Presentation topic: Development and scope of
Floriculture inn Bangladesh
Group member: Mis. Mithila
Id : 20109041
Id : 20109046
• Floriculture, or flower farming, is
a branch of horticulture concerned
with the cultivation of flowering
and ornamental plants for gardens
and for floristry, comprising the
floral industry. On other hand
Floriculture is the cultivation and
trade of flowers.
Why we need floriculture?
It can improve living standard:
In today’s time, farmers are choosing to cultivate cash
crops. Due to this, they are getting a good income.
Flowers are also a kind of cash crop, and they are also a
major source of income for farmers. Farmers are also
preferring floriculture due to less labor and a lower cost as
compared to traditional crop cultivation.
The fertile soil of our country also helps the farmers
cultivate all kinds of flowers. In India today, flowers are
being cultivated on 3 lakh hectares and a large number of
farmers are making their livelihood from floriculture
Basically, flowers need lesser land and water for
production, and this is the greatest advantage when
compared to the cultivation of rice and wheat. Floriculture
offers a great opportunity to farmers in terms of income
generation and empowerment, and it is for both small and
big farmers. They can use their land for raising all kinds
of flowers and ornamental crops.
Floriculture contributes in pollution control:
Plants maintain the ecological balance
Enhances the beauty of the place
Source of food, shelter, medicine and also timber
Maintain soil moisture , minimize soil erosion
Prevent surface evaporation
Scopes of Floriculture:
Bangladesh being gifted with appropriate soil
quality, favorable climatic
condition and cheap labor has potential for
producing floriculture products like
wide varieties of flowers, foliage, ornamental
plants of international standard
(Chowdhury and Khan, 2015). Because of lower
production cost as a result of
reduced price of labor, the farmers are able to
offer lower price of this cash crop to consumers.
Bangladesh started flower or ornamental plant
production in mid 1980’s on commercial basis in
Jashore District which produces nearly 70% of
country’s total production (Islam and Rahman,
Despite the huge potential,this industry has not
been considered as a thriving industry in
agricultural sector’s value added in gross
domestic product (GDP).
Around 1,20,000 people are involved in flower cultivation to earn their
livelihood in Gadkhali.
Roughly, Bangladesh spends around 3 million Bangladesh Taka (Tk.) for
importing ornamental plants to meet domestic demand (Mou, 2006).
On the other hand, it could utilize 15,14,000 acres of fallow land for
exporting this cash crop (BBS,2011).
Floriculture industry in agricultural sector has the potential to create
employment opportunities especially for women by expediting income
Several qualitative studies (Mou, 2006; Islam and Rahman, 2013) are
available in this line of research in existing literature but this is the first
paper to analyze the socio-economic profiles of farmers engaged in flower
cultivation in Jashore District, based on face to face interview and primary
Thus, this paper aims to fulfill the existing gap in the literature. The main
objective of our study was to observe the impact of floriculture on the socio-
economic profiles in Gadkhali region of Jashore.
Past History of floriculture in Bangladesh
Flowers are the symbols of beauty and purity.Over the
years, the demand for flowers as an agricultural product
has been rising in Bangladesh making floriculture a
potential sector for the country.
In 1983, a farmer named Sher Ali Sardar started
commercial floriculture with tuberose flowers on a 30-
acre of land in Jashore. Then he cultivated on 6,000
hectares of land in 24 districts including Jashore, Kushtia,
Jhenidah, Chuadanga, Gazipur, Chattogram, Narayanganj
About 15 to 20 lakh people are earning their livelihood
through floriculture. A wide variety of flowers, especially
tuberose, gladiolus, rose,marigold, lotus, gerbera,
hyacinth,chrysanthemum, lily etc are now being
commercially cultivated in Bangladesh.
Present status of floriculture in Bangladesh
Nowadays flowers have become an important part of the
country's economy. The soil and climate of Bangladesh is
quite suitable for floriculture. Many exotic flowers can be
grown in our country as the climate is tropical.
According to a recent statistics published by the Dhaka
Chamber of Commerce and Industry (DCCI), the local
market of flowers and cut foliage has reached TK1,600
crore per annum and is growing by 10 percent every year.
The promising growth of floriculture in recent years
In 2014-15, approximately 57,000 tonnes of flowers
were cultivated which generated a revenue of TK800
crores. The development and growth of floriculture in
the last five years has been promising.
Economic importance of floriculture in BD
Floriculture can be considered as a commercial
Flowers can be a source of earning huge currency by
Perfume industries can be established in the country
which can help improving national economy.
Establishment of flower production farms and perfume
industries can help solving unemployment problem to a
It provides scope to bring more unused land under
Profitability of floriculture and marketing system in BD
This study examines the production and profitability of some
selected flowers in comparison with their competing crops. The
study also attempts to identify the value chains and channels of
flower marketing in Bangladesh.
Most popular Flowers in Bangladesh
Bangladesh is a green country with many flowers. We all love flowers for its
beauty and smell. We can't find any person who doesn't like flowers. There
are various types of flowers in our country and various colors and smells in
them. Some flowers are red, Some flowers are pink, some flowers are purple
etc. Some flowers have a nice fragrance and some flowers are without a
smell. Bangladeshi flowers are Rose, Water Lily, Kamini, Tuberose,
Sunflower, Sheuly, Palash, Shefali, Marigold, Beli etc
• Rose is colorful and has a nice
fragrance. Rose's scientific name is
Rosa spp. There are various types
of colors in rose such as red, pink,
white, yellow, orange etc. A red
rose is an expression of love.The
White rose is a symbol of
purity.The Yellow rose is a symbol
of friendship and caring. There are
many uses of rose such as
perfume, rose water, medicine,
food, and drink etc. The Rose hip is
used to make in jam, jelly,
marmalade and soup. The Rose hip
is minor source of vitamin c. For
this reason, Rose is called of queen
• Water Lily is our national flower in
our country. Water Lily is a
hydrophytes plant. This flowers
are large and have floating leaves.
There are about fifty species on
different countries. There are two
species in our country. These
flowers are available in our
country. Some flowers open only
in the morning or in the evening.
Water Lily is found pond or
garden with different colors and
designs. This blooms are
becoming popular day by day to
decorate garden. This blooms are
opened a new avenue for
business and a source of income.
• Beli flower is a small and
white color flower. This
flower is highly scented
flower. This flower's
scientific name is Jasminum
sambac. This flower opens
at night usually evening and
is closed in the morning.
Bangladeshi and Indian
women use the flowers in
their hair for their beautiful
• Sunflower is a common flower
in our country. This flower is an
annual plant. The scientific
name of flower is Helianthus
annuus. This flower is yellow
that is a symbol of happiness
and truth. This flower is not only
yellow but also red, orange and
other colors. Sunflower “whole
seeds" are used in snacks food,
salad, bird's food etc. Sunflower
oil is used for cooking.
• Marigold is a very common flower in
Bangladesh. Marigold flower is known
as Gada ful in Bangla. The scientific
name of flower is Tagetes apetala. There
are 56 different species. Marigold
flowers are seen in different colors in
our Bangladesh such as yellow, orange,
red , white etc. Yellow and orange are
available. Now a days, Marigold
cultivation is popular and profitable
business in all over the world. Marigold
flower is becoming very important in
our daily life. There are many use in
Gada ful like marriage, bosonto utsab
etc. We can't think Gaye holud occasion
without Gada ful. Marigold flower
plants have to use many medicine.
• Kamini flower is the best beautiful
flower in the world. The scientific name
of flower is Murraya paniculata. This
flower is small, white and highly
scented. Kamini flower blooms in mid
night and give beautiful fragrance.
Some time village people called that is
the flower fragrance is highly so that
attracts snake . Kamini flower tree is
very green and small leaf. Kamini flower
is used traditionally medicine and for
• Palash is the most popular
flower in India subcontinent.
The scientific name of the
flower is Betea frondosa.
There are many species in the
world. This flower blooms in
spring season. The flower tree
is used for timber, resin,
fodder, medicine and dye. The
leaves are used very leathery.
The leaves are not eaten by
• Sheuily ful is called in English as
night jesmine. Night jasmine is very
beautiful flower in the world. This
flower is highly perfumed flower. Its
scientific name is Nyctanthes arbor-
tristis. This flower is sweet scented
and small in size. The bloom is
opened at night and closed in early
morning. Hindus and Buddhists are
used this flowers for adoration to
• Tuberose is a a night-
blooming , sweet and
highly scented flower. The
tuberose has no relation
to the rose. This tuberose
is seen like slende. Its
leaves are very long and
light green. There are
various colors of this
flower such as white,
purple etc. Its flavor is
used many perfumes.
• Krishnachura is a common flower
in the world. Its scientific name is
Delonix regia. It is a medium size
tree with spreading dome-
shaped. Leaves are many and
small size. Its blooming time is
April to June. This flower is red or
orange and large in size.
The way we can use floriculture in BD for our
• Commercially, floriculture can open up great
opportunities to our poor farmers. The climate of
Bangladesh is suitable for growing several kinds of
commercial flowers. The cultivators can deploy a part
of their land for growing commercial and common
flowers such as marigold, tuberose etc.
• Flowers and floricultural products such as perfumes
• some of the essential oils from such flowers are
Jasmines, rose and tuberose used in the manufacture
of those cosmetics are high priced.
• raw material in industries for the extraction of essential
oils and also for preparing edible products, rose water and
pigments as natural colours.
• Some of the most popular holidays in the floral industry
are Valentine's Day, Women's Day, Mother's Day,
Thanksgiving, Halloween, and Christmas.
• Nowadays flowers have become an important part of
the country's economy. Over the years, the demand for
flowers as an agricultural product has been rising in
Bangladesh making floriculture a potential sector for
• The soil and climate of Bangladesh is quite suitable for
• At present, flowers are cultivated on 6,000 hectares of
land in 24 districts including Jashore, Kushtia, Jhenidah,
Chuadanga, Gazipur, Chattogram, Narayanganj and
• According to a recent statistics published by Dhaka
Chamber of Commerce and Industry , the local market
of flowers has been reached TK 1,600 core per annum
and growing 10% every year.
Challenges of the flower business
• People are very sensitive about flowers, if they get a little dirty and dusty;
those flowers are no longer sold. The beauty of flowers is enhanced even
by the slightest heat of the sun. As a result, those concerned were deprived
of a fair price by selling flowers. Despite these opportunities, the
challenges facing the floriculture industry are lack of knowledge of many
farmers on floriculture technology, extra capital expenditure, and
unavailability of flower seeds and seedlings in Bangladesh and dependence
on imports from India, i). lack of greenhouse construction materials,
floriculture. i). Lack of special compound fertilizer, lack of permanent
wholesale flower market in big cities including Dhaka, ii) Lack of
international standard production technology, 20% loss of flowers from
farmer to retailer level, iii) Lack of necessary research on flowers and lack
of a national floriculture policy. Grading of flowers in modern methods, v)
There is no packaging and storage system. vi). No specialized vehicles for
• According to the Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics (BBS), Bangladesh produced
32,120 tones of flowers in FY2020-21, an increase of 12 per cent over the
previous fiscal year.
• Meanwhile, as demand drives up production volume, more and more land is
being used for flower cultivation. In FY2020-21, Bangladesh cultivated flowers in
some 3,930 hectares of land, compared to 931 hectares in FY 2009-10.
• On the other hand, the varieties of flowers being farmed are increasing day by
day with the innovation of new technology.
• Currently, more than 50 varieties of flowers including Rose, Genda, Chameli,
Jasmine, Shefali, Rajnigandha, Gandharaja, Gladiolus, Shefali, Dopatti, Hasna
Hena, Chandramallika, Dahlia, Rangana, Dolanchampa, Konakchampa, Jaba,
Cosmos, Malati, Kamini are being commercially cultivated in Bangladesh.
• A decade ago, only a few varieties of flowers were being commercially cultivated
across the country.
Major farming areas
• Flower and foliage are being cultivated in some 25 districts
including Jashore, Jhenaidah, Magura, Rangpur, Bogura,
Dhaka (Savar), Gazipur, Manikganj, Kushtia, Chuadanga,
Satkhira, and Mymensingh.
• More than 28,000 farmers are engaged in flower
cultivation, according to the Department of Agricultural
Import of premium flowers
• Bangladesh still has to import some premium flowers due to
• The major imported flowers are gladiolus, tuberose, chrysanthemum
from India; orchids, gerbera, anthurium, and Thai rose from Thailand;
and a massive number of flowers from China and Indonesia.
• Regardless of their high price, these flowers are imported to satisfy
the aesthetic needs of upper-class customers. Each imported Tulip
costs Tk 129, Lily Tk 100, and Orchid Tk 120.
• According to industry sources, Bangladesh needs to import flowers
worth Tk 75 crore annually.
The export market
• local flowers have a huge demand in the global market, especially in
the Middle East and Europe. Bangladesh exports flowers including
tuberose and gladiolus in Saudi Arabia, Pakistan, United Kingdom,
Belgium, Canada, Germany, India, Italy, and UAE among other
• According to Export Promotion Bureau (EPB), Bangladesh earned
$7.65 million and $7.339 million in FY 2003-04 and FY 2004-05
respectively by exporting cut flowers.
• However, export earnings have sharply fallen recently, with $1,530.22
million in FY 2015-16 and $0.02 million in FY 2017-18, EPB data
• Flower is not only sign of love and beauty, it has also economic value.
• Bangladesh mainly agro based country and it climate has a very
favorable for flower cultivation and business.
• Now days, it is the vital source of earning foreign currency.
• It also plays the important role in employment generation and
poverty reduction in our country.
• If Government takes the initiative flower business plays a key role in
Bangladesh by contributing national GDP.