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How to be an ethical researcher

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How to be an ethical researcher

  1. 1. by Catherine Dawson Chapter No. 13 Presenter: Hira Mukhtar A Practical Guide to Research Methods
  2. 2. How to be an Ethical Researcher
  3. 3. Outline of this session  Objectives  Introduction of Research Ethics  Covert and Overt Research  Ethical Principles of Research  Ethics of Research & Code of Ethics  Ethic of Reciprocity  Conclusion  Works Cited  Self-assessment  Question/Answer session
  4. 4. Objectives By the end of this talk, you will be able to understand:  the meaning of ‘Ethics’ and its importance, particularly in research  the difference between Covert and Overt Research  responsibility of a researcher towards the human participants  the main points of Code of Ethics
  5. 5. Research Ethics means… Nothing other than treating the participants and the information they provide, with honesty and respect
  6. 6. The two methods of Research  Covert Research The researcher’s identity is unknown as he works under cover  Overt Research The research is open and the public knows the researcher and what he is doing
  7. 7. Covert Research It is good because  it’s the only way to know the internal issues of any organization  nothing is hidden from the researcher It is bad because  researcher’s personal safety is at risk  researcher’s contacts are unsafe  it can give researcher a bad name  it can discourage people from taking part in research
  8. 8. Overt Research It is good because  honesty is there  people are well- informed  researcher is treated with respect  no risk of personal safety is there It is bad because  people hide the sensitive issues  they are often shy of talking to a strangerer  it takes time to develop rapport  sometimes people demand benefits to help
  9. 9. Which one is right?
  10. 10. Covert vs. Overt  Both have their pros and cons  Covert research should be avoided as far as possible  Overt research should be preferred
  11. 11. Three Ethical Principles That Govern Research  Autonomy  Beneficence  Justice
  12. 12. Ethics of Research  Disclosure  Understanding  Voluntariness  Competence  Consent  Avoiding Deception
  13. 13. Code of Ethics  Informed Consent  Privacy  Confidentiality  Fairness (No deception)  Safety of Researcher  Right to Comment  The Final Report  Data Protection
  14. 14. Do unto others as you would have them do unto you Golden Rule / Ethic of Reciprocity
  15. 15. So one may say that….  Ethics in research means doing the right thing the right way  Being open is better than working under cover  Shortcuts should be avoided  The participants should be taken on board  A code of ethics should be developed and shared with the participants  Be in the participants’ shoes to feel what they feel
  16. 16. Always Remember
  17. 17. Works Cited  Dawson, Catherine: A Practical Guide to Research Methods: A user-friendly manual for mastering research techniques and projects: 2007 3rd Edition How to books publication  http://www.slideshare.net/MaiJoy/research- methodology-ethical-issues-in-research-an-assignment  http://architecturaldesignthesis.blogspot.com/  http://webcache.googleusercontent.com/search?q=cac he:IhawehIkYcoJ:www.ahc.umn.edu/img/assets/26104 /Research_Ethics.pdf+&cd=4&hl=en&ct=clnk&gl=pk
  18. 18. Self-assessment Have I met my objectives? Have you understood:  the meaning of ‘Ethics’ and its importance, particularly in research?  the difference between Covert and Overt research?  responsibility of a researcher towards the human participants?  the main points of Code of Ethics?

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