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CANCER- AWARENESS

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CAUSE, SYMPTOMS , PREVENTION , SCREENING, DIAGNOSIS , TREATMENT , LATEST ADVANCEMENT , SURVIVORS

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CANCER- AWARENESS

  1. 1. CANCER AWARENESS Dr ANKITA SINGH PATEL MBBS,MD(KGMU) FELLOW Tata Memorial Hospital,Mumbai Fortis Research Institute,New Delhi CONSULTANT Apex Hospital Cancer Institute Mob. 9305421547 Email: dr.ankitapatel.onco@gmail.com WEBSITE: www.apexhospitalvaranasi.com
  2. 2. • SEEN OR MET CANCER PATIENT???????????? • WHAT IS CANCER??????????????????? • MOST COMMON CANCERS???????????? • CAUSE?????????????????????? • PREVENTED????????????????
  3. 3. APEX HOSPITAL CANCER INSTITUTE
  4. 4. WHAT IS CANCER????? APEX HOSPITAL CANCER INSTITUTE
  5. 5. SCENARIO APEX HOSPITAL CANCER INSTITUTE Cancer causes 20% of all deaths. Every Year 8 lakh new cases are detected. Every year 5.5 lakh cancer patients die in our country.
  6. 6. FACTS ABOUT CANCER APEX HOSPITAL CANCER INSTITUTE 70 – 80 % cancer are detected at late stage . 50% ignorant at early stage. Early detection helps in complete cure of some cancer.
  7. 7. APEX HOSPITAL CANCER INSTITUTE
  8. 8. APEX HOSPITAL CANCER INSTITUTEA P E X H O S P I T A L C A N C E R I N S T I T U T E
  9. 9. APEX HOSPITAL CANCER INSTITUTE
  10. 10. APEX HOSPITAL CANCER INSTITUTEA P E X H O S P I T A L C A N C E R I N S T I T U T E
  11. 11. APEX HOSPITAL CANCER INSTITUTE
  12. 12. APEX HOSPITAL CANCER INSTITUTE
  13. 13. APEX HOSPITAL CANCER INSTITUTE
  14. 14. APEX HOSPITAL CANCER INSTITUTE “Genes load the gun. Lifestyle pulls the trigger.” Elliott Joslyn, MD A P E X H O S P I T A L C A N C E R I N S T I T U T E
  15. 15. SMOKING APEX HOSPITAL CANCER INSTITUTE
  16. 16. APEX HOSPITAL CANCER INSTITUTE. 22
  17. 17. CAUSES - TOBACCO • Khaini , • jarda, • gutka.
  18. 18. BETELNUT APEX HOSPITAL CANCER INSTITUTE
  19. 19. ALCOHOL APEX HOSPITAL CANCER INSTITUTE
  20. 20. FAT APEX HOSPITAL CANCER INSTITUTE • Increase Fat : Breast +Colon
  21. 21. COMPROMISED PHYSICAL ACTIVITY APEX HOSPITAL CANCER INSTITUTE
  22. 22. VIRUS APEX HOSPITAL CANCER INSTITUTE • Viruses – Hepatitis B ,C , EBV , HPV.
  23. 23. HERIDITARY APEX HOSPITAL CANCER INSTITUTE • Retinoblastoma • Colon • Breast • Ovary
  24. 24. APEX HOSPITAL CANCER INSTITUTE
  25. 25. SYMPTOMS OF CANCER APEX HOSPITAL CANCER INSTITUTE 31 • unexplained changes to your body • sudden appearance of a lump • blood in your urine • change to your usual bowel habits. • Lump in your breast • Coughing, chest pain and breathlessness • Changes in bowel habits • Bleeding • Moles • Unexplained weight loss
  26. 26. LARYNGEAL CANCER WARNING SIGNS APEX HOSPITAL CANCER INSTITUTE • Persistent hoarseness • Soreness in neck • Feeling of lump in throat. • Difficulty in swallowing
  27. 27. ORAL CANCER– WARNING SIGNS APEX HOSPITAL CANCER INSTITUTE • Persistent white or red patches . • Any persistent lump or swelling. • Fixation of tongue • Non healing ulcer • Reduced mouth opening.
  28. 28. LUNG CANCER– WARNING SIGNS APEX HOSPITAL CANCER INSTITUTE • Chronic cough • Coughing out blood • Change in voice • Chest pain • Shortness of breath.
  29. 29. COLORECTAL CANCER – WARNING SIGNS APEX HOSPITAL CANCER INSTITUTE • Blood in stool • Feeling of being bloated • Change in bowel habit • Constipation
  30. 30. ESOPHAGEAL CANCER – WARNING SIGNS APEX HOSPITAL CANCER INSTITUTE • Difficulty in swallowing • Recurrent indigesion
  31. 31. PROSTATE CANCER APEX HOSPITAL CANCER INSTITUTE • Trouble urinating • Decreased force in the stream of urine • Blood in the semen • Discomfort in the pelvic area • Bone pain • Erectile dysfunction
  32. 32. BLADDER CANCER APEX HOSPITAL CANCER INSTITUTE • Blood or blood clots in the urine (hematuria). • Pain during urination (dysuria). • Urinating small amounts frequently. • Frequent urinary tract infections (UTIs).
  33. 33. APEX HOSPITAL CANCER INSTITUTE OW TO PREVENT CANC
  34. 34. APEX HOSPITAL CANCER INSTITUTE
  35. 35. APEX HOSPITAL CANCER INSTITUTE
  36. 36. SAY NO TO TOBACCO APEX HOSPITAL CANCER INSTITUTE
  37. 37. QUIT SMOKING APEX HOSPITAL CANCER INSTITUTE
  38. 38. REGULAR EXERCISE APEX HOSPITAL CANCER INSTITUTE
  39. 39. OBESITY AND BODY WEIGHT APEX HOSPITAL CANCER INSTITUTE
  40. 40. REDUCE FAT APEX HOSPITAL CANCER INSTITUTE
  41. 41. FRENCH FRIES OR CANCER FRIES? APEX HOSPITAL CANCER INSTITUTE French fries are made with hydrogenated oils and then fried at high temperatures (80X more fat). They also contain cancer- causing acryl amides which occur during the frying process.
  42. 42. FOOD ADDITIVES? APEX HOSPITAL CANCER INSTITUTE
  43. 43. APEX HOSPITAL CANCER INSTITUTE
  44. 44. INCREASE FIBER APEX HOSPITAL CANCER INSTITUTE
  45. 45. INCREASE FIBER APEX HOSPITAL CANCER INSTITUTE • Help move potential carcinogens through the intestines faster, • absorb bile acids,
  46. 46. APEX HOSPITAL CANCER INSTITUTE EAT MORE RAW FRUITS AND VEGETABLES • Phytochemicals support the body's immune system and many have antioxidant properties. • FRUITS AND VEGETABLES ALKALIZE YOUR BODY!
  47. 47. CHANGE YOUR OIL APEX HOSPITAL CANCER INSTITUTE Avoid vegetables oils that are high in saturated fats. olive oil, canola oil, sunflower oil, flaxseed oil or walnut oils for cooking, each of which contains good amounts of heart-healthy monounsaturated fats and offers a higher ratio of -3 to  -6 essential fatty acids
  48. 48. DRINK GREEN TEA APEX HOSPITAL CANCER INSTITUTE • Green tea and black tea contain the antioxidant-rich polyphenols, which appear to prevent cancer cells from dividing. •
  49. 49. DRINK WATER APEX HOSPITAL CANCER INSTITUTE • 3-4 LITRES water
  50. 50. APEX HOSPITAL CANCER INSTITUTE
  51. 51. REGULAR CHECKUP APEX HOSPITAL CANCER INSTITUTE • Regular clinical examination. • In case of any symptom,don’t ignore , dnt wait…immediately consult doctor.
  52. 52. WHY EARLY DETECTION IS IMPORTANT ? APEX HOSPITAL CANCER INSTITUTE • Disease detected at early stage produces better results on treatment and even cure.
  53. 53. SCREENING APEX HOSPITAL CANCER INSTITUTE
  54. 54. APEX HOSPITAL CANCER INSTITUTE
  55. 55. IMMEDIATE CONSULT WITH ONCOLOGIST FOR PROPER MANAGEMENT APEX HOSPITAL CANCER INSTITUTE
  56. 56. BREAST CANCER
  57. 57. BREAST CANCER FACTS APEX HOSPITAL CANCER INSTITUTE  2nd leading cause of death  2nd most common cancer  Incidence increases with age  All women are at risk
  58. 58. RISK FACTORS FOR BREAST CANCER APEX HOSPITAL CANCER INSTITUTE Gender: female (1% males) Age: increases as the women gets older. Relative : (mother or sister) Menstrual history :early onset late menopause Childbirth: first child after the age of 30 or having no child at all. Pregnancy and breastfeeding are protective against breast cancer
  59. 59. RISK FACTORS FOR BREAST CANCER APEX HOSPITAL CANCER INSTITUTE Obesity Diet: Fat Alcohol Lack of Physical Activity ; Stress Radiation Exposure History of cancer: breast, uterus, cervix, ovary Hormones: estrogens in Hormone replacement therapy & Birth control pills Genetics : certain conditions that are inheritated > 70% have no risk factors
  60. 60. Can I prevent breast cancer? Because no one knows exactly what causes it, there are no SURE ways to prevent breast cancer. However, the following may help to reduce your risk: •Maintaining a healthy weight , regular exercise, & a nutritious diet •Limiting our exposure to estrogen, alcohol, and smoke •Breastfeeding APEX HOSPITAL CANCER INSTITUTE
  61. 61. SIGNS OF BREAST CANCER APEX HOSPITAL CANCER INSTITUTE
  62. 62. APEX HOSPITAL CANCER INSTITUTE
  63. 63. APEX HOSPITAL CANCER INSTITUTE
  64. 64. APEX HOSPITAL CANCER INSTITUTE
  65. 65. APEX HOSPITAL CANCER INSTITUTE
  66. 66. APEX HOSPITAL CANCER INSTITUTE
  67. 67. APEX HOSPITAL CANCER INSTITUTE
  68. 68. APEX HOSPITAL CANCER INSTITUTE
  69. 69. BREAST CANCER SCREENING APEX HOSPITAL CANCER INSTITUTE Breast self-examinationExamination Mammography—the by physician only modality shown to decrease mortality
  70. 70. SCREENING APEX HOSPITAL CANCER INSTITUTE r i z Average-size lump found by woman practicing occasional breast self-exam (BSE) Average-size lump found by woman practicing regular breast self-exam (BSE) Average-size lump found by first mammogram Average-size lump found by getting regular mammograms
  71. 71. APEX HOSPITAL CANCER INSTITUTE
  72. 72. CLINICAL BREAST EXAMINATION APEX HOSPITAL CANCER INSTITUTE • Performed by doctor or trained nurse practitioner • Annually for women over 40yrs • At least every 3 years for women between 20 and 40 yrs A P E X H O S P I T A L C A N C E R I N S T I T U T E
  73. 73. MAMMOGRAPHY APEX HOSPITAL CANCER INSTITUTE X-ray of the breast Has been shown to save lives in patients 50-69
  74. 74. ANTI- CANCER
  75. 75. HOW DO WE TREAT… • Radiotherapy • Surgery • Chemotherapy • Targeted therapy • Hormonal therapy
  76. 76. 84
  77. 77. CHEMOTHERAPY Use of antineoplastic drugs to kill and destroy TUMOR CELLS. 85APEX HOSPITAL CANCER INSTITUTE.
  78. 78. RADIOTHERAPY
  79. 79. PET CT
  80. 80. CA NASOPHARYNX
  81. 81. TAKE HOME MESSAGE 91 • Cancer is preventable improve your lifestyle and diet • Cancer is curable if detected early and treated promptly. • Cancer can be treatedat any stage.
  82. 82. 92 BE ALERT , BE VIGILANT , SAVE LIVES
  83. 83. APEX HOSPITAL CANCER INSTITUTE Apex Hospital Cancer Institute
  84. 84. 95 THANKYOU
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CAUSE, SYMPTOMS , PREVENTION , SCREENING, DIAGNOSIS , TREATMENT , LATEST ADVANCEMENT , SURVIVORS

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