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  7. Neoclassicism, Romanticism, Realism Module 9 - Art History
  8. evolved as a reaction of a society against the Baroque period, and was perceived as a way of rescuing from the past the styles of the classical periods that's why buildings and sculptures have aspects in common with that area. Neoclassicism 01
  9. NEOCLASSICISM PERIOD Neoclassical Architecture - revival of classical architecture during the 18th and early 19th centuries. - The movement concerned itself with the logic of entire classical volumes, unlike Classical revivalism which tended to reuse Classical parts. - Characterized by grandeur of scale, simplicity of geometric forms, Greek especially Doric or Roman detail, dramatic use of columns, and a preference for blank walls. - In United States it continued to flourish throughout the 19th Century - The style also spread to Colonial Latin America.
  10. NEOCLASSICISM VS. ROMANTICISM - Neoclassicism is also known as "Age of Enlightenment" while the Romanticism is a term that describes changes within the art from about 1760 - 1870. - The visual arts of neoclassicism were serious, unemotional and heroic while in Romanticism, nature was a dominant theme. - Neoclassicism often referred to as Augustan Age resulted from a self-conscious imitation of the Augustan writers. The main contributors to this movement are Alexander Pope, Jonathan Swift, and Daniel Defoe. - Romanticism has a wild and spiritual view on nature. Romanticism movement cover so many themes, styles, and content in literature.
  11. CONCLUSION - Neoclassicism emphasized on structure, restraint, and objectivity. - Neoclassicism gave importance to logic and reason. - Neoclassicism examined society - Neoclassicism draws its inspiration from the culture of Ancient Greece and Rome - Neoclassicism writers used a calm, rational tone on the flip side while the Romantic writers used a spontaneous and moody tone.
  12. came later by the hand of the French and the Industrial Revolutions. We could say that Romanticism is in general words the opposite of Neoclassicism, it is: passionate, sensitive, emotional, imperfect, spontaneous, natural, ideal, heroical, exciting, active, complex, disordered, imaginative, and fantastic. Romanticism 02
  13. ROMANTICISM Romanticism is an attitude or intellectual orientation that characterized many works of literature, painting, music, architecture, criticism, and historiography in Western civilization over a period from the late 18th to the mid-19th century. Romanticism can be seen as a rejection of the precepts of order, calm, harmony, balance, idealization, and rationality that typified Classicism.
  14. ROMANTICISM Romanticism was the general exaltation of emotion over reason and of the senses over intellect; a turning in upon the self and a heightened examination of human personality. An emphasis upon imagination as a gateway to transcendent experience and spiritual truth. A preoccupation with the genius, the hero, and the exceptional figure in general. #1 LIBERTY LEADING THE PEOPLE #2 THE RAFT OF THE MEDUSA #3 THE THIRD OF MAY 1808
  15. Romanticism in English literature began in the 1790s with the publication of the Lyrical Ballads of William Wordsworth and Samuel Taylor Coleridge. William Blake was the third principal poet of the movement's early phase in England. The first phase of the Romantic movement in Germany was marked by innovations in both content and literary style. Second phase of Romanticism was marked by a quickening of cultural nationalism and an attention to national origins. Sir Walter Scott is considered to have invented the historical novel. English Romantic poetry reached its zenith in the works of John Keats, Lord Byron, and Percy Bysshe Shelley. SIR WALTER SCOTT Germaine de Staël
  16. WHAT IS REALISM? 03 - Realism movement took place in the second half of the 19th century and was very similar to naturalism. Realism is a direct contrast to Romanticism, as it does not beautify or make things more appealing - Realism was a reaction to extravagant, romantic ideals characteristics of the late 18th and early 19th century. Realism even attacked romantic and transcendentalist ideas in their literary works. - First, Realism was created to instruct and entertain the American audiences of the mid-19th century, and furthermore. It emphasized that character comes from experience and relationships with others(Reuben)
  17. THE FOUR TYPES OF REALISM Realism entails a spectrum of ideas,which tend to revolve around several central propositions, such as: Realism entails a State-centrism: states are the central actors in international politics, rather than leaders or international organizations; Anarchy: the international political system is anarchic, as there is no supranational authority to enforce rules; Rationality and/or egoism: states act in their rational self-interest within the international system; and Power: states desire power to ensure self-preservation of ideas,which tend to revolve around several central propositions, such as:
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