SlideShare ist ein Scribd-Unternehmen logo
1 von 104
INTRODUCTION TO
WORLD RELIGIONS &
BELIEF SYSTEMS
WORLDVIEWS ,BELIEF SYSTEMS & RELIGION
PRETEST
• Directions: Choose the letter of the best answer and write
it on a separate sheet of paper.
1. A WORLDVIEW IS SIMILAR TO____________________________.
A.understanding about life
B.belief system
C.opinion
D.both a & b
2. WHICH STATEMENT IS NOT A BELIEF SYSTEM?
• A. I believe I can fly.
• B. “An unexamined life is not worth living for.”
(Socrates)
• C. “Si Malakas at si Maganda” the Filipino version of
Creation story.
• D. The West Philippine sea belongs to Filipinos as
affirmed by an as arbitrary tribunal in Hague,
Netherland.
3. IDENTIFY THE STATEMENT THAT DOES NOT DESCRIBE A
SPIRITUAL PERSON.
• A. A person who sees God always in all things.
• B. A person who always goes to church on Sundays.
• C. A person who experiences “Bodhi ” or “Enlightenment.”
• D. A person who feels the force of nature and become one
with it.
4. SINCE TIME IMMEMORIAL, BELIEF TO A DIVINE BEING IS PRACTICED BY PEOPLE
IN DIFFERENT CULTURAL MILIEU AND TRADITIONS. THERE ARE EVEN THOSE WHO
WORSHIP ANIMALS LIKE THE GOLDEN CALF IN IN THE OLD TESTAMENT AS THEIR
GOD. OTHER CULTURE EVEN CONSIDER MILLIONS OF SMALL GODS LIKE THE
HINDUS. HOW DO YOU CALL THE PEOPLE WHO BELIEVE IN ONE GOD?
• A. Polytheists
• B. Monotheists
• C. Pantheists
• D. Atheists
5. AS INDIVIDUALS WE USE DIFFERENT LENSES IN SEEING
THINGS AND REALITIES AROUND US. CONFLICTS
SOMETIMES ARISE IN DEFENSE OF THEIR POINT OF VIEW.
OUR PLURALISTIC SOCIETY HAS ALSO VARIED BELIEF
SYSTEMS. WHAT STATEMENT BEST DESCRIBED WHAT A
BELIEF SYSTEM IS?
• A. A particular way of ordering the realities of the world.
• B. The religious preferences of a person or group
• C. Anything that we do and think about all the time.
• D. A speculative thinking and ritualistic habit of different
people.
E Y T I P S R I U L A I T F
SPIRITUALITY
IOEHYTLGOD
THEOLOGY
UHILOOSPPYFONIIRLEGF
PHILOSOPY OF RELIGION
LESSON 1 -
WORLDVIEW, BELIEF
SYSTEMS AND
RELIGION
• Carol Hill describes worldview, as
• “By worldview (or belief system) I mean the basic way of
interpreting things and events that pervades a culture so
thoroughly that it becomes a culture’s concept of reality-what is
good, what is important, what is sacred, what is real.
• It is more than culture, even though the distinction between the
two can sometimes be subtle.
• It extends to perceptions of time and space, of happiness and
well-being. The beliefs, values, and behaviors of culture stem
directly from its worldview.” (Hill, 2007)
•A very simple definition of a
“worldview” is given by Matt
Slick. According to him a
worldview is a set of beliefs
used to understand the world. E
•Google has a simple definition, it says, ”Belief systems
are the stories we tell ourselves to define our personal
sense of ‘reality’ (the way things actually exist). Every
human being has a belief system that he/she utilizes
and it is through this mechanism that we individually
“make sense” of the world around us.”
•” It could be a set of beliefs or a philosophy of life.
•Belief system shapes your worldview about the world,
your existence, and relationships with your fellowmen.
In other words, “ a worldview whether religious or
nonreligious, is a personal insight about reality and
meaning, often termed a “life understanding” which I
may call a product of belief systems.
• Most often worldviews are shaped by religions. Inside
the box are worldviews about man’s perspective of
God.
• 1. Naturalism (e.g. Atheism, Agnosticism, Existentialism).
-It denies the existence of God. The material universe is all that exist.
• 2. Pantheism ( e.g. Hinduism, Taoism, Buddhism; much New
Age Consciousness.
- They believe that only the spiritual dimension exists. All else is illusion. Man is
spiritual and eternal.
• 3. Theism (e.g. Judaism, Christianity, Islam).
-They believe that an infinite, personal God exists. God created the real world.
People are created in the image of God.
4. Spiritism.
-The world is inhabited by spirit beings who govern earthly
activities.
-Man is created by gods like the rest of the creatures on
earth. Material things are real but they have spirits associated
with them.
5. Polytheism:
- This is the belief in many gods or deities.
- The culture of Ancient Greeks and Romans depict this kind
of beliefs.
• .
•Religion – is the human’s way of
communicating to God
•Theology – is the study of God’s way to
humans
•Philosopy of Religion – is a reflection of
huma’s lived experience of God.
ELEMENTS OF RELIGION
1. It reflects an effort to elevate their whole self to a higher
dimension of existence
2. A framework of transcendent beliefs
3. Text or scriptures
4. Rituals
5. Sacred spaces
ELEMENTS OF SPIRITUALITY
•HOLISTIC
•QUEST FOR MEANING
•SUGGEST A SELF-REFLECTIVE
EXISTENCE
• Activity 1. Song Analysis Objective: Analyze the nature of God presented in the
Song. Directions: 1. Listen or read the song “Who Am I.” 2. Prepare a separate
paper for your answer. 3. Answer the questions below?
• Critical Thinking Questions: 1. What does the song “Who am I?” say about who
we are as a person? 2. What kind of God is presented in the song? Why? 3. How
does faith in God provide answers to life’s questions? Give example from your
concrete experiences.
• Worldview
• Monism
• Monotheism
• Atheism
• Religion
• Sprituality
• Theology
• Agnosticism
• Polytheism
• theism
THE INTERPLAY OF
RELIGION AND
GEOGRAPHY
RELIGION AND GEOGRAPHY
•HOW DID RELIGION
DEVELOP?
GEOGRAPHY
•is the study of earth and its
people. Its features are things like
continents, seas, rivers and
mountains. (www.Wikipedia).
RELIGIOUS GEOGRAPHY
•relationship between
religion and geography
RELIGIOUS GEOGRAPHY
•which geographical ideas are influenced
by religion such as early map-making,
and biblical geography that developed
in the 16th century to identify places
from the Bible. .(Kong, 1990)
GEOGRAPHICAL CONTEXT
•Spreading the faith has
been shaped
•EXAMPLE(Genesis 12:1).
•Do you know that major
religions of the world have
their origins in Asia?
•Asia is the largest and most
populous continent and the
birthplace of many religions
• Buddhism,
• Christianity,
• Confucianism,
• Hinduism, Islam,
• Jainism,
• Judaism,
• Shinto,
• Sikhism,
• Taoism
• Zoroastrianism.
EUROPE – WESTERN RELIGIONS
•Judaism,
•Christianity and
•Islam
ASIA - EASTERN RELIGIONS
•Hinduism
•Buddhism
•Taoism
•Shintoism
CHRISTINE CARMELA R. RAMOS
• “Introduction to the Philosophy of the Human
Person.” 2016.
• In the book, she discussed the specific
characteristics between the western (occidental)
and eastern (oriental) paradigm regarding the
disparity of mindset of the two.
WESTERN MINDS
Greek culture
Roman Empire
Hellenism or the influenced of Greek
culture among the Romans
Then the Roman
Empire extended all
over Europe
which was termed
as the western
hemisphere of the
globe.
SACRED PLACES
• Holy Places
• Religious experiences and the belief in religious meanings transformed
physical spaces into sacred places
• Hindus – Ganges River as sacred place
• Jews - Mt. Sinai
• Temples, churches and mosques are some of the sacred places for Buddhists,
Christians and Muslims
REGINA RICA
(REGINA ROSARII INSTITUTE FOR
CONTEMPLATION IN ASIA)
- LOCATED IN A THIRTEEN AND HALF
13.5 HECTARES
- ALONG MARILAQUE OR MARCOS
HIGHWAY AT SITIO AGUHO, SAMPALOC
TANAY, RIZAL.
ACTIVITY:
Activity 1. Step out! This place is holy
Objective: Determine the different sacred places
from various religious beliefs.
Directions: 1. Reflect on the religious beliefs of
sacred places in the pictures and then answer the
following questions.
•The Symbiosis of
Religion & Culture
•Understand the development of the different
religions in a specific culture •
•Appreciate the role of culture in the development of
religion and ; •
•Observe their influence in your interaction with your
fellowmen, the world, nature and God.
• Directions: Choose the letter of the best answer.
1. It is referred to as “ordinary way of life” in its broadest sense by
Williams. What is it?
A. Society B. Culture C. Politics D. Science
2. Perhaps you may encounter people who considered their own culture
superior than others. Some of us laugh when a person we talk to has a
Visayan accent. What do you call this kind of attitude?
A. Monotheism B. Ethnocentrism C. Cultural Relativism D. Polytheism
3. Culture is dynamic. This means that culture
•A. is genetically structured in man’s biological
component.
•B. can be accumulated throughout the lifetime of a
person.
•C. is diverse, and we adjust to other culture.
•D. is never stagnant and keep on changing due to new
social experiences of people.
4. Which statement reflects the relationship
between religion, culture and geography?
•A. Religion influenced culture and geography.
•B. Culture influenced religion and geography
•C. Geography influenced culture and religion.
•D. All of the above
5. One of the statements reflects the beliefs of the
Filipinos before Christianity was introduced?
•A. Nabati
•B. Nausog
•C. nabalis
•D. all of the above
•What is Culture
CULTURE
•is “a whole way of life” The way we think, act or
speak. It is “ordinary.” (Williams, 1958).
•can be also dynamic, it can be shared, learned,
transmitted from one generation to another,
adaptive and integrated (Bodley,1999).
•UNESCO defines culture as :
•“The whole complex of distinctive spiritual, material,
intellectual and emotional features that characterize
a society or social group. It includes not only the arts
and letters, but also modes of life, the fundamental
rights of the human being, value systems, traditions
and beliefs.”
ETHNOCENTRISM
•if you consider your own
culture as superior from
the rest
CULTURALRELATIVISM
•if you are open minded towards
other culture without judging
them and respect the diverse
culture around you
MULTICULTURALISM
• multi-cultural society or simply we live amidst a multiculturalist world
• According to Harrison (1994) multiculturalism is a theory about the
foundations of a culture rather than a practice which subsumes cultural
ideas. In a broader sense, the term is often use to describe societies which
have many distinct cultural groups, usually as a result of immigration.
(Vega, et al, 2009)
RELIGION AND CULTURE
•What is the role of culture
in the development of
religion?
LAWRENCE MCKINNEY OBSERVED THAT
•, “the discovery of bear skulls with unusual markings
indicates the basis of a primitive religion while others,
noting the existence of flower petals and pollen in
ancient burial sites, have speculated on the possibility
of Neanderthal funeral rites (McKinney,1994).
NEW NORMAL CULTURE
•is a deviation from the “normal” way of life to the “not
normal” due to the Covid-19 pandemic. It is more of
awareness and prevention against the pandemic which
includes social distancing, wearing masks and washing
of hands or using alcohol to avoid the virus.
AMONG THE MANY FUNCTIONS OF RELIGION
IDENTIFIED BY CALDERON (1998) ARE THE
FOLLOWING
• 1. Religion serves as a means of social control.
• 2. It exerts a great influence upon personality development.
• 3. Religion allays fear of the unknown.
• 4. Religion explains events or situations which are beyond the
comprehension of man.
• 5. It gives man comfort, strength and hope in times of crisis and
despair.
AMONG THE MANY FUNCTIONS OF RELIGION IDENTIFIED BY
CALDERON (1998) ARE THE FOLLOWING
• 6. It preserves and transmits knowledge, skills, spiritual and
cultural values and practices.
• 7. It serves as an instrument of change.
• 8. It promotes closeness, love, cooperation, friendliness and
helpfulness.
• 9. Religion alleviates sufferings from major calamities.
• 10. It provides hope for a blissful life after death.
ECUMENISM
•- is a movement or tendency forward
worldwide Christian unity or
cooperation.
• Worldviews ,Belief Systems & Religion
• The Interplay of Religion and Geography
• The Symbiosis of Religion and Culture
INTRODUCTION
TO WORLD
RELIGIONS AND
BELIEF SYSTEMS
QUARTER 1 –
MODULE 3:
POSITIVE AND
NEGATIVE EFFECTS
OF RELIGION
POSITIVE AND NEGATIVE EFFECTS OF RELIGION
• Objectives: After going through this lesson, you are expected
to:
• 1. Identify the positive and negative effects of religions;
• 2. Provide evidence that religion brought about an event in
history;
• 3. Justify that religion can have positive or negative effects on
society.
PRE-TEST
• Directions: Arrange the jumbled letters. Write your answer on
the space provided before each number.
•
• _____________1. D S I M I C N R A I I O N T ____________6. S C C E S U S
• _____________2. C N F O L I C T ____________7. I G F H T
• _____________3. U I T N Y ____________8. H R M A O Y N
• _____________4. R L O E ____________9. P S I V E I T O
• _____________5. A L V U S E ____________10. F E E F C T S
INTRODUCTION
TO WORLD
RELIGIONS AND
BELIEF SYSTEMS
QUARTER 1 –
MODULE 3:
POSITIVE AND
NEGATIVE EFFECTS
OF RELIGION
POSITIVE EFFECTS OF RELIGION
1. RELIGION PROMOTES SOCIAL HARMONY
• Religion believes in supernatural beings and powers.
• It practices a set of rituals and ceremonious rites of passage and rites of intensification.
• It also regards religious leaders such as priests, priestesses and shamans in high esteem.
• These characteristics help advance social harmony by assimilating and stabilizing cultures
and nations.
• Religion provides divine authority to ethical and moral principles which also help promote
unity among people.
• Common participation in rituals together with basic uniformity of belief helps promote social
cohesiveness.
POSITIVE EFFECTS OF RELIGION
2. RELIGION PROVIDES SOCIAL CHANGE
• religion has the potential to institute social
change, especially in the issues concerning
poverty, reproductive health, gender equality,
and religious discrimination
3. RELIGION REDUCES FEAR OF THE UNKNOWN
• Religion was developed for man’s need to have a sense of origin and destination; to
discover where they came from and where they are bound to go to when they die.
• Religion provides answers from phenomena and questions that science and reasons
cannot explain.
• Myths about the origin of people abound with stories of groups of people being created by
gods and goddess, perpetuating the notion that people came from supreme beings and
will eventually go back to them in the afterlife.
• More importantly, religion has provided assurance as to where spirits will go when people
die, reducing people’s fear of death as something undesirable.
POSITIVE EFFECTS OF RELIGION
4. RELIGION GIVES POSITIVE GOALS IN LIFE
• People were inspired by the stories of different prophets from their own religious affiliations,
like that of Moses, Siddhartha Gautama and Muhammad.
• Those people showed how ordinary people like them were given important missions in life, and
how they struggle to carry out their respective missions.
• Moses was ordered to liberate the Hebrews from slavery in Egypt and lead them back to the
promised land;
• Mohammad was chosen to challenge the supremacy of ruling class in the dessert by preaching
equality and founding the Islamic religion; while Siddhartha Gautama gave up his wealth and
power to find the solution for sickness, poverty, old age and death.
• Their narratives-perpetuated through religion- may give a people a sense of meaning in life;
that they are not placed in this world without a purpose; that each and everyone has a mission
to fulfill and it is up to them to fathom what their missions in life are.
POSITIVE EFFECTS OF RELIGION
5. RELIGION GIVES PEOPLE A SENSE OF BELONGING
• Just as a family, ethnicity, or nationality give people a sense of belonging,
so does religion.
• For some, religion provides people with personal identity as part of a group
with similar worldviews, beliefs, values, practices and life styles.
• It provides communities with prospects to recognize and offer what action
and service to provide the needs of the larger community.
• Belonging to a particular region- whose members share the same beliefs,
practice the same rituals, and worship the same god- gives individuals a
sense of being in the right place and right people.
POSITIVE EFFECTS OF RELIGION
NEGATIVE EFFECTS OF RELIGION
1. RELIGION AFFIRMS SOCIAL HIERARCHY
• Some religion affirms social hierarchy often favoring men and as a result, perpetuate the
notion of class or gender discrimination and oppression.
• Another example of religion reflecting the hierarchy of political structure would be the
Confucian emphasis on the relation between the ruler and the subject, with the former
exercising authority over the latter.
• The traditional caste system in India would also reflect how religion reflects political and
social structures since it propagated the idea that people had to be subdivided into
certain social class with particular social roles and that the attainment of moksha would
depend on how they perform their duties based on their designated class.
NEGATIVE EFFECTS OF RELIGION
2. RELIGION CAUSES DISCRIMINATION
• Religious fanaticism can lead to feelings of hatred, which could lead to
racism, and eventually violence.
NEGATIVE EFFECTS OF RELIGION
3. RELIGION TRIGGERS CONFLICTS AND FIGHTS
• Religion also has some aspects which make it susceptible to be a source of conflict
and war.
• History witnessed numerous life sacrificed and lost in the name of religion. Wars have
been fought in the name of religion, and this phenomenon continues up to the
present time.
NEGATIVE EFFECTS OF RELIGION
4. RELIGION AS AN ECONOMIC TOOL FOR
EXPLOITING THE MASSES
NEGATIVE EFFECTS OF RELIGION
5. RELIGION IMPEDES
SCIENTIFIC SUCCESS AND
DEVELOPMENT
POSTER MAKING ACTIVITY
POSITIVE & NEGATIVE EFFECTS OF RELIGION
HISTORICAL
EVENTS
CAUSED BY
RELIGION
HISTORICAL EVENTS CAUSED BY RELIGION
• SELF-IMMOLATION OF A BUDDHIST MONK IN VIETNAM
Self-immolation, or the killing of oneself as a form of
sacrifice, originally referred to as the act of setting oneself
on fire. But now it refers to a much wider range of suicidal
choices such as leaping off a cliff, starvation, or ritual
removing of the guts (also known as the seppuku). It is used
as a form of political protest or martyrdom.
HISTORICAL EVENTS CAUSED BY RELIGION
• WIDOW BURNING AMONG THE HINDUS IN INDIA
• Sati, or the practice of self-immolation of a widow on her
husband’s funeral pyre, is said to have originated 700 years
ago in India
HISTORICAL EVENTS CAUSED BY RELIGION
• THE INQUISITION
• Inquisition refers to the Roman Catholic Church groups charged with the subduing
heresy from around 1184, which includes the Episcopal Inquisition (1184-1230s) and the
Papal Inquisition (1230s).
• The word “inquisition” has somehow become associated with the word “torture”. This
was because after 1252, torture was used to punish the heretics. On May 15, a papal bull
was issued by a Pope Innocent IV, the Ad Exstripanda, which authorized the use of torture by
inquisitors. One common form of torture was the strappado, wherein the hands were bound
behind the back with a rope, and the accused was suspended this way, dislocating the joints
painfully in both arms.
HISTORICAL EVENTS CAUSED BY RELIGION
• THE GODHRA TRAIN INCEDENT
• In February 2002, a train was set on fire in which 59 people including 29
women and 15 children, were killed. The fire happened inside the Sabarmati
Express train near the Godhra railway station in the Indian staten of Gujarat. Those
who died inside the train were mostly Hindu pilgrims and activist returning from the
holy city of Ayodhya after a religious ceremony at the disputed Babri Masjid site. It
took six years for the commission appointed to investigate the said incident to
conclude that the fire was committed by a mob of 1000-2000 people. 31 Muslims
were convicted by the court for the incident and conspiracy for the crime.
SONG ANALYSIS
• Directions: Listen to John Lennon’s song “imagine”
and discuss the possible consequences if a society
has no religion. List at least five possible
consequences and present it in the class.
WEEK 1 IWRBS PPT.pptx

Weitere ähnliche Inhalte

Was ist angesagt?

Module 6: PHILOSOPHY The human person in society
Module 6: PHILOSOPHY  The human person in societyModule 6: PHILOSOPHY  The human person in society
Module 6: PHILOSOPHY The human person in societyGAMALI Roper
 
Geography and religion revised
Geography and religion revisedGeography and religion revised
Geography and religion revisedBeberly Fabayos
 
Introduction to religion-world religions
Introduction to religion-world religionsIntroduction to religion-world religions
Introduction to religion-world religionsDe La Salle University
 
Discipline and Ideas in the Social Sciences
Discipline and Ideas in the Social Sciences Discipline and Ideas in the Social Sciences
Discipline and Ideas in the Social Sciences Nash Yusop
 
The Human Person in Their Environment
The Human Person in Their EnvironmentThe Human Person in Their Environment
The Human Person in Their EnvironmentAntonio Delgado
 
Understanding the Nature of religion
Understanding the Nature of religionUnderstanding the Nature of religion
Understanding the Nature of religionJamesPermale1
 
TRUTH AND OPINION-Week 2.ppt
TRUTH AND OPINION-Week 2.pptTRUTH AND OPINION-Week 2.ppt
TRUTH AND OPINION-Week 2.pptDARRENLOUIEESTOMO
 
Human Person and Freedom
Human Person and FreedomHuman Person and Freedom
Human Person and FreedomMonica Ojos
 
Introduction to World Religions
Introduction to World ReligionsIntroduction to World Religions
Introduction to World ReligionsRyan LeBlanc
 
Introduction to the philosophy of the human person
Introduction to the philosophy of the human personIntroduction to the philosophy of the human person
Introduction to the philosophy of the human personThess Isidoro
 

Was ist angesagt? (20)

Week-1.pdf
Week-1.pdfWeek-1.pdf
Week-1.pdf
 
G11 iwrbs 01
G11 iwrbs   01G11 iwrbs   01
G11 iwrbs 01
 
The human person in their environment
The human person in their environmentThe human person in their environment
The human person in their environment
 
Module 6: PHILOSOPHY The human person in society
Module 6: PHILOSOPHY  The human person in societyModule 6: PHILOSOPHY  The human person in society
Module 6: PHILOSOPHY The human person in society
 
JUDAISM: CONCEPT AND INTRODUCTION
JUDAISM: CONCEPT AND INTRODUCTIONJUDAISM: CONCEPT AND INTRODUCTION
JUDAISM: CONCEPT AND INTRODUCTION
 
Geography and religion revised
Geography and religion revisedGeography and religion revised
Geography and religion revised
 
Introduction to religion-world religions
Introduction to religion-world religionsIntroduction to religion-world religions
Introduction to religion-world religions
 
Discipline and Ideas in the Social Sciences
Discipline and Ideas in the Social Sciences Discipline and Ideas in the Social Sciences
Discipline and Ideas in the Social Sciences
 
The Human Person in Their Environment
The Human Person in Their EnvironmentThe Human Person in Their Environment
The Human Person in Their Environment
 
Understanding the Nature of religion
Understanding the Nature of religionUnderstanding the Nature of religion
Understanding the Nature of religion
 
Lesson 3 positive and negative effects of religion
Lesson 3 positive and negative effects of religionLesson 3 positive and negative effects of religion
Lesson 3 positive and negative effects of religion
 
IWRBS Module 2-2.pptx
IWRBS Module 2-2.pptxIWRBS Module 2-2.pptx
IWRBS Module 2-2.pptx
 
TRUTH AND OPINION-Week 2.ppt
TRUTH AND OPINION-Week 2.pptTRUTH AND OPINION-Week 2.ppt
TRUTH AND OPINION-Week 2.ppt
 
Lesson 1 understanding the nature of religion
Lesson 1 understanding the nature of religionLesson 1 understanding the nature of religion
Lesson 1 understanding the nature of religion
 
Human Person and Freedom
Human Person and FreedomHuman Person and Freedom
Human Person and Freedom
 
Intersubjectivity
IntersubjectivityIntersubjectivity
Intersubjectivity
 
Introduction to World Religions
Introduction to World ReligionsIntroduction to World Religions
Introduction to World Religions
 
Lesson 6 Islam
Lesson 6 IslamLesson 6 Islam
Lesson 6 Islam
 
Itwrbs m9
Itwrbs m9Itwrbs m9
Itwrbs m9
 
Introduction to the philosophy of the human person
Introduction to the philosophy of the human personIntroduction to the philosophy of the human person
Introduction to the philosophy of the human person
 

Ähnlich wie WEEK 1 IWRBS PPT.pptx

Lesson 1 Understanding the Nature of Religions.pptx
Lesson 1 Understanding the Nature of Religions.pptxLesson 1 Understanding the Nature of Religions.pptx
Lesson 1 Understanding the Nature of Religions.pptxLouieAndreuValle
 
Lesson 1 Understanding the Nature of Religions.pptx
Lesson 1 Understanding the Nature of Religions.pptxLesson 1 Understanding the Nature of Religions.pptx
Lesson 1 Understanding the Nature of Religions.pptxLouieAndreuValle
 
Religious Studies: Approaches and Insights
Religious Studies: Approaches and InsightsReligious Studies: Approaches and Insights
Religious Studies: Approaches and InsightsWalter Ratliff
 
World Religion Lesson1
World Religion Lesson1World Religion Lesson1
World Religion Lesson1Shine Abcede
 
scribd.vdownloaders.com_introduction-to-religions-religious-experiences-and-s...
scribd.vdownloaders.com_introduction-to-religions-religious-experiences-and-s...scribd.vdownloaders.com_introduction-to-religions-religious-experiences-and-s...
scribd.vdownloaders.com_introduction-to-religions-religious-experiences-and-s...Rogie David
 
INT-525 topic 3
INT-525 topic 3INT-525 topic 3
INT-525 topic 3S Meyer
 
Rlg 101 chapter 1
Rlg 101 chapter 1Rlg 101 chapter 1
Rlg 101 chapter 1Mut Somoeun
 
8 mediation and spirituality in the postmodern context
8 mediation and spirituality in the postmodern context8 mediation and spirituality in the postmodern context
8 mediation and spirituality in the postmodern contextjoshva raja john
 
Intro unit power point
Intro unit power pointIntro unit power point
Intro unit power pointwendlingk
 
Week 11: Religion
Week 11: Religion Week 11: Religion
Week 11: Religion kilgore1
 
smlycauys7ajrwxylril-signature-110154cc150fa09235c0c6d8781d58bc642c625cf2c89c...
smlycauys7ajrwxylril-signature-110154cc150fa09235c0c6d8781d58bc642c625cf2c89c...smlycauys7ajrwxylril-signature-110154cc150fa09235c0c6d8781d58bc642c625cf2c89c...
smlycauys7ajrwxylril-signature-110154cc150fa09235c0c6d8781d58bc642c625cf2c89c...DesireTSamillano
 
Chapter 6: Religion in Anthropology
Chapter 6: Religion in AnthropologyChapter 6: Religion in Anthropology
Chapter 6: Religion in AnthropologySagar Ibrahim Siyal
 
CMV-101 Topic 1 Week 2 -Types of Worldviews
CMV-101 Topic 1 Week 2 -Types of WorldviewsCMV-101 Topic 1 Week 2 -Types of Worldviews
CMV-101 Topic 1 Week 2 -Types of WorldviewsS Meyer
 
The Ecology of Transformation - An Indigenous/Ecological Approach
The Ecology of Transformation - An Indigenous/Ecological ApproachThe Ecology of Transformation - An Indigenous/Ecological Approach
The Ecology of Transformation - An Indigenous/Ecological Approachkatia7sol
 
RELIGION AND BELIEF SYSTEMS.pptx
RELIGION AND BELIEF SYSTEMS.pptxRELIGION AND BELIEF SYSTEMS.pptx
RELIGION AND BELIEF SYSTEMS.pptxMICHAELISIDORO2
 

Ähnlich wie WEEK 1 IWRBS PPT.pptx (20)

Lesson 1 Understanding the Nature of Religions.pptx
Lesson 1 Understanding the Nature of Religions.pptxLesson 1 Understanding the Nature of Religions.pptx
Lesson 1 Understanding the Nature of Religions.pptx
 
Lesson 1 Understanding the Nature of Religions.pptx
Lesson 1 Understanding the Nature of Religions.pptxLesson 1 Understanding the Nature of Religions.pptx
Lesson 1 Understanding the Nature of Religions.pptx
 
Religious Studies: Approaches and Insights
Religious Studies: Approaches and InsightsReligious Studies: Approaches and Insights
Religious Studies: Approaches and Insights
 
World Religion Lesson1
World Religion Lesson1World Religion Lesson1
World Religion Lesson1
 
scribd.vdownloaders.com_introduction-to-religions-religious-experiences-and-s...
scribd.vdownloaders.com_introduction-to-religions-religious-experiences-and-s...scribd.vdownloaders.com_introduction-to-religions-religious-experiences-and-s...
scribd.vdownloaders.com_introduction-to-religions-religious-experiences-and-s...
 
INT-525 topic 3
INT-525 topic 3INT-525 topic 3
INT-525 topic 3
 
Rlg 101 chapter 1
Rlg 101 chapter 1Rlg 101 chapter 1
Rlg 101 chapter 1
 
Worldview & Religion
Worldview & ReligionWorldview & Religion
Worldview & Religion
 
8 mediation and spirituality in the postmodern context
8 mediation and spirituality in the postmodern context8 mediation and spirituality in the postmodern context
8 mediation and spirituality in the postmodern context
 
Intro unit power point
Intro unit power pointIntro unit power point
Intro unit power point
 
Week 11: Religion
Week 11: Religion Week 11: Religion
Week 11: Religion
 
smlycauys7ajrwxylril-signature-110154cc150fa09235c0c6d8781d58bc642c625cf2c89c...
smlycauys7ajrwxylril-signature-110154cc150fa09235c0c6d8781d58bc642c625cf2c89c...smlycauys7ajrwxylril-signature-110154cc150fa09235c0c6d8781d58bc642c625cf2c89c...
smlycauys7ajrwxylril-signature-110154cc150fa09235c0c6d8781d58bc642c625cf2c89c...
 
Apologetics and World Religions PPT
Apologetics and World Religions PPTApologetics and World Religions PPT
Apologetics and World Religions PPT
 
Chapter 6: Religion in Anthropology
Chapter 6: Religion in AnthropologyChapter 6: Religion in Anthropology
Chapter 6: Religion in Anthropology
 
Primal Folk Religions
Primal Folk ReligionsPrimal Folk Religions
Primal Folk Religions
 
Bosch introduction
Bosch introductionBosch introduction
Bosch introduction
 
What is religion
What is religionWhat is religion
What is religion
 
CMV-101 Topic 1 Week 2 -Types of Worldviews
CMV-101 Topic 1 Week 2 -Types of WorldviewsCMV-101 Topic 1 Week 2 -Types of Worldviews
CMV-101 Topic 1 Week 2 -Types of Worldviews
 
The Ecology of Transformation - An Indigenous/Ecological Approach
The Ecology of Transformation - An Indigenous/Ecological ApproachThe Ecology of Transformation - An Indigenous/Ecological Approach
The Ecology of Transformation - An Indigenous/Ecological Approach
 
RELIGION AND BELIEF SYSTEMS.pptx
RELIGION AND BELIEF SYSTEMS.pptxRELIGION AND BELIEF SYSTEMS.pptx
RELIGION AND BELIEF SYSTEMS.pptx
 

Kürzlich hochgeladen

Measures of Position DECILES for ungrouped data
Measures of Position DECILES for ungrouped dataMeasures of Position DECILES for ungrouped data
Measures of Position DECILES for ungrouped dataBabyAnnMotar
 
Textual Evidence in Reading and Writing of SHS
Textual Evidence in Reading and Writing of SHSTextual Evidence in Reading and Writing of SHS
Textual Evidence in Reading and Writing of SHSMae Pangan
 
4.11.24 Mass Incarceration and the New Jim Crow.pptx
4.11.24 Mass Incarceration and the New Jim Crow.pptx4.11.24 Mass Incarceration and the New Jim Crow.pptx
4.11.24 Mass Incarceration and the New Jim Crow.pptxmary850239
 
Man or Manufactured_ Redefining Humanity Through Biopunk Narratives.pptx
Man or Manufactured_ Redefining Humanity Through Biopunk Narratives.pptxMan or Manufactured_ Redefining Humanity Through Biopunk Narratives.pptx
Man or Manufactured_ Redefining Humanity Through Biopunk Narratives.pptxDhatriParmar
 
DIFFERENT BASKETRY IN THE PHILIPPINES PPT.pptx
DIFFERENT BASKETRY IN THE PHILIPPINES PPT.pptxDIFFERENT BASKETRY IN THE PHILIPPINES PPT.pptx
DIFFERENT BASKETRY IN THE PHILIPPINES PPT.pptxMichelleTuguinay1
 
ROLES IN A STAGE PRODUCTION in arts.pptx
ROLES IN A STAGE PRODUCTION in arts.pptxROLES IN A STAGE PRODUCTION in arts.pptx
ROLES IN A STAGE PRODUCTION in arts.pptxVanesaIglesias10
 
BIOCHEMISTRY-CARBOHYDRATE METABOLISM CHAPTER 2.pptx
BIOCHEMISTRY-CARBOHYDRATE METABOLISM CHAPTER 2.pptxBIOCHEMISTRY-CARBOHYDRATE METABOLISM CHAPTER 2.pptx
BIOCHEMISTRY-CARBOHYDRATE METABOLISM CHAPTER 2.pptxSayali Powar
 
Oppenheimer Film Discussion for Philosophy and Film
Oppenheimer Film Discussion for Philosophy and FilmOppenheimer Film Discussion for Philosophy and Film
Oppenheimer Film Discussion for Philosophy and FilmStan Meyer
 
31 ĐỀ THI THỬ VÀO LỚP 10 - TIẾNG ANH - FORM MỚI 2025 - 40 CÂU HỎI - BÙI VĂN V...
31 ĐỀ THI THỬ VÀO LỚP 10 - TIẾNG ANH - FORM MỚI 2025 - 40 CÂU HỎI - BÙI VĂN V...31 ĐỀ THI THỬ VÀO LỚP 10 - TIẾNG ANH - FORM MỚI 2025 - 40 CÂU HỎI - BÙI VĂN V...
31 ĐỀ THI THỬ VÀO LỚP 10 - TIẾNG ANH - FORM MỚI 2025 - 40 CÂU HỎI - BÙI VĂN V...Nguyen Thanh Tu Collection
 
Visit to a blind student's school🧑‍🦯🧑‍🦯(community medicine)
Visit to a blind student's school🧑‍🦯🧑‍🦯(community medicine)Visit to a blind student's school🧑‍🦯🧑‍🦯(community medicine)
Visit to a blind student's school🧑‍🦯🧑‍🦯(community medicine)lakshayb543
 
ClimART Action | eTwinning Project
ClimART Action    |    eTwinning ProjectClimART Action    |    eTwinning Project
ClimART Action | eTwinning Projectjordimapav
 
Concurrency Control in Database Management system
Concurrency Control in Database Management systemConcurrency Control in Database Management system
Concurrency Control in Database Management systemChristalin Nelson
 
Decoding the Tweet _ Practical Criticism in the Age of Hashtag.pptx
Decoding the Tweet _ Practical Criticism in the Age of Hashtag.pptxDecoding the Tweet _ Practical Criticism in the Age of Hashtag.pptx
Decoding the Tweet _ Practical Criticism in the Age of Hashtag.pptxDhatriParmar
 
Team Lead Succeed – Helping you and your team achieve high-performance teamwo...
Team Lead Succeed – Helping you and your team achieve high-performance teamwo...Team Lead Succeed – Helping you and your team achieve high-performance teamwo...
Team Lead Succeed – Helping you and your team achieve high-performance teamwo...Association for Project Management
 
Mental Health Awareness - a toolkit for supporting young minds
Mental Health Awareness - a toolkit for supporting young mindsMental Health Awareness - a toolkit for supporting young minds
Mental Health Awareness - a toolkit for supporting young mindsPooky Knightsmith
 
Student Profile Sample - We help schools to connect the data they have, with ...
Student Profile Sample - We help schools to connect the data they have, with ...Student Profile Sample - We help schools to connect the data they have, with ...
Student Profile Sample - We help schools to connect the data they have, with ...Seán Kennedy
 
Active Learning Strategies (in short ALS).pdf
Active Learning Strategies (in short ALS).pdfActive Learning Strategies (in short ALS).pdf
Active Learning Strategies (in short ALS).pdfPatidar M
 
Transaction Management in Database Management System
Transaction Management in Database Management SystemTransaction Management in Database Management System
Transaction Management in Database Management SystemChristalin Nelson
 

Kürzlich hochgeladen (20)

Mattingly "AI & Prompt Design: Large Language Models"
Mattingly "AI & Prompt Design: Large Language Models"Mattingly "AI & Prompt Design: Large Language Models"
Mattingly "AI & Prompt Design: Large Language Models"
 
Measures of Position DECILES for ungrouped data
Measures of Position DECILES for ungrouped dataMeasures of Position DECILES for ungrouped data
Measures of Position DECILES for ungrouped data
 
Textual Evidence in Reading and Writing of SHS
Textual Evidence in Reading and Writing of SHSTextual Evidence in Reading and Writing of SHS
Textual Evidence in Reading and Writing of SHS
 
4.11.24 Mass Incarceration and the New Jim Crow.pptx
4.11.24 Mass Incarceration and the New Jim Crow.pptx4.11.24 Mass Incarceration and the New Jim Crow.pptx
4.11.24 Mass Incarceration and the New Jim Crow.pptx
 
Man or Manufactured_ Redefining Humanity Through Biopunk Narratives.pptx
Man or Manufactured_ Redefining Humanity Through Biopunk Narratives.pptxMan or Manufactured_ Redefining Humanity Through Biopunk Narratives.pptx
Man or Manufactured_ Redefining Humanity Through Biopunk Narratives.pptx
 
DIFFERENT BASKETRY IN THE PHILIPPINES PPT.pptx
DIFFERENT BASKETRY IN THE PHILIPPINES PPT.pptxDIFFERENT BASKETRY IN THE PHILIPPINES PPT.pptx
DIFFERENT BASKETRY IN THE PHILIPPINES PPT.pptx
 
ROLES IN A STAGE PRODUCTION in arts.pptx
ROLES IN A STAGE PRODUCTION in arts.pptxROLES IN A STAGE PRODUCTION in arts.pptx
ROLES IN A STAGE PRODUCTION in arts.pptx
 
BIOCHEMISTRY-CARBOHYDRATE METABOLISM CHAPTER 2.pptx
BIOCHEMISTRY-CARBOHYDRATE METABOLISM CHAPTER 2.pptxBIOCHEMISTRY-CARBOHYDRATE METABOLISM CHAPTER 2.pptx
BIOCHEMISTRY-CARBOHYDRATE METABOLISM CHAPTER 2.pptx
 
Oppenheimer Film Discussion for Philosophy and Film
Oppenheimer Film Discussion for Philosophy and FilmOppenheimer Film Discussion for Philosophy and Film
Oppenheimer Film Discussion for Philosophy and Film
 
31 ĐỀ THI THỬ VÀO LỚP 10 - TIẾNG ANH - FORM MỚI 2025 - 40 CÂU HỎI - BÙI VĂN V...
31 ĐỀ THI THỬ VÀO LỚP 10 - TIẾNG ANH - FORM MỚI 2025 - 40 CÂU HỎI - BÙI VĂN V...31 ĐỀ THI THỬ VÀO LỚP 10 - TIẾNG ANH - FORM MỚI 2025 - 40 CÂU HỎI - BÙI VĂN V...
31 ĐỀ THI THỬ VÀO LỚP 10 - TIẾNG ANH - FORM MỚI 2025 - 40 CÂU HỎI - BÙI VĂN V...
 
Visit to a blind student's school🧑‍🦯🧑‍🦯(community medicine)
Visit to a blind student's school🧑‍🦯🧑‍🦯(community medicine)Visit to a blind student's school🧑‍🦯🧑‍🦯(community medicine)
Visit to a blind student's school🧑‍🦯🧑‍🦯(community medicine)
 
ClimART Action | eTwinning Project
ClimART Action    |    eTwinning ProjectClimART Action    |    eTwinning Project
ClimART Action | eTwinning Project
 
Concurrency Control in Database Management system
Concurrency Control in Database Management systemConcurrency Control in Database Management system
Concurrency Control in Database Management system
 
Decoding the Tweet _ Practical Criticism in the Age of Hashtag.pptx
Decoding the Tweet _ Practical Criticism in the Age of Hashtag.pptxDecoding the Tweet _ Practical Criticism in the Age of Hashtag.pptx
Decoding the Tweet _ Practical Criticism in the Age of Hashtag.pptx
 
Paradigm shift in nursing research by RS MEHTA
Paradigm shift in nursing research by RS MEHTAParadigm shift in nursing research by RS MEHTA
Paradigm shift in nursing research by RS MEHTA
 
Team Lead Succeed – Helping you and your team achieve high-performance teamwo...
Team Lead Succeed – Helping you and your team achieve high-performance teamwo...Team Lead Succeed – Helping you and your team achieve high-performance teamwo...
Team Lead Succeed – Helping you and your team achieve high-performance teamwo...
 
Mental Health Awareness - a toolkit for supporting young minds
Mental Health Awareness - a toolkit for supporting young mindsMental Health Awareness - a toolkit for supporting young minds
Mental Health Awareness - a toolkit for supporting young minds
 
Student Profile Sample - We help schools to connect the data they have, with ...
Student Profile Sample - We help schools to connect the data they have, with ...Student Profile Sample - We help schools to connect the data they have, with ...
Student Profile Sample - We help schools to connect the data they have, with ...
 
Active Learning Strategies (in short ALS).pdf
Active Learning Strategies (in short ALS).pdfActive Learning Strategies (in short ALS).pdf
Active Learning Strategies (in short ALS).pdf
 
Transaction Management in Database Management System
Transaction Management in Database Management SystemTransaction Management in Database Management System
Transaction Management in Database Management System
 

WEEK 1 IWRBS PPT.pptx

  • 1. INTRODUCTION TO WORLD RELIGIONS & BELIEF SYSTEMS WORLDVIEWS ,BELIEF SYSTEMS & RELIGION
  • 2. PRETEST • Directions: Choose the letter of the best answer and write it on a separate sheet of paper.
  • 3. 1. A WORLDVIEW IS SIMILAR TO____________________________. A.understanding about life B.belief system C.opinion D.both a & b
  • 4. 2. WHICH STATEMENT IS NOT A BELIEF SYSTEM? • A. I believe I can fly. • B. “An unexamined life is not worth living for.” (Socrates) • C. “Si Malakas at si Maganda” the Filipino version of Creation story. • D. The West Philippine sea belongs to Filipinos as affirmed by an as arbitrary tribunal in Hague, Netherland.
  • 5. 3. IDENTIFY THE STATEMENT THAT DOES NOT DESCRIBE A SPIRITUAL PERSON. • A. A person who sees God always in all things. • B. A person who always goes to church on Sundays. • C. A person who experiences “Bodhi ” or “Enlightenment.” • D. A person who feels the force of nature and become one with it.
  • 6. 4. SINCE TIME IMMEMORIAL, BELIEF TO A DIVINE BEING IS PRACTICED BY PEOPLE IN DIFFERENT CULTURAL MILIEU AND TRADITIONS. THERE ARE EVEN THOSE WHO WORSHIP ANIMALS LIKE THE GOLDEN CALF IN IN THE OLD TESTAMENT AS THEIR GOD. OTHER CULTURE EVEN CONSIDER MILLIONS OF SMALL GODS LIKE THE HINDUS. HOW DO YOU CALL THE PEOPLE WHO BELIEVE IN ONE GOD? • A. Polytheists • B. Monotheists • C. Pantheists • D. Atheists
  • 7. 5. AS INDIVIDUALS WE USE DIFFERENT LENSES IN SEEING THINGS AND REALITIES AROUND US. CONFLICTS SOMETIMES ARISE IN DEFENSE OF THEIR POINT OF VIEW. OUR PLURALISTIC SOCIETY HAS ALSO VARIED BELIEF SYSTEMS. WHAT STATEMENT BEST DESCRIBED WHAT A BELIEF SYSTEM IS? • A. A particular way of ordering the realities of the world. • B. The religious preferences of a person or group • C. Anything that we do and think about all the time. • D. A speculative thinking and ritualistic habit of different people.
  • 8.
  • 9. E Y T I P S R I U L A I T F SPIRITUALITY
  • 12.
  • 13.
  • 14.
  • 15.
  • 16.
  • 17. LESSON 1 - WORLDVIEW, BELIEF SYSTEMS AND RELIGION
  • 18.
  • 19.
  • 20.
  • 21. • Carol Hill describes worldview, as • “By worldview (or belief system) I mean the basic way of interpreting things and events that pervades a culture so thoroughly that it becomes a culture’s concept of reality-what is good, what is important, what is sacred, what is real. • It is more than culture, even though the distinction between the two can sometimes be subtle. • It extends to perceptions of time and space, of happiness and well-being. The beliefs, values, and behaviors of culture stem directly from its worldview.” (Hill, 2007)
  • 22. •A very simple definition of a “worldview” is given by Matt Slick. According to him a worldview is a set of beliefs used to understand the world. E
  • 23. •Google has a simple definition, it says, ”Belief systems are the stories we tell ourselves to define our personal sense of ‘reality’ (the way things actually exist). Every human being has a belief system that he/she utilizes and it is through this mechanism that we individually “make sense” of the world around us.” •” It could be a set of beliefs or a philosophy of life.
  • 24. •Belief system shapes your worldview about the world, your existence, and relationships with your fellowmen. In other words, “ a worldview whether religious or nonreligious, is a personal insight about reality and meaning, often termed a “life understanding” which I may call a product of belief systems. • Most often worldviews are shaped by religions. Inside the box are worldviews about man’s perspective of God.
  • 25. • 1. Naturalism (e.g. Atheism, Agnosticism, Existentialism). -It denies the existence of God. The material universe is all that exist. • 2. Pantheism ( e.g. Hinduism, Taoism, Buddhism; much New Age Consciousness. - They believe that only the spiritual dimension exists. All else is illusion. Man is spiritual and eternal. • 3. Theism (e.g. Judaism, Christianity, Islam). -They believe that an infinite, personal God exists. God created the real world. People are created in the image of God.
  • 26. 4. Spiritism. -The world is inhabited by spirit beings who govern earthly activities. -Man is created by gods like the rest of the creatures on earth. Material things are real but they have spirits associated with them. 5. Polytheism: - This is the belief in many gods or deities. - The culture of Ancient Greeks and Romans depict this kind of beliefs.
  • 27. • .
  • 28. •Religion – is the human’s way of communicating to God •Theology – is the study of God’s way to humans •Philosopy of Religion – is a reflection of huma’s lived experience of God.
  • 29. ELEMENTS OF RELIGION 1. It reflects an effort to elevate their whole self to a higher dimension of existence 2. A framework of transcendent beliefs 3. Text or scriptures 4. Rituals 5. Sacred spaces
  • 30. ELEMENTS OF SPIRITUALITY •HOLISTIC •QUEST FOR MEANING •SUGGEST A SELF-REFLECTIVE EXISTENCE
  • 31. • Activity 1. Song Analysis Objective: Analyze the nature of God presented in the Song. Directions: 1. Listen or read the song “Who Am I.” 2. Prepare a separate paper for your answer. 3. Answer the questions below?
  • 32. • Critical Thinking Questions: 1. What does the song “Who am I?” say about who we are as a person? 2. What kind of God is presented in the song? Why? 3. How does faith in God provide answers to life’s questions? Give example from your concrete experiences.
  • 33. • Worldview • Monism • Monotheism • Atheism • Religion • Sprituality • Theology • Agnosticism • Polytheism • theism
  • 34. THE INTERPLAY OF RELIGION AND GEOGRAPHY
  • 35. RELIGION AND GEOGRAPHY •HOW DID RELIGION DEVELOP?
  • 36. GEOGRAPHY •is the study of earth and its people. Its features are things like continents, seas, rivers and mountains. (www.Wikipedia).
  • 38. RELIGIOUS GEOGRAPHY •which geographical ideas are influenced by religion such as early map-making, and biblical geography that developed in the 16th century to identify places from the Bible. .(Kong, 1990)
  • 39. GEOGRAPHICAL CONTEXT •Spreading the faith has been shaped •EXAMPLE(Genesis 12:1).
  • 40. •Do you know that major religions of the world have their origins in Asia?
  • 41. •Asia is the largest and most populous continent and the birthplace of many religions
  • 42. • Buddhism, • Christianity, • Confucianism, • Hinduism, Islam, • Jainism, • Judaism, • Shinto, • Sikhism, • Taoism • Zoroastrianism.
  • 43. EUROPE – WESTERN RELIGIONS •Judaism, •Christianity and •Islam
  • 44. ASIA - EASTERN RELIGIONS •Hinduism •Buddhism •Taoism •Shintoism
  • 45. CHRISTINE CARMELA R. RAMOS • “Introduction to the Philosophy of the Human Person.” 2016. • In the book, she discussed the specific characteristics between the western (occidental) and eastern (oriental) paradigm regarding the disparity of mindset of the two.
  • 46.
  • 47. WESTERN MINDS Greek culture Roman Empire Hellenism or the influenced of Greek culture among the Romans Then the Roman Empire extended all over Europe which was termed as the western hemisphere of the globe.
  • 48. SACRED PLACES • Holy Places • Religious experiences and the belief in religious meanings transformed physical spaces into sacred places • Hindus – Ganges River as sacred place • Jews - Mt. Sinai • Temples, churches and mosques are some of the sacred places for Buddhists, Christians and Muslims
  • 49. REGINA RICA (REGINA ROSARII INSTITUTE FOR CONTEMPLATION IN ASIA) - LOCATED IN A THIRTEEN AND HALF 13.5 HECTARES - ALONG MARILAQUE OR MARCOS HIGHWAY AT SITIO AGUHO, SAMPALOC TANAY, RIZAL.
  • 50. ACTIVITY: Activity 1. Step out! This place is holy Objective: Determine the different sacred places from various religious beliefs. Directions: 1. Reflect on the religious beliefs of sacred places in the pictures and then answer the following questions.
  • 51.
  • 53. •Understand the development of the different religions in a specific culture • •Appreciate the role of culture in the development of religion and ; • •Observe their influence in your interaction with your fellowmen, the world, nature and God.
  • 54. • Directions: Choose the letter of the best answer. 1. It is referred to as “ordinary way of life” in its broadest sense by Williams. What is it? A. Society B. Culture C. Politics D. Science 2. Perhaps you may encounter people who considered their own culture superior than others. Some of us laugh when a person we talk to has a Visayan accent. What do you call this kind of attitude? A. Monotheism B. Ethnocentrism C. Cultural Relativism D. Polytheism
  • 55. 3. Culture is dynamic. This means that culture •A. is genetically structured in man’s biological component. •B. can be accumulated throughout the lifetime of a person. •C. is diverse, and we adjust to other culture. •D. is never stagnant and keep on changing due to new social experiences of people.
  • 56. 4. Which statement reflects the relationship between religion, culture and geography? •A. Religion influenced culture and geography. •B. Culture influenced religion and geography •C. Geography influenced culture and religion. •D. All of the above
  • 57. 5. One of the statements reflects the beliefs of the Filipinos before Christianity was introduced? •A. Nabati •B. Nausog •C. nabalis •D. all of the above
  • 58.
  • 60. CULTURE •is “a whole way of life” The way we think, act or speak. It is “ordinary.” (Williams, 1958). •can be also dynamic, it can be shared, learned, transmitted from one generation to another, adaptive and integrated (Bodley,1999).
  • 61. •UNESCO defines culture as : •“The whole complex of distinctive spiritual, material, intellectual and emotional features that characterize a society or social group. It includes not only the arts and letters, but also modes of life, the fundamental rights of the human being, value systems, traditions and beliefs.”
  • 62. ETHNOCENTRISM •if you consider your own culture as superior from the rest
  • 63. CULTURALRELATIVISM •if you are open minded towards other culture without judging them and respect the diverse culture around you
  • 64. MULTICULTURALISM • multi-cultural society or simply we live amidst a multiculturalist world • According to Harrison (1994) multiculturalism is a theory about the foundations of a culture rather than a practice which subsumes cultural ideas. In a broader sense, the term is often use to describe societies which have many distinct cultural groups, usually as a result of immigration. (Vega, et al, 2009)
  • 65. RELIGION AND CULTURE •What is the role of culture in the development of religion?
  • 66. LAWRENCE MCKINNEY OBSERVED THAT •, “the discovery of bear skulls with unusual markings indicates the basis of a primitive religion while others, noting the existence of flower petals and pollen in ancient burial sites, have speculated on the possibility of Neanderthal funeral rites (McKinney,1994).
  • 67. NEW NORMAL CULTURE •is a deviation from the “normal” way of life to the “not normal” due to the Covid-19 pandemic. It is more of awareness and prevention against the pandemic which includes social distancing, wearing masks and washing of hands or using alcohol to avoid the virus.
  • 68. AMONG THE MANY FUNCTIONS OF RELIGION IDENTIFIED BY CALDERON (1998) ARE THE FOLLOWING • 1. Religion serves as a means of social control. • 2. It exerts a great influence upon personality development. • 3. Religion allays fear of the unknown. • 4. Religion explains events or situations which are beyond the comprehension of man. • 5. It gives man comfort, strength and hope in times of crisis and despair.
  • 69. AMONG THE MANY FUNCTIONS OF RELIGION IDENTIFIED BY CALDERON (1998) ARE THE FOLLOWING • 6. It preserves and transmits knowledge, skills, spiritual and cultural values and practices. • 7. It serves as an instrument of change. • 8. It promotes closeness, love, cooperation, friendliness and helpfulness. • 9. Religion alleviates sufferings from major calamities. • 10. It provides hope for a blissful life after death.
  • 70. ECUMENISM •- is a movement or tendency forward worldwide Christian unity or cooperation.
  • 71.
  • 72. • Worldviews ,Belief Systems & Religion • The Interplay of Religion and Geography • The Symbiosis of Religion and Culture
  • 73.
  • 74.
  • 75. INTRODUCTION TO WORLD RELIGIONS AND BELIEF SYSTEMS QUARTER 1 – MODULE 3: POSITIVE AND NEGATIVE EFFECTS OF RELIGION
  • 76. POSITIVE AND NEGATIVE EFFECTS OF RELIGION • Objectives: After going through this lesson, you are expected to: • 1. Identify the positive and negative effects of religions; • 2. Provide evidence that religion brought about an event in history; • 3. Justify that religion can have positive or negative effects on society.
  • 77. PRE-TEST • Directions: Arrange the jumbled letters. Write your answer on the space provided before each number. • • _____________1. D S I M I C N R A I I O N T ____________6. S C C E S U S • _____________2. C N F O L I C T ____________7. I G F H T • _____________3. U I T N Y ____________8. H R M A O Y N • _____________4. R L O E ____________9. P S I V E I T O • _____________5. A L V U S E ____________10. F E E F C T S
  • 78. INTRODUCTION TO WORLD RELIGIONS AND BELIEF SYSTEMS QUARTER 1 – MODULE 3: POSITIVE AND NEGATIVE EFFECTS OF RELIGION
  • 79.
  • 80.
  • 81.
  • 82.
  • 83.
  • 84.
  • 85. POSITIVE EFFECTS OF RELIGION 1. RELIGION PROMOTES SOCIAL HARMONY • Religion believes in supernatural beings and powers. • It practices a set of rituals and ceremonious rites of passage and rites of intensification. • It also regards religious leaders such as priests, priestesses and shamans in high esteem. • These characteristics help advance social harmony by assimilating and stabilizing cultures and nations. • Religion provides divine authority to ethical and moral principles which also help promote unity among people. • Common participation in rituals together with basic uniformity of belief helps promote social cohesiveness.
  • 86. POSITIVE EFFECTS OF RELIGION 2. RELIGION PROVIDES SOCIAL CHANGE • religion has the potential to institute social change, especially in the issues concerning poverty, reproductive health, gender equality, and religious discrimination
  • 87. 3. RELIGION REDUCES FEAR OF THE UNKNOWN • Religion was developed for man’s need to have a sense of origin and destination; to discover where they came from and where they are bound to go to when they die. • Religion provides answers from phenomena and questions that science and reasons cannot explain. • Myths about the origin of people abound with stories of groups of people being created by gods and goddess, perpetuating the notion that people came from supreme beings and will eventually go back to them in the afterlife. • More importantly, religion has provided assurance as to where spirits will go when people die, reducing people’s fear of death as something undesirable. POSITIVE EFFECTS OF RELIGION
  • 88. 4. RELIGION GIVES POSITIVE GOALS IN LIFE • People were inspired by the stories of different prophets from their own religious affiliations, like that of Moses, Siddhartha Gautama and Muhammad. • Those people showed how ordinary people like them were given important missions in life, and how they struggle to carry out their respective missions. • Moses was ordered to liberate the Hebrews from slavery in Egypt and lead them back to the promised land; • Mohammad was chosen to challenge the supremacy of ruling class in the dessert by preaching equality and founding the Islamic religion; while Siddhartha Gautama gave up his wealth and power to find the solution for sickness, poverty, old age and death. • Their narratives-perpetuated through religion- may give a people a sense of meaning in life; that they are not placed in this world without a purpose; that each and everyone has a mission to fulfill and it is up to them to fathom what their missions in life are. POSITIVE EFFECTS OF RELIGION
  • 89. 5. RELIGION GIVES PEOPLE A SENSE OF BELONGING • Just as a family, ethnicity, or nationality give people a sense of belonging, so does religion. • For some, religion provides people with personal identity as part of a group with similar worldviews, beliefs, values, practices and life styles. • It provides communities with prospects to recognize and offer what action and service to provide the needs of the larger community. • Belonging to a particular region- whose members share the same beliefs, practice the same rituals, and worship the same god- gives individuals a sense of being in the right place and right people. POSITIVE EFFECTS OF RELIGION
  • 90. NEGATIVE EFFECTS OF RELIGION 1. RELIGION AFFIRMS SOCIAL HIERARCHY • Some religion affirms social hierarchy often favoring men and as a result, perpetuate the notion of class or gender discrimination and oppression. • Another example of religion reflecting the hierarchy of political structure would be the Confucian emphasis on the relation between the ruler and the subject, with the former exercising authority over the latter. • The traditional caste system in India would also reflect how religion reflects political and social structures since it propagated the idea that people had to be subdivided into certain social class with particular social roles and that the attainment of moksha would depend on how they perform their duties based on their designated class.
  • 91. NEGATIVE EFFECTS OF RELIGION 2. RELIGION CAUSES DISCRIMINATION • Religious fanaticism can lead to feelings of hatred, which could lead to racism, and eventually violence.
  • 92. NEGATIVE EFFECTS OF RELIGION 3. RELIGION TRIGGERS CONFLICTS AND FIGHTS • Religion also has some aspects which make it susceptible to be a source of conflict and war. • History witnessed numerous life sacrificed and lost in the name of religion. Wars have been fought in the name of religion, and this phenomenon continues up to the present time.
  • 93. NEGATIVE EFFECTS OF RELIGION 4. RELIGION AS AN ECONOMIC TOOL FOR EXPLOITING THE MASSES
  • 94. NEGATIVE EFFECTS OF RELIGION 5. RELIGION IMPEDES SCIENTIFIC SUCCESS AND DEVELOPMENT
  • 95. POSTER MAKING ACTIVITY POSITIVE & NEGATIVE EFFECTS OF RELIGION
  • 96.
  • 97.
  • 99. HISTORICAL EVENTS CAUSED BY RELIGION • SELF-IMMOLATION OF A BUDDHIST MONK IN VIETNAM Self-immolation, or the killing of oneself as a form of sacrifice, originally referred to as the act of setting oneself on fire. But now it refers to a much wider range of suicidal choices such as leaping off a cliff, starvation, or ritual removing of the guts (also known as the seppuku). It is used as a form of political protest or martyrdom.
  • 100. HISTORICAL EVENTS CAUSED BY RELIGION • WIDOW BURNING AMONG THE HINDUS IN INDIA • Sati, or the practice of self-immolation of a widow on her husband’s funeral pyre, is said to have originated 700 years ago in India
  • 101. HISTORICAL EVENTS CAUSED BY RELIGION • THE INQUISITION • Inquisition refers to the Roman Catholic Church groups charged with the subduing heresy from around 1184, which includes the Episcopal Inquisition (1184-1230s) and the Papal Inquisition (1230s). • The word “inquisition” has somehow become associated with the word “torture”. This was because after 1252, torture was used to punish the heretics. On May 15, a papal bull was issued by a Pope Innocent IV, the Ad Exstripanda, which authorized the use of torture by inquisitors. One common form of torture was the strappado, wherein the hands were bound behind the back with a rope, and the accused was suspended this way, dislocating the joints painfully in both arms.
  • 102. HISTORICAL EVENTS CAUSED BY RELIGION • THE GODHRA TRAIN INCEDENT • In February 2002, a train was set on fire in which 59 people including 29 women and 15 children, were killed. The fire happened inside the Sabarmati Express train near the Godhra railway station in the Indian staten of Gujarat. Those who died inside the train were mostly Hindu pilgrims and activist returning from the holy city of Ayodhya after a religious ceremony at the disputed Babri Masjid site. It took six years for the commission appointed to investigate the said incident to conclude that the fire was committed by a mob of 1000-2000 people. 31 Muslims were convicted by the court for the incident and conspiracy for the crime.
  • 103. SONG ANALYSIS • Directions: Listen to John Lennon’s song “imagine” and discuss the possible consequences if a society has no religion. List at least five possible consequences and present it in the class.

Hinweis der Redaktion

  1. SEEKING..NAKIKIPAG USAP SA DI TAO O BAGAY..KUNDI SA DI NAKIKITA O SUPERNATURAL ENTITIES..LIKE God
  2. Pinagsama samang paniniwala ng mga tao regardless of your religion..institution na kinabibilangan mo
  3. Ano ano ang mga bagay na nakakaapekto dun sa paniniwala o anong paniniwala meron ka..example lumaki kasa cpmmunity ng mga Muslim,,probably ang paniniwala mo ay related sa paniniwala ng Muslim..ganun din pag sa katolika..eto nga pala ang ibat ibang dahilan kung bakit may ibat iba tayong paniniwala..
  4. organization More on belief that there is someone greater for you
  5. Religion flourishes in space and time not in a vacuum. Geography is the fertile ground for religion to flourish.
  6. For example, for the Jews the land of Canaan, is the land promised to them by their God Yahweh through Abraham. In the book of Genesis God said to Abraham, “Go from your land, from your birthplace, and from your father’s house to the land that I will show you.” (Genesis 12:1). This passage is central to their belief. They have to defend the land at all cost because it was given to them by Yahweh, their God.
  7. There is a significant disparity between Western and Eastern religions in terms of belief systems, worldview and philosophy about life. The mindset of the West is different from the mindset of the East. It is possible that the difference in mindset is brought by geographical influence.
  8. There are plenty of geographical places that are considered holy orsacred because of religion. The interplay of geography and religion not only highlights the role of religion in affecting landscape changes and in assigning sacred meanings to specific places, but also acknowledges how religious ideology and practices at specific spaces are guided and transformed by their location…
  9. It used to be a mountainous, serene, and peaceful location very close to nature overlooking Laguna lake. Now it is transformed into a pilgrimage site especially for Catholic Christian believers. This is a concrete example of how religion changes the landscape of a geographic location and context. Filipinos are very religious people and their dependence to God can be traced to the numerous sacred images and places around the country. Regina Rica in Tanay, Rizal is just one of them.
  10. The above activity introduces us to the possible relationship of the three concepts which are religion, geography and culture. The first two concepts are already discussed from the previous lesson. This lesson will focus on the concept of culture and its influence towards religious beliefs or vice versa.
  11. In our present age of technology wherein the world is one-big community and every human beings communicate through the internet from different cultural backgrounds, we cannot help but become a cultural relativist. We should respect the culture of others because we are all citizens of this world and we are all equal. As a member of a society, we have no choice but to interact with our fellowmen. In so doing, we can encounter people with different beliefs, practices or even have different philosophy in life.
  12. Although we can still observe people who are ethno centrists. In the course of time there are people who are ethno centrists and there are those who are cultural relativists. In terms of religious beliefs, there are people who are fundamentalists who defend their beliefs at all costs, and there are people who are open minded enough to respect the beliefs of OTHERS
  13. The evolution of culture is simultaneous with the evolution of man. As man progresses from homo habilis to homo sapiens, from Old Stone Age to New Stone Age then to Iron Age, Industrial Age and Technological age, significant changes in the way human acts, lives, or use tools have been observed. This is true in all dimensions of human life including religion. It was believed that man’s consciousness of the divine can be traced back to the time of the Neanderthals.
  14. The reality of death developed into a cultural funeral rite as a way of respecting the dead. This reality is taken seriously by religion and sought divine aide to solve the riddle of life. Our experience of the Covid-19 pandemic can attest to this. The sight of people dying left and right in hospitals, coffins paraded in the streets and millions of people all over the world struggling to survive from this malady triggered humans to depend on some divine power to intercede. The pandemic as of June , 2020, hit a record high of almost ten (10) million people affected all over the world and hundreds of thousands of deaths. Since no vaccine is in sight, posts in Facebook, messenger, Instagram, Twitter and even mainstream media are all dominated by God-related shares in a form of prayers and pleas for divine intervention.
  15. It is more of an awareness and prevention against the pandemic. This is one characteristic of culture, being dynamic and adaptive and so we adjust and adapt to the new culture. In the church for example, one important law is, Thou shalt keep Holy the Lord’s day. If one violates this commandment a believer commits a grievous sin. Under the new normal culture this is not relevant anymore. The church now can accommodate only a few. We can now attend masses or services at home. The church has to adjust to the new culture. This is how culture influences religion and vice versa. There are certain periods in history that the intermarriage between culture and religion, the latter dominates in shaping the way of life of the people. Let us take for example the functions of religion laid down by Calderon. He assumed that religion also influence not just the religious life but also social, economic and even political way of life of people.
  16. The ecumenical movement 13 seeks to recover the apostolic sense of the early church for unity in diversity, and it confronts the frustrations, difficulties, and ironies of the modern pluralistic world. It is a lively reassessment of the historical sources and destiny of what followers perceive to be the one, holy, catholic, and apostolic church of Jesus Christ
  17. If you look at the picture of Ghandi, he has a perfect reminder for everyone. He said, “Nobody in this world possesses absolute truth. This is God’s attribute alone. Relative truth is all we know.” Today, ecumenism is not only exclusive among Christian churches but it extends towards other religions through the principles of “unity in diversity” and “many paths yet only one destiny.” Ecumenism simply means that no religion possesses the whole truth as Gandhi reiterates.
  18. Inorporating religion into human rights..bad idea of Egypt Religion has become a very important aspect in the development of the civilization and culture. In fact, the most ancient societies based their worldviews on religion, and it has been proven to be beneficial to the attainment and maintenance of the social stability and cohesiveness. However, as time went by, religion has also become the basis of conflicts between societies, even within societies. While religion promoted solidarity among societies, it has also been the reason behind the outbreak of particular wars in the history. In this lesson, we will discuss the positive and negative effects of religion, as well as examples of historical events cause primarily by religion.
  19. This is the very reason why the principle of separation of state and religion was established in many countries. However, religion has served purposes beneficial to society in general. In one way or another, it inspires values that cultivate peace, compassion and kindness. Religion upholds traditions of shaping human spirituality and embracing the goodness in each individual.
  20. religion influence now our culture and society..what does it mean..ganito po yan yun pung religion ay naimpluwensyahan ng kultura at ang ating society na ginagalawan.. nayung religion nagiging basihan kung paano gumagalaw ang society..let me give you example
  21. In India..hindi po nila kinakain ang baka, cows are consirede sacred..yung religion naapektuhan nila ang kultura..hindi nila kinakain etong cow..kasi para sa kanila ay holy ang baka,,dahil pinaniniwalaan nila na ang baka doon nananahan ang gods at goddesses.. Kaya binibihisan nila..
  22. Pag nakapunta kapo sa Islamic countries..di po sila kumakain ng baboy, una madumi at unhealthy..pangalwa.. Biblical history,..na pinaalis ni Jesus ang ang mga demonyo at lumipat ito sa baboy at yung mga baboy ay lumipat sa bangin..another symbol po dian ay yung jalal..parang food beuraue ng mga muslim kapag may tatak nito honor ng muslim at maaring kainin ng muslim
  23. Pananampalataya ng Islam.. Na uri ng pananamit ng mga Muslim sa mga babae..sapagkat itoy bahagi ng community o society ng Mslim..kaya masasabi mo ah eto pala ay lugar ng mga Muslim
  24. Kakag sinabi mo na nakita mo ang larawan na ito papasok sa isip mo kung aware ka ay India..at ang India amy maraming gods at goddeses..kilala sila as Hinduism..picture ng kababaihan…sila ay nakicleansing sa ganges river..holy place kahit polluted naliligo sparin sila..pag nakita mo tong place na eto..ay sa India yan..sapagkat ang Religion po ay nagiging bahagi ng society o ng kultura na naninirahan doon
  25. Pagkakaisa..pagpopromote sa pagkakaisa
  26. Kapag may kasiraan nagsasalita po ang mga religious groups..at sila ay intern..o nagiging dahilan para maitama ang pagkakamali
  27. Kapag hindi natin maunawaan anong sinasabi natin..simplehan lang natin..Lord kayo napo ang bahala..itinataas kopo panginoon..hindi ko man po nauunawaan eto pero sa mata ng paniniwala sa mata ng aking paniniwala nagkakaroon po ng sense ang aking ginagawa
  28. When we believe in God..ang nangyayari sa atin hindi tayo napanghihinaan ng loob
  29. Religion has often been named as the culprit behind divisiveness and conflicts among people. There is also a belief that religion can be dangerous to society when used to advance the interest of a group of people at the expense of the other people especially those with different beliefs. Religious fundamentalism or the demand for a strict adherence to orthodox theological doctrines is often considered as the reason behind most religious conflicts. Some of the negative effects of religion which we will discuss in this lesson are: affirmation of social hierarchy; reason why people fight each other; promotion of discrimination; obstruction of scientific success and development; and hindrance to the use of reason.
  30. In Islam, the practice of wearing the hijab is considered by many critics as a form of suppression against Muslim women. Women have to cover their body, from head to toe, so as not to attract the attention of men—perpetuating the notion that women are temptation that men should avoid
  31. In Palestine, the Jews are in conflict with the Muslims; in Kashmir, it is the Muslims against the Hindu; in Sudan, it is the Muslims opposite Christians and animist; in Sri Lanka, it is the Sinhalese Buddhist against the Tamil Hindus; in Indonesia, it is Muslims contra Timorese Christians.
  32. According to the German philosopher Karl Marx, “religion is the opium if the masses”. This is in relation to his critical approach to religion in which he proposed that the bourgeoisie keeps the proletariat in control through religion. According to Marx, it maintains social in equality by propagating a worldview that justifies oppression. He believed that religion can be effectively used by the ruling class to maintain a social order that is more favorable to them. Whether one is Christian, Jewish, or Muslim, religious teachings justifying one’s acceptance of oppression as a normal part of life on earth and as a means to get an everlasting reward in the afterlife can be seen as a bourgeois tactic to maintain the status quo where they reap more resources and power in society. Thus, in Karl Marx’s conflict theory, the abolition of religion is also needed to liberate the masses to their oppressive state.
  33. Religion-based mortuary practices can also be detrimental to public health and sanitation. For example, during the cholera outbreak in the Philippines in the nineteenth century, the Catholic practice of having the dead body of cholera victims to be brought first to the church for a mass was seen as one reason why the cholera epidemic continued to spread rapidly. Liberal-minded individuals during that time believed it would be much safer and hygienic to immediately bury the dead instead of letting a lot of people be exposed to the dead body by observing religious practices. The same dilemma can also be seen in the outbreak of the Ebola virus in Africa. The Muslim practice of washing the dead’s body by relatives on the same gender is seen as the contributory to rapid spread of the Ebola Virus which can be transmitted through direct contact with the victim.
  34. In some religions in the world, religion has become very influential in almost every aspect of human activity- from personal routines to diplomatic relations. Furthermore, in each country there are majority and minority religious groups and sometimes the power struggle between these two groups escalates into historical development which often time shock the world. Here some of the historical events that are cause by religion.
  35. It is believed to have started among the ruling class or the Rajputs in India, when Rajput burnt themselves to death after their men were defeated in battles to avoid being taken by the conquerors. Later on, it has become a manifestation of wifely devotion. It has been outlawed by the British rulers in 1929 but rare cases still continue to occur. In 2006, a Hindu woman was reported to have sati in Tuslipar Village in the central state of Madhya Pradesh. The woman, whose name was Janakrani, was said to have burnt herself to death on the funeral pyre of her husband Prem Narayan. According to the villagers, after the cremation, the widow told them she had to attend to some work, but when they went looking for her they found her dead on the pyre. Reports said that nobody forced her to commit the act.
  36. The inquisition was a response to a large popular movements in Europe considered heretical or profane to Christianity, particularly Catharism (a Christian dualist movement which espoused the idea of two gods, one being good and other evil) and Waldensians (a Protestant Christian movement which advocate that apostolic poverty is the way to perfection) in Southern France and Southern Italy.