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# Linear Equation in two variables

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### Linear Equation in two variables

1. 1. 2.2 Linear Equations
2. 2. Identifying a Linear Equation Ax + By = C ● The exponent of each variable is 1. ● The variables are added or subtracted. ● A or B can equal zero. ● A > 0 ● Besides x and y, other commonly used variables are m and n, a and b, and r and s. ● There are no radicals in the equation. ● Every linear equation graphs as a line.
3. 3. Examples of linear equations 2x + 4y =8 6y = 3 – x x = 1 -2a + b = 5 4 7 3 x y    Equation is in Ax + By =C form Rewrite with both variables on left side … x + 6y =3 B =0 … x + 0 y =1 Multiply both sides of the equation by -1 … 2a – b = -5 Multiply both sides of the equation by 3 … 4x –y =-21 
4. 4. Examples of Nonlinear Equations 4x2 + y = 5 xy + x = 5 s/r + r = 3 The exponent is 2 There is a radical in the equation Variables are multiplied Variables are divided 4 x  The following equations are NOT in the standard form of Ax + By =C:
5. 5. x and y -intercepts ● The x-intercept is the point where a line crosses the x-axis. The general form of the x-intercept is (x, 0). The y-coordinate will always be zero. ● The y-intercept is the point where a line crosses the y-axis. The general form of the y-intercept is (0, y). The x-coordinate will always be zero.
6. 6. Finding the x-intercept ● For the equation 2x + y = 6, we know that y must equal 0. What must x equal? ● Plug in 0 for y and simplify. 2x + 0 = 6 2x = 6 x = 3 ● So (3, 0) is the x-intercept of the line.
7. 7. Finding the y-intercept ● For the equation 2x + y = 6, we know that x must equal 0. What must y equal? ● Plug in 0 for x and simplify. 2(0) + y = 6 0 + y = 6 y = 6 ● So (0, 6) is the y-intercept of the line.
8. 8. To summarize…. ● To find the x-intercept, plug in 0 for y. ● To find the y-intercept, plug in 0 for x.
9. 9. Find the x and y- intercepts of x = 4y – 5 ● x-intercept: ● Plug in y = 0 x = 4y - 5 x = 4(0) - 5 x = 0 - 5 x = -5 ● (-5, 0) is the x-intercept ● y-intercept: ● Plug in x = 0 x = 4y - 5 0 = 4y - 5 5 = 4y = y ● (0, ) is the y-intercept 5 4 5 4
10. 10. Find the x and y-intercepts of g(x) = -3x – 1* ● x-intercept ● Plug in y = 0 g(x) = -3x - 1 0 = -3x - 1 1 = -3x = x ● ( , 0) is the x-intercept ● y-intercept ● Plug in x = 0 g(x) = -3(0) - 1 g(x) = 0 - 1 g(x) = -1 ● (0, -1) is the y-intercept *g(x) is the same as y 1 3  1 3 
11. 11. Find the x and y-intercepts of 6x - 3y =-18 ● x-intercept ● Plug in y = 0 6x - 3y = -18 6x -3(0) = -18 6x - 0 = -18 6x = -18 x = -3 ● (-3, 0) is the x-intercept ● y-intercept ● Plug in x = 0 6x -3y = -18 6(0) -3y = -18 0 - 3y = -18 -3y = -18 y = 6 ● (0, 6) is the y-intercept
12. 12. Find the x and y-intercepts of x = 3 ● y-intercept ● A vertical line never crosses the y-axis. ● There is no y-intercept. ● x-intercept ● Plug in y = 0. There is no y. Why? ● x = 3 is a vertical line so x always equals 3. ● (3, 0) is the x-intercept. x
13. 13. Find the x and y-intercepts of y = -2 ● x-intercept ● Plug in y = 0. y cannot = 0 because y = -2. ● y = -2 is a horizontal line so it never crosses the x-axis. ●There is no x-intercept. ● y-intercept ● y = -2 is a horizontal line so y always equals -2. ● (0,-2) is the y-intercept. x y
14. 14. Graphing Equations ● Example: Graph the equation -5x + y = 2 Solve for y first. -5x + y = 2 Add 5x to both sides y = 5x + 2 ● The equation y = 5x + 2 is in slope-intercept form, y = mx+b. The y-intercept is 2 and the slope is 5. Graph the line on the coordinate plane.
15. 15. x y Graph y = 5x + 2 Graphing Equations
16. 16. Graph 4x - 3y = 12 ● Solve for y first 4x - 3y =12 Subtract 4x from both sides -3y = -4x + 12 Divide by -3 y = x + Simplify y = x – 4 ● The equation y = x - 4 is in slope-intercept form, y=mx+b. The y -intercept is -4 and the slope is . Graph the line on the coordinate plane. Graphing Equations 12 -3 4 3 4 3 4 3 -4 -3
17. 17. Graph y = x - 4 x y 4 3 Graphing Equations