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  1. 1. PRISONER RE-ENTRY Latoya Turner CJ 780-101 Dr. Shapiro
  2. 2. SCENARIO A group of convicted felons that served 15 to 20 years in prison are about to be released. Many of these convicts have been diagnosed as mentally ill, victims of mental and physical abusive and lived in homes with drug addicted parents. None of these convicts have high school diplomas or job skills because they never held a job for more than a few months and have been committing crimes since childhood. The policy that will be developed is to help transition soon-to-be-released felons into society to prevent them from reoffending and the return to the Criminal Justice system.
  3. 3. BACKGROUND INFO  Prisoner reentry is a serious issue. Factors that influence reentry:  Lack of support  Lack of education  Drug/Alcohol abuse and/or addiction  Mental Illness
  4. 4. PREVIOUS POLICIES Project Rio (Texas) 2004 Pre Release: Help with developing an employment plan, interview skills, develop life skills and obtain necessary documents Post Release: Job placement assistance Strengths: Helps inmates with reentry process Weaknesses: Lacks educational/vocational training, counseling, and mentoring
  5. 5. BOSTON RE-ENTRY INITIATIVE (BRI)- 2001 Pre release: develop a plan based on their own individual needs (mentoring, mental health treatment, substance abuse treatment, education, etc.) to help prevent them from reoffending Post release: continue working with mentors up to 18 months post-release to help them meet the goals of their individual reentry plan. If an offender is on Probation or Parole, the case manager, mentors, and parole/probation officer collaborate with each other to help participant achieve goal. Strengths: Acknowledges not all prisoners are the same and they have individual needs. Weakness: Focus is only on one prison group.
  6. 6. POLICY  Developed in the State of New York.  Help the transition from prison back to society.  Start 4-5 years before release  State prisoners  Incentive for compliance early release date (6months to 1 year) voucher. Interview attire, basic grooming (men and women)
  7. 7. COMPONENTS OF POLICY  Job Readiness (create resume, job conduct, interview skills/attire)  Education-(Basic skills, computer, college courses)  Group/ Individual Counseling-(Drug/ Alcohol, cope with traumatic events)  Mentoring (How to change life around)
  8. 8. LIFE COURSE THEORY  Turning Points: Entire program(Education, Job training, counseling, and mentoring).  Conventions: Compliance with the prison’s rules, attending the program.  Anchors: Keep inmates out of trouble in and out of prison through mentoring.  Informal Controls: Relationships formed throughout program  Formal Controls: Post release inmates will be put on parole or probation  Social Bonds: Through group counseling and mentoring.
  9. 9. EFFECTIVENESS OF POLICY  Recidivism Rates: After 3 years  Successes: Starting a job, continuing education, starting a family etc.  Surveying/Interviewing the Inmates