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Teaching and supervision of health team members.pptx

  1. Teaching and supervision of health team members - Presented By: Ms. Kinjal Rathod
  2. Teaching and supervision of health team members Ms. Kinjal Rathod 2
  3. introduction: Teaching and supervision have in all place, been a vital aspect of higher education. One of the purpose of teaching and supervision is to help the individual in becoming a useful member of society. In the care setting just an education improves the attitude, skills and abilities of employees to perform specific job better. Ms. Kinjal Rathod 3
  4. • Teaching: • According to gage, “teaching is a form of interpersonal influence aimed at changing the behavior potential of another person.” • Supervision: • It means observing the subordinates at work to see that they are working according to policies of the organization and keeping the time schedule, and to help them in solving their works problems. Ms. Kinjal Rathod 4
  5. Objective of teaching and supervision of team: To help the staff to do skillfully and effectively to give maximum output with minimum resources – cost effectiveness. To help the staff develop the individual capacity. To guide or assist in meeting predetermined work objectives or targets. To promote effectiveness if the subordinates/staff ensuring that the subordinates staff or supervise does what he/she suppose to do. To motivate subordinates to maintain high morale. Ms. Kinjal Rathod 5
  6. Teaching and supervision of health team members: • 1. Community Health Workers • The Indian gov introduced a community health worker scheme across the country in 1977 for “provision of health services at the door step of villages.” • However the names of the worker and scheme changes over time – from community health worker in 1977 to community health volunteer in 1980 and village health guides in 1981. Ms. Kinjal Rathod 6
  7. • 1. Training Of Auxiliary Nurse Midwife [ANM] Ms. Kinjal Rathod 7
  8. • ANM is a village level female health worker in india who is the first contact person between the community and health services. • ANM are playing important and vital role in maternal child health and family welfare services in the rural areas. • Therefore it is essential that the proper training to be given to them so that quality services will be provided to the rural population. • They are posted in sub center, primary health center, rural family welfare centers and other health centers in community. Ms. Kinjal Rathod 8
  9. • Training: • The training duration of ANM course is 2 years with qualification is 12th pass. • Senior ANM with 5 years of experience is given 6 months promotional training to become lady health visitor/health assistant (female). • The lady health visitor are giving supportive supervision and technical guidance to ANMs in sub centers. Ms. Kinjal Rathod 9
  10. • 2. Training Of Multi Purpose Health Workers Ms. Kinjal Rathod 10
  11. • This is approved during 6th five year plan and by 1984. it become 100% centrally sponsored scheme. • Training duration 1 year. • They posted at sub center along with an ANM/health worker. • Functions of MPHW are mainly in the areas of national health programs like  Malaria  Leprosy  Tuberculosis  Universal immunization program  Diarrhea control program in family welfare services. Ms. Kinjal Rathod 11
  12. • 3. Training Of Village Health Guide Ms. Kinjal Rathod 12
  13. • The village health guides are mostly women. • This scheme was started on 2nd oct 1977. • They are chosen by the community in which they work. • The village health guide must be a permanent resident of the local community. • Training is conducted every month. • After selection they undergo training in nearest PHC for 200 hours in 3 months. • Each village health guide covers 1000 rural population. Ms. Kinjal Rathod 13
  14. • 4. Training Of Anganwadi Workers Ms. Kinjal Rathod 14
  15. • Under the ICDS (integrated child development scheme) there is an anganwadi for a population of 1000. there are about 100 such workers in ICDS project. • Training in various aspect of health, nutrition and child development for 4 months. • She is a part time worker and get Rs. 200-250 per month for the services rendered, which include health check up, immunization, supplementary nutrition, health education, non formal pre-school education and referral services. • The beneficiaries are especially nursing mother, other women 15-45 years and children below the age of 6 years. Ms. Kinjal Rathod 15
  16. • 5. Training Of Accredited Social Health Activits [ASHA] Ms. Kinjal Rathod 16
  17. • ASHA training comes under the national rural health mission. • ASHA must be a woman resident of village. Married/divorced preferably in the age group of 25-45 years. • She should be literate woman qualified up to 10th standers. • ASHA should be chosen through community groups, self-help groups, village health committee and the gram sabha. • She will counsel women on birth preparedness, importance of safe delivery, breast feeding, complementary feeding, immunization, contraception and prevention of common infectious disease like RTI and STD. Ms. Kinjal Rathod 17
  18. 2. Hospital Health Workers Doctors: doctors are the key members of the health care team. They have year of education and training. They may be primary doctors or specialist. • Primary Doctors: primary doctors may be family practitioners, and internal medicine. The primary doctors treat day to day illnesses and provide preventive care such as minor injuries, viral infections, immunization and check ups. • Specialist: specialist diagnose and treat conditions that require a special area of knowledge. examples of specialist includes: obstetrics and gynecologist, dermatologist, urologist, cardiologist etc. Ms. Kinjal Rathod 18
  19. Nurses: nurses closely with patients. A nurses job duties depend on their education, area of specialist and work setting. Pharmacists: pharmacists give patients medicines that are prescribed, or recommended, by a doctor. Technicians: technician have a technical role in diagnosing or treating disease. • They work in a various settings Like: - Laboratory technician - Radiology technician Ms. Kinjal Rathod 19
  20. Therapists: therapists and rehabilitation specialist help people recover from physical changes caused by a medical condition, chronic disease or injury. • Types of rehabilitation specialist include: - Physical therapist - Occupational therapist Ms. Kinjal Rathod 20
  21. Ms. Kinjal Rathod 21