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Master’s Thesis
The Virtual TEAL World
An Interactive and Collaborative Virtual World Environment
for Physics Education
Institute for Information Systems and Computer Media (IICM)
Faculty of Informatics – Graz University of Technology, Austria
Johanna Pirker
Version 14th March, 2013
© 2013 - Johanna Pirker22/05/2014 2
Cooperation TUG & MIT
Proof of
Concept
Refinement Showcase
© 2013 - Johanna Pirker22/05/2014 3
Agenda
• Introduction
• Background and Motivation
• Technology-Enables Active Learning (TEAL)
support Physics Education
• Virtual TEAL Environment
• Future Work
Physics Education (1)
© 2013 - Johanna Pirker22/05/2014 4
Still in A Serious Man (2009)
Physics Education (2)
© 2013 - Johanna Pirker22/05/2014 5
“I hear and I forget.
I see and I remember.
I do and I understand.”
Confucius
Technology-Enabled Active Learning
© 2013 - Johanna Pirker22/05/2014 6
• Approach
• Collaborative Learning
• Mini lectures
• Hands-on experiments
• Simulations & Visualizations
• Quizzes and discussions
• Special Designed
Classroom
• Small working groups
• Shared Computers
• Desktop Experiments
• $ 1.5 Mio / classroom
http://mit.edu/jbelcher/www/categories/education/index.htm
Technology-Enabled Active Learning
© 2013 - Johanna Pirker22/05/2014 7
TEALsim
© 2013 - Johanna Pirker22/05/2014 8
“Make the unseen seen”
Belcher
• Open Source Simulation
Framework (Java)
• Development, Presentation,
Control of Physical
Concepts
• Create new simulations
with limited programming
skills (physics instructor)
Virtual TEAL World - Motivation
© 2013 - Johanna Pirker22/05/2014 9
• Motivation
• On-campus extension to Prepare, re-visit, reflect
• Affordable Environment (TEAL classroom $1.5 MIO each)
• Distance learning experience for
• Geographically dispersed learning groups
• Part-time students
• Handicapped
• MOOC (Massive open online course) extension as Social
motivator and Collaboration possibilities
• Design
• Focus on advantages of VWs in comparison to conventional
E-Learning Systems
• 3D, Immersion, Collaboration, Presence, Active
Participation,…
• Reduce issues of VWs by good Design
• Technical demands, Technical know-how, User Acceptance
Advantages of Virtual Worlds
© 2013 - Johanna Pirker22/05/2014 10
• Provision of different communication channels (both
verbal and non-verbal) for improved understanding
• Activity-based interactions support the motivation and
autonomy of the users
• Increased social awareness
• Feeling of presence in the virtual environment
• Awareness of other avatars and the environment
• Belonging to a social community that creates a virtual
social space and can positively impact learning outcomes
• Facilitated collaboration through different tools
• Visualizations and simulations of learning content via 2d
and 3d artifacts
• Personal motivation through active participation and co-
creation of the world
(De Lucia, Francese, Passero, & Genoveffa Tortora, 2008) (Gütl & Pirker, 2011) (Gütl, 2011)
Workflow
© 2013 - Johanna Pirker22/05/2014 11
Virtual TEAL
Model
Implementation
of the required
components
Preparation &
Evaluation of a
pilot
environment
Raise the acceptance
• Interactivity
• Collaboration
• Assessability
Avoid steep learning
curves
• Usability
• Adaptation and
improvement of
the existing
TEALsim-Module
• Creation of the
Concept Question-
Module
• Creation of a Web-
Interface as link to
the Concept
Question-Module
• Faraday’s Law
course
• Two experiments
with two
stakeholder
groups
Virtual TEAL World - Model
© 2013 - Johanna Pirker22/05/2014 12
Comparison of Virtual Worlds
© 2013 - Johanna Pirker22/05/2014 13
Open Wonderland (OWL)
© 2013 - Johanna Pirker22/05/2014 14
• Collaboration and Communication Tools
(Whiteboard, Sticky Notes, Drag-and-drop existing
content,.. )
• Extensibility
Java-based modules and components
• Shared Desktop Applications
Open Office, Firefox, Netbeans, VNC,..
“Open Wonderland is a 100%
Java open source toolkit for
creating collaborative 3D virtual
worlds.”
Virtual TEAL World
© 2013 - Johanna Pirker22/05/2014 15
Conceptual Overview
Concept Question-Module
© 2013 - Johanna Pirker22/05/2014 16
TEALsim-Module
© 2013 - Johanna Pirker22/05/2014 17
Demo Web-Interface
© 2013 - Johanna Pirker22/05/2014 18
Virtual TEAL World – Faraday’s Law
© 2013 - Johanna Pirker22/05/2014 19
Virtual TEAL World (VTW)
© 2013 - Johanna Pirker22/05/2014 20
Evaluation (1/3)
Objectives
• Usability of VTW and in-world tools
• Learning progress within the Faraday‘s Law scenario and
it‘s assessability
• Motivational aspects of students, such as interactivity and
collaboration
Setup
• 2 experiments with 2 stakeholder groups
• 2 physics experts with pedagogical background
• 8 students
• Pre-questionnaire with demographical data
• Experiment (Learning roundtrip)
• Post-questionnaire
• Experience, usability (SUS), motivation (CES),..
© 2013 - Johanna Pirker22/05/2014 21
Evaluation (2/3)
Learning Progress
• Experiment: Students learned through discussion and
learning content
• Self-assessment: Faraday‘s law (M=1.625 SD=0.86); 7/8
learned something new
Assessability
• Both SHGs were satisfied with the assessability (M=2.5;
SD=0.92) „It is similar to real life group assignments. You
never know who contributed to the assignment“
Interactivity
• M=1.6 (SD=0.66) „Such a playful animation can motivate
also students, which are not really interested in the topic“
© 2013 - Johanna Pirker22/05/2014 22
Evaluation (3/3)
Collaborative activities
• Students likes „solving questions with other people“
• 3/8 students changes their answer after the discussion
Usability
• 8/10 SUS score 70+; Avg 73.89 (SD=22.81)
• TEALsim-Module M=2. (SD=0.5)
Motivation
• According to CES
© 2013 - Johanna Pirker22/05/2014 23
Future of Virtual Worlds
© 2013 - Johanna Pirker22/05/2014 24
Conclusion & Future Work
© 2013 - Johanna Pirker22/05/2014 25
Current and future Work
• Further improvements (Performance, Usability,
Interactivity,… )
• Integration to LMS such as Moodle
• Integration of a game-based approach
• Further user studies
Conclusions
• Motivational and
acceptance issues
can be minimized
• Technical issues will
remain the next years
http://www.gartner.com/it/page.jsp?id=2124315
Publications
Pirker, J., Berger, S., Gütl, C., Belcher, J., & Bailey, P. H. (2012).
Understanding Physical Concepts using an Immersive Virtual
Learning Environment. European Immersive Education Summit.
Paris.
Pirker, J. & Gütl, C., (2013). Design and Evaluation of a Learner-
Centric Immersive Virtual Learning Environment for Physics
Education. SouthChi Conference. Maribor.
Pirker, J. (2013). Master’s Thesis - The Virtual TEAL World – An
Interactive and Collaborative Virtual World Environment for
Physics Education, Supervisor: Univ. Doz. Dipl. Ing. Dr. techn.
Christian Gütl (Graz University of Technology) & Professor John
Belcher (Massachusetts Institute of Technology)
© 2013 - Johanna Pirker22/05/2014 26
© 2013 - Johanna Pirker22/05/2014 27
Questions & Contact Information
Thank you for your Attention!
Questions are welcome!
Further Information:
Johanna Pirker
jpirker@iicm.edu
www.jpirker.com

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Virtual Teal World

  • 1. Master’s Thesis The Virtual TEAL World An Interactive and Collaborative Virtual World Environment for Physics Education Institute for Information Systems and Computer Media (IICM) Faculty of Informatics – Graz University of Technology, Austria Johanna Pirker Version 14th March, 2013
  • 2. © 2013 - Johanna Pirker22/05/2014 2 Cooperation TUG & MIT Proof of Concept Refinement Showcase
  • 3. © 2013 - Johanna Pirker22/05/2014 3 Agenda • Introduction • Background and Motivation • Technology-Enables Active Learning (TEAL) support Physics Education • Virtual TEAL Environment • Future Work
  • 4. Physics Education (1) © 2013 - Johanna Pirker22/05/2014 4 Still in A Serious Man (2009)
  • 5. Physics Education (2) © 2013 - Johanna Pirker22/05/2014 5 “I hear and I forget. I see and I remember. I do and I understand.” Confucius
  • 6. Technology-Enabled Active Learning © 2013 - Johanna Pirker22/05/2014 6 • Approach • Collaborative Learning • Mini lectures • Hands-on experiments • Simulations & Visualizations • Quizzes and discussions • Special Designed Classroom • Small working groups • Shared Computers • Desktop Experiments • $ 1.5 Mio / classroom http://mit.edu/jbelcher/www/categories/education/index.htm
  • 7. Technology-Enabled Active Learning © 2013 - Johanna Pirker22/05/2014 7
  • 8. TEALsim © 2013 - Johanna Pirker22/05/2014 8 “Make the unseen seen” Belcher • Open Source Simulation Framework (Java) • Development, Presentation, Control of Physical Concepts • Create new simulations with limited programming skills (physics instructor)
  • 9. Virtual TEAL World - Motivation © 2013 - Johanna Pirker22/05/2014 9 • Motivation • On-campus extension to Prepare, re-visit, reflect • Affordable Environment (TEAL classroom $1.5 MIO each) • Distance learning experience for • Geographically dispersed learning groups • Part-time students • Handicapped • MOOC (Massive open online course) extension as Social motivator and Collaboration possibilities • Design • Focus on advantages of VWs in comparison to conventional E-Learning Systems • 3D, Immersion, Collaboration, Presence, Active Participation,… • Reduce issues of VWs by good Design • Technical demands, Technical know-how, User Acceptance
  • 10. Advantages of Virtual Worlds © 2013 - Johanna Pirker22/05/2014 10 • Provision of different communication channels (both verbal and non-verbal) for improved understanding • Activity-based interactions support the motivation and autonomy of the users • Increased social awareness • Feeling of presence in the virtual environment • Awareness of other avatars and the environment • Belonging to a social community that creates a virtual social space and can positively impact learning outcomes • Facilitated collaboration through different tools • Visualizations and simulations of learning content via 2d and 3d artifacts • Personal motivation through active participation and co- creation of the world (De Lucia, Francese, Passero, & Genoveffa Tortora, 2008) (Gütl & Pirker, 2011) (Gütl, 2011)
  • 11. Workflow © 2013 - Johanna Pirker22/05/2014 11 Virtual TEAL Model Implementation of the required components Preparation & Evaluation of a pilot environment Raise the acceptance • Interactivity • Collaboration • Assessability Avoid steep learning curves • Usability • Adaptation and improvement of the existing TEALsim-Module • Creation of the Concept Question- Module • Creation of a Web- Interface as link to the Concept Question-Module • Faraday’s Law course • Two experiments with two stakeholder groups
  • 12. Virtual TEAL World - Model © 2013 - Johanna Pirker22/05/2014 12
  • 13. Comparison of Virtual Worlds © 2013 - Johanna Pirker22/05/2014 13
  • 14. Open Wonderland (OWL) © 2013 - Johanna Pirker22/05/2014 14 • Collaboration and Communication Tools (Whiteboard, Sticky Notes, Drag-and-drop existing content,.. ) • Extensibility Java-based modules and components • Shared Desktop Applications Open Office, Firefox, Netbeans, VNC,.. “Open Wonderland is a 100% Java open source toolkit for creating collaborative 3D virtual worlds.”
  • 15. Virtual TEAL World © 2013 - Johanna Pirker22/05/2014 15 Conceptual Overview
  • 16. Concept Question-Module © 2013 - Johanna Pirker22/05/2014 16
  • 17. TEALsim-Module © 2013 - Johanna Pirker22/05/2014 17
  • 18. Demo Web-Interface © 2013 - Johanna Pirker22/05/2014 18
  • 19. Virtual TEAL World – Faraday’s Law © 2013 - Johanna Pirker22/05/2014 19
  • 20. Virtual TEAL World (VTW) © 2013 - Johanna Pirker22/05/2014 20
  • 21. Evaluation (1/3) Objectives • Usability of VTW and in-world tools • Learning progress within the Faraday‘s Law scenario and it‘s assessability • Motivational aspects of students, such as interactivity and collaboration Setup • 2 experiments with 2 stakeholder groups • 2 physics experts with pedagogical background • 8 students • Pre-questionnaire with demographical data • Experiment (Learning roundtrip) • Post-questionnaire • Experience, usability (SUS), motivation (CES),.. © 2013 - Johanna Pirker22/05/2014 21
  • 22. Evaluation (2/3) Learning Progress • Experiment: Students learned through discussion and learning content • Self-assessment: Faraday‘s law (M=1.625 SD=0.86); 7/8 learned something new Assessability • Both SHGs were satisfied with the assessability (M=2.5; SD=0.92) „It is similar to real life group assignments. You never know who contributed to the assignment“ Interactivity • M=1.6 (SD=0.66) „Such a playful animation can motivate also students, which are not really interested in the topic“ © 2013 - Johanna Pirker22/05/2014 22
  • 23. Evaluation (3/3) Collaborative activities • Students likes „solving questions with other people“ • 3/8 students changes their answer after the discussion Usability • 8/10 SUS score 70+; Avg 73.89 (SD=22.81) • TEALsim-Module M=2. (SD=0.5) Motivation • According to CES © 2013 - Johanna Pirker22/05/2014 23
  • 24. Future of Virtual Worlds © 2013 - Johanna Pirker22/05/2014 24
  • 25. Conclusion & Future Work © 2013 - Johanna Pirker22/05/2014 25 Current and future Work • Further improvements (Performance, Usability, Interactivity,… ) • Integration to LMS such as Moodle • Integration of a game-based approach • Further user studies Conclusions • Motivational and acceptance issues can be minimized • Technical issues will remain the next years http://www.gartner.com/it/page.jsp?id=2124315
  • 26. Publications Pirker, J., Berger, S., Gütl, C., Belcher, J., & Bailey, P. H. (2012). Understanding Physical Concepts using an Immersive Virtual Learning Environment. European Immersive Education Summit. Paris. Pirker, J. & Gütl, C., (2013). Design and Evaluation of a Learner- Centric Immersive Virtual Learning Environment for Physics Education. SouthChi Conference. Maribor. Pirker, J. (2013). Master’s Thesis - The Virtual TEAL World – An Interactive and Collaborative Virtual World Environment for Physics Education, Supervisor: Univ. Doz. Dipl. Ing. Dr. techn. Christian Gütl (Graz University of Technology) & Professor John Belcher (Massachusetts Institute of Technology) © 2013 - Johanna Pirker22/05/2014 26
  • 27. © 2013 - Johanna Pirker22/05/2014 27 Questions & Contact Information Thank you for your Attention! Questions are welcome! Further Information: Johanna Pirker jpirker@iicm.edu www.jpirker.com