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  2. Artist is an art practitioner such as painter, sculptor, choreographer, dancer, musician, etc. who produces or creates indirectly functional arts with aesthetic value using imagination.
  3. Artisan is a craftsman, such as carpenter, carver, plumber, blacksmith, weaver, embroider, etc. who produces directly functional and/or decorative arts.
  5.  Medium is the mode of expression in which the concept, idea or message is conveyed.  These are the materials which are used by an artist to interpret his feelings or thoughts.  Many mediums are use in
  6. TECHNIQUE (artist)  Is the manner in which artist controls his medium to achieve the desired effect.  It has something to do with the way he manipulates his mediums to express his idea.
  7. VISUAL ARTS  are those mediums that can be seen and which occupy space.
  9. • Art of creating meaningful effects on flat surface by the use of pigments.
  10. Painter uses:  Pigments on wood or canvas
  11. WATERCOLOR  it is difficult to handle because it is difficult to produce warm and rich tones but it invites brilliance and a variety of hues.
  12. GOUACHE  An opaque watercolor painting the major effects of which are caused by the paper itself.
  13. FRESCO  pigments are mixed with water and applied on a wet plaster.
  14. TEMPERA  pigments mixed with egg yolk or egg white.
  15. PASTEL  a stick of dried paste made of pigment round with chalk and compounded with gum water.
  16. ENCAUSTIC  used by Egyptians for painted portrait on mummy cases. It is done by painting with wax colors fixed with heat.
  17. OIL  oil painting is the one of the most expensive art activities of today because of the materials.  pigments are mixed with linseed oil and applied to canvas.
  18. ACRYLIC  the medium used today by the modern painters and the only thinner used is water.
  19. PENCIL  Most common medium in drawing.  Pencil leads are graded in different degrees of hardness or softness.
  20. PEN AND INK  one of the oldest mediums still in use.  offers great variety of qualities, depending on the tools and techniques used in application.  India ink – comes in liquid form; favorite medium of comic strip illustrators and cartoonists.
  21. BISTRE  brown pigment extracted from the soot of wood.
  22. CRAYONS  pigments bound by wax and compressed into painted sticks.
  23. CHARCOAL  carbonaceous materials obtained by heating wood or organic substances in the absence of oxygen.
  24. SILVERPOINT  silver stylus that produce a thin grayish line.
  25.  the art of making two or three dimensional representation by means of carving, casting, modeling and fabrication.
  26. STONE  hard and brittle substance formed from mineral and earth material.
  27. IVORY  comes from the tusk of elephants, the hard white substance used to make carving and billiard balls.
  28. METAL  can be cast, cut, drilled, filled, bent, forged and stamped.
  29. PLASTER  compose of lime, sand, and water.  used extensively in making mannequins, models, molds, architectural decoration and other indoor sculptures.
  30. CLAY  possesses little strength intention or compression and requires an armature for support.
  31. GLASS  medium that is hard, brittle, more or less transparent substances produced by fusion.
  32. WOOD  easier to carve than any mediums available. They are lighter and softer to carve despite of having greater tensile strength.
  33. TERRA COTTA  a brownish red clay that has been baked and used for making pots and small statues.
  34. 1. CARVING – involves cutting or chipping away a shape from a mass of stone, wood or other hard materials.
  35. 2. MODELING – built using an armature and then shaped to create a form.
  36. 3. CASTING – reproducing the form from an original clay or wax model. Bronze
  37. 4. ASSEMBLING / FABRICATION – putting together of different materials to create an assembled sculpture. GENERAL MARIANA by Josephine Turalba (NCR) (plastic, brass, copper, steel, gold)
  38.  the art of designing a building and supervising its construction.  a shelter to serve as protection of all activities of men.
  40.  Metal materials
  41.  Organic materials
  42.  Hybrid Materials
  43.  Synthetic materials
  45.  In history, support for the arts and culture is not limited to the allocation of funding or patronship.  The artist are given incentives and honor for their work through state-initiated and given awards and citations.
  46. 2 MAJOR AWARDS GIVEN TO PHILIPPINE ARTISTS A. Orden ng Pambansang Alagad ng Sining (Order of National Artists)
  47.  The Order of National Artists is the highest National Recognition given to Filipino individuals who have made significant contributions to the development of Philippine arts. (Music, Dance, Theater, Visual Arts, Literature, Film, Architecture)
  48.  Jointly administered by the National Commission for Culture and the Arts (NCCA) and the Cultural Center of the Philippines (CCP) and conferred by the President of the Philippines upon recommendation by both institutions.  The first recipient was Fernando Amorsolo in 1972 (National Artist for Visual Arts).
  49. INCENTIVES AND PRIVILEGES 1. the rank and title 2. medallion or insignia and a citation 3. cash awards and a host of benefits (monthly life pension, medical and hospitalization and life insurance coverage)
  50. 4. a state funeral and burial at the Libingan ng mga Bayani. 5. a place of honor or designated area during national state functions, along with recognition or acknowledgement at cultural events.
  51. B. Gawad sa Manlilikha ng Bayan (National Living Treasures Award) GINAW BILOG MASINO INTARAY SAMAON SULAIMAN
  52.  conducts the search for the finest traditional artists of the land whose distinctive skills have reach a high level of technical and artistic excellence and have been passed on to and widely practice by the present generation in his community.
  53. (weaving, carving, graphic and plastic arts, textile, pottery and other artistic expressions of traditional culture) created in 1992 under RA# 7355 by the NCCA.
  54. INCENTIVES AND PRIVILEGES 1. a specially designed gold medallion 2. an initial grant of 100,000php and a 10,000php monthly stipend for life (later increase to 14,000php)
  55. 3. maximum cumulative amount of 750,000php medical and hospitalization benefits 4. funeral assistance and tribute fit for a national living treasure