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paragraph writing.pptx

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paragraph writing.pptx

  1. 1. Contents : • What is a paragraph? • Steps in writing a paragraph • Types of paragraph
  2. 2. What is a Paragraph?
  3. 3. WORDS SENTENCE PARAGRAPH “A group of sentences which develop one central idea.” • Central idea is usually stated in topic sentence. • Paragraph is a basic unit of composition.
  4. 4. In short , a paragraph is : • A group of sentences • A clear main idea • Supporting information • Part of a longer composition • A miniature essay!
  5. 5. Steps in writing a paragraph
  6. 6. • Brainstorming • Topic Sentence • Using Control words or phrases • Adding supporting sentences • Order • Concluding sentences • Unity • Coherence • Length
  7. 7. Types of Paragraph
  8. 8. Descriptive Expository Persuasive Narrative
  9. 9. 1. Descriptive Paragraph: These paragraphs have four main aims: • naturally describe something or somebody that is conveying information. • create powerful images in readers mind. • appeal to primary sense of vision,hearing touch , taste & smell , to get maximum emotional reponse from reader. • increase dynamics of text.
  10. 10. Sample Paragraph: Niagara falls , a popular destination for thousands of visitors each year , is a beautiful place. When you stand at the edge and look down at the 188 feet of white waterfalls , you feel amazed at the power of nature. The tree-line river that leads into the falls is fast-moving , pouring over the edge of the falls & crashing to the bottom in a loud roar. If you want to experience the falls close up,go for a boat ride.You’ll come near streams of water flowing over the edge & feel the cool mist that rises as the water hits the rocks below. Seeing Niagara Falls is an unforgettable experience!
  11. 11. 2. Expository Paragraph: It may inform,explain or define.It: • may be developed with facts & statistics, with examples, by means of cause & effect. • should be direct & unemotional in tone, avoiding vague wording & emotional appeal. • should not include the personal opinions of writers.
  12. 12. Sample Paragraph: Advances in sciences & technology have made the use of “green” energy possible. Solar energy is the use of sunlight for energy & power. Humans are able to harness the energy of the Sun by installing solar panels on their homes or businesses. Humans have also found ways to harness the power of the wind by using wind turbines to capture wind energy. Both of these forms of “Green” energy are being used more and more.
  13. 13. 3. Persuasive Paragraph: It attempts to convince the reader to agree with an opinion of the writer or to follow a course of action • Topic should be serious,debatable issue & free from personal preference. • concluding sentence may reemphasize the writer’s opinion,summarize the argument or specify a course of action.
  14. 14. Sample Paragraph: According to State Bank of Pakistan (SBP) only 1.21 million citizens (less than 1% of the entire population) pay tax. The rate is the lowest in the world.Moreover the SBP’s annual report shows that 57.5 million people are employed & undoubtedly earning some income & this is where tax evasions ensues. According to the Federal Bureau of Revenue (FBR) data, year 2018 recorded a tax evasion of Rs 170 billion across the country. In order to overcome this issue, there is a need for equality & justice in the tax system.Taxes need to be collected from everyone,according to their incomes & the efficiency of the tax department need to be enhanced.
  15. 15. 4. Narrative Paragraph: It tells a story or relate a series of events. • appear as parts of longer works, such as personal narratives, novels or short stories. • are arranged in chronological order, which enables the reader to understand how one event leads to another.
  16. 16. Sample Paragraph: It was July 21,1969, and Neil Armstrong awoke with a start. It was the day he would become the first human being to ever walk on The Moon. The journey had begun several days earlier , when on July 16th ,The Apollo 11 launched from The Earth headed into our space. On board with Neil Armstrong Were Michael Collins and Buzz Aldrin. The crew landed on The Moon in the Sea of Tranquility. Upon Neil’s first step onto the Moon’s surface , he declared “That’s one small step for man, one giant leap for mankind”.
  17. 17. Now you can ask Questions

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