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N o r t h E a s t S t r e e t . F r e d e r i c k . M D 2 1 . 0 4 . 2 0 1 6
Jun Jiang
Master of Landscape Architecture Can...
N o r t h E a s t S t r e e t . F r e d e r i c k . M D 2 1 . 0 4 . 2 0 1 6
Jun Jiang
Master of Landscape Architecture Can...
N o r t h E a s t S t r e e t . F r e d e r i c k . M D 2 1 . 0 4 . 2 0 1 6
Jun Jiang
Master of Landscape Architecture Can...
N o r t h E a s t S t r e e t . F r e d e r i c k . M D 2 1 . 0 4 . 2 0 1 6
Jun Jiang
Master of Landscape Architecture Can...
N o r t h E a s t S t r e e t . F r e d e r i c k . M D 2 1 . 0 4 . 2 0 1 6
Jun Jiang
Master of Landscape Architecture Can...
N o r t h E a s t S t r e e t . F r e d e r i c k . M D 2 1 . 0 4 . 2 0 1 6
Jun Jiang
Master of Landscape Architecture Can...
N o r t h E a s t S t r e e t . F r e d e r i c k . M D 2 1 . 0 4 . 2 0 1 6
Jun Jiang
Master of Landscape Architecture Can...
N o r t h E a s t S t r e e t . F r e d e r i c k . M D 2 1 . 0 4 . 2 0 1 6
Jun Jiang
Master of Landscape Architecture Can...
N o r t h E a s t S t r e e t . F r e d e r i c k . M D 2 1 . 0 4 . 2 0 1 6
Jun Jiang
Master of Landscape Architecture Can...
N o r t h E a s t S t r e e t . F r e d e r i c k . M D 2 1 . 0 4 . 2 0 1 6
Jun Jiang
Master of Landscape Architecture Can...
N o r t h E a s t S t r e e t . F r e d e r i c k . M D 2 1 . 0 4 . 2 0 1 6
Jun Jiang
Master of Landscape Architecture Can...
N o r t h E a s t S t r e e t . F r e d e r i c k . M D 2 1 . 0 4 . 2 0 1 6
Jun Jiang
Master of Landscape Architecture Can...
N o r t h E a s t S t r e e t . F r e d e r i c k . M D 2 1 . 0 4 . 2 0 1 6
Jun Jiang
Master of Landscape Architecture Can...
N o r t h E a s t S t r e e t . F r e d e r i c k . M D 2 1 . 0 4 . 2 0 1 6
Jun Jiang
Master of Landscape Architecture Can...
N o r t h E a s t S t r e e t . F r e d e r i c k . M D 2 1 . 0 4 . 2 0 1 6
Jun Jiang
Master of Landscape Architecture Can...
N o r t h E a s t S t r e e t . F r e d e r i c k . M D 2 1 . 0 4 . 2 0 1 6
Jun Jiang
Master of Landscape Architecture Can...
N o r t h E a s t S t r e e t . F r e d e r i c k . M D 2 1 . 0 4 . 2 0 1 6
Jun Jiang
Master of Landscape Architecture Can...
N o r t h E a s t S t r e e t . F r e d e r i c k . M D 2 1 . 0 4 . 2 0 1 6
Jun Jiang
Master of Landscape Architecture Can...
N o r t h E a s t S t r e e t . F r e d e r i c k . M D 2 1 . 0 4 . 2 0 1 6
Jun Jiang
Master of Landscape Architecture Can...
N o r t h E a s t S t r e e t . F r e d e r i c k . M D 2 1 . 0 4 . 2 0 1 6
Jun Jiang
Master of Landscape Architecture Can...
N o r t h E a s t S t r e e t . F r e d e r i c k . M D 2 1 . 0 4 . 2 0 1 6
Jun Jiang
Master of Landscape Architecture Can...
N o r t h E a s t S t r e e t . F r e d e r i c k . M D 2 1 . 0 4 . 2 0 1 6
Jun Jiang
Master of Landscape Architecture Can...
N o r t h E a s t S t r e e t . F r e d e r i c k . M D 2 1 . 0 4 . 2 0 1 6
Jun Jiang
Master of Landscape Architecture Can...
N o r t h E a s t S t r e e t . F r e d e r i c k . M D 2 1 . 0 4 . 2 0 1 6
Jun Jiang
Master of Landscape Architecture Can...
N o r t h E a s t S t r e e t . F r e d e r i c k . M D 2 1 . 0 4 . 2 0 1 6
Jun Jiang
Master of Landscape Architecture Can...
N o r t h E a s t S t r e e t . F r e d e r i c k . M D 2 1 . 0 4 . 2 0 1 6
Jun Jiang
Master of Landscape Architecture Can...
N o r t h E a s t S t r e e t . F r e d e r i c k . M D 2 1 . 0 4 . 2 0 1 6
Jun Jiang
Master of Landscape Architecture Can...
N o r t h E a s t S t r e e t . F r e d e r i c k . M D 2 1 . 0 4 . 2 0 1 6
Jun Jiang
Master of Landscape Architecture Can...
N o r t h E a s t S t r e e t . F r e d e r i c k . M D 2 1 . 0 4 . 2 0 1 6
Jun Jiang
Master of Landscape Architecture Can...
N o r t h E a s t S t r e e t . F r e d e r i c k . M D 2 1 . 0 4 . 2 0 1 6
Jun Jiang
Master of Landscape Architecture Can...
N o r t h E a s t S t r e e t . F r e d e r i c k . M D 2 1 . 0 4 . 2 0 1 6
Jun Jiang
Master of Landscape Architecture Can...
N o r t h E a s t S t r e e t . F r e d e r i c k . M D 2 1 . 0 4 . 2 0 1 6
Jun Jiang
Master of Landscape Architecture Can...
N o r t h E a s t S t r e e t . F r e d e r i c k . M D 2 1 . 0 4 . 2 0 1 6
Jun Jiang
Master of Landscape Architecture Can...
N o r t h E a s t S t r e e t . F r e d e r i c k . M D 2 1 . 0 4 . 2 0 1 6
Jun Jiang
Master of Landscape Architecture Can...
N o r t h E a s t S t r e e t . F r e d e r i c k . M D 2 1 . 0 4 . 2 0 1 6
Jun Jiang
Master of Landscape Architecture Can...
N o r t h E a s t S t r e e t . F r e d e r i c k . M D 2 1 . 0 4 . 2 0 1 6
Jun Jiang
Master of Landscape Architecture Can...
N o r t h E a s t S t r e e t . F r e d e r i c k . M D 2 1 . 0 4 . 2 0 1 6
Jun Jiang
Master of Landscape Architecture Can...
N o r t h E a s t S t r e e t . F r e d e r i c k . M D 2 1 . 0 4 . 2 0 1 6
Jun Jiang
Master of Landscape Architecture Can...
N o r t h E a s t S t r e e t . F r e d e r i c k . M D 2 1 . 0 4 . 2 0 1 6
Jun Jiang
Master of Landscape Architecture Can...
N o r t h E a s t S t r e e t . F r e d e r i c k . M D 2 1 . 0 4 . 2 0 1 6
Jun Jiang
Master of Landscape Architecture Can...
N o r t h E a s t S t r e e t . F r e d e r i c k . M D 2 1 . 0 4 . 2 0 1 6
Jun Jiang
Master of Landscape Architecture Can...
N o r t h E a s t S t r e e t . F r e d e r i c k . M D 2 1 . 0 4 . 2 0 1 6
Jun Jiang
Master of Landscape Architecture Can...
N o r t h E a s t S t r e e t . F r e d e r i c k . M D 2 1 . 0 4 . 2 0 1 6
Jun Jiang
Master of Landscape Architecture Can...
N o r t h E a s t S t r e e t . F r e d e r i c k . M D 2 1 . 0 4 . 2 0 1 6
Jun Jiang
Master of Landscape Architecture Can...
N o r t h E a s t S t r e e t . F r e d e r i c k . M D 2 1 . 0 4 . 2 0 1 6
Jun Jiang
Master of Landscape Architecture Can...
N o r t h E a s t S t r e e t . F r e d e r i c k . M D 2 1 . 0 4 . 2 0 1 6
Jun Jiang
Master of Landscape Architecture Can...
N o r t h E a s t S t r e e t . F r e d e r i c k . M D 2 1 . 0 4 . 2 0 1 6
Jun Jiang
Master of Landscape Architecture Can...
N o r t h E a s t S t r e e t . F r e d e r i c k . M D 2 1 . 0 4 . 2 0 1 6
Jun Jiang
Master of Landscape Architecture Can...
N o r t h E a s t S t r e e t . F r e d e r i c k . M D 2 1 . 0 4 . 2 0 1 6
Jun Jiang
Master of Landscape Architecture Can...
N o r t h E a s t S t r e e t . F r e d e r i c k . M D 2 1 . 0 4 . 2 0 1 6
Jun Jiang
Master of Landscape Architecture Can...
N o r t h E a s t S t r e e t . F r e d e r i c k . M D 2 1 . 0 4 . 2 0 1 6
Jun Jiang
Master of Landscape Architecture Can...
N o r t h E a s t S t r e e t . F r e d e r i c k . M D 2 1 . 0 4 . 2 0 1 6
Jun Jiang
Master of Landscape Architecture Can...
N o r t h E a s t S t r e e t . F r e d e r i c k . M D 2 1 . 0 4 . 2 0 1 6
Jun Jiang
Master of Landscape Architecture Can...
N o r t h E a s t S t r e e t . F r e d e r i c k . M D 2 1 . 0 4 . 2 0 1 6
Jun Jiang
Master of Landscape Architecture Can...
N o r t h E a s t S t r e e t . F r e d e r i c k . M D 2 1 . 0 4 . 2 0 1 6
Jun Jiang
Master of Landscape Architecture Can...
N o r t h E a s t S t r e e t . F r e d e r i c k . M D 2 1 . 0 4 . 2 0 1 6
Jun Jiang
Master of Landscape Architecture Can...
N o r t h E a s t S t r e e t . F r e d e r i c k . M D 2 1 . 0 4 . 2 0 1 6
Jun Jiang
Master of Landscape Architecture Can...
N o r t h E a s t S t r e e t . F r e d e r i c k . M D 2 1 . 0 4 . 2 0 1 6
Jun Jiang
Master of Landscape Architecture Can...
N o r t h E a s t S t r e e t . F r e d e r i c k . M D 2 1 . 0 4 . 2 0 1 6
Jun Jiang
Master of Landscape Architecture Can...
N o r t h E a s t S t r e e t . F r e d e r i c k . M D 2 1 . 0 4 . 2 0 1 6
Jun Jiang
Master of Landscape Architecture Can...
N E a s t S t r e e t . F r e d e r i c k . M D 0 9 . 0 4 . 2 0 1 5
Jun Jiang
Master of Landscape Architecture Candidate
U...
N E a s t S t r e e t . F r e d e r i c k . M D 0 9 . 0 4 . 2 0 1 5
Jun Jiang
Master of Landscape Architecture Candidate
U...
N E a s t S t r e e t . F r e d e r i c k . M D 0 9 . 0 4 . 2 0 1 5
Jun Jiang
Master of Landscape Architecture Candidate
U...
N o r t h E a s t S t r e e t . F r e d e r i c k . M D 2 1 . 0 4 . 2 0 1 6
Jun Jiang
Master of Landscape Architecture Can...
N o r t h E a s t S t r e e t . F r e d e r i c k . M D 2 1 . 0 4 . 2 0 1 6
Jun Jiang
Master of Landscape Architecture Can...
N o r t h E a s t S t r e e t . F r e d e r i c k . M D 2 1 . 0 4 . 2 0 1 6
Jun Jiang
Master of Landscape Architecture Can...
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  1. 1. N o r t h E a s t S t r e e t . F r e d e r i c k . M D 2 1 . 0 4 . 2 0 1 6 Jun Jiang Master of Landscape Architecture Candidate University of Maryland A More Complete Street A Street for Everyone to Enjoy A Design Investigation of Different Street Design Theories -- North East Street, Frederick, MD Presented by Jun Jiang Directed by: Byoung-Suk Kweon David N. Myers Kelly Dianne Cook
  2. 2. N o r t h E a s t S t r e e t . F r e d e r i c k . M D 2 1 . 0 4 . 2 0 1 6 Jun Jiang Master of Landscape Architecture Candidate University of Maryland Roughly 80% of the urban public realm is made up by streets. Streets take up 25%-35% developed lands in America cities and adjust urban forms, structure and comfort levels. More than that, Americans take up 5% of world’s population, but consumes almost 25% of the world’s energy on streets. Manual for Street and Well Designed Neighbourhoods, 2009 Old Urbanist, 2011 Street Design -- the secret to great cities and towns, 2014 The current plans for Northeast Street are include in the East Street Extension Phase I Report (2010). The East Street Extension Phase I lists the five top issues: Economy Renaissance, Right of Way conflict, Place Making, History and Local Culture Preservation and Storm Water Management. Street Matters!
  3. 3. N o r t h E a s t S t r e e t . F r e d e r i c k . M D 2 1 . 0 4 . 2 0 1 6 Jun Jiang Master of Landscape Architecture Candidate University of Maryland Complete Streets Cherry Creek North Improvements and Fillmore Plaza, Denver, Colorado Green Streets Elmer Avenue Neighborhood Retrofit, Los Angeles, California Place Making Broadway/Times Square, New York Context-Sensitive Solutions Nansongyujie Road, Hangzhou, China Different Street Design Theories
  4. 4. N o r t h E a s t S t r e e t . F r e d e r i c k . M D 2 1 . 0 4 . 2 0 1 6 Jun Jiang Master of Landscape Architecture Candidate University of Maryland Complete Streets More Complete Streets Green Streets Place Making Context-Sensitive Solutions
  5. 5. N o r t h E a s t S t r e e t . F r e d e r i c k . M D 2 1 . 0 4 . 2 0 1 6 Jun Jiang Master of Landscape Architecture Candidate University of Maryland Frederick’s History and Culture The history of trail and railway is a mirror of the Frederick’s history. Nowadays, there is even one railway museum on North East Street. Agriculture remains an important industry in Frederick. Residents still use corn, pumpkins and other agricultural products to decorate their houses according to the season. Mural hidden in ally.
  6. 6. N o r t h E a s t S t r e e t . F r e d e r i c k . M D 2 1 . 0 4 . 2 0 1 6 Jun Jiang Master of Landscape Architecture Candidate University of Maryland Historic District Downtown Area Site Site Inventory Household Income District Map Demongraphic Numbers Local Education Resources Frederick East Frederick Community College Hood College
  7. 7. N o r t h E a s t S t r e e t . F r e d e r i c k . M D 2 1 . 0 4 . 2 0 1 6 Jun Jiang Master of Landscape Architecture Candidate University of Maryland Commercial Institution Inefficient-use Space Residential Open Space Parkinglot Industrial Site Land-use Map Commercial Institution Mixed Used Residential Reserved Resource Open Space Residential And Commercial Mixed Industrial Land-use Map
  8. 8. N o r t h E a s t S t r e e t . F r e d e r i c k . M D 2 1 . 0 4 . 2 0 1 6 Jun Jiang Master of Landscape Architecture Candidate University of Maryland If this site could be transformed into a green street, then it could serve as an ecological corridor that channels storm water. Site location and green spaces in Frederick Site location and Waterflow in Frederick
  9. 9. N o r t h E a s t S t r e e t . F r e d e r i c k . M D 2 1 . 0 4 . 2 0 1 6 Jun Jiang Master of Landscape Architecture Candidate University of Maryland Existing Analysis Current Transportation Situation From Patrick Street to 6th Street: 1. Vehicle lanes (including turning lanes) are 13’ wide; 2. There are 9’-wide parking lanes from 3rd Street to 4th Street. These dimensions tend to encourage traffic to pass at speeds of over 30 miles per hour. Section of current site lanes
  10. 10. N o r t h E a s t S t r e e t . F r e d e r i c k . M D 2 1 . 0 4 . 2 0 1 6 Jun Jiang Master of Landscape Architecture Candidate University of Maryland Number of parking spaces Vacant space Combined with street parking, this brings the street’s total parking capacity to 1,049. As of the end of 2013, the vacancy rate among Frederick County’s industrial and warehouse spaces was relatively high: 16%, as compared with 9.9% and 9.2% in Montgomery and Prince George’s counties respectively. Although North East Street has no large areas of vacant space, but there are significant areas now mostly in use as parking lots. The trend of vacancy shouldn’t be underestimated.
  11. 11. N o r t h E a s t S t r e e t . F r e d e r i c k . M D 2 1 . 0 4 . 2 0 1 6 Jun Jiang Master of Landscape Architecture Candidate University of Maryland Rainwater remained over night Rainwater remained over night
  12. 12. N o r t h E a s t S t r e e t . F r e d e r i c k . M D 2 1 . 0 4 . 2 0 1 6 Jun Jiang Master of Landscape Architecture Candidate University of Maryland Bus stops and bus lines North East Street is very convenient for visitors, as it is served by public bus lines that connect with nearly the whole of the city of Frederick. It has a close transportation connection with the downtown area.
  13. 13. N o r t h E a s t S t r e e t . F r e d e r i c k . M D 2 1 . 0 4 . 2 0 1 6 Jun Jiang Master of Landscape Architecture Candidate University of Maryland Bicycle loop in Frederick Bicycle lane shared with driving lane Frederick County adopted its first Bikeways and Trails Plan in December 1999. In March 2001, the City of Frederick adopted a Shared Used Path Plan.
  14. 14. N o r t h E a s t S t r e e t . F r e d e r i c k . M D 2 1 . 0 4 . 2 0 1 6 Jun Jiang Master of Landscape Architecture Candidate University of Maryland 0-3’Sidewalk 3-6’Sidewalk Site Sidewalks Sections of sidewalks and driving lanes Due to discrepancies, people in wheelchairs might not be able to reach all parts of the street. There are no paved sidewalks beyond 5th Street, except for one concrete path in front of a local shopping plaza. Pedestrian have insufficient buffers to protect them from passing vehicles, as well as a notable lack of shelter from both sunshine and rain.
  15. 15. N o r t h E a s t S t r e e t . F r e d e r i c k . M D 2 1 . 0 4 . 2 0 1 6 Jun Jiang Master of Landscape Architecture Candidate University of Maryland Hotels in Frederick Existing Analysis Current Commercial Types Starting from the center of downtown Frederick, there is no hotel with 20 minutes walking radius (0.5 mile radius).
  16. 16. N o r t h E a s t S t r e e t . F r e d e r i c k . M D 2 1 . 0 4 . 2 0 1 6 Jun Jiang Master of Landscape Architecture Candidate University of Maryland Desserst; 2 in Site $20/person; 3 in Site $10/person; nly 1 in Site Restaurants at the site Choices are limited for people wishing to have dinner out on North East Street, and existing eateries tend to have prices in the range of $10-$20 per head. More restaurants or food stands that provide meals at $5-$10 per person might encourage more visitors and promote an economic renaissance.
  17. 17. N o r t h E a s t S t r e e t . F r e d e r i c k . M D 2 1 . 0 4 . 2 0 1 6 Jun Jiang Master of Landscape Architecture Candidate University of Maryland Auto service shops at the site Auto shop on site Auto shop on site Industry makes up a shrinking proportion of Frederick’s business sector; it was also among the most rapidly declining employment sectors in East Frederick between 2002 and 2011 (The Frederick News-Post, March 13, 2016). But it provides a link to the city’s history, and individual industrial concerns have longstanding ties to the community.
  18. 18. N o r t h E a s t S t r e e t . F r e d e r i c k . M D 2 1 . 0 4 . 2 0 1 6 Jun Jiang Master of Landscape Architecture Candidate University of Maryland Retail Store On Site Professional Services Health Care Different types of shops on North East Street Health care, professional services and retail trade, in sharp contrast to warehousing and other industrial- and semi-industrial businesses, were the three fastest-growing sectors in East Frederick from 2001 to 2011. North East Street has dense mixed-used blocks from Patrick Street to 2nd Street, but few beyond this point. Residents and business owners both noted the need for more places to live in East Frederick, in light of the area’s existing businesses and new ones that are planned (The Frederick News- Post, March 13, 2016).
  19. 19. N o r t h E a s t S t r e e t . F r e d e r i c k . M D 2 1 . 0 4 . 2 0 1 6 Jun Jiang Master of Landscape Architecture Candidate University of Maryland Street View Analysis Unattractive and uninteresting blank walls and fences Signs whose positioning within sidewalks makes them hard to notice, while at the same time taking valuable space away from pedestrians. Street lights that are mostly oriented to illuminate large parking lots instead of sidewalks. One sign shows historic elements and nicely decorate the streets, but stands in sidewalks. Nice pavement continues even where is the entrance of the post office. EPatrickStreet N Key Plan Existing Analysis Streetscape Analysis
  20. 20. N o r t h E a s t S t r e e t . F r e d e r i c k . M D 2 1 . 0 4 . 2 0 1 6 Jun Jiang Master of Landscape Architecture Candidate University of Maryland Street lights that are mostly oriented to illuminate large parking lots instead of sidewalks. An absence of street trees or any other amenities that might provide shade or wind shelter. EChurchStreet Street View Analysis N Key Plan
  21. 21. N o r t h E a s t S t r e e t . F r e d e r i c k . M D 2 1 . 0 4 . 2 0 1 6 Jun Jiang Master of Landscape Architecture Candidate University of Maryland Street View Analysis EChurchStreet Street trees as there are have been over- pruned due to interference from overhead power lines; the planters they are in limit the trees’ growth, but at the same time take valuable space away from pedestrians. An interesting old mural that is hidden in ally. Existing seating on the sidewalk; the planting beds soften the corners of buildings and liven up the streetscape considerably. N Key Plan
  22. 22. N o r t h E a s t S t r e e t . F r e d e r i c k . M D 2 1 . 0 4 . 2 0 1 6 Jun Jiang Master of Landscape Architecture Candidate University of Maryland Street View Analysis EPatrickStreet Indicator is not noticeable. There is only one streetlight (albeit with lovely flower bed decoration). Planting bed softens the corner of building and liven up the streetscape considerably. Existing seating on the sidewalk provides a good view of the church. The space between signs and stairs is very narrow for people passing by. N Key Plan
  23. 23. N o r t h E a s t S t r e e t . F r e d e r i c k . M D 2 1 . 0 4 . 2 0 1 6 Jun Jiang Master of Landscape Architecture Candidate University of Maryland Street View Analysis EChurchStreet At 3’ the sidewalks are exceptionally narrow. An outdoor seating area helps a coffee shop to attract customers, despite nothing dividing it from an adjacent parking lot, and the hedges that separate it from the sidewalk have been over-pruned. N Key Plan
  24. 24. N o r t h E a s t S t r e e t . F r e d e r i c k . M D 2 1 . 0 4 . 2 0 1 6 Jun Jiang Master of Landscape Architecture Candidate University of Maryland Street View Analysis E2ndStreet No street trees and streetlights. N Key Plan
  25. 25. N o r t h E a s t S t r e e t . F r e d e r i c k . M D 2 1 . 0 4 . 2 0 1 6 Jun Jiang Master of Landscape Architecture Candidate University of Maryland Street View Analysis Parking lots are paved with impermeable paving, and plantings are ineffective in reducing heat and absorbing water. Overgrown hedges are intended to be attractive and match to a nicer view beyond it. Plantings alone with facades work well in softening and delighting building surfaces. However space between planters and stairs is too narrow to allow people to pass by easily. E2ndStreet There is a total absence of streetlights. N Key Plan
  26. 26. N o r t h E a s t S t r e e t . F r e d e r i c k . M D 2 1 . 0 4 . 2 0 1 6 Jun Jiang Master of Landscape Architecture Candidate University of Maryland Street View Analysis Nice space for gathering but has only a few seatings, most space is occupied by parking vehicles. Excessive pavement does not benefit both eco environment nor visual quality. There is a total absence of streetlights, and the street trees are over-pruned due to overhead power lines. Space between seating and stairs is too narrow to allow pedestrians to pass by easily. The signs have no uniformity of style. EChurchStreet N Key Plan
  27. 27. N o r t h E a s t S t r e e t . F r e d e r i c k . M D 2 1 . 0 4 . 2 0 1 6 Jun Jiang Master of Landscape Architecture Candidate University of Maryland Street View Analysis E2edStreet Building facades that are disconnected due to vacant parking lots, which are unpaved and directly exposed to the street. Rainwater remains overnight after storms. Building facades that are disconnected due to vacant parking lots, which are unpaved and directly exposed to the street. Rainwater remains overnight after storms. Blank wall is not interesting. No street trees and streetlights.N Key Plan
  28. 28. N o r t h E a s t S t r e e t . F r e d e r i c k . M D 2 1 . 0 4 . 2 0 1 6 Jun Jiang Master of Landscape Architecture Candidate University of Maryland Street View Analysis E3rdStreet There is no streetlights in ally. The only park on North East Street. N Key Plan
  29. 29. N o r t h E a s t S t r e e t . F r e d e r i c k . M D 2 1 . 0 4 . 2 0 1 6 Jun Jiang Master of Landscape Architecture Candidate University of Maryland Street View Analysis E3rdStreet A vacant, unpaved space adjacent to a residential house, fenced with plain wooden boards, now serves as a parking lot. Space between planting bed and building facade is too narrow for people to pass by.No streetlights. Raised curb might disturb disabled pedestrian. AustinAlley N Key Plan
  30. 30. N o r t h E a s t S t r e e t . F r e d e r i c k . M D 2 1 . 0 4 . 2 0 1 6 Jun Jiang Master of Landscape Architecture Candidate University of Maryland Street View Analysis E2edStreet No street trees nor streetlights. The museum itself has blank walls that lack interest value. AustinAlley N Key Plan
  31. 31. N o r t h E a s t S t r e e t . F r e d e r i c k . M D 2 1 . 0 4 . 2 0 1 6 Jun Jiang Master of Landscape Architecture Candidate University of Maryland Street View Analysis E3rdStreet E4thStreet Sign is not noticeable.Stone wall is rather interesting. N Key Plan
  32. 32. N o r t h E a s t S t r e e t . F r e d e r i c k . M D 2 1 . 0 4 . 2 0 1 6 Jun Jiang Master of Landscape Architecture Candidate University of Maryland Street View Analysis No street trees nor streetlights. E4thStreet N Key Plan
  33. 33. N o r t h E a s t S t r e e t . F r e d e r i c k . M D 2 1 . 0 4 . 2 0 1 6 Jun Jiang Master of Landscape Architecture Candidate University of Maryland Street View Analysis WinpiglersLn E4thStreet No street trees nor streetlights. Large parking lots that create problems with rainwater. N Key Plan
  34. 34. N o r t h E a s t S t r e e t . F r e d e r i c k . M D 2 1 . 0 4 . 2 0 1 6 Jun Jiang Master of Landscape Architecture Candidate University of Maryland Street View Analysis The sign here is also interesting and well positioned. Plants growing on walls add visual interest and benefit the environment. Blank wall and small windows give people negative impressions. street trees are sparse. Winpiglers E3edStreet N Key Plan
  35. 35. N o r t h E a s t S t r e e t . F r e d e r i c k . M D 2 1 . 0 4 . 2 0 1 6 Jun Jiang Master of Landscape Architecture Candidate University of Maryland Street View Analysis Building facades are disconnected, there are no streetlights. Green space is not efficient. A heavy concentration of auto service shops and other light- industrial concerns amplifies the problems caused by large, impermeable parking lots. E5thStreet E4thStreet N Key Plan
  36. 36. N o r t h E a s t S t r e e t . F r e d e r i c k . M D 2 1 . 0 4 . 2 0 1 6 Jun Jiang Master of Landscape Architecture Candidate University of Maryland Street View Analysis Green space is not efficient for separating industrious area. No streetlights. Large, impermeable parking lots. No streetlights and street trees are sparse. Paving is different from the rest. E5thStreet E4thStreet N Key Plan
  37. 37. N o r t h E a s t S t r e e t . F r e d e r i c k . M D 2 1 . 0 4 . 2 0 1 6 Jun Jiang Master of Landscape Architecture Candidate University of Maryland Street View Analysis N Key Plan E5thStreet Inefficient plantings. No street trees. No streetlights. Sidewalk paving is different from previous blocks’. Massive space occupied by parking cars can’t treat rainwater but might cause further pollution. Lack of spaces for customer to rest or wait. Sign of plaza is not distinctive enough.
  38. 38. N o r t h E a s t S t r e e t . F r e d e r i c k . M D 2 1 . 0 4 . 2 0 1 6 Jun Jiang Master of Landscape Architecture Candidate University of Maryland Street View Analysis N Key Plan E6thStreet No street trees. No streetlights. Sidewalk discontinued and occupied by parking cars. Space occupied by parking cars can’t treat rainwater but might cause further pollution. Lightbox is no longer in service. Advertising signage is hidden behind overgrown plantings. Auto shop disconnects from other buildings and is contributing not much to local business.
  39. 39. N o r t h E a s t S t r e e t . F r e d e r i c k . M D 2 1 . 0 4 . 2 0 1 6 Jun Jiang Master of Landscape Architecture Candidate University of Maryland Street View Analysis N Key Plan No street trees. No streetlights. No sidewalks. Massive space occupied by parking cars can’t treat rainwater but might cause further pollution.
  40. 40. N o r t h E a s t S t r e e t . F r e d e r i c k . M D 2 1 . 0 4 . 2 0 1 6 Jun Jiang Master of Landscape Architecture Candidate University of Maryland Street View Analysis N Key Plan E5thStreet No street trees. No streetlights. No sidewalks. Massive shrubs and trees block public watch. Auto shop is disconnected from other buildings and is contributing not much to local business.
  41. 41. N o r t h E a s t S t r e e t . F r e d e r i c k . M D 2 1 . 0 4 . 2 0 1 6 Jun Jiang Master of Landscape Architecture Candidate University of Maryland North East Street is now crying out for changes, specifically, to become a better, more complete street, more lively, prosperous, sustainable, aesthetically pleasing and interesting, while retaining or enhancing its role as a strong partner to Frederick’s downtown. This design thesis proposes the following improvement: 1. North East Street Economic Renaissance (Mixed-use blocks, apartments, and etc,.); 2. Right-of-Way Conflicts; 3. Place Making (Street trees, streetlights, amenities and etc,.); 4. Network Stormwater Treatment; and 5. History and Cultural Preservation. Analysis Summary
  42. 42. N o r t h E a s t S t r e e t . F r e d e r i c k . M D 2 1 . 0 4 . 2 0 1 6 Jun Jiang Master of Landscape Architecture Candidate University of Maryland North East Street Economic Renaissance If such an economic renaissance is to occur, however, a number of specific improvements will need to be made. These include: 1. Building new mixed-used blocks; 2. Provision of an expanded range of living choices, especially new apartments; 3. Greater encouragement of local retail, healthcare, and professional services businesses. A Better Street for Businesses A Better Street For Living
  43. 43. N o r t h E a s t S t r e e t . F r e d e r i c k . M D 2 1 . 0 4 . 2 0 1 6 Jun Jiang Master of Landscape Architecture Candidate University of Maryland Design -- A Better Street for Businesses N In place of the street’s numerous parking lots and low-rise auto shops, the proposed design calls for the introduction of office buildings, along with spaces that will attract more retail, healthcare, and professional-services businesses.
  44. 44. N o r t h E a s t S t r e e t . F r e d e r i c k . M D 2 1 . 0 4 . 2 0 1 6 Jun Jiang Master of Landscape Architecture Candidate University of Maryland N E a s t S t r e e t . F r e d e r i c k . M D 0 9 . 0 4 . 2 0 1 5 Jun Jiang Master of Landscape Architecture Candidate University of Maryland Scale: 1”=4’ N Scale: 1”=16’ Propose Street View N Key Plan E5thStreet First Level: Retails, Health Care or Profession Service. Upper Levels: Apartments. GymParking Garage
  45. 45. N o r t h E a s t S t r e e t . F r e d e r i c k . M D 2 1 . 0 4 . 2 0 1 6 Jun Jiang Master of Landscape Architecture Candidate University of Maryland N E a s t S t r e e t . F r e d e r i c k . M D 0 9 . 0 4 . 2 0 1 5 Jun Jiang Master of Landscape Architecture Candidate University of Maryland Scale: 1”=4’ N Key Plan E5thStreet E4thStreet
  46. 46. N o r t h E a s t S t r e e t . F r e d e r i c k . M D 2 1 . 0 4 . 2 0 1 6 Jun Jiang Master of Landscape Architecture Candidate University of Maryland N E a s t S t r e e t . F r e d e r i c k . M D 0 9 . 0 4 . 2 0 1 5 Jun Jiang Master of Landscape Architecture Candidate University of Maryland N E3rdStreet E4thStreet Key Plan
  47. 47. N o r t h E a s t S t r e e t . F r e d e r i c k . M D 2 1 . 0 4 . 2 0 1 6 Jun Jiang Master of Landscape Architecture Candidate University of Maryland N E a s t S t r e e t . F r e d e r i c k . M D 0 9 . 0 4 . 2 0 1 5 Jun Jiang Master of Landscape Architecture Candidate University of Maryland Scale: 1”=4’ Propose Street View N E2edStreet E3rdStreet Key Plan
  48. 48. N o r t h E a s t S t r e e t . F r e d e r i c k . M D 2 1 . 0 4 . 2 0 1 6 Jun Jiang Master of Landscape Architecture Candidate University of Maryland N E a s t S t r e e t . F r e d e r i c k . M D 0 9 . 0 4 . 2 0 1 5 Jun Jiang Master of Landscape Architecture Candidate University of Maryland Scale: 1”=4’ Proposed Street View N E2edStreet E3rdStreet Key Plan
  49. 49. N o r t h E a s t S t r e e t . F r e d e r i c k . M D 2 1 . 0 4 . 2 0 1 6 Jun Jiang Master of Landscape Architecture Candidate University of Maryland North East Street as a Complete Street The key proposed measures include: 1. Mitigation of right-of-way conflicts; 2. Improvement of people’s walking and biking experiences; 3. Overall safety levels. A Better Street for Walking and Biking; A Better Street for Public Transportation;
  50. 50. N o r t h E a s t S t r e e t . F r e d e r i c k . M D 2 1 . 0 4 . 2 0 1 6 Jun Jiang Master of Landscape Architecture Candidate University of Maryland Design -- A More Complete Street A Better Street for Walking and Biking Alternative 1 Alternative 2 Alternative 3 Sidewalk Sidewalk BikeLane BikeLane StreetTreePlanter StreetTreePlanter VehicelLane VehicelLane Bus Stop Sidewalk Sidewalk BikeLane BikeLane Buffer Buffer StreetTreePlanter StreetTreePlanter VehicelLane VehicelLane Bus Stop Sidewalk Sidewalk BikeLane BikeLane Buffer Buffer StreetTreePlanter StreetTreePlanter VehicelLane VehicelLane Bus Stop
  51. 51. N o r t h E a s t S t r e e t . F r e d e r i c k . M D 2 1 . 0 4 . 2 0 1 6 Jun Jiang Master of Landscape Architecture Candidate University of Maryland Proposed Street Sections In the first block, located between East Patrick Street and East Church Street, the proposed design requires the removal of two driving lanes and their replacement by bike lanes, street-tree planters and sidewalks. Because street space widens from 4th Street northward, driving lanes from that point could be as wide as 12 feet, while still leaving sufficient room for sidewalk cafes. The existing style of sidewalk paving should be made continuous, i.e., extended to additional areas of the street, including even the entrances to parking lots and shops. Section of current site lanes 3ed st.-4th 4th-5th 5th-6th 5th-6th Patrick st.-E church st. E church st.-2nd st. 2nd st.-3ed st.
  52. 52. N o r t h E a s t S t r e e t . F r e d e r i c k . M D 2 1 . 0 4 . 2 0 1 6 Jun Jiang Master of Landscape Architecture Candidate University of Maryland As well as the planting of street trees, improvements of the walking/biking experience include the proposed streetlight system, which in times of darkness will be equally beneficial to pedestrians, cyclists, and motor vehicles. The proposed street sections are as shown below. Proposed Streetlights Proposed Street Trees Shade Tree Ornamental Tree Streetlight
  53. 53. N o r t h E a s t S t r e e t . F r e d e r i c k . M D 2 1 . 0 4 . 2 0 1 6 Jun Jiang Master of Landscape Architecture Candidate University of Maryland Proposed Bus-stop location Proposed Bus-stop Elevation Design -- A More Complete Street A Better Street for Public Transportation Current Bus Stops Proposed Bus Stops One bus stop would be moved from the second block (between East 2nd Street and East 3rd Street) to the first block (between East Patrick Street and East Church Street). As compared to the second block, the first block has more space, and therefore would be more appropriate for an ADA bus stop than the current location. Another bus stop would be moved from the fifth block (between East 4th Street and East 5th Street) to the sixth block (between East 5th Street and East 6th Street).
  54. 54. N o r t h E a s t S t r e e t . F r e d e r i c k . M D 2 1 . 0 4 . 2 0 1 6 Jun Jiang Master of Landscape Architecture Candidate University of Maryland Improvement Directed towards North East Street Becoming a Green Street The key proposed measures include: 1. Street trees; 2. Turning vacant space into rain garden, and turning tree planter into bioswale; 3. Living walls. Better Street for Street Trees A Better Street for Storm Water
  55. 55. N o r t h E a s t S t r e e t . F r e d e r i c k . M D 2 1 . 0 4 . 2 0 1 6 Jun Jiang Master of Landscape Architecture Candidate University of Maryland Existing Over-pruned Street Trees The proposed design recommends the relocation of street-tree planters on North East Street. Many of the existing trees are located under power lines, and to ensure safety, they must be pruned, cut and shaped. This is not only bad for the trees’ health, but also costly in both time and money. By relocating the planters, these two problems could be solved altogether. Design -- A Greener Street A Better Street for Street Trees Proposed Street TreesExisting Section Proposed Section Shade Tree Ornamental Tree 13'7' 13' 13' 13' & & 2'-8"
  56. 56. N o r t h E a s t S t r e e t . F r e d e r i c k . M D 2 1 . 0 4 . 2 0 1 6 Jun Jiang Master of Landscape Architecture Candidate University of Maryland Bioswales 4th-5th Bioswale Normal Planter
  57. 57. N o r t h E a s t S t r e e t . F r e d e r i c k . M D 2 1 . 0 4 . 2 0 1 6 Jun Jiang Master of Landscape Architecture Candidate University of Maryland Design -- A Greener Street A Better Street for Storm Water Triangular Park Rain Garden Permeable Paving Permeable Paving Overflow Pipe Filtration Layer Water Storage Boxes Recharge Recharge Recharge Recharge Recharge Permeable Paving Load-bearing Substrate Sistern The existing soil type in this park is urban D, i.e., water is not able to filtrate through. To facilitate the cleaning and recycling of stormwater, the proposed design plan recommends the installation of filtration layers under the soil. Water that passes through these layers is stored in cisterns before being pumped up to irrigate plantings. At ground level, bioswales surround the park and capture rainwater runoff. N Key Plan
  58. 58. N o r t h E a s t S t r e e t . F r e d e r i c k . M D 2 1 . 0 4 . 2 0 1 6 Jun Jiang Master of Landscape Architecture Candidate University of Maryland Living Walls For Everedy Square, the design recommends the installation of “living walls” capable of treating water from roofs. Along with the water, they would reduce erosion and absorb pollutants including CO2, CO and NOX, while emitting O2. N Key Plan
  59. 59. N o r t h E a s t S t r e e t . F r e d e r i c k . M D 2 1 . 0 4 . 2 0 1 6 Jun Jiang Master of Landscape Architecture Candidate University of Maryland North East Street’s Cultural Identity the following improvements are recommended: 1. Installation of an agricultural landmarks; 2. Preservation of historical landmarks; and 3. Strengthening of the connections between and among the street’s residents and its public spaces – where necessary, by increasing the number of such spaces. A Better Street for Cultural Preservation A Better Street For Historical Preservation A Better Street for Fun
  60. 60. N o r t h E a s t S t r e e t . F r e d e r i c k . M D 2 1 . 0 4 . 2 0 1 6 Jun Jiang Master of Landscape Architecture Candidate University of Maryland N Key Plan
  61. 61. N E a s t S t r e e t . F r e d e r i c k . M D 0 9 . 0 4 . 2 0 1 5 Jun Jiang Master of Landscape Architecture Candidate University of Maryland Scale: 1”=16’ N Proposed Street View EPatrickStreet N Key Plan Design -- A Better Street for Culture Identity Culture and History Preservation
  62. 62. N E a s t S t r e e t . F r e d e r i c k . M D 0 9 . 0 4 . 2 0 1 5 Jun Jiang Master of Landscape Architecture Candidate University of Maryland N Scale: 1”=16’ Proposed Street View EChurchStreet N Key Plan
  63. 63. N E a s t S t r e e t . F r e d e r i c k . M D 0 9 . 0 4 . 2 0 1 5 Jun Jiang Master of Landscape Architecture Candidate University of Maryland Propose Street View N E2edStreet E3rdStreet Key Plan
  64. 64. N o r t h E a s t S t r e e t . F r e d e r i c k . M D 2 1 . 0 4 . 2 0 1 6 Jun Jiang Master of Landscape Architecture Candidate University of Maryland Design -- A Better Street for Culture Identity A Better Street for Fun N Key Plan
  65. 65. N o r t h E a s t S t r e e t . F r e d e r i c k . M D 2 1 . 0 4 . 2 0 1 6 Jun Jiang Master of Landscape Architecture Candidate University of Maryland N Key Plan
  66. 66. N o r t h E a s t S t r e e t . F r e d e r i c k . M D 2 1 . 0 4 . 2 0 1 6 Jun Jiang Master of Landscape Architecture Candidate University of Maryland Thanks!

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