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  1. 1. Departamento de Geografía e Historia SUBJECT 3. THE MEDIEVAL CITY. KEYS FOR THE EXAM (you have to know…): - Define: • Middle Age. • Guild (Gremio). • Ambulatory (Girola). • Hansa. • Fallow (Barbecho). • Patriciado Urbano. • Jewry (Judería). • Pointed arch (Arco Apuntado). • Buttress (Arbotante). • Archivolt (Arquivolta). José Carlos Núñez Vidal Página1 • Tympanum (Tímpano). • Gargoyles (Gárgolas). • Mosaic. • Dome (Cúpula). • Byzantine Empire. • Bourgueoisie (Burguesía). • Rosette (Rosetón). • Gable (Gablete). • Theocracy. - Explain the differences between: Bóveda de Cañón y de crucería. - Compare the characteristics of the stratified society with current society. - List or summarize in a diagram the causes of late medieval urban development. - List or summarize in a diagram the characteristics of byzantine art. - Explain the characteristics of a medieval city. - Explain who was Justinian and what he did. - Built a feudal pyramid. - Identify a building as Gothic or Romanesque (Románico). - Identified an arch as a cannon arch or a pointed arch. - Point in a map: • The byzantine territory. • The conquests of Justinian. • The city of Constantinople. - Point in a picture the parts of a medieval building (church or monastery): buttress (arbotante), gable (gablete), Rosette… - Recognize the Hagia Sofia Church in an image. - Analyse graphs about the crisis of the fourteenth century.
  2. 2. Departamento de Geografía e Historia ACTIVITIES: THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE LATEST MEDIEVAL. 1. Look at the graphic below and answer the questions: a) What is “The triennial crop rotation”? b) What advantages did it offer against the biennial rotation? 2. Look at the table about the evolution of the population and answer: a) Explain the evolution of the population between 1000 and 1300. b) From your point of view, why did this increase happen? c) What do you think were the consequences? 3. Look at the map of European trade in XIII and XIV Centuries. a) What were the main maritime routes? b) What products were imported from each of them? c) What were the two main shopping and craft centres? d) What was the Hansa? José Carlos Núñez Vidal Página2
  3. 3. Departamento de Geografía e Historia ACTIVITIES: LIFE IN A MEDIEVAL CITY. 1. Connect the numbers of the picture with its name and then answer: Cathedral- Square–Castle–comedians–Wall–craftsman (Artesano)-merchans a) How was the city protected? b) What were the most important buildings? c) How were the streets? d) How were the neighborhoods organized? What was Jewish? 2. Complete in your notebook the following diagram: 3. Define: José Carlos Núñez Vidal Página3 • Burgo: • Guild (Gremio): • Patriciado urbano: • General courts:
  4. 4. Departamento de Geografía e Historia ACTIVITIES: THE CRISIS OF XIV CENTURY. 1. Look at the European map and answer the questions: a) What were the great kingdoms of Western Europe in the early fourteenth century? What countries are today each of them? b) What is the conflict related to the English presence in France? c) Find information to explain the origin of the Holy Roman-German Empire. 2. Look at the graphic and answer: a) What happened to the population in the fourteenth century? b) Why did this happen? 3. Read this nice text and answer the questions: “People of the villages gathered in Beauvaisis and said that all lords betrayed the kingdom, and that it would be good to destroy them. They left, with no other weapons than sticks and knives, to the mansion of a gentleman where he, his pregnant wife and all their children were killed and the castle burned. These wicked people stole, burned and killed like rabid dogs (…). They burned over sixty mansions and castles”. a) Why are these peasants revolted against the lords? b) How did the rebellion end? c) In your opinion, are the writer supporting or criticizing the rebellion? José Carlos Núñez Vidal Página4
  5. 5. Departamento de Geografía e Historia ACTIVITIES: THE GOTHIC ART. (Be careful: these activities have two pages) 1. Define: a) Gable (Gablete): b) Pinnacle (Pináculo): c) Buttress (Arbotante): d) Rosette (Rosetón): 2. Connect, in your notebook, the numbers with their names: [Look in the textbook] 3. Look at the pictures of the next page and complete the table in your notebook: José Carlos Núñez Vidal Página5
  6. 6. Departamento de Geografía e Historia José Carlos Núñez Vidal Página6 Romanesque Gothic General Period Are in the countryside or in the city? Purpose (Religious, civil, domestic…) Architecture Kind of arch and vault (Bóveda) Plant type Material How roofs are supported? Are bright or dark buildings? Dominates the verticality or horizontality? How and where are they decorated? Why are they built in that manner? Sculpture and painting Is it expressive or hieratic? Is it realistic or schematic? Is it stiff or with sense of motion? Do they create scenes? What are the main issue in each? There, Jack learned nothing about his father. However, that trip had not been useless. All arcs that Jack had seen before entering the abbey of Cluny were semi-circular. And each of the vaults had canyon shape. Cluny arcs lengthened and ended in tip. The monks had told him that these bows were much stronger that the old ones and the church of Cluny seemed to prove it, as it was very high. Ken Follet. “The pillars of Earth”.
  7. 7. Departamento de Geografía e Historia ACTIVITIES: BYZANTIUM EMPIRE. 1. Search for information (in the textbook, internet or our resume) and complete in your notebook the timeline. 2. Complete the map of the evolution of the Byzantine Empire at the death of Justinian. 3. Search information about the Hagia Sofia and answer the questions: José Carlos Núñez Vidal Página7
  8. 8. Departamento de Geografía e Historia a) What shape has the building? b) What is the most famous element of the building? c) Who ordered to build it? What civilization restored it? d) Which city is this building today? José Carlos Núñez Vidal Página8
  9. 9. Departamento de Geografía e Historia “No one can be a wool if before he have not bought the office to the king (…). Each one can have in his mansion two looms [telares] (…) and each child master weaver can have two in the house of his father while he is single (…). Each teacher may have at home one learner, no more (…) and no one can start working before lifting the sun, under penalty of a fine”. José Carlos Núñez Vidal Página9 REVIEW ACTIVITIES. 1. Complete the diagram below about the subject: 2. Read the text and answer the questions: Guide Rules of the city of Paris a) What conditions are required to became master craftsman? b) What was their work schedule? Who stated it?
  10. 10. Departamento de Geografía e Historia CONSOLIDATION ACTIVITIES. 1. Look at the maps and answer the questions: a) Order them from oldest to newest explaining why. b) What language was spoken in the time of the map A? It was the same at the map B? José Carlos Núñez Vidal Página10