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Global NCAP World Congress Session 7, Ronald Vroman

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Safety of Children in Cars

Ronald Vroman, International Consumer Research and Testing

Veröffentlicht in: Automobil
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Global NCAP World Congress Session 7, Ronald Vroman

  1. 1. Safety of Children in Cars Ronald Vroman International Consumer Research and Testing Global NCAP World Congress September 2018, Delhi
  2. 2. Car Child Seats or Child Restraint Systems (CRS) • Designed to guarantee correct restraint of a child in a passenger vehicle – Prevent child hitting car interior – Control forces on child • One of the most important and effective passive safety devices in the vehicle Source: FIA toolkit for child safety in cars.
  3. 3. Body proportions
  4. 4. Integral and Non-Integral CRS Infant carriers Group 0+ (<13kg) Toddler seats Group 1 (9-18kg) Booster seats Group 2/3 (15-36kg) Booster cushion Group 2/3 (15 22-36kg)
  5. 5. Basic Principles CRS and car manufacturers (OEM’s) share responsibilities: – Car manufacturers facilitate CRS interface, and allow CRS to benefit from built in provisions – CRS manufacturers develop compatible CRS that protect children well.
  6. 6. Seat belt / Isofix installation
  7. 7. Legal Requirements • Standards of Approval – Set minimal level of protection ( technical requirements etc) – Define car-CRS interface (ideally ‘plug and play’) • Laws regarding use of CRS – Mandatory use of CRS for children up to certain weight / length/age – Sanctions when violated
  8. 8. Global Status Report on Road Safety
  9. 9. Global Status Report on Road Safety • Effectiveness of Child Restraint Systems (CRS) varies per category: – RWF infant carrier: 90% reduced risk compared to unrestrained – Booster seats 77% reduced risk compared to unrestrained
  10. 10. UN Regulation 44 UN-ECE 1958 agreement: Regulation 44 Uniform provisions concerning the approval of restraining devices for child occupants of power-driven vehicles ("Child Restraint Systems") • 43 contracting parties signed up • A.o. front and rear impact / roll over test • Definitions of envelopes, belt length, Isofix connectors
  11. 11. Other Type Approval Standards
  12. 12. From Reg 44 to Reg 129 UN-R44: • Developed in the 1980s and since then many times amended / updated • Concerns – Difficult to understand for consumers – Misuse risks (lower level of protection): • Incorrect installation • Wrong child seat • Slack in harness – No encouragement to transport toddlers (>13kg) rearward facing – No side impact test procedure
  13. 13. Regulation 129 (i-Size) (Enhanced Child Restraint Systems) • Replaces UN-R44: • Main characteristics: – Introduction side impact test – RWF transport mandatory until 15 months – Reduced misuse – Stature based classification – Q-dummies – Improved car compatibility 13
  14. 14. Regulation 129 (i-Size): Enhanced Child Restraint Systems (ECRS) Regulation 44: Child Restraint Systems (CRS) • June 2013: Phase 1 Isofix baby / toddler ECRS <105cm • June 2017: Phase 2 non-integral ECRS booster with backrest , >100cm <135cm minimally, Isofix optional • June 2018 Phase 3 adopted: belted universal baby / toddler seats entry into force foreseen 29 Dec 2018 • September 2017: Isofix withdrawn – no new approvals from 1 Sept 2017 – no extensions from 1 Sept 2020 • September 2019: non-integral withdrawn – no new approvals from 1 Sept 2019 – no extensions from 1 Sept 2023 • September 20201): Integral harness withdrawn – no new approvals from 1 Sept 2020 – no extensions from 1 Sept 2022 • February 2017: Booster cushions only group 3 (for children >125cm and 22kg) 1) ANEC proposal Time path R44 -> 129
  15. 15. Toolkit for Safety Advocates
  16. 16. Toolkit for Safety Advocates
  17. 17. Beyond Regulations Consumer information programs: • Inform how cars / CRS perform when tested under more demanding circumstances • Raise awareness • Create market demand
  18. 18. Safer Cars for India
  19. 19. CRS Consumer Information Programs
  20. 20. www.pesri.org
  21. 21. Dynamic tests in car body, Latin NCAP crash severity Frontal impact Side impact PESRI: CRS test for Latin America
  22. 22. Challenges • Low awareness in countries with young (or no) history of mandatory CRS use • Availability of affordable products • Weak market surveillance
  23. 23. Frontal Impact: Kiddo Traveller (2017)
  24. 24. Touring 3030 Touring 3042 Evolution Frontal Impact: Borigotto
  25. 25. 10 1 1 2 3 4 2 4 2 1 12 3 2 3 5 10 3 1 1 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 group 0 / 0+ group I group 0(+)/I group I/II group 0+/I/II group I/II/III group 0+/I/II/III 1 star 2 stars 3 stars 4 stars 5 stars
  26. 26. www.pesri.org
  27. 27. Comments, questions or suggestions: contacto@pesri.org
  28. 28. Way Forward • Apply – (UN) Regulations – Usage laws • Awareness campaigns • Consumer Information Programs
  29. 29. • ANY CRS is better than none • Correct use determines level of protection • Change to bigger CRS as late as possible (especially from rearward facing to to forward facing) General advice for parents
  30. 30. Thank you

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