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History of Hypnotherapy

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Hypnotherapy Explanation
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History of Hypnotherapy

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Beschreibung

Learn about the history of hypnosis starting from the work of Mesmer, 19th Centruy, James Braid, and modern day hypnosis.

Transkript

  1. 1. HISTORY OF HYPNOTHERAPY DISCOVERING THE SUBCONSCIOUS MIND
  2. 2. HISTORY OF HYPNOTHERAPY  3000BC – ancient Egyptians  Ancient Greeks  Indian Sanskrits  Hindu fakirs  Celtic druids  African witch doctors  Jesus’s miracles?
  3. 3. HISTORY OF HYPNOTHERAPY  1500 Paracelsus  Swiss doctor discovered mercury as cure for syphilis  Passed magnets over patient to effect cure  1600 Valentine Greatrakes  The ‘ great Irish Stroker’ – again stroked magnets to cure
  4. 4. HISTORY OF HYPNOTHERAPY  1725 Maximilian Hehl  Jesuit priest – using magnets to heal  Mesmer was his student
  5. 5. HISTORY OF HYPNOTHERAPY  (1734-1815 )Franz Anton Mesmer  Father of hypnosis  Found could stop bleeding with a stick and therefore postulated ‘ animal magnetism’
  6. 6. HISTORY OF HYPNOTHERAPY  Franz Anton Mesmer(contd)  ‘De Planatorium influxu’ – magnetic fields pervade nature  Cured patient of paralysis and temporary blindness  Cured Maria Theresa Paradies – protégé of empress of blindness. Angering parents  Moved from Vienna to Paris  Mozart was a fan
  7. 7. HISTORY OF HYPNOTHERAPY  Franz Anton Mesmer(cont)  Developed the ‘baquet’  Asked Louis XVI for a board of enquiry in 1784  Benjamin Franklin, Guillotine, Lavoisier  Found all due to the imagination !
  8. 8. HISTORY OF HYPNOTHERAPY  1727-1779 Father Gassner  Contempory of Mesmer  Suggestion as faith healing  1787 Marquis de Puysegur  Student of Mesmer  Magnetised elm trees  Somnambulism
  9. 9. HISTORY OF HYPNOTHERAPY  1815 Abbe Jose Castodi de Faria  Fixed gaze method first to coin word ‘sleep’
  10. 10. HISTORY OF HYPNOTHERAPY  1791 John Elliotson  Professor at University London  Became interested via a student of Faria  1837 Surgery under hypnosis – angered other doctors as pain ‘ needed for healing’  Expelled from university hospital
  11. 11. HISTORY OF HYPNOTHERAPY  1795 – 1860 James Braid  Scottish surgeon coined term ‘ hypnosis’  Developed suggestions method  Saw Mesmer and was eventually convinced  Changed term to ‘ monoidiesm’  ‘Nervous sleep’ acting on subject whose suggestibility is increased’
  12. 12. HISTORY OF HYPNOTHERAPY  1808-1859 James Esdaile  Scottish doctor  Reports in 1846 300 major operations  Reduced post op mortality from 505%
  13. 13. HISTORY OF HYPNOTHERAPY  1864 Nancy school of Hypnosis  Liebeault – ‘ de la suggestion’  Bernheim  Freud studied here  Initially enthusiastic – eventually discounted hypnosis
  14. 14. HISTORY OF HYPNOTHERAPY  1878 Charcot – school of Saltpierre  Pathological theory  Stages of hypnosis  Lethargy  Catalepsy  Somnambulism
  15. 15. HISTORY OF HYPNOTHERAPY  Dave Elman 1950’s  Stage Hypnotist  Studied Hypnosis for years  Taught doctors exclusively  Quick inductions  Deepening techniques
  16. 16. HISTORY OF HYPNOTHERAPY  1929-1980 Milton Erickson  Indirect approach  Metaphor  Utilization
  17. 17. THEORIES OF TRANCE  Suggestion Theory  Bernheim 1886 – suggestions bypass concious mind  Modified Sleep  Abbe Faria – a type of sleep BUT thought would always  amnesia  Pathological Theory  Charcot – BUT 90% hypnotisable NOT equivalent to hysteria
  18. 18. THEORIES OF TRANCE  Dissociation  Janet ‘ splitting of consciousness into two’ BUT not always amnesia – can remove amnesia by suggestion  Neo Dissociation  Some cognition continuous throughout  Psychoanlanalytic  Freud – libidinal gratification  Ferenczi – parent/child BUT mirrors metronomes may hypnotise
  19. 19. THEORIES OF TRANCE  Conditioned response  Pavlov to word ‘ sleep’ BUT not sleep, metronomes, quick awakening  Role Playing  R White – goal directed striving  Atavistic Regression  Ainslie Meares to a primitive level – primitive man accepted ideas by suggestion
  20. 20. THEORIES OF TRANCE  Neurophysiological  Barry Wyke – voice blocks other sensory input [like gate theory]  Hemispheric Specificity  L verbal/voluntary/language speech  R nonverbal/emotional/submissive/art music/imagination  Meszaros – induction L brain  R brain

Beschreibung

Learn about the history of hypnosis starting from the work of Mesmer, 19th Centruy, James Braid, and modern day hypnosis.

Transkript

  1. 1. HISTORY OF HYPNOTHERAPY DISCOVERING THE SUBCONSCIOUS MIND
  2. 2. HISTORY OF HYPNOTHERAPY  3000BC – ancient Egyptians  Ancient Greeks  Indian Sanskrits  Hindu fakirs  Celtic druids  African witch doctors  Jesus’s miracles?
  3. 3. HISTORY OF HYPNOTHERAPY  1500 Paracelsus  Swiss doctor discovered mercury as cure for syphilis  Passed magnets over patient to effect cure  1600 Valentine Greatrakes  The ‘ great Irish Stroker’ – again stroked magnets to cure
  4. 4. HISTORY OF HYPNOTHERAPY  1725 Maximilian Hehl  Jesuit priest – using magnets to heal  Mesmer was his student
  5. 5. HISTORY OF HYPNOTHERAPY  (1734-1815 )Franz Anton Mesmer  Father of hypnosis  Found could stop bleeding with a stick and therefore postulated ‘ animal magnetism’
  6. 6. HISTORY OF HYPNOTHERAPY  Franz Anton Mesmer(contd)  ‘De Planatorium influxu’ – magnetic fields pervade nature  Cured patient of paralysis and temporary blindness  Cured Maria Theresa Paradies – protégé of empress of blindness. Angering parents  Moved from Vienna to Paris  Mozart was a fan
  7. 7. HISTORY OF HYPNOTHERAPY  Franz Anton Mesmer(cont)  Developed the ‘baquet’  Asked Louis XVI for a board of enquiry in 1784  Benjamin Franklin, Guillotine, Lavoisier  Found all due to the imagination !
  8. 8. HISTORY OF HYPNOTHERAPY  1727-1779 Father Gassner  Contempory of Mesmer  Suggestion as faith healing  1787 Marquis de Puysegur  Student of Mesmer  Magnetised elm trees  Somnambulism
  9. 9. HISTORY OF HYPNOTHERAPY  1815 Abbe Jose Castodi de Faria  Fixed gaze method first to coin word ‘sleep’
  10. 10. HISTORY OF HYPNOTHERAPY  1791 John Elliotson  Professor at University London  Became interested via a student of Faria  1837 Surgery under hypnosis – angered other doctors as pain ‘ needed for healing’  Expelled from university hospital
  11. 11. HISTORY OF HYPNOTHERAPY  1795 – 1860 James Braid  Scottish surgeon coined term ‘ hypnosis’  Developed suggestions method  Saw Mesmer and was eventually convinced  Changed term to ‘ monoidiesm’  ‘Nervous sleep’ acting on subject whose suggestibility is increased’
  12. 12. HISTORY OF HYPNOTHERAPY  1808-1859 James Esdaile  Scottish doctor  Reports in 1846 300 major operations  Reduced post op mortality from 505%
  13. 13. HISTORY OF HYPNOTHERAPY  1864 Nancy school of Hypnosis  Liebeault – ‘ de la suggestion’  Bernheim  Freud studied here  Initially enthusiastic – eventually discounted hypnosis
  14. 14. HISTORY OF HYPNOTHERAPY  1878 Charcot – school of Saltpierre  Pathological theory  Stages of hypnosis  Lethargy  Catalepsy  Somnambulism
  15. 15. HISTORY OF HYPNOTHERAPY  Dave Elman 1950’s  Stage Hypnotist  Studied Hypnosis for years  Taught doctors exclusively  Quick inductions  Deepening techniques
  16. 16. HISTORY OF HYPNOTHERAPY  1929-1980 Milton Erickson  Indirect approach  Metaphor  Utilization
  17. 17. THEORIES OF TRANCE  Suggestion Theory  Bernheim 1886 – suggestions bypass concious mind  Modified Sleep  Abbe Faria – a type of sleep BUT thought would always  amnesia  Pathological Theory  Charcot – BUT 90% hypnotisable NOT equivalent to hysteria
  18. 18. THEORIES OF TRANCE  Dissociation  Janet ‘ splitting of consciousness into two’ BUT not always amnesia – can remove amnesia by suggestion  Neo Dissociation  Some cognition continuous throughout  Psychoanlanalytic  Freud – libidinal gratification  Ferenczi – parent/child BUT mirrors metronomes may hypnotise
  19. 19. THEORIES OF TRANCE  Conditioned response  Pavlov to word ‘ sleep’ BUT not sleep, metronomes, quick awakening  Role Playing  R White – goal directed striving  Atavistic Regression  Ainslie Meares to a primitive level – primitive man accepted ideas by suggestion
  20. 20. THEORIES OF TRANCE  Neurophysiological  Barry Wyke – voice blocks other sensory input [like gate theory]  Hemispheric Specificity  L verbal/voluntary/language speech  R nonverbal/emotional/submissive/art music/imagination  Meszaros – induction L brain  R brain

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