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Your Work is Distinctive, What about Your Name?


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Your Work is Distinctive, What about Your Name?

  1. 1. Contact Info: p. +1-301-922-9062 a. 10411 Motor City Drive, Suite 750, Bethesda, MD 20817 USA orcid.org Your Work is Distinctive, What About Your Name? HKU ORCID Workshop, Hong Kong, 27 October 2014 Laurel L. Haak, PhD Executive Director, ORCID L.Haak@orcid.org http://orcid.org/0000-0001-5109-3700
  2. 2. Digital scholarly communications requires information that is machine readable 2
  3. 3. What do PIDs do, exactly? ① Enable machine readability ② Disambiguate and enforce uniqueness ③ Enable linking and data integration Persistent identifiers provide a simple basis for digital data governance
  4. 4. Authoring workflow Publishing a research paper 27 October 2014 orcid.org 4 Manuscript Submission Manuscript Acceptance Published Article …where do identifiers fit in?
  5. 5. Authoring with IDs 27 October 2014 orcid.org 5 Manuscript Submission Manuscript Acceptance Published Article ORCID iD? Contributor type? Dataset? Organization iD? Funder ID? Grant ID? Co-Author information Selection and acknowledgement of reviewers Article metadata submitted to CrossRef (including all identifiers) Update ORCID record Update institutional repositories (via ORCID) Open Access Research activity • Grant • Dataset • Meeting • Presentation • Collaboration • ETC.
  6. 6. Name ambiguity is a problem • Different versions (full name vs. initials) • Shared names • Transliteration “Estimates by China's Ministry of Public Security suggest that more than 1.1 billion people — around 85% of China's population — share just 129 surnames. Problems with abbreviations, ordering of given names and surnames and inconsistent journal practices heighten the confusion.” http://www.nature.com/news/2008/080213/full/451766a.html
  7. 7. Name ambiguity is a problem • Accents and other ALT characters • Name changes • Multiple family names J. Å. S. Sørensen J. Aa. S. Sørensen J. Åge S. Sørensen J. Aage S. Sørensen J. Åge Smærup Sørensen J. Aage Smaerup Sørensen
  8. 8. 8 Repositories DOI URI Thesis ID Funders Higher Education and Employers Professional Associations Publishers Other person identifiers ORCID is a hub ISNI Researcher ID Scopus Author ID Internal identifiers FundRefID GrantID ISNI Ringgold ID Member ID Abstract ID DOI ISBN ORCID enables machine-readable connections between iD and: • works • organizations • other IDs
  9. 9. ORCID is a registry 9 • Free, non-proprietary registry of persistent unique public identifiers for researchers • Community-led initiative supported by member fees • Open data and software
  10. 10. Adoption by researchers 1,000,000 900,000 800,000 700,000 600,000 500,000 400,000 300,000 200,000 100,000 Member created Direct via orcid.org Via member integration 27 October 2014 orcid.org 10 ORCID is on track to reach 1 million issued iDs in October 2014. - Oct Nov Dec Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Jan Feb Mar Apr May June July Aug Sept 2012 2013 2014
  11. 11. Integration in research systems Over 160 members, from every region and sector of the international research Associations 12% 27 October 2014 orcid.org 11 EMEA 35% AsiaPac 15% Americas 50% community Publishing 25% Universities & Research Orgs 45% Funders 7% Repositories & Profile Sys 11%
  12. 12. Use is International 27 October 2014 orcid.org 12 • Usage is international; 54 countries with over 10,000 users; 100 with at least 1000 users. Hong Kong is among the top 30 countries and territories, and China is in the top 5. • ORCID Website is available in several languages; Japanese, Russian, and Portuguese coming soon
  13. 13. Connecting an ORCID iD 27 October 2014 orcid.org The authenticated iD becomes a part of the paper The author can pre-populate form fields: preferred name, affiliation, funding Upon publication, the iD is indexed by CrossRef, Scopus, Web of Science, and other services. Information flows to ORCID and linked platforms 13 Journals are asking authors for their ORCID iD at time of manuscript submission.
  14. 14. Identifiers are being embedded in articles DOI
  15. 15. 27 October 2014 orcid.org 15 DOI FundRef
  16. 16. • Over 130,000 articles have been submitted to CrossRef with an associated ORCID iD • These will start to flow into the ORCID registry before the end of the year • Researchers who use their ORCID iD when they publish will not need to manually update their record 27 October 2014 orcid.org 16
  17. 17. Publishers can help Publishers can make using an identifier easy for researchers by: • Collecting identifiers during submission and review (using authenticated login, not typing!) AND autofilling forms • Publishing identifiers in reviews, meetings, and manuscripts • Updating author and reviewer ORCID records 27 October 2014 orcid.org 17
  18. 18. v How can researchers be reliably connected to their contributions? v Can we expand our view of what is considered a contribution? v How do we track research activities across a career? Databases? Organizations? v How can we measure the impact of a training program? Funding program? Department? Project? 27 October 2014 orcid.org 18 We all have questions: Beyond Publishing
  19. 19. 19 The entire research community is engaging with ORCID • Publishers • Research Funders • Professional Associations • Universities and Research Organizations • Repositories and Research Information Systems • Research Metrics Providers For a list of organizations and integrations see http://orcid.org/organizations/integrators
  20. 20. University Integration 27 October 2014 orcid.org 20
  21. 21. How are Universities Integrating? • Get an ORCID iD and insert it in LDAP system, 21 CRIS, dissertation thesis, or personnel directory • Get Data from an ORCID Record and export into a CRIS or update a repository • Enable exchange of information between CRIS and ORCID • Link to local person identifiers • Create an iD for faculty, staff, and students and pre-populate with affiliation and works information For more on university integrators see http://orcid.org/organizations/researchorganizations
  22. 22. Funderß àORCID Options 27 October 2014 orcid.org 22 • Push validated award information (Grant#, FunderID) to ORCID • Push validated review acknowledgement to ORCID • Pull publications, datasets, and other works from ORCID record • Get applicant ORCID iD, attach to application and store in Grant database • Get reviewer ORCID iD • Capture information from ORCID record (name, bio, affiliation, publications) http://support.orcid.org/knowledgebase/articles/426596-orcid-funder-workflow
  23. 23. Repoß àORCID Options AT DEPOSIT or REGISTRATION AT PUBLICATION 27 October 2014 orcid.org 23 • PUSH validated dataset information (DOI) to ORCID • RECEIVE notification from ORCID call-back API • GET publications, datasets, and other works from ORCID record • GET researcher ORCID iD, attach to dataset and/ or local researcher profile • GET information from ORCID record (name, bio, affiliation, publications) • REQUEST permission to write to ORCID record and read limited data • PUSH validated organization identifier information into ORCID
  24. 24. Repositories: DSpace 24 The DSpace 5 core supports ORCID. DSpace will release patches for versions 3 and 4. Supported ORCID functionality: • ORCID lookup during manual submission of new publications • ORCID lookup for edit operations on already accepted/ published items in DSpace • Batch adding of ORCID metadata using the DSpace metadata CSV upload facilities.
  25. 25. National Approach Some countries are taking a national approach to ORCID integration, with universities, the national library, and funders coordinating efforts to develop a national CRIS/IR fed by data from ORCID: • Denmark: launched September 2014 • Portugal: launched November 2013 • Sweden: National recommendation 2013 • UK: Jisc / ARMA Pilot Project 27 October 2014 orcid.org 25
  26. 26. Adoption “To-Do” List ① Integrate data fields for persistent identifiers for people, places, and things into your systems ② Collect persistent identifiers during transactions (using authenticated login, not typing!) AND use APIs to help autofill forms ③ Incorporate identifiers into published metadata 27 O ctober 2014 orcid.org 26 Integrators Researchers ① Register for an ORCID iD ② Use it when submitting papers, applying for grants, depositing datasets, etc.
  27. 27. • Take 30 seconds to register at http://orcid.org/register • Free to researchers • Individual owns the record and controls privacy settings • Works on laptops, tablets, and phones • Available in multiple languages Register for your
  28. 28. Distinguish yourself
  29. 29. Getting started Use free tools to connect your ORCID identifier to your name variations, affiliations, and your existing works and funding
  30. 30. Link to existing works 30 Connect your ORCID iD to existing works by using tools in ORCID interface or in external platforms Researchers can connect to existing works and push ORCID iD into indexes including Web of Science, Scopus, and Europe PubMedCentral
  31. 31. Link to awarded projects 27 October 2014 orcid.org Researchers can connect to existing projects 31 Funders can embed ORCID during the grant application workflow ORCID record includes, funder name, grant number, source, other provenance
  32. 32. Link to organization 27 October 2014 orcid.org 32 • List autopopulates based on type-ahead • All organizations have unique iD • University or employer can pre-populate and validate association • Can associate with multiple organizations
  33. 33. Thank you! 27 October 2014 orcid.org 33