection legislation passes, in Ireland, "An Act against plowing by the tayle, and pulling the wool off living sheep." • 1641: The Massachusetts colony's Body of Liberties includes regulations against "Tirranny or Crueltie" toward animals. • 1687: Japan reintroduces a ban on eating meat and killing animals. • 1780: English philosopher Jeremy Bentham argues for better treatment of animals. https://www.thoughtco.com/historical-timeline-of-animal-rights-movement-127594
  3. 3. From Antiquity to the Renaissance • Galen of Pergamon (2nd–3rd century CE), the prolific Roman physician of Greek ethnicity who developed, to an unprecedented level, the techniques for dissection and vivisection of animals • The use of animal experiments to satisfy scientific enquiry would only re-emerge in the Renaissance. Flemish anatomist Vesalius (1514–1564), through the course of his work as a physician and surgeon, realized that many anatomical structures thought to exist in humans—on account of them being present in other animals—were in fact absent. Franco NH. Animal Experiments in Biomedical Research: A Historical Perspective. Animals (Basel). 2013 ;3(1):238-73.
  4. 4. Seventeenth Century and the Dawn of the Enlightenment • Physiological experiments on animals carried on throughout the seventeenth century, in the period favorable to scientific progress now known as the Age of Enlightenment. • Franco NH. Animal Experiments in Biomedical Research: A Historical Perspective. Animals (Basel). 2013 ;3(1):238-73. Source: ©Victoria and Albert Museum, London.
  5. 5. Seventeenth Century and the Dawn of the Enlightenment Franco NH. Animal Experiments in Biomedical Research: A Historical Perspective. Animals (Basel). 2013 ;3(1):238-73. “An Experiment on a Bird in an air pump”, by Joseph Wright of Derby (detail) (1768).
  6. 6. Eighteenth Century and the Rise of Moral Consideration for Animals Franco NH. Animal Experiments in Biomedical Research: A Historical Perspective. Animals (Basel). 2013 ;3(1):238-73. Pasteur in his animal facility was published in Harper’s Weekly in the United States, on 21 June 1884.
  7. 7. Animal ethics, Animal rights, Anti-vivisection 1. Vivisection and Animal Testing Crime 2. The Cosmetic Pain 3. Health Charities Abuse 4. Descartes, Darwin, and Vivisection 5. Peter Singer and Animal Rights 6. Last Chance for Animals 7. Violations in American Universities 8. Brain Studies and Neuroscience 9. Aristotle and the Class System in Britain https://www.citizenthought.net/Animal_Ethics_Animal_Rights.html#Pain
  8. 8. Animal ethics, Animal rights, Anti-vivisection • Vivisection and Animal Testing Crime https://www.citizenthought.net/Animal_Ethics_Animal_Rights.html#Pain Victims of laboratory crime "One animal dies in a laboratory in the USA every second, in Japan every two seconds, and in the UK every twelve seconds."
  9. 9. Animal ethics, Animal rights, Anti-vivisection • The Cosmetic Pain https://www.citizenthought.net/Animal_Ethics_Animal_Rights.html#Pain Cosmetic victims in the stocks. Copyright Brian Gunn /IAAPEA
  10. 10. Animal ethics, Animal rights, Anti-vivisection • Health Charities Abuse • Descartes, Darwin, and Vivisection https://www.citizenthought.net/Animal_Ethics_Animal_Rights.html#Pain No escape from Darwin's Hell
  11. 11. Animal ethics, Animal rights, Anti-vivisection • Peter Singer and Animal Rights https://www.citizenthought.net/Animal_Ethics_Animal_Rights.html#Pain Peter Singer The Australian philosopher Peter Singer contributed an influential counter-thesis to the laboratory abuse of animals. Two cat victims of laboratory crime
  12. 12. Animal ethics, Animal rights, Anti-vivisection • Last Chance for Animals • Violations in American Universities https://www.citizenthought.net/Animal_Ethics_Animal_Rights.html#Pain A survivor from the University of California labs. This baby female monkey was saved by animal rights activists. Vivisectors had sewn her eyelids shut and applied a sonar device to her head. She was very uncomfortable.
  13. 13. Animal ethics, Animal rights, Anti-vivisection • Brain Studies and Neuroscience • Aristotle and the Class System in Britain https://www.citizenthought.net/Animal_Ethics_Animal_Rights.html#Pain A victim of xenotransplantation, endorsed by academic, commercial, and government strategies
  14. 14. Animal ethics, Animal rights, Anti-vivisection Silver Spring monkeys The Silver Spring monkeys were 17 wild-born macaque monkeys from the Philippines who were kept in the Institute for Behavioral Research in Silver Spring, Maryland. • 1981: People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA) • 1985: Amendment in 1985 to the Animal Welfare Act https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Silver_Spring_monkeys
  15. 15. https://image3.slideserve.com/5600296/slide13-n.jpg
  16. 16. Three Rs • The principles of the 3Rs (Replacement, Reduction and Refinement) were developed over 50 years ago providing a framework for performing more humane animal research. https://www.nc3rs.org.uk/the-3rs

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