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An API of One’s Own 
Building trust networks with Open Badges 
Nate Otto, Concentric Sky 
Serge Ravet, Badge Europe! Europ...
What are Open Badges?
Visual symbols of 
accomplishment 
A common portable 
language for data about 
achievements
Open Badges are 
declarations of trust
Badge Issuer Badge Earner 
I Trust You 
I E 
Criteria 
Evidence 
To do this 
Based on this
Badge Issuer Badge Earner 
I E 
Trust relationship
Open Badges are visible declarations of trust 
C 
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Badge Issuer Badge Earner 
C 
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Badge Consumers 
I E 
Trust...
A Badge Issuer may trust many Earners 
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The Promise of
Anyone can earn badges 
Anyone can issue badges
Our technology should reflect 
our values
Each role uses different technologies 
Issuers 
Earners 
Consumers
Anyone with: 
• specially concocted JSON 
file hosted on their website 
and the ability to concoct 
many more… 
Anyone wit...
Earners 
Is there ever any overlap? 
Issuers 
Consumers
Earners 
Issuers 
Consumers ?
How can we bring badges into 
alignment with this philosophy?
How can we bring badges into 
alignment with this philosophy? 
Let’s build these values into the 
Open Badges Standard and...
Let’s build these values into the 
Open Badges Standard and software! 
Badge Issuer Badge Earner 
I E 
Trust relationship ...
What is the consequence of 
adopting these philosophies?
Break out of 
"silos of trust" 
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Visible chains of trust 
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Visible chains of trust 
Passport Passport Passport 
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Everybody can issue and rece...
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Two Prototype Sketches 
Trust Ecosystem Project Open Badges Passport 
Discendum Oy 
Badge Europe 
Europortfolio 
Concentri...
Trust Ecosystem Project
Trust Ecosystem Project 
A 3-faceted application for badge 
Earners, Issuers, and Consumers 
Earner 
Issuer Consumer
Trust Ecosystem Project 
To be developed, tested and refined 
in 2015 
Earner 
Issuer Consumer
Trust Ecosystem Project software 
Open Source 
Host-your-own installation option 
Hosted service 
Connections to badge-awa...
2015 Badge Pilots 
12 programs in out-of-school learning, workforce development, 
and local government, kicking off in Q1 ...
Software function follows philosophy 
credit: Mozilla Foundation
Serving multiple interests 
• Recognize that all users may at times fill roles of Earner, 
Issuer, and Consumer 
• Enable ...
Serving multiple interests 
• Recognize that all users may at times fill roles of Earner, 
Issuer, and Consumer 
• Enable ...
Serving multiple interests 
Issuers 
Define, organize, 
and issue badges 
Incorporate 
endorsements 
Issuing Platform 
Iss...
Earners: Collecting and Sharing 
Earners 
Collection building 
Receive earned badges 
Export & sharing 
Issuer 
Issuer 
Mo...
Consumers: understanding badges 
Analyzing chains of trust 
Consumers 
What is the value of 
this badge? 
What other badge...
Trust Ecosystem Project 
Bringing 3 user roles together 
Earner 
Issuer Consumer 
• Common user between roles 
• No additi...
Open Badges Passport
Nate's Passport 
About me Activity wall 
Contact Search
Badges Collected 
7,405 4 
Total Recent New 
Badges Issued 
Created 
Issued 
My Dashboard 
Total Recent 
12,453 56 
Top Se...
Organise Public Restrict. Private External Search 
New Pledged Collections 
Events 
Achievements 
Competencies 
Endorsemen...
Organise Public Restrict. Private External Search 
Qui at nonumy elaboraret. Ea delenit indoctum 
vix, mea accusam perpetu...
Evidence Public Restrict. Private External Search 
Types 
Badges 
Pages 
Experience (xAPI) 
Images 
Texts 
Miscellaneous 
...
Badges are issued through 
trusted issuing services
Passport 
Public 
Restricted 
Private 
Passport 
S e r v i c e s 
Badge Issuing 
Career 
Management 
Social 
Networking 
L...
Badge Issuing Services 
Enforce badge designers policies 
to issue Badges xyzB1, xyzB2 and xyzB3 
issuer needs endorsement...
Passports 
Enforce badge earners policies 
Reject badges issued from outside of my 2nd degree connections 
Services S1, S2...
OBI 2.0 Architecture
S e r v i c e s 
Passport Passport Passport Passport 
Tr u s t 
Badge Issuing 
Career 
Management 
Social 
Networking 
Lea...
Food for thoughts...
Some describe Open Badges as 
"a new currency"
Open Badges are visible 
representations of 
the oldest currency...
Trust!
Trust! 
thank you! 
Nate Otto 
@ottonomy 
Serge Ravet 
@szerge
An API of One's Own: Individual Identities as First-Class Citizens in the Open Badges Infrastructure. Open Education Confe...
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An API of One's Own: Individual Identities as First-Class Citizens in the Open Badges Infrastructure. Open Education Conference 2014 #OpenEd14

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Veröffentlicht am

http://openeducation2014.sched.org/event/17c9f7fbae4e9cfa23b41b2e204f01d1

Digital badges and their paper and sheepskin-based credential ancestors are ways of sharing socially important information that is tied to identity. Open Badges go further in helping people establish their identity by letting them collect together credentials from many issuers. Each Open Badge describes a trust relationship between its issuer and its recipient, in terms of criteria, evidence, and an image. The powerful part is that this relationship is verifiable and sharable with outside audiences. Any person or organization can participate in the ecosystem as any one of these roles. Because of this feature, Open Badges are a great step toward democratizing the credentialing ecosystem.

However, the Open Badge Infrastructure (OBI) standard constructs these three roles separately, defining identities differently for each. As the credentialing world begins to include more badge-aware applications that can talk to one another, we can build some awesome apps that issue, earn, and consume badges. There are exciting possibilities in learning pathway discovery, e-portfolios, personal learning networks as well as applications that use badges to describe relationships outside of education.

In this moment, there is a chance to elevate both individuals and organizations to simultaneously serve all three roles in the ecosystem, as badge issuers, earners, and consumers without undermining the carefully built reputations of respected issuing institutions that currently occupy that role. How can we extend the OBI standard and construct our badge applications to give people personal access to the APIs (Application Programming Interfaces) that give them easy access to all three badge ecosystem roles and let them construct their identity as full players in this network? We'll take a look at what might be the killer apps that would justify this effort.

Nate Otto, badges researcher, developer, and founding member of the Badge Alliance standards working group, will showcase possibilities and prototypes for applications that democratize badges. Serge Ravet will contribute theory and practice of building networks of trust relationships with badges and evidence and consequences for the badges ecosystem. The Open Education Conference is the perfect place to celebrate how free and open technology can empower individuals to help shape the networks around them.

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An API of One's Own: Individual Identities as First-Class Citizens in the Open Badges Infrastructure. Open Education Conference 2014 #OpenEd14

  1. 1. An API of One’s Own Building trust networks with Open Badges Nate Otto, Concentric Sky Serge Ravet, Badge Europe! Europortfolio November 19-21, 2014 :: Washington, DC
  2. 2. What are Open Badges?
  3. 3. Visual symbols of accomplishment A common portable language for data about achievements
  4. 4. Open Badges are declarations of trust
  5. 5. Badge Issuer Badge Earner I Trust You I E Criteria Evidence To do this Based on this
  6. 6. Badge Issuer Badge Earner I E Trust relationship
  7. 7. Open Badges are visible declarations of trust C C C Badge Issuer Badge Earner C C C C Badge Consumers I E Trust relationship
  8. 8. A Badge Issuer may trust many Earners I E E E E E E E E E E E E
  9. 9. I E E E E E E E E E E E E E I E E E E E E E E E E E E I E E E E E E E E E E E E E E Each Badge creates a "silo of trust"
  10. 10. I E E Are Open Badges really E E E E E E E E E E E I E E E E E E E E E E E E I E E E E E E E E E E E E E E centered on the learner?
  11. 11. The Promise of
  12. 12. Anyone can earn badges Anyone can issue badges
  13. 13. Our technology should reflect our values
  14. 14. Each role uses different technologies Issuers Earners Consumers
  15. 15. Anyone with: • specially concocted JSON file hosted on their website and the ability to concoct many more… Anyone with: • email(s) • Persona(s) • Backpack(s) • Displayer(s) Anyone with: • time • understanding • tools to validate badges and divine the links between them Issuers Earners Consumers
  16. 16. Earners Is there ever any overlap? Issuers Consumers
  17. 17. Earners Issuers Consumers ?
  18. 18. How can we bring badges into alignment with this philosophy?
  19. 19. How can we bring badges into alignment with this philosophy? Let’s build these values into the Open Badges Standard and software!
  20. 20. Let’s build these values into the Open Badges Standard and software! Badge Issuer Badge Earner I E Trust relationship Badges are declarations of trust Everyone is an Issuer, Earner and Earners Issuers Consumers Consumer
  21. 21. What is the consequence of adopting these philosophies?
  22. 22. Break out of "silos of trust" I E E E E E E E E E E E E E I E E E E E E E E E E E E I E E E E E E E E E E E E E E
  23. 23. Chains of trust I E E E H E E E E E E E E E I E E E E E E E E E E E E I E E E E E E E E E E E E E E
  24. 24. Visible chains of trust I I I
  25. 25. Visible chains of trust Passport Passport Passport I I I E E E E E E E E E E E E E Everybody can issue and receive badges
  26. 26. I Passport I Trust Networks P P P P P P P P P P P P P P P P P P P P P
  27. 27. Two Prototype Sketches Trust Ecosystem Project Open Badges Passport Discendum Oy Badge Europe Europortfolio Concentric Sky Oregon Center for Digital Learning Oregon Badge Alliance
  28. 28. Trust Ecosystem Project
  29. 29. Trust Ecosystem Project A 3-faceted application for badge Earners, Issuers, and Consumers Earner Issuer Consumer
  30. 30. Trust Ecosystem Project To be developed, tested and refined in 2015 Earner Issuer Consumer
  31. 31. Trust Ecosystem Project software Open Source Host-your-own installation option Hosted service Connections to badge-aware services across the web
  32. 32. 2015 Badge Pilots 12 programs in out-of-school learning, workforce development, and local government, kicking off in Q1 of 2015 Alliance of partners filling all three roles Software and support for issuers, earners and consumers
  33. 33. Software function follows philosophy credit: Mozilla Foundation
  34. 34. Serving multiple interests • Recognize that all users may at times fill roles of Earner, Issuer, and Consumer • Enable connectivity with enterprise issuing platforms and independent services • Connect with available data sources and services Earners Issuers Consumers
  35. 35. Serving multiple interests • Recognize that all users may at times fill roles of Earner, Issuer, and Consumer • Enable connectivity with enterprise issuing platforms and independent services • Connect with available data sources and services Earners Issuers Consumers Services Services Services Services Services Services
  36. 36. Serving multiple interests Issuers Define, organize, and issue badges Incorporate endorsements Issuing Platform Issuing Platform
  37. 37. Earners: Collecting and Sharing Earners Collection building Receive earned badges Export & sharing Issuer Issuer Mozilla Backpack Deliver Badges Import Badges
  38. 38. Consumers: understanding badges Analyzing chains of trust Consumers What is the value of this badge? What other badges are like this one?
  39. 39. Trust Ecosystem Project Bringing 3 user roles together Earner Issuer Consumer • Common user between roles • No additional onboarding to access new role • Reflects how learning is structured in the real world
  40. 40. Open Badges Passport
  41. 41. Nate's Passport About me Activity wall Contact Search
  42. 42. Badges Collected 7,405 4 Total Recent New Badges Issued Created Issued My Dashboard Total Recent 12,453 56 Top Search Connections Total Recent 20 245 1 30 Visits My Badge Earners 1,230 25,639 15 Pledged 10 Endorsement Collected Issued 124 56 My Issuers Through Badges 40 Evidence Total Recent 4,592 20 Dashboard Evidence Create Issue Search Organise Claim Network Configure
  43. 43. Organise Public Restrict. Private External Search New Pledged Collections Events Achievements Competencies Endorsements Pages Résumé Reflective Rebel Mentorship offers Summer job application Dashboard Evidence Create Issue Search Organise Claim Network Configure
  44. 44. Organise Public Restrict. Private External Search Qui at nonumy elaboraret. Ea delenit indoctum vix, mea accusam perpetua indoctum no, populo deleniti te eum. Eos quod alii patrioque an, ne ludus noluisse eum. Essent verear an cum, viris accusata per at, liber interesset vix an. Blandit dissentiunt te mel, clita eirmod ne vel, mutat definitionem mediocritatem ex ius.! Eu mei laoreet admodum, usu idque virtute suscipiantur eu. Ferri iriure menandri ut sed, no rebum dignissim qui. Audiam molestie quo eu. Usu etiam dolor argumentum an, ne cum viris menandri assueverit.! Ei sea tantas platonem, pro audiam impedit apeirian ea. Per consul suscipiantur te, no stet recteque est. Corpora disputando at vim. Atqui eirmod alterum sit ea, no quod tempor convenire pro, qui id habeo error moderatius. Ex has eirmod Pages Résumé Reflective Rebel Mentorship offers Summer job application Dashboard Evidence Create Issue Search Organise Claim Network Configure
  45. 45. Evidence Public Restrict. Private External Search Types Badges Pages Experience (xAPI) Images Texts Miscellaneous Dashboard Evidence Create Issue Search Organise Claim Network Configure
  46. 46. Badges are issued through trusted issuing services
  47. 47. Passport Public Restricted Private Passport S e r v i c e s Badge Issuing Career Management Social Networking Learning Management Find Peers Learning Resources Event Self Employment Discovery Services Badge Verification Issue PPuubblliicc Restr. Reject
  48. 48. Badge Issuing Services Enforce badge designers policies to issue Badges xyzB1, xyzB2 and xyzB3 issuer needs endorsement xyzE4 from XYZ Badge designer
  49. 49. Passports Enforce badge earners policies Reject badges issued from outside of my 2nd degree connections Services S1, S2 and S3 can access all my restricted data Only service S4 can access restricted restricted data RD1 and RD4
  50. 50. OBI 2.0 Architecture
  51. 51. S e r v i c e s Passport Passport Passport Passport Tr u s t Badge Issuing Career Management Social Networking Learning Management Find Peers Learning Resources Event Management Self Employment Discovery Services Badge Verification ... Trust Ecosystem Project Open Badges Passport
  52. 52. Food for thoughts...
  53. 53. Some describe Open Badges as "a new currency"
  54. 54. Open Badges are visible representations of the oldest currency...
  55. 55. Trust!
  56. 56. Trust! thank you! Nate Otto @ottonomy Serge Ravet @szerge

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