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ANTH398D/2A Meeting 12 (draft)

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ANTH398D/2A Meeting 12 (draft)

  1. 1. ANTH398D - Ethnomusicology Meeting 12 – Represented November 20, 2007
  2. 2. Attali
  3. 3. Genealogies <ul><li>Diachronic approach </li></ul><ul><li>Semi-deterministic </li></ul><ul><li>Analogies </li></ul><ul><li>Music prefigures political economy </li></ul>
  4. 4. EuroThinking <ul><li>Thomas Malthus (population growth) </li></ul><ul><li>Adam Smith (invisible hand, free market) </li></ul><ul><li>Karl Marx (capital, production) </li></ul><ul><li>Émile Durkheim (division of labour) </li></ul><ul><li>Max Weber (protestant work ethic) </li></ul><ul><li>Theodor Adorno (culture industries) </li></ul><ul><li>Michel Foucault (archaeology human sciences) </li></ul>
  5. 5. “ Western Civ” <ul><li>Romanticism and Enlightenment </li></ul><ul><li>Periods, attitudes, worldviews </li></ul><ul><li>Art and Science </li></ul><ul><li>Industrial Revolution (intensification) </li></ul><ul><li>Market economy (centralisation, currency) </li></ul><ul><li>Political economy (capitalism/socialism) </li></ul>
  6. 6. Romanticism <ul><li>Still current? </li></ul><ul><li>Post-enlightenment </li></ul><ul><li>Same questions, different answers </li></ul><ul><li>Nationalism (Rousseau, Herder, Grimms) </li></ul><ul><li>Darwinism </li></ul><ul><li>Pathos, passion, melodrama </li></ul><ul><li>Absolutes, Globalisation </li></ul><ul><li>Post-industrial? </li></ul>
  7. 7. State <ul><li>National </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Identity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Government </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Territory </li></ul></ul><ul><li>“ Patron of the Arts”/«mécène»(support) </li></ul><ul><li>Regulations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rights </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Responsibilities </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Power <ul><li>Individual freedom </li></ul><ul><li>Coercion/dominance/hegemony </li></ul><ul><li>Harmony as repressive </li></ul><ul><li>Musician’s status </li></ul>
  9. 9. Music <ul><li>Abstract </li></ul><ul><li>Philosophical </li></ul><ul><li>Linked to power </li></ul><ul><li>Reified </li></ul>
  10. 10. Commodity <ul><li>Exchange </li></ul><ul><li>Interchangeable </li></ul><ul><li>Value by volume </li></ul><ul><li>Markets </li></ul><ul><li>Opposite of luxury </li></ul>
  11. 11. Economies of music <ul><li>Who gets paid? </li></ul><ul><li>How get paid? </li></ul><ul><li>Diversity of models </li></ul><ul><li>“ Value” </li></ul><ul><li>Individual property </li></ul>
  12. 12. Copyright <ul><li>Main economic model for music </li></ul><ul><li>Authorship </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Creativity, originality, uniqueness </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Restrictions/control for access/use </li></ul><ul><li>Specific protections </li></ul><ul><ul><li>For publishers? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Defending business model </li></ul>
  13. 13. Current Trends <ul><li>Musicianship as breadwinning </li></ul><ul><li>Art as superior to commercial </li></ul><ul><li>Crystallisation of model (album, concert) </li></ul><ul><li>Online music distribution (control, piracy) </li></ul><ul><li>Musicians’ emancipation </li></ul><ul><li>Globalisation (next week) </li></ul>
  14. 14. Building heroes <ul><li>(E.g. John Coltrane) </li></ul><ul><li>Suffering </li></ul><ul><li>Technique </li></ul><ul><li>Spirituality </li></ul><ul><li>Mystery/mystification </li></ul><ul><li>“ Projection” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Synecdoche </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Playlist Alban Berg Piano Sonata no. 1 (Anzaldua) Five Pieces for Orchestra Schönberg (Peabody SO) Dixie Harmonium Sunjata Fasa Lansine Diabate et al . Auprès de ma blonde Aristide Bruand L’Internationale Pete Seeger To Anacreon in Heaven Oh Canada Sarah McLachlan CBC Hockey Night in Canada Dolores Claman

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