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Money
Money
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Money

  1. 1. MONEY
  2. 2. MONEY • Money is defined as anything that acts as a medium of exchange • Function of money: 3.medium of exchange 4.measure of value / unit of account 5.store of value 6.standard deffered payment
  3. 3. Types of Money • commodity money • fiat money • legal tender • token money • demand deposit
  4. 4. Money supply • M1 = narrow money = is also a money transaction in which the money is directly used for transactions. currency - coins + paper money ( fiat money) checkable deposits = demand deposit by commercial bank. M1 = currency + demand deposit
  5. 5. M2 = near money = items that are highly liquid financial assets such as a saving account, fixed deposits, negotiable certificates by Bank Negara or commercial banks. Near monies also known as quasi money M2 = M1 + saving and fixed deposits in commercial banks + NCD + repos + Bank Negara Certificates.
  6. 6. • M3= Broad money, which is the broadest in definition. • M3 = M2 + fixed and saving deposit in other financial institutions. • Other financial institutions = includes are merchant banks, Bank Islam Malaysia Bhd, Finance companies and Discount Houses. • Broad near money(quasi money) = M3- M1
  7. 7. Money Demand (Md) • Keynes Theory: 2. Transaction Motives 3. Precautionary Motives 4. Speculative Motive
  8. 8. Quantity Theory Of Money • By Irvin Fisher: the quantity theory of money provides that the changes in money are related to changes in the price level, which is measured by the consumer price index (CPI) • MV = PT • M= money circulation • V= velocity • P= price level • T= total transaction
  9. 9. BANKING SYSTEM • CLASSIFICATION OF BANKS 2. Banking institutions 3. Non-bank financial institutions 4. Non-bank financial intermediaries
  10. 10. BANKING INSTITUTIONS 2. Central Bank 3. Commercial Banks OTHER FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS 1. Finance companies 2. Merchant Bank 3. EPF
  11. 11. COMMERCIAL BANK FUNCTIONS : 1. Accepting deposits 2. Providing Loans and advances 3. Providing other banking services and facilities
  12. 12. CENTRAL BANK FUNCTIONS: 1. Issuing currencies 2. To act as a banker to the government 3. Banker to other banks 4. To promote monetary stability and financial structure 5. Be a holder of the country of gold and foreign currency reserves.

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