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Monitoring Microservices
the Right Way
Dotan Horovits
Developer Advocate
@horovits
2
• Developer Advocate at Logz.io
• 20 years in the hi-tech industry
• Developer, architect, product
• CNCF advocate, meetup organizer
• Podcast: OpenObservability Talks
Dotan Horovits
@horovits
Cloud-Native
Observability
https://logz.io/stackconf-2021/
Logs Metrics Tracing
Once upon a time…
i.e a few years ago
prod.webserver.html.request.total.count
StatsD Graphite
Metrics
Aggregated metrics
Metrics
Metrics
App
App
App
New paradigm, New
challenges
7
Microservices instead of a Monolith
Kubernetes Control Plane (Master)
Virtual Machine
Kubernetes Node
API Etcd Sched C-M C-C-M
Pod Pod
Container
App
Container
App
Container
App
Container
App
Kubelet k-proxy
Virtual Machine
Kubernetes Node
Pod Pod
Container
App
Container
App
Container
App
Container
App
Virtual Machine
Kubernetes Node
Pod Pod
Container
App
Container
App
Container
App
Container
App
Cloud Native Architecture and Kubernetes
Kubelet k-proxy Kubelet k-proxy Kubelet k-proxy Kubelet k-proxy Kubelet k-proxy
Many Open Source & Cloud Services
to Monitor
Data Collection Data Analyzing Data Storing Data Querying
9
10
Challenges
Microservices
Cloud Native
3rd Party OSS/Cloud
1.
2.
3.
New challenges call for
new capabilities
12
Flexible Querying over High Cardinality
⇒
http_requests_total{env="prod",
service="nginx", server="pod7"}
prod.webserver.html.request.total
⇒
prod.node2.pod7.html.request.total
⇒
prod.nginx-service.html.request.total
Servers / VMs
Appliances / Infra
Services
/metrics
/metrics
/metrics
Metric Scraping and Autodiscovery
Servers / VMs
Appliances / Infra
Services
/metrics
/metrics
/metrics
Clustered Scalable Solution
Long-Term Storage
remote_write
SUMMARY
16
1
Monitoring Microservices Requires
Flexible querying
with high cardinality
Efficient metric scraping
with autodiscovery
Scalability to handle
large volume of metrics
Open source to the rescue: Prometheus, OpenMetrics, TSDB, K8s/CNCF ecosystem
2 3
17
For further information
● https://logz.io/blog/monitoring-microservices-best-practices/
● OpenObservability Talks podcast
● https://prometheus.io/
● https://openmetrics.io/
● Discussions on CNCF slack channels, gitter, mailing lists
Thanks
Dotan Horovits
Developer Advocate
@horovits

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stackconf 2021 | Monitoring Microservices The Right Way