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Practical aspects of implementing FMNR

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Practical aspects of implementing FMNR

  1. 1. Practical aspects of implementing FMNR Beating Famine Conference, Malawi 14th -17th April 2015 Caroline Njiru World Vision Kenya
  2. 2. The approach  FMNR in Kenya kicked off in April 2013,with a project launch at the community level where all the stakeholders in the community were invited.  The initiative adopted a bottom up approach. Bottom up approach National gov’t, County gov’t, policy makers Grass root:farmers,Community opinion leaders , gate keepers, government leaders,CBOs/NGOs Research Strengthening community Voice and Action
  3. 3. Meeting with different stakeholders. Community leaders Gate keepers/opinion leaders in the community Government officials Other NGOs/CBOS in the community, then participatory community sensitisation forums
  4. 4. Identification and training of extension agents Identification of extension agents(state and non state) by the community Training of the identified extension agents on FMNR. The agents are ‘teachers’ of the concept in the community and do farmer to farmer training including FMNR follow up and monitoring
  5. 5. Farmer to farmer spread Awareness sessions to other farmers by agents Agents are catalysts of change as farmers believe their own.
  6. 6. Training of FMNR Demonstration sessions on FMNR and training by both state and community agents in the community
  7. 7. ‘Farmers believe their own’
  8. 8. Forums with other partners(field days)
  9. 9. Advocacy-Engaging policy makers Having policy makers,e.g governors ministers in FMNR forums Ownership and acceptance of the concept as the advocacy is coming from the locals. Integrating of the concept in county gov’t management plans
  10. 10. Capacity building on energy and livelihood options
  11. 11. Awareness and training by children too!
  12. 12. Use of Media
  13. 13. Posters,booklets….
  14. 14. Exchange visits
  15. 15. Enabling factors  Bottom up approach  Community education and awareness.  Riding on the early adopters  Learning sites( individual farms/public sites)  Defined land and tree tenure, joint management on communal land(By laws)  Stopping destructive burning and educate community on managing wildfires  Policy intergration,partnerships(government,CBOs,women groups,youth groups etc),  Connecting FMNRwith farmers livelihoods.
  16. 16. Lessons learnt  Bottom up approach is key, you have to win the farmers!  It is important to build a movement of champions(both community and institutions)  Motivation of extension agents should be considered  Use existing community structures  Acknowledge indigenous knowledge  It is important to contextualise(connecting with the source livelihood of the community)  Tree and land Tenure/ownership, affect uptake, where user rights or land tenure defined uptake is high  Capacity building community on alternative livelihood and energy options are key investments that can enhance success.  Children and schools are a major catalyst for FMNR spread.  Law and legislation(Policy),partnerships(government and non government) key in FMNR spread.
  17. 17. “We cannot do everything but we can do something”

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