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Bureau of Waste
Prevention, Reuse
and Recycling
nyc.gov/organics
Organics Collection in NYC
Milano Recycling City
Milano, ...
Bureau of Waste
Prevention, Reuse
and Recycling
nyc.gov/organics
06/06/2014 2
Bureau of Waste
Prevention, Reuse
and Recycling
nyc.gov/organics
NYC Requirements
2006 Solid Waste Management Plan
• Sound...
Bureau of Waste
Prevention, Reuse
and Recycling
nyc.gov/organics
NYC Goals
• Divert 75% of our solid waste from landfills
...
Bureau of Waste
Prevention, Reuse
and Recycling
nyc.gov/organics
Current Economics of Disposal
• Paper
• $10 / ton revenue...
Bureau of Waste
Prevention, Reuse
and Recycling
nyc.gov/organics
“Traditional” Diversion
from residences & institutions
Di...
Bureau of Waste
Prevention, Reuse
and Recycling
nyc.gov/organics
06/06/2014 7
2013 Waste Characterization Study
Bureau of Waste
Prevention, Reuse
and Recycling
nyc.gov/organics
Goal: double diversion
from residences & institutions
To ...
Bureau of Waste
Prevention, Reuse
and Recycling
nyc.gov/organics
Organics Recovery:
Potential Benefits
• Increase total wa...
Bureau of Waste
Prevention, Reuse
and Recycling
nyc.gov/organics
NYC Organics Recovery Programs
• Green Market Drop-Offs
•...
Bureau of Waste
Prevention, Reuse
and Recycling
nyc.gov/organics
NYC Organics Recovery Programs
• Community Gardens & Back...
Bureau of Waste
Prevention, Reuse
and Recycling
nyc.gov/organics
Previous DSNY Studies
• Organics Collection Pilots
• 1992...
Bureau of Waste
Prevention, Reuse
and Recycling
nyc.gov/organics
DSNY Organics Collection Pilot
Local Law 77 of 2013
• Two...
Bureau of Waste
Prevention, Reuse
and Recycling
nyc.gov/organics
DSNY Organics Collection Pilot
Evaluation
• Tonnage Colle...
Bureau of Waste
Prevention, Reuse
and Recycling
nyc.gov/organics
DSNY Organics Collection Pilot
What is collected?
all foo...
Bureau of Waste
Prevention, Reuse
and Recycling
nyc.gov/organics
DSNY Organics Collection Pilot
Plastic Bags?
• Emphasis o...
Bureau of Waste
Prevention, Reuse
and Recycling
nyc.gov/organics
DSNY Organics Collection Pilot
Schools
2011-12
Four DOE s...
Bureau of Waste
Prevention, Reuse
and Recycling
nyc.gov/organics
DSNY Organics Collection Pilot
School Kitchens and Cafete...
Bureau of Waste
Prevention, Reuse
and Recycling
nyc.gov/organics
LIQUIDS RECYCLING LANDFILL ORGANICS
DSNY Organics Collect...
Bureau of Waste
Prevention, Reuse
and Recycling
nyc.gov/organics
Pilot Areas
• Low to medium density
• 1 to 9 unit residen...
Bureau of Waste
Prevention, Reuse
and Recycling
nyc.gov/organics
DSNY Organics Collection Pilot
Residential Starter Kit
De...
Bureau of Waste
Prevention, Reuse
and Recycling
nyc.gov/organics
DSNY Organics Collection Pilot
Residential Education
Mail...
Bureau of Waste
Prevention, Reuse
and Recycling
nyc.gov/organics
DSNY Organics Collection Pilot
Residential Education
Broc...
Bureau of Waste
Prevention, Reuse
and Recycling
nyc.gov/organics
06/06/2014 24
Bureau of Waste
Prevention, Reuse
and Recycling
nyc.gov/organics
DSNY Organics Collection Pilot
High-Rise Apartment Buildi...
Bureau of Waste
Prevention, Reuse
and Recycling
nyc.gov/organics
DSNY Organics Collection Pilot
Organics Processing
Compos...
Bureau of Waste
Prevention, Reuse
and Recycling
nyc.gov/organics
DSNY Organics Collection Pilot
Some Observations
06/06/20...
Bureau of Waste
Prevention, Reuse
and Recycling
nyc.gov/organics
DSNY Organics Collection Pilot
some results (unofficial)
...
Bureau of Waste
Prevention, Reuse
and Recycling
nyc.gov/organics
Thank you!
Haley Rogers
hrogers@dsny.nyc.gov
06/06/2014 29
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Organics Collection in NYC

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Presentazione utilizzata da Haley Rogers, Acting Deputy Commissioner, Bureau of Waste Prevention, Reuse and Recycling - Department of Sanitation della Città di New York, durante il suo intervento alla conferenza internazionale Milano Recycle City, che si è svolta il 6 giugno 2014 presso la Fabbrica del Vapore di Milano

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Organics Collection in NYC

  1. 1. Bureau of Waste Prevention, Reuse and Recycling nyc.gov/organics Organics Collection in NYC Milano Recycling City Milano, Italy June 6, 2014 Haley Rogers NYC Department of Sanitation 06/06/2014 1
  2. 2. Bureau of Waste Prevention, Reuse and Recycling nyc.gov/organics 06/06/2014 2
  3. 3. Bureau of Waste Prevention, Reuse and Recycling nyc.gov/organics NYC Requirements 2006 Solid Waste Management Plan • Sound business principles: Long term contract for processing recyclables • Environmental concern: Intermodal transportation • Environmental justice: Borough equity Local Law 40 of 2010 • Amendments to original LL19 of 1989 • By 2020 • 25% diversion rate DSNY curbside & containerized • 33% diversion rate DSNY-managed 06/06/2014 3
  4. 4. Bureau of Waste Prevention, Reuse and Recycling nyc.gov/organics NYC Goals • Divert 75% of our solid waste from landfills (residential and commercial) • Double diversion from residences & institutions by 2017 • Divert 50% food waste from restaurants 06/06/2014 4
  5. 5. Bureau of Waste Prevention, Reuse and Recycling nyc.gov/organics Current Economics of Disposal • Paper • $10 / ton revenue • Metal, Glass, Plastic & Cartons • ~ $70 / ton tip fee • (plus revenue share) • Disposal • Average about $100 / ton tip fee ** As much as $1 million / year disposing organics suitable for composting ** 06/06/2014 5
  6. 6. Bureau of Waste Prevention, Reuse and Recycling nyc.gov/organics “Traditional” Diversion from residences & institutions Diversion Rate ~ 15% (5% to 29%) If 100% recycled: 33% diversion 06/06/2014 6 Source: 2013 NYC WCS (unofficial)
  7. 7. Bureau of Waste Prevention, Reuse and Recycling nyc.gov/organics 06/06/2014 7 2013 Waste Characterization Study
  8. 8. Bureau of Waste Prevention, Reuse and Recycling nyc.gov/organics Goal: double diversion from residences & institutions To reach 30% diversion, need ~ 500K more tons 06/06/2014 8
  9. 9. Bureau of Waste Prevention, Reuse and Recycling nyc.gov/organics Organics Recovery: Potential Benefits • Increase total waste diversion from landfill • Decrease costs associated with disposal • Create compost for beneficial use • Provide an alternative source of energy • Reduce rodent populations (when organics set out in containers) 06/06/2014 9
  10. 10. Bureau of Waste Prevention, Reuse and Recycling nyc.gov/organics NYC Organics Recovery Programs • Green Market Drop-Offs • started at Union Square • now in all 5 Boroughs • Community Drop-Offs & Local Organics Processing 06/06/2014
  11. 11. Bureau of Waste Prevention, Reuse and Recycling nyc.gov/organics NYC Organics Recovery Programs • Community Gardens & Backyard Composting NYC Compost Project • Christmas tree collection and mulching • Seasonal leaf & yard waste collection (budget permitting – currently suspended) 06/06/2014 11
  12. 12. Bureau of Waste Prevention, Reuse and Recycling nyc.gov/organics Previous DSNY Studies • Organics Collection Pilots • 1992 • Backyard, On-Site, Decentralized Composting • 1999 • Mixed Waste Composting • 2004 06/06/2014 12
  13. 13. Bureau of Waste Prevention, Reuse and Recycling nyc.gov/organics DSNY Organics Collection Pilot Local Law 77 of 2013 • Two year pilot program Oct 2013 - July 2015 • Curbside collection of source-separated organic waste • Schools • Residential Neighborhoods • High-rise Apartment Buildings • Agency Facilities • Suspend seasonal leaf & yard collection during pilot Partner Agencies: 06/06/2014 13
  14. 14. Bureau of Waste Prevention, Reuse and Recycling nyc.gov/organics DSNY Organics Collection Pilot Evaluation • Tonnage Collected • Participation Rates • Proper Participation • Cost-Effectiveness 06/06/2014 14
  15. 15. Bureau of Waste Prevention, Reuse and Recycling nyc.gov/organics DSNY Organics Collection Pilot What is collected? all food scraps food-soiled paper plants and yard waste 06/06/2014 15
  16. 16. Bureau of Waste Prevention, Reuse and Recycling nyc.gov/organics DSNY Organics Collection Pilot Plastic Bags? • Emphasis on Education: If lining bins, use paper or BPI-USCC certified compostable. NO SHOPPING BAGS OR OTHER PLASTIC • Since 2014 allowed to line use CLEAR recycling bags in brown bin to get participation • Monitoring bag usage and processing issues at facilities 06/06/2014 16
  17. 17. Bureau of Waste Prevention, Reuse and Recycling nyc.gov/organics DSNY Organics Collection Pilot Schools 2011-12 Four DOE schools • Spearheaded by a few PTA’s in Manhattan 2012-13 90+ DOE and private schools • Manhattan, Brooklyn 2013-14 300+ DOE and private schools • Manhattan, Brooklyn, Staten Island 2014-15 400+ DOE and private schools • All five boroughs Staten Island Brooklyn Queens Manhattan Bronx 2013-14 Organics Schools 06/06/2014
  18. 18. Bureau of Waste Prevention, Reuse and Recycling nyc.gov/organics DSNY Organics Collection Pilot School Kitchens and Cafeterias Kitchen Staff Students, Teachers, Admin Custodial Staff DSNY Collection Staff 06/06/2014
  19. 19. Bureau of Waste Prevention, Reuse and Recycling nyc.gov/organics LIQUIDS RECYCLING LANDFILL ORGANICS DSNY Organics Collection Pilot School Education 06/06/2014 19
  20. 20. Bureau of Waste Prevention, Reuse and Recycling nyc.gov/organics Pilot Areas • Low to medium density • 1 to 9 unit residential buildings • Weekly or bi-weekly collection Spring 2013 • Staten Island • ~3,200 households Fall 2013 • Expanded in Bronx, Brooklyn, Staten Island • ~ 30,000 households total Spring 2014 • Expanding in Queens, Brooklyn, Staten Island • ~100,000 households total DSNY Organics Collection Pilot Residential Neighborhoods Staten Island Brooklyn Queens Manhattan Bronx Pilot Areas Spg 2013 Fall 2013 Spg 2014 06/06/2014
  21. 21. Bureau of Waste Prevention, Reuse and Recycling nyc.gov/organics DSNY Organics Collection Pilot Residential Starter Kit Delivered to households: • Brown organics bin (12 or 21-gal) • Kitchen container • Brochure • Sample supply compostable liners and coupons donated by: BioBag, Glad,Ucan, Ecosafe,Bag to Nature, etc. 06/06/2014 21
  22. 22. Bureau of Waste Prevention, Reuse and Recycling nyc.gov/organics DSNY Organics Collection Pilot Residential Education Mailer 06/06/2014 22
  23. 23. Bureau of Waste Prevention, Reuse and Recycling nyc.gov/organics DSNY Organics Collection Pilot Residential Education Brochure 06/06/2014 23
  24. 24. Bureau of Waste Prevention, Reuse and Recycling nyc.gov/organics 06/06/2014 24
  25. 25. Bureau of Waste Prevention, Reuse and Recycling nyc.gov/organics DSNY Organics Collection Pilot High-Rise Apartment Buildings Pilot Buildings • Enroll to participate • Multiple strategies • Rat Study with NYC Dept. of Health Spring 2013 • 5-building complex with 980 units • Luxury high rise with 500 units Fall 2013-Spring 2014 • Manhattan and Brooklyn • 40+ buildings 06/06/2014 25
  26. 26. Bureau of Waste Prevention, Reuse and Recycling nyc.gov/organics DSNY Organics Collection Pilot Organics Processing Composting DSNY-managed facilities • NYSDEC permission Processing BID – short term • existing regional capacity for pilot period Anaerobic Digestion • bio-slurry • DEP Newtown Creek Facility 06/06/2014 26
  27. 27. Bureau of Waste Prevention, Reuse and Recycling nyc.gov/organics DSNY Organics Collection Pilot Some Observations 06/06/2014 27
  28. 28. Bureau of Waste Prevention, Reuse and Recycling nyc.gov/organics DSNY Organics Collection Pilot some results (unofficial)  Total tonnage collected in 2013: 1,650 tons  School diversion audit (spring 2013) A. Manhattan Schools – 34% B. Brooklyn Schools – 38%  High-rise diversion audit (summer 2013) A. Morningside Gardens – 37% B. Increased district diversion rate by 0.5%  Pilot Neighborhoods – diversion up by about 5%  Contamination rate from residential pilot areas: < 5%  Participation Rates: range from 20 to 50% 06/06/2014 28
  29. 29. Bureau of Waste Prevention, Reuse and Recycling nyc.gov/organics Thank you! Haley Rogers hrogers@dsny.nyc.gov 06/06/2014 29

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