Oil and Gas Sector Report December 2017

India Brand Equity Foundation
India Brand Equity FoundationIndia Brand Equity Foundation
For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org December 2017
OIL & GAS
Table of Content
Executive Summary……………….….…….3
Advantage India…………………..….……...4
Market Overview and Trends………..……..6
Porters Five Forces Analysis.….…..……...28
Strategies Adopted……………...……….…30
Growth Drivers……………………..............33
Success Stories………….......…..…...…....43
Opportunities…….……….......…………..…40
Useful Information……….......………….….46
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EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
 In FY17, India had 234.5 MMTPA of refining capacity, making it the 2nd largest refiner in Asia. By the end of
2017, the oil refining capacity of India is expected to rise and reach more than 310 million tonnes. Private
companies own about 38.21 per cent of total refining capacity
Second largest refiner in
Asia
Source: US Energy Information Administration (EIA), Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas
 India’s energy demand is expected to double to 1,516 Mtoe by 2035 from 723.9 Mtoe in 2016. Moreover, the
country’s share in global primary energy consumption is projected to increase by 2-folds by 2035
World’s fourth-largest
energy consumer
 In 2016-17, India consumed 193.745 MMT of petroleum products. In 2017-18, up to October, the figure stood
at 134.599 MMT.
 India was 3rd largest consumer of crude oil and petroleum products in the world in 2016.
Fourth-largest consumer
of oil and petroleum
products
 LNG imports into the country accounted for about one-fourth of total gas demand, which is estimated to
further increase by two times, over next five years. To meet this rising demand the country plans to increase
its LNG import capacity to 50 million tonnes in the coming years.
 India increasingly relies on imported LNG; the country is the fourth largest LNG importer and accounted for
5.68 per cent of global imports.
 India imported 18.787 MMT of LNG during 2016-17, in comparison to16.217 MMT in 2015-16. LNG imports in
2017-18, up to October, were 11.15 MMT.
Fourth-largest LNG
importer in 2016
Notes: MMTPA - Million Metric Tonnes Per Annum, Mtoe – Million Tonnes of Oil Equivalent; mbpd – Million Barrels Per Day; Figures mentioned in this slide is as per latest data available
Oil and Gas
ADVANTAGE INDIA
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ADVANTAGE INDIA
 India is the world’s 4th largest energy
consumer; oil and gas account for
35.61 per cent of total energy
consumption in India
 Demand for primary energy in India is
to increase 3-fold by 2035 to 1,516
million tonnes of oil
 The University of Petroleum and Energy
Studies in Dehradun, Uttarakhand, is
Asia’s 1st and only energy university
 Indian Oil is going to invest Rs 1.8 trillion
over the next five to seven years to
expand its refining capacity.
 The government allows 100 per cent
Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in
upstream and private sector refining
projects
 The FDI limit for public sector refining
projects has been raised to 49 per cent
without any disinvestment or dilution of
domestic equity in the existing PSUs
 Government has enacted various
policies such as the New Exploration
Licensing Policy (NELP) and Coal Bed
Methane (CBM) policy to encourage
investments
 New domestic natural gas pricing
guidelines has been enforced on 10th
January 2014
ADVANTAGE
INDIA
Source: Business Monitor International (BMI), World Oil Outlook 2012, Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas, BP Statistical Review 2015,
Note: mbpd – Million Barrels Per Day, bcm – Billion Cubic Metres, F – Forecast; Figures mentioned in this slide is as per latest data available
Oil and Gas
MARKET OVERVIEW
AND TRENDS
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STATE-OWNED COMPANIES DOMINATE OIL AND GAS IN
INDIA
Source: BP Statistical Review 2015, US Energy Information Administration, Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas, Aranca Research
 India became the 3rd largest energy consumer in 2015 and continued to remain so in 2016.
 In FY17, oil production in the country reached 36.008 million metric tonnes as compared to 36.942 million metric tonnes in FY16. In 2017-18, up to
October, oil production stood at 21.063 million metric tonnes. As of 2016, the country had 600 million metric tonnes (MMT) of proven oil reserves
 India had 1.2 million cubic metres of proven gas reserves at the end of 2016 and produced 30.84 bcm of gas in FY17 which is expected to rise
and reach 34.119 bcm by the end of 2017.
 State-owned ONGC dominate the upstream segment.
 It is the largest upstream company in Exploration and Production (E&P) segment, accounting
for approximately 61.5 per cent of the country’s total oil output (FY17).
 IOCL operates a 13,391 km network of crude, gas and product pipelines, with a capacity of
1.896 mbpd of oil and 9.5 mmscmd of gas
 This is around 30 per cent of the nation’s total pipeline network
 IOCL is the largest company, controls 10 out of 22 Indian refineries, with a combined capacity
of 1.31 mbpd
 Reliance launched India’s 1st privately owned refinery in 1999 and has gained considerable
market share (30 per cent)
 Essar’s Vadinar refinery has a capacity of 20 mmtpa, currently accounting for around 10 per
cent of total refining capacity
Indian Oil and
Gas sector
Upstream segment
- exploration and
production
Midstream
segment – storage
and transportation
Downstream
segment – refining,
processing and
marketing
Notes: bcm – Billion Cubic Metres, tcf – Trillion Cubic Feet, mbpd – Million Barrels Per Day, mmscmd - Million Metric Standard Cubic Metre Per Day, tcm -- trillions of cubic meters, mmtpa -
- million metric tons per annum
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OIL SUPPLY AND DEMAND IN INDIA (1/2)
Source: Ministry of Oil and Natural Gas, BP Statistical Review 2015 BMI Forecasts, Aranca Research
Note: F – Forecast, CAGR – Compound Annual Growth Rate, mbpd – Million Barrels Per Day, mn bbl – Million Barrels, E- Estimated
3.08
3.24
3.32
3.49
3.69
3.73
3.85
4.00
4.00
4.13
0.00
0.50
1.00
1.50
2.00
2.50
3.00
3.50
4.00
4.50
2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017E
Oil consumption in India (2008-17) (mbpd) Oil consumption has expanded at a CAGR of 2.98 per cent during
FY2008–17E to reach 4.13 mbpd by 2017.
 Due to the expected strong growth in demand, India’s dependency
on oil imports is likely to increase further
 Rapid economic growth is leading to greater outputs, which in turn is
increasing the demand of oil for production and transportation
 With rising income levels, demand for automobile is estimated to
increase, in turn leading to augmented demand for oil and gas
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OIL SUPPLY AND DEMAND IN INDIA (2/2)
Source: Ministry of Oil and Natural Gas, BMI forecasts, Aranca Research
Note: F – Forecast, mbpd – Million Barrels Per Day, FY181-Up to October
 In FY17, total crude oil imports were valued at US$ 80.3 billion as
compared to US$ 70 billion in FY16. In FY17, imports accounted for
82 per cent of the country’s total oil demand. In FY18, up to October,
Crude Oil Production and Imports stood at 0.42 and 2.52 mbpd
respectively.
 In March 2017, the Indian Strategic Petroleum Reserve Ltd (ISPRL)
and Abu Dhabi National Oil Company (ADNOC) of UAE signed an
agreement, to fill up 0.81 MMT or 5,860,000 million barrels of crude
oil at ISPRL storage facility at Mangalore, Karnataka.
 According to the Organisation of the Petroleum Exporting Countries
(OPEC), the demand for oil across the world will grow by 1.26 million
barrels per day (mb/d). Moreover, majority of the oil demand across
the globe is expected to originate from India.
Visakhapatnam port traffic (million tonnes)Imports and domestic oil production in India (mbpd)
0.67 0.75 0.76 0.76 0.76 0.75 0.74 0.72
0.42
3.18
3.27
3.43
3.69 3.78 3.79
4.05
4.27
2.52
0.00
1.00
2.00
3.00
4.00
5.00
6.00
FY 10 FY 11 FY 12 FY 13 FY 14 FY 15 FY 16 FY 17 FY18
Oil Production (mbpd) Oil imports(mbpd)
1
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GAS SUPPLY AND DEMAND IN INDIA (1/2)
40 42 52 63 64 59 51 51 47 49
1,055
1,090
1,155 1,149
1,278
1,330 1,355
1,427
1,252 1,227
0
200
400
600
800
1000
1200
1400
1600
2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Gas Consumption Proven Gas Reserves
Source: PPAC, BP Statistical Review 2015, Ministry of Oil and Natural Gas 2014, Aranca Research;
Note: F – Forecast, bcm – Billion Cubic Metres, CAGR – Compound Annual Growth Rate Figures mentioned in this slide is as per latest data available
 India’s gas consumption has increased at a CAGR of 2.3 per cent
between 2007 and 2016.
 Demand is not likely to simmer down anytime soon, given strong
economic growth and rising urbanisation. Gas consumption is
projected to reach 216 bcm by 2021-22.
Visakhapatnam port traffic (million tonnes)Proven reserves and total gas consumption in the country (bcm)
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GAS SUPPLY AND DEMAND IN INDIA (2/2)
Source: Ministry of Oil and Natural Gas, BP Statistical Review 2015, Aranca Research
Note: bcm – Billion Cubic Metres, TMT – Thousand Metric Tonnes, Estimated Figures, FY181 – Up to October
 Domestic production accounts for more than three-quarter of the
country’s total gas consumption
 Demand is expected to increase due to higher economic growth,
ensure less dependency on imported crude and a desire to use
cleaner fuel
 India’s LNG imports increased at a CAGR of 9.55 per cent during
FY08–FY17.
 Domestic gas production in India stood at around 30.84 billion cubic
metres in FY17.
 In India, auto LPG sector registered sales growth of 4.9 per cent in
the fiscal year 2016-17. Moreover, the sales volume grew 19 per
cent y-o-y to 97 TMT in Q1 FY18. Auto LPG sales in FY17 stood at
346 TMT.
Domestic gas production and imports (bcm)
32 32
45
51
47
40
35
33 32 31
19
11 11
12
13 18
17
17 21.6 22.7
25
15
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
FY08 FY09 FY10 FY11 FY12 FY13 FY14 FY15 FY16 FY17 FY18
Gas production Gas Imports
1
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UPSTREAM SEGMENT: CRUDE OIL AND GAS
PRODUCTION (1/2)
24855
23716
22561
22246
22264
22368
22218
3572 3847
3661 3466 3412 3226 3258
5263
10527
11640
12076
11785
11356
10532
0
5000
10000
15000
20000
25000
30000
35000
40000
FY11 FY12 FY13 FY14 FY15 FY16 FY17
ONGC OIL Pvt/JV
Source: Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas, Aranca Research, petroleum.nic.in;
Notes: mmt – Million Metric Tonne, JV – Joint Venture P - Provisional
Crude Oil Production (“000” Tonnes)
11809
16411
18016
19431
19536
18472
17853
17590
19794
19116
17918
16230
16330
17419
19089
18419
0
5000
10000
15000
20000
25000
30000
35000
40000
2009-10
2010-11
2011-12
2012-13
2013-14
2014-15
2015-16
2016-17
Onshore Offshore
Annual crude oil production (“000” Tonnes)
 In 2016-17, crude oil production stood at 36.009 million tonnes.
 ONGC accounted for 61.7 per cent of total crude oil production in India.
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UPSTREAM SEGMENT: CRUDE OIL AND GAS
PRODUCTION (2/2)
23095
23316
23549
23284
22023
21177
22088
2350 2633 2639 2626 2722 2838 2937
26774
21609
14491
9497
8912
8235
6872
0
10000
20000
30000
40000
50000
60000
FY11 FY12 FY13 FY14 FY15 FY16 FY17
OIL ONGC Pvt/JV
Source: Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas; Aranca Research
Note: bcm – Billion Cubic Metres, mmscmd-- Million Metric Standard Cubic Meter Per Day, JV – Joint Venture
Annual gas production (million metric standard cubic meter)
8685
8574
9084
8877
9012
8797
9237
9858
38811
43645
38475
31802
26395
24861
23012
22038
0
5000
10000
15000
20000
25000
30000
35000
40000
45000
50000
FY10 FY11 FY12 FY13 FY14 FY15 FY16 FY17
Onshore Offshore
Annual gas production (million metric standard cubic meter)
 Total gas production in FY17 was 31.897 bcm.
 Annual gas production increased between FY09-10 and FY16-17, reaching 31,897 mmscm
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UPSTREAM SEGMENT: EXPLORATION AND
DEVELOPMENT ACTIVITIES
40
102
119
227
0
50
100
150
200
250
300
350
Offshore Onshore
Wells Meterage ('000 metres)
Source: Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas, Aranca Research, BMI
Notes: FY17(1) - Provisional
Exploration activities (FY17(1))
86
312222
628
0
100
200
300
400
500
600
700
800
900
1000
Offshore Onshore
Wells Meterage ('000 metres)
Development drilling activities (FY171))
 During FY17(1), 1,245,000 metres of wells were explored and developed and 540 wells were drilled in the country.
 State-owned oil companies undertake most of the upstream drilling and exploration work.
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PIPELINES: CRUDE PIPELINE NETWORK
42.03%
34.91%
6.03%
17.03%
ONGC
IOC
OIL
Others
51.47%
11.58%
11.56%
25.38%
IOCL
OIL
ONGC
Others
Source: Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas, Aranca Research
Note: km – Kilometre, mmtpa – Million Metric Tonnes Per Annum, (1)Approximate
Shares in crude pipeline network by length (out of 10,299km)
(October 2017)1
Shares in crude pipeline network by capacity (out of 139.2
MMTPA) (October 2017)1
 As of October 2017, India had a network of 10,299 km of crude pipeline having a capacity of 139.2 mmtpa(1).
 In terms of length, IOCL accounts for 51.47 per cent (5,301 km) of India’s crude pipeline network in October 2017.
 In terms of actual capacities, ONGC leads the pack with a share of 42.03 per cent, followed by IOCL at 34.91 per cent.
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Pipelines: Existing Pipelines in India
IOCL BPCL(1) HPCL(2) OIL ONGC(3) Cairn HMEL Others (GAIL and Petronet India.) Total industry
Length (Kms)
Product
Pipeline
7,950 1,936 3,354 654 - - - 2,688 16,582
Crude oil
Pipeline
5,301 937 - 1,193 1,191 660 1,017 - 10,299
Total 13,251 2,873 3,354 1,847 1,191 660 1,017 2,688 26,881
Capacity of Crude Oil Pipelines (MMTPA)
Product
Pipeline
46.2 14.9 36.1 1.7 - - - 9.3 108.2
Crude oil
Pipeline
40.4 6.0 - 8.4 58.5 8.7 9.0 - 139.2
Total 86.6 20.9 36.` 10.1 58.5 8.7 9.0 9.3 247.4
Source: Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas, Aranca Research
Note: kms – Kilometres, mmtpa – Million Metric Tonnes Per Annum, (1) Includes Petronet Cochin-Coimbatore-Karur Product pipeline, (2) Includes Petronet Mangalore-Hassan-Bangalore
Product Pipeline, (3) Data as on 1st October, 2017
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PIPELINES: REFINED PRODUCTS AND LPG PIPELINE
NETWORK
67.35%
10.83%
15.87%
4.96%
1.00%
GAIL
Reliance
GSPL
ARN
Others
47.94%
20.23%
11.68%
3.94%
16.21%
IOC
HPCL
BPCL
OIL
Others
Source: Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas, Aranca Research
Shares in products pipeline network under operation by length
(out of 16,582 km, FY182)
Shares in Natural Gas pipeline network by length (out of 16,470
km) (FY183)
 With 16,582 km of refined products pipeline network (capacity of 108.2 mmtpa) in India, Indian Oil Corporation (IOC) leads the segment with 47.94
per cent of the total length of product pipeline network, as of November 1, 2017.
 Top 3 companies IOC, HPCL and BPCL contribute 79.85 per cent of the total length of product pipeline network in the country.
 In October 2017, Gas Authority of India Ltd. (GAIL) has largest share (67.35 per cent or 11,092 km) of the country’s natural gas pipeline network
(16,470 km)
Note: km - Kilometre, mmtpa – Million Metric Tonnes Per Annum, LPG - Liquefied Petroleum Gas, IOC - Indian Oil Corporation, HPCL - Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Ltd, BPCL -
Bharat Petroleum Corporation Ltd, OIL - Oil India Limited, (1)Others include GAIL and Petronet India, (2)As of November 1, 2017, (3)As of October 1, 2017, (4)Others include IOCL and
ONGC
1
4
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DOWNSTREAM SEGMENT: REFINERY CRUDE
THROUGHPUT… (1/2)
112.5
112.2
112.1
115.3
120.9
120.3
119.5
121.4
126.3
129.7
44
49
81
82
81
88
88
88
89
76.4
0
50
100
150
200
250
2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Public sector Private sector
Source: Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas, Aranca Research
Note: mmt – Million Metric Tonne, (1)Upto October 2017
 State-controlled entities dominate the downstream segment as well
 India has 19 refineries in the public sector and 3 in the private sector
 Private companies such as Reliance Industries Ltd. and Essar Oil
have become major refiners
 In 2017, up to October, public sector refineries accounted for 62.94
per cent of total refinery crude throughput
 Private sector refineries’ total crude throughput grew at a CAGR of
10.11 per cent, reaching to 91.1 mmt during FY08-17.
Visakhapatnam port traffic (million tonnes)Refinery crude throughput (mmt)
1
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DOWNSTREAM SEGMENT: REFINERY CRUDE
THROUGHPUT… (2/2)
Shares in India's total refining capacity (FY17)
135.1
120.1
139.5
80
80
95
0
50
100
150
200
250
FY15 FY16 FY17
Public sector Private sector
Source: Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas, PPAC, Aranca Research
Total installed capacity FY17 (mmt)
Note: mmt – Million Metric Tonne; HPCL - Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Ltd, BPCL - Bharat Petroleum Corporation Ltd, OIL - Oil India Limited, ONGC - Oil and Natural Gas
Corporation, IOCL - Indian Oil Corporation Ltd, CPCL - Chennai Petroleum Corporation Limited, Others include: NRIL - Numaligarh Refinery Limited, MRPL - Mangalore Refinery and
Petrochemicals Limited, RPL - Renegade Petroleum Ltd, EOL - Essar Oil Ltd, ONGC, BORL, HMEL
 In FY17, the sector’s total installed provisional refinery capacity was 243.5 mmt. IOC emerged as the largest domestic refiner with a capacity of
69.2 mmt
 Top three companies - RIL, IOC and BPCL contribute around 65.5 per cent of India's total refining capacity
25.59%
29.51%10%
6.70%
5.12%
22.68%
RIL IOC
BPCL HPCL
CPCL Others
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DOWNSTREAM SEGMENT: PETROLEUM PRODUCTS
 Consumption of petroleum products in India stood at 183.5 mmt in
FY15, 184.6 mmt in FY 16 and 193.75 mmt in FY17.
 Petroleum products derived from crude oil include light distillates
such as LPG, naphtha; middle distillates such as kerosene; and
heavy ends such as furnace, lube oils, bitumen, petroleum coke and
paraffin wax
 Light distillates with the highest growth rate grew at CAGR of 4.78
per cent, while middle distillates and heavy end segment witnessed a
CAGR of 3.93 per cent and 5.89 per cent respectively, during the
year FY08-17.
 During FY17, the production of petroleum products by fractionators
was 3,458 thousand metric tonnes. Production reached 2,641 tmt
between April-October 2017.
Consumption of Petroleum Products FY17 (mmt)
38.4 39.7 39.0 41.4 43.9 46.3 47.6 50.9 54.7 58.5
62.8
66.4
71.1
75.0
79.4
82.7
81.8
82.8
81.9
88.9
27.7 27.5 27.7 24.6 24.9 28.1 29.0 31.4 31.6
46.4
0.0
50.0
100.0
150.0
200.0
250.0
FY08 FY09 FY10 FY11 FY12 FY13 FY14 FY15 FY16 FY17
Light Distillates Middle Distillates Heavy Ends
Source: Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas, Aranca Research
3,996
4,084
4,191
4,363
4,169
4,175
4,089
3,872
3,657
3,377
3,458
2,641
0
1000
2000
3000
4000
5000
FY07
FY08
FY09
FY10
FY11
FY12
FY13
FY14
FY15
FY16
FY17
FY18*
Production of Petroleum Products by Fractionators (tmt)
Note: mmt – Million Metric Tonne, tmt – thousand metric tonne, FY18* - up to October
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DOWNSTREAM SEGMENT: DISTRIBUTION AND
MARKETING
85.1
89.6
97.7
104.5
108.2
109.72
97.36
97.36
96.61
107.58
0.0
50.0
100.0
150.0
200.0
250.0
FY14 FY15 FY16 FY17 FY18
Product pipeline Natural Gas Pipeline
Source: Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas, Aranca Research
Downstream distribution statistics (MMT)
Pipeline
Capacity (mmtpa)
As of November 1,
2017
Length (km)
As of November 1,
2017
Product Pipeline 108.2 16,582
Natural Gas Pipeline1
107.58 16,470
Note: MMT – Million Metric Tonne, mmtpa – Million Metric Tonnes Per Annum, OMC – Oil Marketing Companies, 1As of October 2017, 2As of 1st October 2017
 In FY17, total consumption of petroleum products by private sector
increased to 22 per cent from 20 per cent in FY16.
 The total number of OMC retail outlets increased to 60,575 in
October 20172 from 59,595 at the end of FY17.
 IOC, as of March 31, 2017, owned the maximum number of retail
outlets in the country (44.0 per cent of total), followed by HPCL (24.2
per cent) and BPCL (23.5 per cent); the remaining being owned by
private firms
 As of October 20172, there were 19,223 LPG distributors in India.
1
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INDIA’S ENERGY CONSUMPTION MIX … (1/2)
Source: US Energy Information Administration (EIA), BP Statistical Review 2015, Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC), Aranca Research
 Energy demand in the Asia-Pacific region is estimated to be around 5,579.7 Mtoe at the end of 2016 and is expected to reach 5,627 Mtoe by 2020
and 6,861 Mtoe by 2035
 India’s energy demand is projected to double to 48.7 quadrillion BTU by 2035
 The primary energy consumption of India rose by 5.66 per cent in 2016 and 3.24 per cent in 2015.
 In 2016, coal maintained its dominancy and accounted for 56.9 per cent of total primary energy demand.
 According to the International Energy Agency (IEA), India is expected to account for almost one-third of the global growth in energy demand by
2040.
Note: Mtoe – Million Tonne of Oil Equivalent, BTU – British Thermal Unit; Figures mentioned in this slide is as per latest data available
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INDIA’S ENERGY CONSUMPTION MIX … (2/2)
42.00%
24.00%
15.00%
11.00%
8.00%
Coal
Petroleum
Solid Biomass and
Waste
Natural Gas
Nuclear and other
renewables
Source: International Energy Agency (IEA), Aranca Research
Consumption pattern expected in 2035 Over the next few years, dependence on gas, hydro power and
nuclear power is expected to increase relative to oil and coal
 The government aims to quadruple India’s nuclear power generation
capacity to 20 GW by 2020; currently, 7 nuclear power reactors of
4,930 MW capacity are under construction
 In coming decades, a major portion of consumption dependability of
energy mix is expected to shift from coal and petroleum to other
resources like natural gas, solid biomass and waste and nuclear and
other renewable sources
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STATE-WISE CRUDE RESERVE, CAPACITY AND
THROUGHPUT
Source: Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas, Aranca Research
State
Balance recoverable reserves
of crude oil, 2017 (MMT)
Assam 159.96
Gujarat 118.61
Rajasthan 24.55
Tamil Nadu 9.00
Andhra Pradesh 8.15
Nagaland 2.38
Arunachal Pradesh 1.52
Tripura 0.07
Total Onshore 324.24
Western Offshore 239.20
Eastern Offshore 40.67
Total Offshore 279.87
State
Installed capacity,
as of April 2017 (mt)
Crude throughput for
FY 2017 (mmt)
Gujarat 93.7 105.01
Maharashtra 19.5 22.05
Haryana 15.0 15.64
Karnataka 15.0 15.97
Tamil Nadu 1.5 0.53
Kerala 12.4 11.82
Andhra Pradesh 8.396 9.42
Uttar Pradesh 8.0 9.23
West Bengal 7.5 7.69
Assam 7.0 6.57
Bihar 6.0 6.53
Punjab 9.0 10.52
Madhya Pradesh 6.0 6.36
Odisha 15 8.23
Himachal Pradesh 10.5 9.76
Total 234.496 245.33
Note: Mmt – Million Metric Tonne, mt – Million Tonne
For updated information, please visit www.ibef.orgOil & Gas25
KEY DOMESTIC OIL AND GAS COMPANIES
Source: Bloomberg, Aranca Research
Company
Ownership
(per cent) as on FY16-17
FY17 turnover
(US$ billion)
Indian Oil Corporation Limited
57.34%
state-owned
55.29
Reliance Industries Public Listed 48.46
Bharat Petroleum Corporation
Limited
54.93%
state-owned
31.13
Hindustan Petroleum
Corporation Limited
51.11%
state-owned
29.26
ONGC
68.07%
state-owned
11.99
GAIL India Limited
54.97%
state-owned
7.68
Oil India Limited(1)
66.60%
state-owned
1.69
Note: : FY – Indian Financial Year, April–March (1) - Data for half year ended September 2015
For updated information, please visit www.ibef.orgOil & Gas26
KEY INTERNATIONAL OIL and GAS COMPANIES
OPERATING IN INDIA
Source: Indian counterpart, Bloomberg, Aranca Research, Company websites
Company
Ownership
(per cent)
Global turnover
(2016) ( US$ billion)
Cairn India Pvt Ltd Private Sector 0.639
Shell Private Sector 233.6
BP Private Sector 186
For updated information, please visit www.ibef.orgOil & Gas27
NOTABLE TRENDS IN THE OIL AND GAS SECTOR
 Government approved the CBM policy in 1997 to boost the development of clean and renewable energy
resources
 The CBM policy was designed to be liberal and investor friendly; the 1st commercial production of CBM was
initiated in July 2007 at about 72,000 cubic metres per day
Coal Bed Methane
(CBM)
 The technology was first widely used in the US in the 1800s and in India (Kolkata and Mumbai) in the early
1900s
 UCG is currently the only feasible technology available to harness energy from deep unmineable coal seams
economically in an eco-friendly manner and it reduces capital outlay, operating costs and output gas
expenses by 25–50 per cent vis-à-vis surface gasification
Underground Coal
Gasification (UCG)
 The government initiated the National Gas Hydrate Programme (NGHP), a consortium of national E and P
companies and research institutions, to map gas hydrates for use as an alternate source of energy
 Bio-fuels (bio-ethanol and bio-diesel) are alternate sources of energy from domestic renewable resources;
these have lower emissions compared to petroleum or diesel
Gas hydrates and bio-
fuels
 The Open Acreage Licensing Policy (OLAP), which allows an explorer to study the data available and bid for
blocks of his choice has been initiated in parallel with NELP to increase foreign participation by global E and P
companies like Shell, BP, Conoco Phillips etc
Open Acreage
Licensing Policy
Oil and Gas
PORTERS FIVE
FORCES ANALYSIS
For updated information, please visit www.ibef.orgOil & Gas29
Porter’s Five Forces Framework Analysis
 Medium - Bargaining power is
medium as despite few players
operating, government at times delays
subsidy payment to oil companies,
thereby increasing losses
Bargaining Power of Suppliers
 Low - Threat is low, as other sources
of energy like solar, wind, coal and
hydro electric power are less
developed. Pressure from alternative
sources might rise in future
Threat of Substitutes
 Low - Competitive rivalry is low as
just one-two players operate in
Upstream, Midstream and
Downstream segments
 Although a few private operators have
entered the industry in the last couple
of years, they do not pose any major
threat as of now
Competitive Rivalry
 Low - Threat of new entrants
continues to be low, due to the capital
intensive nature of the industry and
economies of scale
Threat of New Entrants
 Low - Customers have low/non
existent bargaining power
 Customers are price-taker not a price
maker
Bargaining Power of Buyers
Positive Impact
Neutral Impact
Negative Impact
Source: Aranca Research
Oil and Gas
STRATEGIES
ADOPTED
For updated information, please visit www.ibef.orgOil & Gas31
STRATEGIES ADOPTED … (1/2)
Expansions
Source: Aranca Research
Diversification
Open Acreage Licensing Policy
 Indian Oil Corp plans to make an investment of US$22.91 billion, including US$7.64 billion for expanding its existing
brownfield refineries, in the next 5 to 7 years. Moreover, the company plans to lay the nation's longest LPG pipeline of
1987 km, from Gujarat coast to Gorakhpur in eastern Uttar Pradesh, to cater to growing demand for cooking gas in the
country
 State run energy firms Bharat Petroleum, Hindustan Petroleum and Indian Oil Corp plan to spend US$ 20 billion on refinery
expansions to add units, by 2022
 India targets US$100 billion worth investments in gas infrastructure by 2022, including an addition of another 228 cities to
city gas distribution (CGD) network. This would include setting up of RLNG terminals, pipeline projects, completion of the
gas grid and setting up of CGD network in more cities.
 As of May 2017, the Indian government is in talks with major Asian countries including China, South Korea, Taiwan and
Japan to push for an Asian Natural Gas Trading Company in order to reduce the impact of oil price volatility on the Asian
market.
 In August 2017, the Board of Indian Oil approved its expansion of its Gujarat refinery from 13.7 MMTPA to 18 MMTPA at a
cost of US$ 2.31 billion.
 The country’s state owned oil companies aim to sustain spending at a 3 year high due to increasing demand and declining
oil services costs. In 2017, Hindustan Petroleum plans to increase its spending by 17 per cent and Indian Oil by 25 per
cent.
 Indian Oil plans to expand its refining capacity and build new businesses, for which it will be spending US$ 27.94 billion
over the next 5-7 years.
 Oil companies are focusing on vertical integration for next stage of growth. For instance, oil producer Oil India Ltd is
planning to build and operate refineries, while Indian Oil is planning to enter oil and gas exploration
 As of March 2017, Bharat Petroleum Corp. Ltd. (BPCL), an Indian state-controlled oil and gas company, plans to enter the
country’s travel business with the launch of its startup named as “Happy Roads”. The app,which is available on Android
Play Store, documents itineraries and assists the users in planning a fun-filled trip
For updated information, please visit www.ibef.orgOil & Gas32
STRATEGIES ADOPTED … (2/2)
Source: India Banking Association, Reserve Bank of India, Aranca Research
Notes: ATM - Automated Teller Machine, FIP – Financial Inclusion Plan, RBI – Reserve Bank of India
Move to non-
conventional energy
resources
 Companies are looking forward to developing JVs and technical partnership with foreign companies to improve capabilities
to develop shale reserves
Investments to enhance
production
 Indian companies are enhancing production through redevelopment plans to increase recovery rates of hydrocarbon from
oil wells; ONGC in Mumbai High achieved success in implementing this.
 Bharat Petroleum Corporation (BPCL) has planned to invest US$ 1.53 billion during FY17 to enhance and expand its
refining capacity
More focus upon small
companies
 Private sector units like Adani, Sun Petrochemicals and few new entrants have bagged 1/3rd of small oil and gas fields.
 In February 2017, Genesis, London, bagged a contract from RIL’s (Reliance Industries) to design deep water field front
end engineering at KG Basin in West India.
Pilot project Initiated for
Shale Gas Production in
India
 Oil and Natural Gas Corp (ONGC) has started Shale Gas exploration by spudding the first Shale Gas well RNSG-1 in
Burdwan District of West Bengal.
Piped Cooking Gas
 By March 2017, state-owned natural gas company, GAIL, plans to start distributing piped cooking gas in Bhubaneswar and
Varanasi.
 As of August 2017, Indian Oil has initiated doubling of its capacity of gas and piped natural networks from15,000km to
30,000km.
Oil and Gas
GROWTH DRIVERS
For updated information, please visit www.ibef.orgOil & Gas34
GROWTH DRIVERS … (1/2)
Source: Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas, US Energy Information Administration, BP Statistical Review of World 2015 Energy, June 2012; BMI, Aranca Research
Notes: TCM - Trillion Cubic Metres, EandP - Exploration and Production
Robust domestic market;
expected to expand
 India is the world’s 4th largest energy consumer
 Oil consumption is expected to rise by 42.5 per cent during 2010–20
 The country is the 4th largest importer of LNG
Increasing demand for
natural gas
 Several industries are increasing the usage of natural gas in operations; this has boosted natural gas demand in India
 Some of the main industries that use natural gas are pulp, paper, metals, chemicals, glass, plastic and food processing
Abundant raw material
 The nation has large coal, crude oil and natural gas reserves
 Proven Oil reserves amounted to 600MMT in 2016
 Proved reserves of natural gas stood at 1.2 tcm in 2016
Favourable policies
 The government has allowed 100 per cent FDI in E and P projects/companies; and 49 per cent in refining under the
automatic route from the earlier approval route
 It has also introduced policies to promote investments in the industry such as New Exploration Licensing Policy (NELP)
and Coal Bed Methane (CBM)
Huge investments
 Investments worth US$ 75 billion is expected across the oil and gas value chain under the erstwhile 12th Plan (2012–17)
 ONGC plans to incure capital expenditure of US$ 4.31 billion in FY2017-18, for developing their offshore oil and gas fields
in Gamji, Bassein, Daman on the West coast and Vasishta and Nagyalanka on the East coast.
For updated information, please visit www.ibef.orgOil & Gas35
 Several domestic companies (such as ONGC, Reliance and Gujarat State Petroleum) have reportedly found natural gas in
deep waters
 In March, ONGC started production at two oil wells located in Jorhat, Assam. These oil wells were discovered in 2016-17,
and are producing 50 tonnes per day, which increased the overall production of Jorhat asset from 350 tonnes per day to
400 tonnes per day.
 In April 2017, ONGC claimed to have made 23 new gas and oil discoveries in the fiscal 2016-17 and the company has set
new record in exploring and production activities.
 In June 2017, Oil India Ltd. has made a oil discovery in the Baghjan area of upper Assam basin. The discovery was made
by Baghjan Petroleum Mining Lease (PML).
Natural gas discoveries
GROWTH DRIVERS … (2/2)
 The nation offers abundant skilled labour at much competitive wages compared to other countries
 The University of Petroleum and Energy Studies in Dehradun, Uttarakhand, is Asia’s first and only energy university
 In October 2017, country’s natural gas pipeline network spanned over 16,470 km in length and the proposed expansion of
30,000 kms is envisaged by 2018-19
Skilled labour
Massive gas pipeline
network
Source: Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas, BMI, Aranca Research
Notes: Kms- Kilometres
For updated information, please visit www.ibef.orgOil & Gas36
REGULATORY OVERVIEW OF THE INDUSTRY… (1/2)
Pricing of CNG and PNG
by CGD Entities (2014)
Source: Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas, Aranca Research
 In 2014, the pricing for CNG (transport) and PNG (domestic) were examined by the Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas
while the disclosure of prices of the CNG and PNG commodities were made compulsory
The Policy on Shale Gas
and Oil, 2013
 Allows companies to apply for shale gas and oil rights in their petroleum exploration licenses and petroleum mining leases
Shale Gas and Oil
Exploration Policy
 Approved in September 2013, it allows companies to explore energy resources trapped within rocks to meet India’s
growing energy needs
The National Biofuel
Policy, 2009
 Promotes bio-fuel usage, the Government of India has provided a 12.36 per cent concession on excise duty on bio-ethanol
and exempted bio-diesel from excise duty
Integrated Energy Policy
(IEP), 2006
 Outlines goals to deal with challenges faced by India’s energy sector
For updated information, please visit www.ibef.orgOil & Gas37
REGULATORY OVERVIEW OF THE INDUSTRY… (2/2)
Petroleum and Natural
Gas Regulatory Board
(PNGRB) Act, 2006
Source: Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas, Aranca Research
Notes: NELP - New Exploration Licensing Policy
 Regulate refining, processing, storage, transportation, distribution, marketing and sale of petroleum, petroleum products
and natural gas
Auto Fuel Policy, 2003
 Provide a roadmap to comply with various vehicular emission norms and corresponding fuel quality upgrading
requirements over a period of time
National Biofuel Policy,
2002
 A 16 per cent concession on the excise duty on bio-ethanol and exemption of bio-diesel from excise duty to promote bio-
fuel usage
Freight Subsidy (for far-
flung areas) Scheme,
2002
 Compensate public sector Oil Marketing Companies (OMCs) for the freight incurred to distribute subsidised products in far-
flung areas
Domestic Natural Gas
Pricing Formula, 2014
 New domestic natural gas pricing formula has been formed, which will be revised on an half yearly basis.
For updated information, please visit www.ibef.orgOil & Gas38
FDI INVESTMENTS IN PETROLEUM AND GAS IN INDIA
Source: : Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion, Aranca Research
 Cumulative FDI inflows in India’s petroleum and natural gas sector stood at US$ 6,862.18 million (1.92 per cent of total FDI) during April 2000–September 2017.
 Between FY10 and FY17 (April 2009 – September 2017), FDI inflows into petroleum and natural gas sector grew at CAGR 14.22 per cent.
2.70
3.20
3.30
5.40
5.50
6.60
6.67
6.85
6.86
0.00
1.00
2.00
3.00
4.00
5.00
6.00
7.00
8.00
FY10 FY11 FY12 FY13 FY14 FY15 FY16 FY17 FY18*
#CAGR 14.22%
Cumulative FDI inflows into petroleum and natural gas (US$ billion)
Note: FY18* - Up to September 2017, #CAGR is up to FY17
For updated information, please visit www.ibef.orgOil & Gas39
M&A ACTIVITIES IN THE INDIAN OIL AND GAS
SECTOR
Source: Thomson Banker, News Articles
Date announced Acquirer name Target name Value of deal (US$ million)
Aug 2017 Rosneft Essar Oil (49 per cent stake) 1,290
Dec 2016 Oil and Natural Gas Corp's Gujarat State Petroleum Co's 1200
Dec 2015 ONGC Videsh Ltd (OVL) Vankor oil field 1260
Jan 2015 Bharat Forge Mecanique Generale Langroise 12.82
Jun 2014 Gulf Petrochem Ltd Sah Petroleums Limited 7.13
Mar 2014 IOCL Progress Energy Canada Ltd Not disclosed
Oct 2013 ONGC Videsh Ltd Parque das Conchas, Brazilian Oilfield 529
Jun 2013
ONGC Videsh Ltd (in partnership
with Oil India Ltd)
Rovuma Area 1 Offshore Block 2640
Nov 2012 ONGC Videsh ConocoPhillips (Kashagan Field) 5,000.0
Nov 2012 Inpex Corp
Oil and Natural Gas Corp’s exploration block
KG-DWN-2004/6
Not disclosed
Sep 2012 ONGC Videsh Hess Corp (Azrei oilfield) 1,000.0
Apr 2012 Trafigura Pte Ltd Nagarjuna Oil Co Ltd 130.0
Apr 2011 Sesa Goa Ltd Calm India Ltd 1,492.0
Feb 2011 BP PLC Reliance Industries Ltd 9,000.0
Aug 2010 BPRL EP413 13.4
Aug 2010 Sesa Goa Ltd Cairn India Ltd 1,180.8
Aug 2010 Vedanta Resources PLC Cairn India Ltd 6,568.5
Aug 2010 Reliance Industries Ltd Marcellus Shale Natural Gas 391.6
Oil and Gas
OPPORTUNITIES
For updated information, please visit www.ibef.orgOil & Gas41
OPPORTUNITIES
 Locating new fields for exploration: 78 per cent of the country’s sedimentary area is yet to be explored
 Development of unconventional resources: CBM fields in the deep sea
 Opportunities for secondary/tertiary oil producing techniques
 Higher demand for skilled labour and oilfield services and equipment
 Expansion in the transmission network of gas pipelines
 LNG imports have increased significantly; this provides an opportunity to boost production capacity
 In light of mounting LNG production, huge opportunity lies for LNG terminal operation, engineering,
procurement and construction services
Midstream segment
 India is already a refining hub with 21 refineries and expansions planned for tapping foreign investment in
export-oriented infrastructure, including product pipelines and export terminals
 Development of City Gas Distribution (CGD) networks, which are similar to Delhi and Mumbai’s CGDs
 Expansion of the country’s petroleum product distribution network
Downstream segment
Upstream segment
For updated information, please visit www.ibef.orgOil & Gas42
SHALE GAS PROSPECTS OF INDIA
Source: EandY; Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas, Aranca Research
 India has technically recoverable shale gas resources of nearly 96 tcf.
 The Cambay, Krishna Godavari, Cauvery and the Damodar Valley are the most prospective sedimentary basins for carrying out shale gas
activities in the country
 Around 20 tcf of gas has been classified as technically recoverable reserves in the Cambay basin in Gujarat (the largest basin in the country)
spread across 20,000 gross square miles with a prospective area of 1,940 square miles
 It is estimated that the Krishna Godavari (KG) basin encloses a series of organically rich shales, containing around 27 tcf of technically
recoverable gas. KG basin, located in Eastern India, holds the country’s largest shale gas reserves, extending over 7,800 gross square miles with
a prospective area of around 4,340 square miles
 In April 2013, the Directorate General of Hydrocarbons (DGH) submitted its policy on exploitation of shale gas to the Ministry of Petroleum and
Natural Gas
 India launched its policy on shale gas exploration to tap the non-conventional energy resource in order to boost output.
Notes: tcf – Trillion Cubic Feet
Oil and Gas
SUCCESS STORIES
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IOCL: FLAGSHIP OF INDIAN REFINING
Source: Company reports, Aranca Research
Notes: bbl - barrel
 Indian Oil Group of Companies owns and operates 10 of India’s 22 refineries with a capacity of 1.614 mbpd
 In October 2017, its network of crude oil and product pipelines reached about 13,251 Km
 Subsidiary CPCL accounts for 49 per cent of market share in petroleum products
 In FY17, the gross refining margin (GRM) was estimated to be US$ 7.77 per bbl as compared to US$ 5.06 per bbl in FY15
 In May 2017, Indian Oil Corporation revealed its fourth quarter profit for the fiscal 2016-17. The profits surged 85 per cent to reach US$553.47
million.
 Second-largest player in
India’s petrochemical
market
 Has interests in 13
domestic and 11 overseas
blocks
 Foraying into alternative
sources of energy like wind
and solar
Turnover US$ 65.3 billion
EBITDA US$ 3.5 billion
Net profit US$ 1.7 billion
FY 17
US$ 61.04 billion
US$ 2.7 billion
US$ 2.7 billion
FY 16
For updated information, please visit www.ibef.orgOil & Gas45
RELIANCE INDUSTRIES: WELL POSITIONED FOR
GROWTH
Source: Company reports, Aranca Research
Notes: (1) Revenue fallen due to negative translation effect, Data from April – June 2016
US$ 45.23 billion
US$ 7.9 billion
US$ 4.2 billion
US$ 47.39 billion
US$ 6.34 billion
US$ 4.64 billion
 Reliance Industries has the biggest petrochemical refining complex in the world
 It contributes 14 per cent to India's exports and is going to invest around US$ 30 billion to improve its businesses in the next 3 years
 For FY17, Reliance Industries recorded profit of US$ 48.46 billion.
 Exports surged by 4.5 per
cent to US$ 46 billion in
2016
 Record crude throughput at
69.6 million tonnes
 US shale: Shale Gas
Production in FY16 205
Bcf.
FY 16
Turnover
EBITDA
Net profit
FY 17
Oil and Gas
USEFUL
INFORMATION
For updated information, please visit www.ibef.orgOil & Gas47
CONTACT INFORMATION
Name Address Contact person Telephone E-mail
Oil Industry
Development Board
(OIDB)
3rd Floor, Tower C, Plot No. 2, Sector
– 73, Noida, Uttar Pradesh - 201301
Mr Ajay Srivastava, Financial
Adviser and Chief Accounts
Officer
0120-2594630
0120-2594603
facao.oidb@nic.in
Petroleum Conservation
Research Association
(PCRA)
Sanrakshan Bhavan, 10 Bhikaji Cama
Place, New Delhi – 110066
Mr Alok Tripathi, ED
91-11- 26198799
Ext.301
pcra@pcra.org
Bureau of Energy
Efficiency (BEE)
Ministry of Power, 4th floor, SEWA
Bhawan, RK Puram,
New Delhi – 110066
Mr Abhay Bakre, Director
General
91-11- 26178316,
91-11- 26179699
dg-bee@nic.in,
Oil Industry Safety
Directorate
Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas,
8th Floor, OIDB Bhawan, Plot No 2,
Sector-73, Noida, Uttar Pradesh-
201301
Mr Varanasi Janardhana Rao,
ED
0120-2593800 rao.vj@gov.in
Petroleum Planning and
Analysis Cell (PPAC)
Ministry of Petroleum and Natural
Gas, 2nd floor, Core-8, SCOPE
Complex, 7 Institutional Area, Lodhi
Road, New Delhi – 110003
Mr Vinod Kumar, Deputy
Director – Information
Technology
011-24306153 webadm@ppac.gov.in
Directorate General of
Hydrocarbons
Ministry of Petroleum and Natural
Gas, OIDB Bhawan, Plot No 2, Sector
73, Noida
Mr Atanu Chakraborty,
Director General
0120 - 2472001 dg@dghindia.org
For updated information, please visit www.ibef.orgOil & Gas48
GLOSSARY
 B/D (or bpd): Barrels Per Day
 MBPD (or mbpd): Million Barrels Per Day
 BCM (or bcm): Billion Cubic Metres
 CBM: Coal Bed Methane
 CGD: City Gas Distribution
 EandP: Exploration and Production
 FDI: Foreign Direct Investment
 FY: Indian Financial Year (April to March)
• FY17 implies April 2016 to March 2017
 GoI: Government of India
 INR: Indian Rupee
 LNG: Liquefied Natural Gas
 MMT (or mmt): Million Metric Tonne
 MMTPA (or mmtpa): Million Metric Tonnes Per Annum
 EBITDA: Earning Before Interest Taxes Depreciation Amortisation
 NRL: Numaligarh Refinery Limited
 CPCL: Chennai Petroleum Corporation Limited
 HPCL: Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Limited
 BPCL: Bharat Petroleum Corporation Limited
For updated information, please visit www.ibef.orgOil & Gas49
GLOSSARY
 IOC: Indian Oil Corporation Ltd
 EOL: Essar Oil Ltd
 RPL: Reliance Petroleum Limited
 MRPL: Mangalore Refinery and Petrochemicals Limited
 PCCK: Petronet Cochin-Coimbatore-Karur
 PMHB: Petronet Mangalore-Hassan-Bangalore
 NELP: New Exploration Licensing Policy
 TOE (or toe): Tonnes of Oil Equivalent
 US$ : US Dollar
 ONGC: Oil and Natural Gas Corporation of India
 IOCL: Indian Oil Corporation Limited
 mn bbl: Million Barrels
 CAGR: Compound Annual Growth Rate
 JV: Joint Venture
 UCG: Underground Coal Gasification
 NGL: Natural Gas Liquids
 OMCs: Oil Marketing Companies
 NHGP: National Gas Hydrate Programme
 Wherever applicable, numbers have been rounded off to the nearest whole number
For updated information, please visit www.ibef.orgOil & Gas50
EXCHANGE RATES
Year INR Equivalent of one US$
2004–05 44.81
2005–06 44.14
2006–07 45.14
2007–08 40.27
2008–09 46.14
2009–10 47.42
2010–11 45.62
2011–12 46.88
2012–13 54.31
2013–14 60.28
2014-15 61.06
2015-16 65.46
2016-17 67.09
Q1 2017-18 64.46
Q2 2017-18 64.29
Year INR Equivalent of one US$
2005 43.98
2006 45.18
2007 41.34
2008 43.62
2009 48.42
2010 45.72
2011 46.85
2012 53.46
2013 58.44
2014 61.03
2015 64.15
2016 67.21
H1 2017 65.73
Exchange Rates (Fiscal Year) Exchange Rates (Calendar Year)
Source: Reserve bank of India, Average for the year
For updated information, please visit www.ibef.orgOil & Gas51
DISCLAIMER
India Brand Equity Foundation (IBEF) engaged Aranca to prepare this presentation and the same has been prepared by Aranca in consultation
with IBEF.
All rights reserved. All copyright in this presentation and related works is solely and exclusively owned by IBEF. The same may not be reproduced,
wholly or in part in any material form (including photocopying or storing it in any medium by electronic means and whether or not transiently or
incidentally to some other use of this presentation), modified or in any manner communicated to any third party except with the written approval
of IBEF.
This presentation is for information purposes only. While due care has been taken during the compilation of this presentation to ensure that the
information is accurate to the best of Aranca and IBEF’s knowledge and belief, the content is not to be construed in any manner whatsoever as a
substitute for professional advice.
Aranca and IBEF neither recommend nor endorse any specific products or services that may have been mentioned in this presentation and nor do
they assume any liability or responsibility for the outcome of decisions taken as a result of any reliance placed on this presentation.
Neither Aranca nor IBEF shall be liable for any direct or indirect damages that may arise due to any act or omission on the part of the user due to any
reliance placed or guidance taken from any portion of this presentation.
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Oil and Gas Sector Report December 2017

  • 1. For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org December 2017 OIL & GAS
  • 2. Table of Content Executive Summary……………….….…….3 Advantage India…………………..….……...4 Market Overview and Trends………..……..6 Porters Five Forces Analysis.….…..……...28 Strategies Adopted……………...……….…30 Growth Drivers……………………..............33 Success Stories………….......…..…...…....43 Opportunities…….……….......…………..…40 Useful Information……….......………….….46
  • 3. For updated information, please visit www.ibef.orgOil & Gas3 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY  In FY17, India had 234.5 MMTPA of refining capacity, making it the 2nd largest refiner in Asia. By the end of 2017, the oil refining capacity of India is expected to rise and reach more than 310 million tonnes. Private companies own about 38.21 per cent of total refining capacity Second largest refiner in Asia Source: US Energy Information Administration (EIA), Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas  India’s energy demand is expected to double to 1,516 Mtoe by 2035 from 723.9 Mtoe in 2016. Moreover, the country’s share in global primary energy consumption is projected to increase by 2-folds by 2035 World’s fourth-largest energy consumer  In 2016-17, India consumed 193.745 MMT of petroleum products. In 2017-18, up to October, the figure stood at 134.599 MMT.  India was 3rd largest consumer of crude oil and petroleum products in the world in 2016. Fourth-largest consumer of oil and petroleum products  LNG imports into the country accounted for about one-fourth of total gas demand, which is estimated to further increase by two times, over next five years. To meet this rising demand the country plans to increase its LNG import capacity to 50 million tonnes in the coming years.  India increasingly relies on imported LNG; the country is the fourth largest LNG importer and accounted for 5.68 per cent of global imports.  India imported 18.787 MMT of LNG during 2016-17, in comparison to16.217 MMT in 2015-16. LNG imports in 2017-18, up to October, were 11.15 MMT. Fourth-largest LNG importer in 2016 Notes: MMTPA - Million Metric Tonnes Per Annum, Mtoe – Million Tonnes of Oil Equivalent; mbpd – Million Barrels Per Day; Figures mentioned in this slide is as per latest data available
  • 5. For updated information, please visit www.ibef.orgOil & Gas5 ADVANTAGE INDIA  India is the world’s 4th largest energy consumer; oil and gas account for 35.61 per cent of total energy consumption in India  Demand for primary energy in India is to increase 3-fold by 2035 to 1,516 million tonnes of oil  The University of Petroleum and Energy Studies in Dehradun, Uttarakhand, is Asia’s 1st and only energy university  Indian Oil is going to invest Rs 1.8 trillion over the next five to seven years to expand its refining capacity.  The government allows 100 per cent Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in upstream and private sector refining projects  The FDI limit for public sector refining projects has been raised to 49 per cent without any disinvestment or dilution of domestic equity in the existing PSUs  Government has enacted various policies such as the New Exploration Licensing Policy (NELP) and Coal Bed Methane (CBM) policy to encourage investments  New domestic natural gas pricing guidelines has been enforced on 10th January 2014 ADVANTAGE INDIA Source: Business Monitor International (BMI), World Oil Outlook 2012, Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas, BP Statistical Review 2015, Note: mbpd – Million Barrels Per Day, bcm – Billion Cubic Metres, F – Forecast; Figures mentioned in this slide is as per latest data available
  • 6. Oil and Gas MARKET OVERVIEW AND TRENDS
  • 7. For updated information, please visit www.ibef.orgOil & Gas7 STATE-OWNED COMPANIES DOMINATE OIL AND GAS IN INDIA Source: BP Statistical Review 2015, US Energy Information Administration, Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas, Aranca Research  India became the 3rd largest energy consumer in 2015 and continued to remain so in 2016.  In FY17, oil production in the country reached 36.008 million metric tonnes as compared to 36.942 million metric tonnes in FY16. In 2017-18, up to October, oil production stood at 21.063 million metric tonnes. As of 2016, the country had 600 million metric tonnes (MMT) of proven oil reserves  India had 1.2 million cubic metres of proven gas reserves at the end of 2016 and produced 30.84 bcm of gas in FY17 which is expected to rise and reach 34.119 bcm by the end of 2017.  State-owned ONGC dominate the upstream segment.  It is the largest upstream company in Exploration and Production (E&P) segment, accounting for approximately 61.5 per cent of the country’s total oil output (FY17).  IOCL operates a 13,391 km network of crude, gas and product pipelines, with a capacity of 1.896 mbpd of oil and 9.5 mmscmd of gas  This is around 30 per cent of the nation’s total pipeline network  IOCL is the largest company, controls 10 out of 22 Indian refineries, with a combined capacity of 1.31 mbpd  Reliance launched India’s 1st privately owned refinery in 1999 and has gained considerable market share (30 per cent)  Essar’s Vadinar refinery has a capacity of 20 mmtpa, currently accounting for around 10 per cent of total refining capacity Indian Oil and Gas sector Upstream segment - exploration and production Midstream segment – storage and transportation Downstream segment – refining, processing and marketing Notes: bcm – Billion Cubic Metres, tcf – Trillion Cubic Feet, mbpd – Million Barrels Per Day, mmscmd - Million Metric Standard Cubic Metre Per Day, tcm -- trillions of cubic meters, mmtpa - - million metric tons per annum
  • 8. For updated information, please visit www.ibef.orgOil & Gas8 OIL SUPPLY AND DEMAND IN INDIA (1/2) Source: Ministry of Oil and Natural Gas, BP Statistical Review 2015 BMI Forecasts, Aranca Research Note: F – Forecast, CAGR – Compound Annual Growth Rate, mbpd – Million Barrels Per Day, mn bbl – Million Barrels, E- Estimated 3.08 3.24 3.32 3.49 3.69 3.73 3.85 4.00 4.00 4.13 0.00 0.50 1.00 1.50 2.00 2.50 3.00 3.50 4.00 4.50 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017E Oil consumption in India (2008-17) (mbpd) Oil consumption has expanded at a CAGR of 2.98 per cent during FY2008–17E to reach 4.13 mbpd by 2017.  Due to the expected strong growth in demand, India’s dependency on oil imports is likely to increase further  Rapid economic growth is leading to greater outputs, which in turn is increasing the demand of oil for production and transportation  With rising income levels, demand for automobile is estimated to increase, in turn leading to augmented demand for oil and gas
  • 9. For updated information, please visit www.ibef.orgOil & Gas9 OIL SUPPLY AND DEMAND IN INDIA (2/2) Source: Ministry of Oil and Natural Gas, BMI forecasts, Aranca Research Note: F – Forecast, mbpd – Million Barrels Per Day, FY181-Up to October  In FY17, total crude oil imports were valued at US$ 80.3 billion as compared to US$ 70 billion in FY16. In FY17, imports accounted for 82 per cent of the country’s total oil demand. In FY18, up to October, Crude Oil Production and Imports stood at 0.42 and 2.52 mbpd respectively.  In March 2017, the Indian Strategic Petroleum Reserve Ltd (ISPRL) and Abu Dhabi National Oil Company (ADNOC) of UAE signed an agreement, to fill up 0.81 MMT or 5,860,000 million barrels of crude oil at ISPRL storage facility at Mangalore, Karnataka.  According to the Organisation of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), the demand for oil across the world will grow by 1.26 million barrels per day (mb/d). Moreover, majority of the oil demand across the globe is expected to originate from India. Visakhapatnam port traffic (million tonnes)Imports and domestic oil production in India (mbpd) 0.67 0.75 0.76 0.76 0.76 0.75 0.74 0.72 0.42 3.18 3.27 3.43 3.69 3.78 3.79 4.05 4.27 2.52 0.00 1.00 2.00 3.00 4.00 5.00 6.00 FY 10 FY 11 FY 12 FY 13 FY 14 FY 15 FY 16 FY 17 FY18 Oil Production (mbpd) Oil imports(mbpd) 1
  • 10. For updated information, please visit www.ibef.orgOil & Gas10 GAS SUPPLY AND DEMAND IN INDIA (1/2) 40 42 52 63 64 59 51 51 47 49 1,055 1,090 1,155 1,149 1,278 1,330 1,355 1,427 1,252 1,227 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 Gas Consumption Proven Gas Reserves Source: PPAC, BP Statistical Review 2015, Ministry of Oil and Natural Gas 2014, Aranca Research; Note: F – Forecast, bcm – Billion Cubic Metres, CAGR – Compound Annual Growth Rate Figures mentioned in this slide is as per latest data available  India’s gas consumption has increased at a CAGR of 2.3 per cent between 2007 and 2016.  Demand is not likely to simmer down anytime soon, given strong economic growth and rising urbanisation. Gas consumption is projected to reach 216 bcm by 2021-22. Visakhapatnam port traffic (million tonnes)Proven reserves and total gas consumption in the country (bcm)
  • 11. For updated information, please visit www.ibef.orgOil & Gas11 GAS SUPPLY AND DEMAND IN INDIA (2/2) Source: Ministry of Oil and Natural Gas, BP Statistical Review 2015, Aranca Research Note: bcm – Billion Cubic Metres, TMT – Thousand Metric Tonnes, Estimated Figures, FY181 – Up to October  Domestic production accounts for more than three-quarter of the country’s total gas consumption  Demand is expected to increase due to higher economic growth, ensure less dependency on imported crude and a desire to use cleaner fuel  India’s LNG imports increased at a CAGR of 9.55 per cent during FY08–FY17.  Domestic gas production in India stood at around 30.84 billion cubic metres in FY17.  In India, auto LPG sector registered sales growth of 4.9 per cent in the fiscal year 2016-17. Moreover, the sales volume grew 19 per cent y-o-y to 97 TMT in Q1 FY18. Auto LPG sales in FY17 stood at 346 TMT. Domestic gas production and imports (bcm) 32 32 45 51 47 40 35 33 32 31 19 11 11 12 13 18 17 17 21.6 22.7 25 15 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 FY08 FY09 FY10 FY11 FY12 FY13 FY14 FY15 FY16 FY17 FY18 Gas production Gas Imports 1
  • 12. For updated information, please visit www.ibef.orgOil & Gas12 UPSTREAM SEGMENT: CRUDE OIL AND GAS PRODUCTION (1/2) 24855 23716 22561 22246 22264 22368 22218 3572 3847 3661 3466 3412 3226 3258 5263 10527 11640 12076 11785 11356 10532 0 5000 10000 15000 20000 25000 30000 35000 40000 FY11 FY12 FY13 FY14 FY15 FY16 FY17 ONGC OIL Pvt/JV Source: Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas, Aranca Research, petroleum.nic.in; Notes: mmt – Million Metric Tonne, JV – Joint Venture P - Provisional Crude Oil Production (“000” Tonnes) 11809 16411 18016 19431 19536 18472 17853 17590 19794 19116 17918 16230 16330 17419 19089 18419 0 5000 10000 15000 20000 25000 30000 35000 40000 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 Onshore Offshore Annual crude oil production (“000” Tonnes)  In 2016-17, crude oil production stood at 36.009 million tonnes.  ONGC accounted for 61.7 per cent of total crude oil production in India.
  • 13. For updated information, please visit www.ibef.orgOil & Gas13 UPSTREAM SEGMENT: CRUDE OIL AND GAS PRODUCTION (2/2) 23095 23316 23549 23284 22023 21177 22088 2350 2633 2639 2626 2722 2838 2937 26774 21609 14491 9497 8912 8235 6872 0 10000 20000 30000 40000 50000 60000 FY11 FY12 FY13 FY14 FY15 FY16 FY17 OIL ONGC Pvt/JV Source: Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas; Aranca Research Note: bcm – Billion Cubic Metres, mmscmd-- Million Metric Standard Cubic Meter Per Day, JV – Joint Venture Annual gas production (million metric standard cubic meter) 8685 8574 9084 8877 9012 8797 9237 9858 38811 43645 38475 31802 26395 24861 23012 22038 0 5000 10000 15000 20000 25000 30000 35000 40000 45000 50000 FY10 FY11 FY12 FY13 FY14 FY15 FY16 FY17 Onshore Offshore Annual gas production (million metric standard cubic meter)  Total gas production in FY17 was 31.897 bcm.  Annual gas production increased between FY09-10 and FY16-17, reaching 31,897 mmscm
  • 14. For updated information, please visit www.ibef.orgOil & Gas14 UPSTREAM SEGMENT: EXPLORATION AND DEVELOPMENT ACTIVITIES 40 102 119 227 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 Offshore Onshore Wells Meterage ('000 metres) Source: Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas, Aranca Research, BMI Notes: FY17(1) - Provisional Exploration activities (FY17(1)) 86 312222 628 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 Offshore Onshore Wells Meterage ('000 metres) Development drilling activities (FY171))  During FY17(1), 1,245,000 metres of wells were explored and developed and 540 wells were drilled in the country.  State-owned oil companies undertake most of the upstream drilling and exploration work.
  • 15. For updated information, please visit www.ibef.orgOil & Gas15 PIPELINES: CRUDE PIPELINE NETWORK 42.03% 34.91% 6.03% 17.03% ONGC IOC OIL Others 51.47% 11.58% 11.56% 25.38% IOCL OIL ONGC Others Source: Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas, Aranca Research Note: km – Kilometre, mmtpa – Million Metric Tonnes Per Annum, (1)Approximate Shares in crude pipeline network by length (out of 10,299km) (October 2017)1 Shares in crude pipeline network by capacity (out of 139.2 MMTPA) (October 2017)1  As of October 2017, India had a network of 10,299 km of crude pipeline having a capacity of 139.2 mmtpa(1).  In terms of length, IOCL accounts for 51.47 per cent (5,301 km) of India’s crude pipeline network in October 2017.  In terms of actual capacities, ONGC leads the pack with a share of 42.03 per cent, followed by IOCL at 34.91 per cent.
  • 16. For updated information, please visit www.ibef.orgOil & Gas16 Pipelines: Existing Pipelines in India IOCL BPCL(1) HPCL(2) OIL ONGC(3) Cairn HMEL Others (GAIL and Petronet India.) Total industry Length (Kms) Product Pipeline 7,950 1,936 3,354 654 - - - 2,688 16,582 Crude oil Pipeline 5,301 937 - 1,193 1,191 660 1,017 - 10,299 Total 13,251 2,873 3,354 1,847 1,191 660 1,017 2,688 26,881 Capacity of Crude Oil Pipelines (MMTPA) Product Pipeline 46.2 14.9 36.1 1.7 - - - 9.3 108.2 Crude oil Pipeline 40.4 6.0 - 8.4 58.5 8.7 9.0 - 139.2 Total 86.6 20.9 36.` 10.1 58.5 8.7 9.0 9.3 247.4 Source: Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas, Aranca Research Note: kms – Kilometres, mmtpa – Million Metric Tonnes Per Annum, (1) Includes Petronet Cochin-Coimbatore-Karur Product pipeline, (2) Includes Petronet Mangalore-Hassan-Bangalore Product Pipeline, (3) Data as on 1st October, 2017
  • 17. For updated information, please visit www.ibef.orgOil & Gas17 PIPELINES: REFINED PRODUCTS AND LPG PIPELINE NETWORK 67.35% 10.83% 15.87% 4.96% 1.00% GAIL Reliance GSPL ARN Others 47.94% 20.23% 11.68% 3.94% 16.21% IOC HPCL BPCL OIL Others Source: Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas, Aranca Research Shares in products pipeline network under operation by length (out of 16,582 km, FY182) Shares in Natural Gas pipeline network by length (out of 16,470 km) (FY183)  With 16,582 km of refined products pipeline network (capacity of 108.2 mmtpa) in India, Indian Oil Corporation (IOC) leads the segment with 47.94 per cent of the total length of product pipeline network, as of November 1, 2017.  Top 3 companies IOC, HPCL and BPCL contribute 79.85 per cent of the total length of product pipeline network in the country.  In October 2017, Gas Authority of India Ltd. (GAIL) has largest share (67.35 per cent or 11,092 km) of the country’s natural gas pipeline network (16,470 km) Note: km - Kilometre, mmtpa – Million Metric Tonnes Per Annum, LPG - Liquefied Petroleum Gas, IOC - Indian Oil Corporation, HPCL - Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Ltd, BPCL - Bharat Petroleum Corporation Ltd, OIL - Oil India Limited, (1)Others include GAIL and Petronet India, (2)As of November 1, 2017, (3)As of October 1, 2017, (4)Others include IOCL and ONGC 1 4
  • 18. For updated information, please visit www.ibef.orgOil & Gas18 DOWNSTREAM SEGMENT: REFINERY CRUDE THROUGHPUT… (1/2) 112.5 112.2 112.1 115.3 120.9 120.3 119.5 121.4 126.3 129.7 44 49 81 82 81 88 88 88 89 76.4 0 50 100 150 200 250 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 Public sector Private sector Source: Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas, Aranca Research Note: mmt – Million Metric Tonne, (1)Upto October 2017  State-controlled entities dominate the downstream segment as well  India has 19 refineries in the public sector and 3 in the private sector  Private companies such as Reliance Industries Ltd. and Essar Oil have become major refiners  In 2017, up to October, public sector refineries accounted for 62.94 per cent of total refinery crude throughput  Private sector refineries’ total crude throughput grew at a CAGR of 10.11 per cent, reaching to 91.1 mmt during FY08-17. Visakhapatnam port traffic (million tonnes)Refinery crude throughput (mmt) 1
  • 19. For updated information, please visit www.ibef.orgOil & Gas19 DOWNSTREAM SEGMENT: REFINERY CRUDE THROUGHPUT… (2/2) Shares in India's total refining capacity (FY17) 135.1 120.1 139.5 80 80 95 0 50 100 150 200 250 FY15 FY16 FY17 Public sector Private sector Source: Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas, PPAC, Aranca Research Total installed capacity FY17 (mmt) Note: mmt – Million Metric Tonne; HPCL - Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Ltd, BPCL - Bharat Petroleum Corporation Ltd, OIL - Oil India Limited, ONGC - Oil and Natural Gas Corporation, IOCL - Indian Oil Corporation Ltd, CPCL - Chennai Petroleum Corporation Limited, Others include: NRIL - Numaligarh Refinery Limited, MRPL - Mangalore Refinery and Petrochemicals Limited, RPL - Renegade Petroleum Ltd, EOL - Essar Oil Ltd, ONGC, BORL, HMEL  In FY17, the sector’s total installed provisional refinery capacity was 243.5 mmt. IOC emerged as the largest domestic refiner with a capacity of 69.2 mmt  Top three companies - RIL, IOC and BPCL contribute around 65.5 per cent of India's total refining capacity 25.59% 29.51%10% 6.70% 5.12% 22.68% RIL IOC BPCL HPCL CPCL Others
  • 20. For updated information, please visit www.ibef.orgOil & Gas20 DOWNSTREAM SEGMENT: PETROLEUM PRODUCTS  Consumption of petroleum products in India stood at 183.5 mmt in FY15, 184.6 mmt in FY 16 and 193.75 mmt in FY17.  Petroleum products derived from crude oil include light distillates such as LPG, naphtha; middle distillates such as kerosene; and heavy ends such as furnace, lube oils, bitumen, petroleum coke and paraffin wax  Light distillates with the highest growth rate grew at CAGR of 4.78 per cent, while middle distillates and heavy end segment witnessed a CAGR of 3.93 per cent and 5.89 per cent respectively, during the year FY08-17.  During FY17, the production of petroleum products by fractionators was 3,458 thousand metric tonnes. Production reached 2,641 tmt between April-October 2017. Consumption of Petroleum Products FY17 (mmt) 38.4 39.7 39.0 41.4 43.9 46.3 47.6 50.9 54.7 58.5 62.8 66.4 71.1 75.0 79.4 82.7 81.8 82.8 81.9 88.9 27.7 27.5 27.7 24.6 24.9 28.1 29.0 31.4 31.6 46.4 0.0 50.0 100.0 150.0 200.0 250.0 FY08 FY09 FY10 FY11 FY12 FY13 FY14 FY15 FY16 FY17 Light Distillates Middle Distillates Heavy Ends Source: Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas, Aranca Research 3,996 4,084 4,191 4,363 4,169 4,175 4,089 3,872 3,657 3,377 3,458 2,641 0 1000 2000 3000 4000 5000 FY07 FY08 FY09 FY10 FY11 FY12 FY13 FY14 FY15 FY16 FY17 FY18* Production of Petroleum Products by Fractionators (tmt) Note: mmt – Million Metric Tonne, tmt – thousand metric tonne, FY18* - up to October
  • 21. For updated information, please visit www.ibef.orgOil & Gas21 DOWNSTREAM SEGMENT: DISTRIBUTION AND MARKETING 85.1 89.6 97.7 104.5 108.2 109.72 97.36 97.36 96.61 107.58 0.0 50.0 100.0 150.0 200.0 250.0 FY14 FY15 FY16 FY17 FY18 Product pipeline Natural Gas Pipeline Source: Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas, Aranca Research Downstream distribution statistics (MMT) Pipeline Capacity (mmtpa) As of November 1, 2017 Length (km) As of November 1, 2017 Product Pipeline 108.2 16,582 Natural Gas Pipeline1 107.58 16,470 Note: MMT – Million Metric Tonne, mmtpa – Million Metric Tonnes Per Annum, OMC – Oil Marketing Companies, 1As of October 2017, 2As of 1st October 2017  In FY17, total consumption of petroleum products by private sector increased to 22 per cent from 20 per cent in FY16.  The total number of OMC retail outlets increased to 60,575 in October 20172 from 59,595 at the end of FY17.  IOC, as of March 31, 2017, owned the maximum number of retail outlets in the country (44.0 per cent of total), followed by HPCL (24.2 per cent) and BPCL (23.5 per cent); the remaining being owned by private firms  As of October 20172, there were 19,223 LPG distributors in India. 1
  • 22. For updated information, please visit www.ibef.orgOil & Gas22 INDIA’S ENERGY CONSUMPTION MIX … (1/2) Source: US Energy Information Administration (EIA), BP Statistical Review 2015, Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC), Aranca Research  Energy demand in the Asia-Pacific region is estimated to be around 5,579.7 Mtoe at the end of 2016 and is expected to reach 5,627 Mtoe by 2020 and 6,861 Mtoe by 2035  India’s energy demand is projected to double to 48.7 quadrillion BTU by 2035  The primary energy consumption of India rose by 5.66 per cent in 2016 and 3.24 per cent in 2015.  In 2016, coal maintained its dominancy and accounted for 56.9 per cent of total primary energy demand.  According to the International Energy Agency (IEA), India is expected to account for almost one-third of the global growth in energy demand by 2040. Note: Mtoe – Million Tonne of Oil Equivalent, BTU – British Thermal Unit; Figures mentioned in this slide is as per latest data available
  • 23. For updated information, please visit www.ibef.orgOil & Gas23 INDIA’S ENERGY CONSUMPTION MIX … (2/2) 42.00% 24.00% 15.00% 11.00% 8.00% Coal Petroleum Solid Biomass and Waste Natural Gas Nuclear and other renewables Source: International Energy Agency (IEA), Aranca Research Consumption pattern expected in 2035 Over the next few years, dependence on gas, hydro power and nuclear power is expected to increase relative to oil and coal  The government aims to quadruple India’s nuclear power generation capacity to 20 GW by 2020; currently, 7 nuclear power reactors of 4,930 MW capacity are under construction  In coming decades, a major portion of consumption dependability of energy mix is expected to shift from coal and petroleum to other resources like natural gas, solid biomass and waste and nuclear and other renewable sources
  • 24. For updated information, please visit www.ibef.orgOil & Gas24 STATE-WISE CRUDE RESERVE, CAPACITY AND THROUGHPUT Source: Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas, Aranca Research State Balance recoverable reserves of crude oil, 2017 (MMT) Assam 159.96 Gujarat 118.61 Rajasthan 24.55 Tamil Nadu 9.00 Andhra Pradesh 8.15 Nagaland 2.38 Arunachal Pradesh 1.52 Tripura 0.07 Total Onshore 324.24 Western Offshore 239.20 Eastern Offshore 40.67 Total Offshore 279.87 State Installed capacity, as of April 2017 (mt) Crude throughput for FY 2017 (mmt) Gujarat 93.7 105.01 Maharashtra 19.5 22.05 Haryana 15.0 15.64 Karnataka 15.0 15.97 Tamil Nadu 1.5 0.53 Kerala 12.4 11.82 Andhra Pradesh 8.396 9.42 Uttar Pradesh 8.0 9.23 West Bengal 7.5 7.69 Assam 7.0 6.57 Bihar 6.0 6.53 Punjab 9.0 10.52 Madhya Pradesh 6.0 6.36 Odisha 15 8.23 Himachal Pradesh 10.5 9.76 Total 234.496 245.33 Note: Mmt – Million Metric Tonne, mt – Million Tonne
  • 25. For updated information, please visit www.ibef.orgOil & Gas25 KEY DOMESTIC OIL AND GAS COMPANIES Source: Bloomberg, Aranca Research Company Ownership (per cent) as on FY16-17 FY17 turnover (US$ billion) Indian Oil Corporation Limited 57.34% state-owned 55.29 Reliance Industries Public Listed 48.46 Bharat Petroleum Corporation Limited 54.93% state-owned 31.13 Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Limited 51.11% state-owned 29.26 ONGC 68.07% state-owned 11.99 GAIL India Limited 54.97% state-owned 7.68 Oil India Limited(1) 66.60% state-owned 1.69 Note: : FY – Indian Financial Year, April–March (1) - Data for half year ended September 2015
  • 26. For updated information, please visit www.ibef.orgOil & Gas26 KEY INTERNATIONAL OIL and GAS COMPANIES OPERATING IN INDIA Source: Indian counterpart, Bloomberg, Aranca Research, Company websites Company Ownership (per cent) Global turnover (2016) ( US$ billion) Cairn India Pvt Ltd Private Sector 0.639 Shell Private Sector 233.6 BP Private Sector 186
  • 27. For updated information, please visit www.ibef.orgOil & Gas27 NOTABLE TRENDS IN THE OIL AND GAS SECTOR  Government approved the CBM policy in 1997 to boost the development of clean and renewable energy resources  The CBM policy was designed to be liberal and investor friendly; the 1st commercial production of CBM was initiated in July 2007 at about 72,000 cubic metres per day Coal Bed Methane (CBM)  The technology was first widely used in the US in the 1800s and in India (Kolkata and Mumbai) in the early 1900s  UCG is currently the only feasible technology available to harness energy from deep unmineable coal seams economically in an eco-friendly manner and it reduces capital outlay, operating costs and output gas expenses by 25–50 per cent vis-à-vis surface gasification Underground Coal Gasification (UCG)  The government initiated the National Gas Hydrate Programme (NGHP), a consortium of national E and P companies and research institutions, to map gas hydrates for use as an alternate source of energy  Bio-fuels (bio-ethanol and bio-diesel) are alternate sources of energy from domestic renewable resources; these have lower emissions compared to petroleum or diesel Gas hydrates and bio- fuels  The Open Acreage Licensing Policy (OLAP), which allows an explorer to study the data available and bid for blocks of his choice has been initiated in parallel with NELP to increase foreign participation by global E and P companies like Shell, BP, Conoco Phillips etc Open Acreage Licensing Policy
  • 28. Oil and Gas PORTERS FIVE FORCES ANALYSIS
  • 29. For updated information, please visit www.ibef.orgOil & Gas29 Porter’s Five Forces Framework Analysis  Medium - Bargaining power is medium as despite few players operating, government at times delays subsidy payment to oil companies, thereby increasing losses Bargaining Power of Suppliers  Low - Threat is low, as other sources of energy like solar, wind, coal and hydro electric power are less developed. Pressure from alternative sources might rise in future Threat of Substitutes  Low - Competitive rivalry is low as just one-two players operate in Upstream, Midstream and Downstream segments  Although a few private operators have entered the industry in the last couple of years, they do not pose any major threat as of now Competitive Rivalry  Low - Threat of new entrants continues to be low, due to the capital intensive nature of the industry and economies of scale Threat of New Entrants  Low - Customers have low/non existent bargaining power  Customers are price-taker not a price maker Bargaining Power of Buyers Positive Impact Neutral Impact Negative Impact Source: Aranca Research
  • 31. For updated information, please visit www.ibef.orgOil & Gas31 STRATEGIES ADOPTED … (1/2) Expansions Source: Aranca Research Diversification Open Acreage Licensing Policy  Indian Oil Corp plans to make an investment of US$22.91 billion, including US$7.64 billion for expanding its existing brownfield refineries, in the next 5 to 7 years. Moreover, the company plans to lay the nation's longest LPG pipeline of 1987 km, from Gujarat coast to Gorakhpur in eastern Uttar Pradesh, to cater to growing demand for cooking gas in the country  State run energy firms Bharat Petroleum, Hindustan Petroleum and Indian Oil Corp plan to spend US$ 20 billion on refinery expansions to add units, by 2022  India targets US$100 billion worth investments in gas infrastructure by 2022, including an addition of another 228 cities to city gas distribution (CGD) network. This would include setting up of RLNG terminals, pipeline projects, completion of the gas grid and setting up of CGD network in more cities.  As of May 2017, the Indian government is in talks with major Asian countries including China, South Korea, Taiwan and Japan to push for an Asian Natural Gas Trading Company in order to reduce the impact of oil price volatility on the Asian market.  In August 2017, the Board of Indian Oil approved its expansion of its Gujarat refinery from 13.7 MMTPA to 18 MMTPA at a cost of US$ 2.31 billion.  The country’s state owned oil companies aim to sustain spending at a 3 year high due to increasing demand and declining oil services costs. In 2017, Hindustan Petroleum plans to increase its spending by 17 per cent and Indian Oil by 25 per cent.  Indian Oil plans to expand its refining capacity and build new businesses, for which it will be spending US$ 27.94 billion over the next 5-7 years.  Oil companies are focusing on vertical integration for next stage of growth. For instance, oil producer Oil India Ltd is planning to build and operate refineries, while Indian Oil is planning to enter oil and gas exploration  As of March 2017, Bharat Petroleum Corp. Ltd. (BPCL), an Indian state-controlled oil and gas company, plans to enter the country’s travel business with the launch of its startup named as “Happy Roads”. The app,which is available on Android Play Store, documents itineraries and assists the users in planning a fun-filled trip
  • 32. For updated information, please visit www.ibef.orgOil & Gas32 STRATEGIES ADOPTED … (2/2) Source: India Banking Association, Reserve Bank of India, Aranca Research Notes: ATM - Automated Teller Machine, FIP – Financial Inclusion Plan, RBI – Reserve Bank of India Move to non- conventional energy resources  Companies are looking forward to developing JVs and technical partnership with foreign companies to improve capabilities to develop shale reserves Investments to enhance production  Indian companies are enhancing production through redevelopment plans to increase recovery rates of hydrocarbon from oil wells; ONGC in Mumbai High achieved success in implementing this.  Bharat Petroleum Corporation (BPCL) has planned to invest US$ 1.53 billion during FY17 to enhance and expand its refining capacity More focus upon small companies  Private sector units like Adani, Sun Petrochemicals and few new entrants have bagged 1/3rd of small oil and gas fields.  In February 2017, Genesis, London, bagged a contract from RIL’s (Reliance Industries) to design deep water field front end engineering at KG Basin in West India. Pilot project Initiated for Shale Gas Production in India  Oil and Natural Gas Corp (ONGC) has started Shale Gas exploration by spudding the first Shale Gas well RNSG-1 in Burdwan District of West Bengal. Piped Cooking Gas  By March 2017, state-owned natural gas company, GAIL, plans to start distributing piped cooking gas in Bhubaneswar and Varanasi.  As of August 2017, Indian Oil has initiated doubling of its capacity of gas and piped natural networks from15,000km to 30,000km.
  • 34. For updated information, please visit www.ibef.orgOil & Gas34 GROWTH DRIVERS … (1/2) Source: Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas, US Energy Information Administration, BP Statistical Review of World 2015 Energy, June 2012; BMI, Aranca Research Notes: TCM - Trillion Cubic Metres, EandP - Exploration and Production Robust domestic market; expected to expand  India is the world’s 4th largest energy consumer  Oil consumption is expected to rise by 42.5 per cent during 2010–20  The country is the 4th largest importer of LNG Increasing demand for natural gas  Several industries are increasing the usage of natural gas in operations; this has boosted natural gas demand in India  Some of the main industries that use natural gas are pulp, paper, metals, chemicals, glass, plastic and food processing Abundant raw material  The nation has large coal, crude oil and natural gas reserves  Proven Oil reserves amounted to 600MMT in 2016  Proved reserves of natural gas stood at 1.2 tcm in 2016 Favourable policies  The government has allowed 100 per cent FDI in E and P projects/companies; and 49 per cent in refining under the automatic route from the earlier approval route  It has also introduced policies to promote investments in the industry such as New Exploration Licensing Policy (NELP) and Coal Bed Methane (CBM) Huge investments  Investments worth US$ 75 billion is expected across the oil and gas value chain under the erstwhile 12th Plan (2012–17)  ONGC plans to incure capital expenditure of US$ 4.31 billion in FY2017-18, for developing their offshore oil and gas fields in Gamji, Bassein, Daman on the West coast and Vasishta and Nagyalanka on the East coast.
  • 35. For updated information, please visit www.ibef.orgOil & Gas35  Several domestic companies (such as ONGC, Reliance and Gujarat State Petroleum) have reportedly found natural gas in deep waters  In March, ONGC started production at two oil wells located in Jorhat, Assam. These oil wells were discovered in 2016-17, and are producing 50 tonnes per day, which increased the overall production of Jorhat asset from 350 tonnes per day to 400 tonnes per day.  In April 2017, ONGC claimed to have made 23 new gas and oil discoveries in the fiscal 2016-17 and the company has set new record in exploring and production activities.  In June 2017, Oil India Ltd. has made a oil discovery in the Baghjan area of upper Assam basin. The discovery was made by Baghjan Petroleum Mining Lease (PML). Natural gas discoveries GROWTH DRIVERS … (2/2)  The nation offers abundant skilled labour at much competitive wages compared to other countries  The University of Petroleum and Energy Studies in Dehradun, Uttarakhand, is Asia’s first and only energy university  In October 2017, country’s natural gas pipeline network spanned over 16,470 km in length and the proposed expansion of 30,000 kms is envisaged by 2018-19 Skilled labour Massive gas pipeline network Source: Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas, BMI, Aranca Research Notes: Kms- Kilometres
  • 36. For updated information, please visit www.ibef.orgOil & Gas36 REGULATORY OVERVIEW OF THE INDUSTRY… (1/2) Pricing of CNG and PNG by CGD Entities (2014) Source: Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas, Aranca Research  In 2014, the pricing for CNG (transport) and PNG (domestic) were examined by the Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas while the disclosure of prices of the CNG and PNG commodities were made compulsory The Policy on Shale Gas and Oil, 2013  Allows companies to apply for shale gas and oil rights in their petroleum exploration licenses and petroleum mining leases Shale Gas and Oil Exploration Policy  Approved in September 2013, it allows companies to explore energy resources trapped within rocks to meet India’s growing energy needs The National Biofuel Policy, 2009  Promotes bio-fuel usage, the Government of India has provided a 12.36 per cent concession on excise duty on bio-ethanol and exempted bio-diesel from excise duty Integrated Energy Policy (IEP), 2006  Outlines goals to deal with challenges faced by India’s energy sector
  • 37. For updated information, please visit www.ibef.orgOil & Gas37 REGULATORY OVERVIEW OF THE INDUSTRY… (2/2) Petroleum and Natural Gas Regulatory Board (PNGRB) Act, 2006 Source: Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas, Aranca Research Notes: NELP - New Exploration Licensing Policy  Regulate refining, processing, storage, transportation, distribution, marketing and sale of petroleum, petroleum products and natural gas Auto Fuel Policy, 2003  Provide a roadmap to comply with various vehicular emission norms and corresponding fuel quality upgrading requirements over a period of time National Biofuel Policy, 2002  A 16 per cent concession on the excise duty on bio-ethanol and exemption of bio-diesel from excise duty to promote bio- fuel usage Freight Subsidy (for far- flung areas) Scheme, 2002  Compensate public sector Oil Marketing Companies (OMCs) for the freight incurred to distribute subsidised products in far- flung areas Domestic Natural Gas Pricing Formula, 2014  New domestic natural gas pricing formula has been formed, which will be revised on an half yearly basis.
  • 38. For updated information, please visit www.ibef.orgOil & Gas38 FDI INVESTMENTS IN PETROLEUM AND GAS IN INDIA Source: : Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion, Aranca Research  Cumulative FDI inflows in India’s petroleum and natural gas sector stood at US$ 6,862.18 million (1.92 per cent of total FDI) during April 2000–September 2017.  Between FY10 and FY17 (April 2009 – September 2017), FDI inflows into petroleum and natural gas sector grew at CAGR 14.22 per cent. 2.70 3.20 3.30 5.40 5.50 6.60 6.67 6.85 6.86 0.00 1.00 2.00 3.00 4.00 5.00 6.00 7.00 8.00 FY10 FY11 FY12 FY13 FY14 FY15 FY16 FY17 FY18* #CAGR 14.22% Cumulative FDI inflows into petroleum and natural gas (US$ billion) Note: FY18* - Up to September 2017, #CAGR is up to FY17
  • 39. For updated information, please visit www.ibef.orgOil & Gas39 M&A ACTIVITIES IN THE INDIAN OIL AND GAS SECTOR Source: Thomson Banker, News Articles Date announced Acquirer name Target name Value of deal (US$ million) Aug 2017 Rosneft Essar Oil (49 per cent stake) 1,290 Dec 2016 Oil and Natural Gas Corp's Gujarat State Petroleum Co's 1200 Dec 2015 ONGC Videsh Ltd (OVL) Vankor oil field 1260 Jan 2015 Bharat Forge Mecanique Generale Langroise 12.82 Jun 2014 Gulf Petrochem Ltd Sah Petroleums Limited 7.13 Mar 2014 IOCL Progress Energy Canada Ltd Not disclosed Oct 2013 ONGC Videsh Ltd Parque das Conchas, Brazilian Oilfield 529 Jun 2013 ONGC Videsh Ltd (in partnership with Oil India Ltd) Rovuma Area 1 Offshore Block 2640 Nov 2012 ONGC Videsh ConocoPhillips (Kashagan Field) 5,000.0 Nov 2012 Inpex Corp Oil and Natural Gas Corp’s exploration block KG-DWN-2004/6 Not disclosed Sep 2012 ONGC Videsh Hess Corp (Azrei oilfield) 1,000.0 Apr 2012 Trafigura Pte Ltd Nagarjuna Oil Co Ltd 130.0 Apr 2011 Sesa Goa Ltd Calm India Ltd 1,492.0 Feb 2011 BP PLC Reliance Industries Ltd 9,000.0 Aug 2010 BPRL EP413 13.4 Aug 2010 Sesa Goa Ltd Cairn India Ltd 1,180.8 Aug 2010 Vedanta Resources PLC Cairn India Ltd 6,568.5 Aug 2010 Reliance Industries Ltd Marcellus Shale Natural Gas 391.6
  • 41. For updated information, please visit www.ibef.orgOil & Gas41 OPPORTUNITIES  Locating new fields for exploration: 78 per cent of the country’s sedimentary area is yet to be explored  Development of unconventional resources: CBM fields in the deep sea  Opportunities for secondary/tertiary oil producing techniques  Higher demand for skilled labour and oilfield services and equipment  Expansion in the transmission network of gas pipelines  LNG imports have increased significantly; this provides an opportunity to boost production capacity  In light of mounting LNG production, huge opportunity lies for LNG terminal operation, engineering, procurement and construction services Midstream segment  India is already a refining hub with 21 refineries and expansions planned for tapping foreign investment in export-oriented infrastructure, including product pipelines and export terminals  Development of City Gas Distribution (CGD) networks, which are similar to Delhi and Mumbai’s CGDs  Expansion of the country’s petroleum product distribution network Downstream segment Upstream segment
  • 42. For updated information, please visit www.ibef.orgOil & Gas42 SHALE GAS PROSPECTS OF INDIA Source: EandY; Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas, Aranca Research  India has technically recoverable shale gas resources of nearly 96 tcf.  The Cambay, Krishna Godavari, Cauvery and the Damodar Valley are the most prospective sedimentary basins for carrying out shale gas activities in the country  Around 20 tcf of gas has been classified as technically recoverable reserves in the Cambay basin in Gujarat (the largest basin in the country) spread across 20,000 gross square miles with a prospective area of 1,940 square miles  It is estimated that the Krishna Godavari (KG) basin encloses a series of organically rich shales, containing around 27 tcf of technically recoverable gas. KG basin, located in Eastern India, holds the country’s largest shale gas reserves, extending over 7,800 gross square miles with a prospective area of around 4,340 square miles  In April 2013, the Directorate General of Hydrocarbons (DGH) submitted its policy on exploitation of shale gas to the Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas  India launched its policy on shale gas exploration to tap the non-conventional energy resource in order to boost output. Notes: tcf – Trillion Cubic Feet
  • 44. For updated information, please visit www.ibef.orgOil & Gas44 IOCL: FLAGSHIP OF INDIAN REFINING Source: Company reports, Aranca Research Notes: bbl - barrel  Indian Oil Group of Companies owns and operates 10 of India’s 22 refineries with a capacity of 1.614 mbpd  In October 2017, its network of crude oil and product pipelines reached about 13,251 Km  Subsidiary CPCL accounts for 49 per cent of market share in petroleum products  In FY17, the gross refining margin (GRM) was estimated to be US$ 7.77 per bbl as compared to US$ 5.06 per bbl in FY15  In May 2017, Indian Oil Corporation revealed its fourth quarter profit for the fiscal 2016-17. The profits surged 85 per cent to reach US$553.47 million.  Second-largest player in India’s petrochemical market  Has interests in 13 domestic and 11 overseas blocks  Foraying into alternative sources of energy like wind and solar Turnover US$ 65.3 billion EBITDA US$ 3.5 billion Net profit US$ 1.7 billion FY 17 US$ 61.04 billion US$ 2.7 billion US$ 2.7 billion FY 16
  • 45. For updated information, please visit www.ibef.orgOil & Gas45 RELIANCE INDUSTRIES: WELL POSITIONED FOR GROWTH Source: Company reports, Aranca Research Notes: (1) Revenue fallen due to negative translation effect, Data from April – June 2016 US$ 45.23 billion US$ 7.9 billion US$ 4.2 billion US$ 47.39 billion US$ 6.34 billion US$ 4.64 billion  Reliance Industries has the biggest petrochemical refining complex in the world  It contributes 14 per cent to India's exports and is going to invest around US$ 30 billion to improve its businesses in the next 3 years  For FY17, Reliance Industries recorded profit of US$ 48.46 billion.  Exports surged by 4.5 per cent to US$ 46 billion in 2016  Record crude throughput at 69.6 million tonnes  US shale: Shale Gas Production in FY16 205 Bcf. FY 16 Turnover EBITDA Net profit FY 17
  • 47. For updated information, please visit www.ibef.orgOil & Gas47 CONTACT INFORMATION Name Address Contact person Telephone E-mail Oil Industry Development Board (OIDB) 3rd Floor, Tower C, Plot No. 2, Sector – 73, Noida, Uttar Pradesh - 201301 Mr Ajay Srivastava, Financial Adviser and Chief Accounts Officer 0120-2594630 0120-2594603 facao.oidb@nic.in Petroleum Conservation Research Association (PCRA) Sanrakshan Bhavan, 10 Bhikaji Cama Place, New Delhi – 110066 Mr Alok Tripathi, ED 91-11- 26198799 Ext.301 pcra@pcra.org Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE) Ministry of Power, 4th floor, SEWA Bhawan, RK Puram, New Delhi – 110066 Mr Abhay Bakre, Director General 91-11- 26178316, 91-11- 26179699 dg-bee@nic.in, Oil Industry Safety Directorate Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas, 8th Floor, OIDB Bhawan, Plot No 2, Sector-73, Noida, Uttar Pradesh- 201301 Mr Varanasi Janardhana Rao, ED 0120-2593800 rao.vj@gov.in Petroleum Planning and Analysis Cell (PPAC) Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas, 2nd floor, Core-8, SCOPE Complex, 7 Institutional Area, Lodhi Road, New Delhi – 110003 Mr Vinod Kumar, Deputy Director – Information Technology 011-24306153 webadm@ppac.gov.in Directorate General of Hydrocarbons Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas, OIDB Bhawan, Plot No 2, Sector 73, Noida Mr Atanu Chakraborty, Director General 0120 - 2472001 dg@dghindia.org
  • 48. For updated information, please visit www.ibef.orgOil & Gas48 GLOSSARY  B/D (or bpd): Barrels Per Day  MBPD (or mbpd): Million Barrels Per Day  BCM (or bcm): Billion Cubic Metres  CBM: Coal Bed Methane  CGD: City Gas Distribution  EandP: Exploration and Production  FDI: Foreign Direct Investment  FY: Indian Financial Year (April to March) • FY17 implies April 2016 to March 2017  GoI: Government of India  INR: Indian Rupee  LNG: Liquefied Natural Gas  MMT (or mmt): Million Metric Tonne  MMTPA (or mmtpa): Million Metric Tonnes Per Annum  EBITDA: Earning Before Interest Taxes Depreciation Amortisation  NRL: Numaligarh Refinery Limited  CPCL: Chennai Petroleum Corporation Limited  HPCL: Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Limited  BPCL: Bharat Petroleum Corporation Limited
  • 49. For updated information, please visit www.ibef.orgOil & Gas49 GLOSSARY  IOC: Indian Oil Corporation Ltd  EOL: Essar Oil Ltd  RPL: Reliance Petroleum Limited  MRPL: Mangalore Refinery and Petrochemicals Limited  PCCK: Petronet Cochin-Coimbatore-Karur  PMHB: Petronet Mangalore-Hassan-Bangalore  NELP: New Exploration Licensing Policy  TOE (or toe): Tonnes of Oil Equivalent  US$ : US Dollar  ONGC: Oil and Natural Gas Corporation of India  IOCL: Indian Oil Corporation Limited  mn bbl: Million Barrels  CAGR: Compound Annual Growth Rate  JV: Joint Venture  UCG: Underground Coal Gasification  NGL: Natural Gas Liquids  OMCs: Oil Marketing Companies  NHGP: National Gas Hydrate Programme  Wherever applicable, numbers have been rounded off to the nearest whole number
  • 50. For updated information, please visit www.ibef.orgOil & Gas50 EXCHANGE RATES Year INR Equivalent of one US$ 2004–05 44.81 2005–06 44.14 2006–07 45.14 2007–08 40.27 2008–09 46.14 2009–10 47.42 2010–11 45.62 2011–12 46.88 2012–13 54.31 2013–14 60.28 2014-15 61.06 2015-16 65.46 2016-17 67.09 Q1 2017-18 64.46 Q2 2017-18 64.29 Year INR Equivalent of one US$ 2005 43.98 2006 45.18 2007 41.34 2008 43.62 2009 48.42 2010 45.72 2011 46.85 2012 53.46 2013 58.44 2014 61.03 2015 64.15 2016 67.21 H1 2017 65.73 Exchange Rates (Fiscal Year) Exchange Rates (Calendar Year) Source: Reserve bank of India, Average for the year
  • 51. For updated information, please visit www.ibef.orgOil & Gas51 DISCLAIMER India Brand Equity Foundation (IBEF) engaged Aranca to prepare this presentation and the same has been prepared by Aranca in consultation with IBEF. All rights reserved. All copyright in this presentation and related works is solely and exclusively owned by IBEF. The same may not be reproduced, wholly or in part in any material form (including photocopying or storing it in any medium by electronic means and whether or not transiently or incidentally to some other use of this presentation), modified or in any manner communicated to any third party except with the written approval of IBEF. This presentation is for information purposes only. While due care has been taken during the compilation of this presentation to ensure that the information is accurate to the best of Aranca and IBEF’s knowledge and belief, the content is not to be construed in any manner whatsoever as a substitute for professional advice. Aranca and IBEF neither recommend nor endorse any specific products or services that may have been mentioned in this presentation and nor do they assume any liability or responsibility for the outcome of decisions taken as a result of any reliance placed on this presentation. Neither Aranca nor IBEF shall be liable for any direct or indirect damages that may arise due to any act or omission on the part of the user due to any reliance placed or guidance taken from any portion of this presentation.