Lecture 3

21. Sep 2019

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Lecture 3

  1. Lecture 3 3.1 Speaking part 2 - Giving a talk 3.2 Introduction on Writing 2 - Analyzing task - Brainstorming ideas - Organizing paragraphs
  2. 3.1 STRATEGIES ON SPEAKING PART-2 GIVING A TALK (LONG TURN) • Giving a talk • Introducing the points • Beginning & ending the talk
  3. Speaking Part-2 Individual long turn (3-4 minutes) This parts tests your ability to talk at length, organizing your ideas coherently. You are assessed on your performance throughout the test by certificated IELTS examiners according to the IELTS speaking test assessment criteria • Fluency and Coherency • Lexical resource • Grammatical Range and Accuracy • Pronunciation.
  4. A task card
  5. Strategies on Speaking Part-2 1. Listen carefully to the examiner to hear which tense they use in their questions. This will help you use the correct tenses when you speak. 2. Read the topic carefully, including all the bullet points, which help give your ideas and a structure of your talk. The first 2 questions usually require shorter answers. The last 2 questions require more information. 3. Making notes: Make full use of the minute’s preparation time and write down key points according to the given prompts on the card. It is a good idea to use a mind map.
  6. Mind map
  7. 4. Introduce your talk at the start. Useful languages for introducing your talk • Well, I’m going to / I’d like to talk about … • The story I’m going to talk about is … • One of the best / the most beautiful X that I’ve ever seen / heard is …
  8. 5. Link your points together and use an appropriate ending. 6. Speak for the full 2 minutes. You don’t need to stop until the examiner says ‘thank you’. 7. Don’t memorize a talk; the examiner will know you if you do. 8. If the examiner asks you a short question at the end, you only need to give a very brief answer. 9. In the IELTS Speaking exam you will be judged on your use of vocabulary. Having a good vocabulary is not just about knowing lots of words and phrases. You have to know how to use them. If you use slang in the exam, it might sound inappropriate. Equally, some words that are extremely formal or old-fashioned are not often used in speaking and might also sound inappropriate. 10. Speak clearly so that the examiner can hear and understand you. If you use weak forms correctly, you will be more fluent and you will sound more like a native speaker. This will get you higher marks in the exam. Knowing about weak forms will also help you understand the examiner more easily. Other function words (grammatical words) also have weak forms.
  9. Transcript for the answer
  10. 3.2 INTRODUCTION ON WRITING TASK 2 • Analysing the task • Brainstorming ideas • Organizing ideas into paragraphs
  11. Writing Task 2. You should spend 40 minutes You will be asked to write 250 words in an essay.
  12. Types of Essays • Opinion • Argument • Problem solving
  13. Assessment criteria 1. Task Response 2. Coherence & cohesion 3. Lexical resources 4. Range of grammar & accuracy
  14. Criterion1 Task Response 1. Determining the task or Understanding the question 2. Developing a Thesis Statement
  15. Criterion 1. Task Response # Question type Topic statements Tasks Instructions 1. The question type determines how you plan and write your essay. The statement outlines a view or problem. It gives you the topic or subject of your essay. It is important to read this part carefully so your essay fully answers the question. This is the part that tells you which type of essay you should write or which type of question you should answer. There are fairly standard and ask you to give reasons for your answers supported by examples. 2. A task with a single or 2 questions In today’s world, many people use mobile phones and the internet to communicate with others. This has resulted in the use of new words and different forms of spelling and grammar. Why do you think these changes have happened? Are they a positive or negative development? Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.
  16. Continue # Question type Topic statements Tasks Instructions 3. For and against The age at which children are allowed to work for money varies from country to country. While some people believe it is wrong, others regard it as a valuable opportunity to gain an experience of the work environment. Discuss the arguments for and against children participating in paid work. Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience. 4. Advantages and disadvantage s These days, the wealthy in society often throw away perfectly good products in order to replace them with more up to date models. Do the environmen- tal disadvantages of these developments outweigh the econo- mic advantages? 5. Discussing opinions Many governments state that they value equal opportunities for all but don’t adequate support for the disabled. Discuss this view and give your opinion.
  17. Developing a Thesis Statement Before you begin writing, you must think about your thesis statement. A thesis statement is your main idea. It organizes the rest of your writing. You need a thesis statement to give a description and to support your opinion.
  18. Let’s do the following practice. There should be laws to control the amount and type of violence shown on television programs. To what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement? Identify the task a) Give a description b) Support your opinion. c) Explain a problem and ask for a solution Choose the thesis statement a) There are many types of programs on television and each person is free to choose which programs he or she wants to watch. b) I enjoy watching police and detective programs on TV c) We can learn a lot from TV, but it is not a good idea to spend more than an hour a day watching it.
  19. The end