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FILLING IN/FINDING OUT GAPS
AROUND. FRAMEWORK AND
TIMELINE.
www.diegofdezsevilla.wordpress.com by Diego Fdez-
Sevilla, PhD.
1 | 21www.diegofdezsevilla.wordpress.com by Diego Fdez-Sevilla.PhD
From October 2013 to June 2016
2 | 21www.diegofdezsevilla.wordpress.com by Diego Fdez-Sevilla.PhD
Who has the right and the responsibility to discuss Cli...
3 | 21www.diegofdezsevilla.wordpress.com by Diego Fdez-Sevilla.PhD
Settled Science (by Diego Fdez-Sevilla)
Science
From ww...
4 | 21www.diegofdezsevilla.wordpress.com by Diego Fdez-Sevilla.PhD
“The question has been answered, and the new question i...
5 | 21www.diegofdezsevilla.wordpress.com by Diego Fdez-Sevilla.PhD
But if you claim that politicians not only take politic...
6 | 21www.diegofdezsevilla.wordpress.com by Diego Fdez-Sevilla.PhD
everyday, and many times the answers are not even a gol...
7 | 21www.diegofdezsevilla.wordpress.com by Diego Fdez-Sevilla.PhD
 Order / Disorder Chaos is not simply disorder. Chaos ...
8 | 21www.diegofdezsevilla.wordpress.com by Diego Fdez-Sevilla.PhD
same lack of understanding into creating “innovative so...
9 | 21www.diegofdezsevilla.wordpress.com by Diego Fdez-Sevilla.PhD
 Revisiting the theory of Facing a decrease in the dif...
10 | 21www.diegofdezsevilla.wordpress.com by Diego Fdez-Sevilla.PhD
to improve the understanding over our surroundings, tr...
11 | 21www.diegofdezsevilla.wordpress.com by Diego Fdez-Sevilla.PhD
“The scientist …
October 11,
2013
October 11,
2013
Gen...
12 | 21www.diegofdezsevilla.wordpress.com by Diego Fdez-Sevilla.PhD
Climate variability and energy balance.
(by Diego Fdez...
13 | 21www.diegofdezsevilla.wordpress.com by Diego Fdez-Sevilla.PhD
March 14,
2014
The breakdown of the Polar Vortex. It h...
14 | 21www.diegofdezsevilla.wordpress.com by Diego Fdez-Sevilla.PhD
July 17, 2014
Could plastic debris, coarse, fine and m...
15 | 21www.diegofdezsevilla.wordpress.com by Diego Fdez-Sevilla.PhD
November 29,
2014
(Updated 5/Jan/2015) State of the Po...
16 | 21www.diegofdezsevilla.wordpress.com by Diego Fdez-Sevilla.PhD
March 3, 2015
Extreme climatic events in the North Hem...
17 | 21www.diegofdezsevilla.wordpress.com by Diego Fdez-Sevilla.PhD
Atmospheric Circulation and Climate
Drift. Are we ther...
18 | 21www.diegofdezsevilla.wordpress.com by Diego Fdez-Sevilla.PhD
October 7,
2015
Arctic Intake of Water Vapour (by Dieg...
19 | 21www.diegofdezsevilla.wordpress.com by Diego Fdez-Sevilla.PhD
December 9,
2015
SOILS. The Skeleton Holding The Muscl...
20 | 21www.diegofdezsevilla.wordpress.com by Diego Fdez-Sevilla.PhD
March 22,
2016
Pacific atmospheric dynamics with and w...
21 | 21www.diegofdezsevilla.wordpress.com by Diego Fdez-Sevilla.PhD
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Diego Fdez-Sevilla PhD Blog Filling In Finding Out FRAMEWORK June 2016

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Diego Fdez-Sevilla PhD Blog Filling In Finding Out FRAMEWORK June 2016

  1. 1. FILLING IN/FINDING OUT GAPS AROUND. FRAMEWORK AND TIMELINE. www.diegofdezsevilla.wordpress.com by Diego Fdez- Sevilla, PhD.
  2. 2. 1 | 21www.diegofdezsevilla.wordpress.com by Diego Fdez-Sevilla.PhD From October 2013 to June 2016
  3. 3. 2 | 21www.diegofdezsevilla.wordpress.com by Diego Fdez-Sevilla.PhD Who has the right and the responsibility to discuss Climate as a topic of debate? I am not the expert whom has “the answer” to the complex questions raising on climate. But I have been inspired to write openly my thoughts in here based on the knowledge that I have acquired in environmental science from academia, the work load behind performing a thesis in Aerobiology studying atmospheric dynamics and airborne particle behaviour as well as 8 years researching on climatic synergies. The latest research is what I started to publish in my blog. After leaving academia that was the only way I found to get published what it can not be in the absence of other peer reviewed papers addressing what I consider to be a new different approach and conclusions from main stream. I am not looking to be a popular kid on the block or even convince others that my point of view is the “right” one. I just have a critical mind trained in environmental research and personal values which makes me feel responsible to share the little knowledge that I have. I agree on that, those considered themselves experts are obliged to attend any critical thinking questioning theirs assessments and behaviour. And they are the ones to be in charge to give answers. But any critical mind is entitled to make questions. My position in the debate lies in the belief of considering as a major factor limiting our understandings the lack of attention given to the gaps of knowledge existent. The concepts, measurements and parameters applied to address environmental synergistic interactions are too narrow and isolated from each other to understand their full meaning, reaching dogmatic patterns of thought to make the quickest conclusions in the absence of a better and clear idea on what is going on. Temperature and GHGs are linked, but they are not the beginning of our problems neither the end. The capacity that humans have to transform the environment was the beginning and it will not stop manufacturing solar panels. As a biologist myself I believe that the climate regimes we used to consider stable are closely linked with the composition of not only the atmosphere, but also vegetable cover, soil structure and water reservoirs and flows. All those materials being part of the environment have different origin, composition and behaviour. But all of them are basically forms sustaining, transforming or carrying energy. The energy we measure as temperature is only one part of the whole spectrum among all the forms energy is flowing around. Our environment has been transformed in composition, distribution and structure in the solid, gaseous and liquid phases (water cycles, land cover, soil, and atmospheric composition). So, even considering natural variability and cycles as part of climatic drifts, I see as a matter of special concern and extreme importance, to be conscious about what is that we assume to be similar and what not when we look into past events in time. Well, this is just one opinion, my opinion and what inspires me to share it is the fact that I have one, made off from performing research and observations over several years. And I believe that the effort required to address the challenge of understanding what is happening and its ramifications, it has to explore and incorporate all points of view available. Diego Fdez-Sevilla, PhD.
  4. 4. 3 | 21www.diegofdezsevilla.wordpress.com by Diego Fdez-Sevilla.PhD Settled Science (by Diego Fdez-Sevilla) Science From www.scientificamerican.com I have been aware of a rather confusing posture adopted by the Australian Government about Science:  Science as a systemic pattern of thought oriented to identify relevant gaps of knowledge, to analyse the implications of those in the development of societies and to further engage in the effort towards reducing those gaps and to apply the knowledge acquired. A mind set which for most scientists demand the commitment of prioritising scientific achievements over the development of their personal lives.  Science as a career. A profession in the job market offering stability to achieve professional goals and the growth of personal aspirations including supporting the growth of a family. Gayathri Vaidyanathan, wrote the news report on February 8, 2016. CSIRO’s climate programs have been in trouble since at least May 2014, when the then-conservative government cut the agency’s budget by $111 million. Almost 1,000 positions were eliminated, including in the climate departments. Marshall, a Silicon Valley entrepreneur, became CSIRO’s CEO in Jan. 2015 and immediately announced that CSIRO would focus on innovation over basic science. Marshall and CSIRO representatives did not respond to ClimateWire’s request for comment by deadline. When Malcolm Turnbull became Australia’s prime minister in September last year, replacing a pro-energy predecessor, environmentalists rejoiced. But Turnbull’s government has also emphasized science that can be easily commercialized, according to media reports. In December, CSIRO’s management audited the atmosphere and oceans program for its commercial potential. “We were having a hard time in demonstrating the capacity to be commercially valuable,” one CSIRO scientist said. “Not that climate science can’t demonstrate incredible economic value to society by helping to adapt and reduce damages and risks, but that’s not the kind of economics that the new CEO and the government is going after.” The internal assessment was that perhaps dozens of jobs might be at risk, the scientist said. On Feb. 3, Marshall wrote in a memo that CSIRO would henceforth focus on commercially viable projects. The next day, during a staff meeting, he said all climate change programs would be cut. Staff would be transferred into other programs, so there would not be job losses, he said. Marshall wrote in the memo that climate change is now settled science, and basic research is no longer needed.
  5. 5. 4 | 21www.diegofdezsevilla.wordpress.com by Diego Fdez-Sevilla.PhD “The question has been answered, and the new question is what do we do about it, and how can we find solutions for the climate we will be living with,” he wrote. _____________________ With an ax rather than a scalpel, Australia’s federal science agency last week (Feb8th 2016) chopped off its climate research arm in a decision that has stunned scientists and left employees dispirited. As many as 110 out of 140 positions at the atmosphere and oceans division at the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO) will be cut, Larry Marshall, the agency’s chief executive, told staff Friday. Another 120 positions will be cut from the land and water program. Across the agency, 350 climate staff will be moved into new roles unrelated to their specialty. Scientists say the cuts would affect Australia’s ability to cope with climate change. The nation is already the driest on Earth and experiencing significant shifts in rainfall. It would leave the global research community disabled, since CSIRO ran the Southern Hemisphere’s most comprehensive Earth monitoring and modeling programs. And it would leave young climate scientists at CSIRO without direction. “I’m saddened for climate science itself, for services to Australia, and particularly for the younger scientists who are just starting to make their mark in this important area,” said John Church, an oceanographer at CSIRO and a world-renowned expert on sea-level rise. Another CSIRO scientist termed the situation “depressing.” Most CSIRO scientists requested anonymity, since employees cannot discuss government policies under the terms of their contracts. “Because the science is settled there is no need for more basic research”. When I saw this statement some time ago I didn´t think it could be taken seriously. But since such argument has supporters, I guess same will apply with cancer. Climate and cancer Sciences are settled and share same findings, both are real and the impact triggered by their developments are harmful to societies, and both share components from anthropogenic activities. So, we should stop basic research on understanding the basics behind the developments on cancer and focus on pharmaceuticals, stop understanding climatic synergies and focus on.. renewable industry? If the ones taking decisions which lead to this mindset are those coming from the better schools… and many wise people are found in rural areas, may be, only may be, … we should re-think where should we focus the education for those taking important decisions. Because if when Science can be viewed as settled does not need scientists we could apply same pattern of thought with politics. When political decisions are taken, politicians are not longer needed.
  6. 6. 5 | 21www.diegofdezsevilla.wordpress.com by Diego Fdez-Sevilla.PhD But if you claim that politicians not only take political decisions but also work with the daily demands from implementing those policies, you should also consider what happens once scientific postures are being implemented in those policies. Who is looking after the right introduction of scientific values on those policies? and who is working towards identifying new developments and adapting scientific discoveries into those policies? Science and Politics. The Scientist that lays a Golden Egg Once upon a time there lived a cloth merchant in a village with his wife and two children. They had a beautiful hen which laid an egg everyday. It was not an ordinary egg, rather, a golden egg. But the man was not satisfied with what he used to get daily. He was a get rich-trice kind of a person. So, one day he thought hard and “science was settled”. He thought, “If I cut open the hen’s stomach, I can get out all the golden eggs at once. I do not have to wait for the hen to lay the golden eggs one by one.” That night he killed the hen, but to his dismay, he found no golden eggs. Not only he did not find even one, but he knew that from this instant onwards his life could not rely any more on having even one egg a day. (The Golden Egg – Aesop’s Fables. Adapted by Diego Fdez-Sevilla) Assuming that for science to be settled is enough it is like assuming that basic medicine can be considered settled and there is no need for any investment on it. The problem with life sciences is that the only thing that can be forced to be settled are concepts and postures. We are living surrounded by processes of constant transition. The basic treatments from basic medicine are being constantly changed because everything involved is constantly changing. The pathogens are different in their virulence, the environment in which they develop has changed and even our own bodies are growing in a new scenario when compared with 50 years ago. We are exposed to a different type of nutrition, activity patterns, growth rates and overuse of antibiotics make us to react differently to similar basic hazards. Similarly in Climatic science, what we might be experimenting is just a process of transition. The first challenge faced by Science is to settle agreement over the fact atmospheric patterns have changed. But even if any government wants to adopt such agreement as settled, the main question comes within the answer in itself. Change means transition, which also means, the linear progression drawn from today’s settled knowledge can no t be assumed to be the same found after the present stage of transition moves to a different one. Such point of view is what I have adopted based on those findings shared on this blog from my research over climatic synergies. There is a huge difference between assuming that something has changed, the changed is settled and a new settled scenario has been created. And, there is a change going on, it has not stopped, the scenario is changing under a period of transition and we do not know for how long is going to keep unstable or even if instability will be “settled” in the near future. Like the hen laying golden eggs, you can not get from a scientists all the answers at once. The developments unfolding over time is what makes a scientist lay an egg
  7. 7. 6 | 21www.diegofdezsevilla.wordpress.com by Diego Fdez-Sevilla.PhD everyday, and many times the answers are not even a golden egg. But meanwhile not all eggs might not be of gold, with every “egg laid” in science we have food for thought which will keep us on our toes facing new developments coming from either basic or “golden” innovative science. In today’s time politicians and industry are looking at science as the farm of the golden eggs. The Butterfly Effect on Scientific Thought and Environmental Policies. You might be familiar with the butterfly theory. From fractalfoundation.org I want to introduce here their description over the Chaos theory and their implications on the complex subject of Scientific thought and environmental policies: Chaos is the science of surprises, of the nonlinear and the unpredictable. It teaches us to expect the unexpected. While most traditional science deals with supposedly predictable phenomena like gravity, electricity, or chemical reactions, Chaos Theory deals with nonlinear things that are effectively impossible to predict or control, like turbulence, weather, the stock market, our brain states, and so on. These phenomena are often described by fractal mathematics, which captures the infinite complexity of nature. Many natural objects exhibit fractal properties, including landscapes, clouds, trees, organs, rivers etc, and many of the systems in which we live exhibit complex, chaotic behavior. Recognizing the chaotic, fractal nature of our world can give us new insight, power, and wisdom. For example, by understanding the complex, chaotic dynamics of the atmosphere, a balloon pilot can “steer” a balloon to a desired location. By understanding that our ecosystems, our social systems, and our economic systems are interconnected, we can hope to avoid actions which may end up being detrimental to our long-term well-being. Principles of Chaos  The Butterfly Effect: This effect grants the power to cause a hurricane in China to a butterfly flapping its wings in New Mexico. It may take a very long time, but the connection is real. If the butterfly had not flapped its wings at just the right point in space/time, the hurricane would not have happened. A more rigorous way to express this is that small changes in the initial conditions lead to drastic changes in the results. Our lives are an ongoing demonstration of this principle. Who knows what the long-term effects of teaching millions of kids about chaos and fractals will be?  Unpredictability: Because we can never know all the initial conditions of a complex system in sufficient (i.e. perfect) detail, we cannot hope to predict the ultimate fate of a complex system. Even slight errors in measuring the state of a system will be amplified dramatically, rendering any prediction useless. Since it is impossible to measure the effects of all the butterflies (etc) in the World, accurate long-range weather prediction will always remain impossible.
  8. 8. 7 | 21www.diegofdezsevilla.wordpress.com by Diego Fdez-Sevilla.PhD  Order / Disorder Chaos is not simply disorder. Chaos explores the transitions between order and disorder, which often occur in surprising ways.  Mixing: Turbulence ensures that two adjacent points in a complex system will eventually end up in very different positions after some time has elapsed. Examples: Two neighboring water molecules may end up in different parts of the ocean or even in different oceans. A group of helium balloons that launch together will eventually land in drastically different places. Mixing is thorough because turbulence occurs at all scales. It is also nonlinear: fluids cannot be unmixed.  Feedback: Systems often become chaotic when there is feedback present. A good example is the behavior of the stock market. As the value of a stock rises or falls, people are inclined to buy or sell that stock. This in turn further affects the price of the stock, causing it to rise or fall chaotically.  Fractals: A fractal is a never-ending pattern. Fractals are infinitely complex patterns that are self-similar across different scales. They are created by repeating a simple process over and over in an ongoing feedback loop. Driven by recursion, fractals are images of dynamic systems – the pictures of Chaos. Geometrically, they exist in between our familiar dimensions. Fractal patterns are extremely familiar, since nature is full of fractals. For instance: trees, rivers, coastlines, mountains, clouds, seashells, hurricanes, etc. “As far as the laws of mathematics refer to reality, they are not certain, and as far as they are certain, they do not refer to reality.” -Albert Einstein Unsettled Science and Unsettled ConScience. We have to consider the interconnections between all parts of the system which generates our climate. And many of those considerations come from reassessing the impact from seeing basic principles playing with new magnitudes derived from the constant change in the composition of our environment in the solid, liquid and gaseous phases (land, atmosphere and water cycles). If we consider that a butterfly can have an effect over atmospheric circulation we have to consider also the effect from any other substantial action including not only derived from industrial activities but also, from implementing policies. In comparison with the effect of a butterfly flapping its wings, what kind of feedback should we expect from effect of the wings on just one single wind turbine with an enormous proportional size?, or the effect of releasing ground surfaces from the interference of trees in the atmospheric circulation…?, And we can keep asking about the introduction of vast amounts of new components in the atmosphere from anthropogenic activity, and the alteration of solid structures due to urbanization, mining and waste treatment, Water cycles due to compartmentalization… Basically, I believe that the lack of understanding the basics in science is what has left us to arrive to this point in time and degradation in our environments. Applying
  9. 9. 8 | 21www.diegofdezsevilla.wordpress.com by Diego Fdez-Sevilla.PhD same lack of understanding into creating “innovative solutions” will not take us far from where we are heading already if those solutions carry the same “basic” mistakes as those previously applied. This whole blog was created to explore gaps of knowledge founded over “basic” scientific principles. Most of the 145 publications shared to day contain questions and arguments exposing the relevance of maintaining gaps of knowledge in addressing basic perspectives to understand complex environmental problems. So when somebody says that basic science is settled I can only point to all the work shared throughout my blog and the comments added from the discussions generated, or even the silence held, to claim the opposite. One particular point of unsettled science highlighted in my research is the opposite directionality interpreted over the Arctic Amplification theory. The latest theory defends that the increase in temperature at Arctic latitudes is amplifying the effect from a global warming over mid-latitudinal circulation. My approach applies a new perspective to purpose that the atmospheric situation over the Arctic is not amplifying any process, due to its low energetic pool. Instead, the Arctic circulation is “passively” absorbing the energy carried under the influence of mid-latitudinal pressure due to hadley cell’s deformation. Such mechanism is independent from a minor influence coming from affectingthe conditions of albedo at the Arctic. In fact, albedo affects material getting radiated with the capacity to accumulate and re-emit energy. But the Arctic has an atmosphere usually dry due to its low temperatures. Therefore, the conditions of the Arctic atmosphere defining its thermal properties rely in its majority over the amount of moisture carried capable to absorb energy. My theory is that the increasing warming over mid-latitudes is using water vapour as the carrier of energy incorporating it over the whole atmosphere and into Arctic latitudes. Such mechanism will increase the energy pool at the Arctic, what in other words can be seeing as an increase in temperature.(more here, here and here)
  10. 10. 9 | 21www.diegofdezsevilla.wordpress.com by Diego Fdez-Sevilla.PhD  Revisiting the theory of Facing a decrease in the differential gradients of energy in atmospheric circulation (by Diego Fdez-Sevilla.) (10 Feb 2015)  Seasonality Spring 2016. Continuous follow-up on my previous research assessing atmospheric dynamics. (by Diego Fdez-Sevilla) (3 March 2016)  Observed Atmospheric Dynamics. A follow-up assessment over the theory proposed on Energetic gradients by Diego Fdez-Sevilla. (29 Jan 2016) The theory of Arctic amplification applies the point of view of seeing the temperatures raising in the Arctic as a half full scenario. However, by applying the interpretation of assuming that the Arctic is one of the locations with an atmospheric volume with lowest energy content, we should look at it by how empty used to be, thus “half empty”. The different interpretation between both scenarios bring into question the directionality on the triggers driving climatic and atmospheric events. Is it the Arctic affecting Mid-latitudinal circulation or is the other way around? So my approach into this question is simple: Where is the energy required to drive atmospheric circulation coming from? And the answer is held in the composition of the air that carry that which we measure as temperature. Albedo can make the ice to melt but can not warm up dry air. If the temperature at the Arctic circulation increases is because it carries a molecular composition which carries and retains energy. And since high temperatures over the Arctic melt ice and reduce albedo, there is less energy being radiated into the atmosphere so the temperature measured over the Arctic has to come from circulation introduced by mid-latitudinal intrusions. But that is just the beginning of a process resultant from seeing mid latitudinal circulation invading Arctic circulation due to an overload on its energy pool. All the weather events seen in the recent years and the location for those events point to corroborate my previous assessments, either directly or indirectly (also here and here). Moreover, if my take over the present developments is accurate, what comes after is what will make things interesting. So far, the most of the feedback reactions we see put in contact masses of air moving horizontally. If my assessments are correct, that will be only over a period of transition. Simultaneously, a new scape path will generate interferences over the atmospheric circulation in altitude due to energised adiabatic forcing. Such processes have already been observed and called stratospheric sudden warming events. A process which, moving from the bottom up, disturbs the configuration of the Polar Vortex. Since my assessments apply common sense and basic science to analyse unsettled science, it is open for discussion. Unsettled ConScience The opposite of an unsettled conscience is not a good conscience but a conscience which is either fulfilled with aspirations or comfortably numb on ignorance. If science can be defined as settled, and with it the need for scientists to exist by demand, those like me, working towards finding a position in research, committed
  11. 11. 10 | 21www.diegofdezsevilla.wordpress.com by Diego Fdez-Sevilla.PhD to improve the understanding over our surroundings, trying to make a change, we will have to accept science as a hobby and assume that pursuing scientific knowledge is not reliable enough to offer a stable career prospect. But furthermore, a country without scientists will shape a society unable of driving its own development. Even if I am not among the ones, I want to live in a society where science and scientists are not considered dispensable. And those in position to take decisions which drive the well been of its members are formed enough to understand the implications behind carrying gaps of knowledge as baggage. That also requires for the scientific community to reduce their focus on piling up articles with no practical value but increasing their own CVs and become more interactive with other people from inside and outside academia so their functionality gets integrated in all levels of society as it happens with all the disciplines of knowledge generated in medicine. Some Previous publications on this subject: Science, scientists, researchers, policy-makers, and the rest of society. (by Diego Fdez-Sevilla) (28 Nov 2013) Cultural cognition and the role it plays in polarizing debates. (by Diego Fdez- Sevilla) (3 Feb 2014) The scope of Environmental Science and scientific thought. From Thought-driven to Data-driven, from Critical Thinking to Data Management. (by Diego Fdez- Sevilla) (26 June 2015) The Language of Science ( by Diego Fdez-Sevilla) (10 Nov 2015) In climate it is becoming Less probable to not have a High probability. (by Diego Fdez-Sevilla) (29 May 2015) Talking about climate (by Diego Fdez-Sevilla) (12 May 2015) Domesticating Nature. (by Diego Fdez-Sevilla) (7 May 2015) New insides on old concepts (by Diego Fdez-Sevilla) (23 Dec 2015) Atmospheric Circulation and the Mixing Zone. (by Diego Fdez-Sevilla) (26 May 2016)
  12. 12. 11 | 21www.diegofdezsevilla.wordpress.com by Diego Fdez-Sevilla.PhD “The scientist … October 11, 2013 October 11, 2013 Genetic engineering vs. selective breeding. Are we all talking about the same? (by Diego Fdez-Sevilla) October 15, 2013 Is pollen a pollutant? (by Diego Fdez-Sevilla) Gathering information is often the first step towards preparing for climate change related threats. (by Diego Fdez- Sevilla) October 30, 2013 Cooking an environment (by Diego Fdez-Sevilla) November 7, 2013 November 13, 2013 Packaging and Packaging Waste Proposals New EU Proposal to reduce plastic bag consumption. November 13, 2013 EUROPA Press Release: Commissioners Janez Potočnik and Connie Hedegaard welcome the trilogue agreement on the new Environment Action Programme to 2020 europa.eu (by Diego Fdez-Sevilla) November 13, 2013 WHO Europe. Developing Indicators of climate change: pollen (by Diego Fdez-Sevilla) November 13, 2013 Potential impacts of climate change and climate variability on aeroallergens. (by Diego Fdez-Sevilla) November 13, 2013 USA. SEHIC established a workgroup to determine indicators of climate change recognizing Pollen as one Environmental Health Indicator for Climate Change (by Diego Fdez-Sevilla) Climate, “normal variability” or “change”? (by Diego Fdez-Sevilla) November 14, 2013 November 14, 2013 More pollen versus more plants. (by Diego Fdez-Sevilla) November 18, 2013 Particle size versus Particle mass. (by Diego Fdez-Sevilla) November 20, 2013 Understanding pollen seasons and hay fever. (by Diego Fdez-Sevilla) Genetic design November 27, 2013
  13. 13. 12 | 21www.diegofdezsevilla.wordpress.com by Diego Fdez-Sevilla.PhD Climate variability and energy balance. (by Diego Fdez-Sevilla) November 27, 2013 November 27, 2013 GMOs hybridizing with plants next to a field. (by Diego Fdez-Sevilla) Genetic evolution. Survival of the fittest. How fit are We to compete with the new? (by Diego Fdez-Sevilla) November 27, 2013 Science, scientists, researchers, policy- makers, and the rest of society. (by Diego Fdez-Sevilla) November 28, 2013 Hot topics and thoughts identified in environmental science from public access media. (by Diego Fdez-Sevilla) November 28, 2013 December 12, 2013 Economic Impacts of Genetically Modified Crops on the Agri-Food Sector by the European Commission. (by Diego Fdez-Sevilla) Merry Christmas and Happy New Year December 23, 2013 A diverse range of thinking and thinkers. Cross-Pollinators. (by Diego Fdez-Sevilla) January 15, 2014 Cross-pollinators and the risks of specialization. The screw and the knife. (by Diego Fdez-Sevilla) January 16, 2014 January 29, 2014 The “Provocative Questions” initiative. Identifying Perplexing Problems to Drive Progress Against Cancer. (by Diego Fdez-Sevilla) Cultural cognition and the role it plays in polarizing debates. (by Diego Fdez- Sevilla) February 3, 2014 February 17, 2014 Met Office. The Recent Storms and Floods in the UK (Feb 2014) (by Diego Fdez-Sevilla) February 21, 2014 Resilience in our models (by Diego Fdez-Sevilla) February 25, 2014 Resilience in our environment. (by Diego Fdez-Sevilla)
  14. 14. 13 | 21www.diegofdezsevilla.wordpress.com by Diego Fdez-Sevilla.PhD March 14, 2014 The breakdown of the Polar Vortex. It happened before so, What would follow? (by Diego Fdez-Sevilla) April 10, 2014 Exploring the effects of humanly generated factors in the role played by Solar activity in the climate. (by Diego Fdez-Sevilla) May 13, 2014 Looking at the influence of continentality in atmospheric circulation. (by Diego Fdez-Sevilla) “The Answer to the Ultimate Question of Life, the Universe, and Everything” is … 42 (by Diego Fdez-Sevilla) May 15, 2014 (Resolved) Your posts across groups are being moderated temporarily because one of your recent contributions was marked as spam or flagged for not being relevant. (by Diego Fdez-Sevilla) May 16, 2014 When the order of the factors does affect the product. “A Changing Climate can affect the diversity of an ecosystem” Vs “Changing the diversity of an ecosystem can affect the Climate”. (by Diego Fdez-Sevilla) May 21, 2014 Grey matter. Drilling into the core of the Earth vs drilling into the core of the brain. (by Diego Fdez-Sevilla) June 13, 2014 Mirror blog has appeared with my posts. Should I say thanks to Xiagao? (by Diego Fdez-Sevilla) June 23, 2014 June 26, 2014 Biological Productivity and its Influence on Cloud Formation. (by Diego Fdez-Sevilla) July 2, 2014 Allergies, asthma and the environment (by Diego Fdez- Sevilla) July 7, 2014 “Effects of air pollution on european Ecosystems” European Environment Agency technical report. Press release (by Diego Fdez-Sevilla) Effects of ecosystem’s degradation and the EEA report. (by Diego Fdez- Sevilla) July 12, 2014
  15. 15. 14 | 21www.diegofdezsevilla.wordpress.com by Diego Fdez-Sevilla.PhD July 17, 2014 Could plastic debris, coarse, fine and molecules (polymers), affect oceans functions as climate regulator, CO2 sink, albedo, evaporation…? (by Diego Fdez-Sevilla) July 24, 2014 Our Sun today (by Diego Fdez-Sevilla) August 6, 2014 Inland sanctuaries of water vapour for atmospheric circulation. (by Diego Fdez-Sevilla) August 14, 2014 Biotic players and atmospheric processes. Another piece of the puzzle. (by Diego Fdez-Sevilla) August 14, 2014 Weather patterns and extreme events (by Diego Fdez- Sevilla) “Climate Change” at School (by Diego Fdez-Sevilla) August 18, 2014 What would you like to know? (by Diego Fdez-Sevilla) August 28, 2014 Holidays?, sorry… temporarily out of order. (by Diego Fdez-Sevilla) September 3, 2014 September 15, 2014 Following the steps of water vapour in climatic events throughout the Third National Climate Assessment (by Diego Fdez-Sevilla) September 30, 2014 Studying the fingerprints of Human Actions over the Extreme Climatic Events of 2013. AMS Report (by Diego Fdez-Sevilla) Debating Climate, Environment and Planetary evolution. Define your position. (by Diego Fdez-Sevilla) October 2, 2014 October 7, 2014 What type of Polar vortex configuration can we expect for this winter? (by Diego Fdez-Sevilla) October 21, 2014 (Updated 22/Dec/14) New theory proposal to assess possible changes in Atmospheric Circulation (by Diego Fdez-Sevilla) November 14, 2014 Why there is no need for the Polar Vortex to break in order to have a wobbling Jet Stream and polar weather? (by Diego Fdez-Sevilla) November 22, 2014 The Polar Vortex breaks again in the North Hemisphere 22 Nov 2014. (by Diego Fdez-Sevilla)
  16. 16. 15 | 21www.diegofdezsevilla.wordpress.com by Diego Fdez-Sevilla.PhD November 29, 2014 (Updated 5/Jan/2015) State of the Polar Vortex. Broken? 29/Nov/14 – 5th/Jan/15 (by Diego Fdez- Sevilla) Climate and Weather Development. Spot the differences between the pictures. (by Diego Fdez-Sevilla) December 15, 2014 Barking up the wrong tree. GMOs, Hunger, Climate and Environment (by Diego Fdez-Sevilla) December 19, 2014 Gathering data to make visible the invisible (by Diego Fdez-Sevilla) December 22, 2014 December 22, 2014 Biological Productivity, Amazonia and Atmospheric Circulation. (by Diego Fdez-Sevilla) 2014 in review. One year trying to “Fill in” or “Find out” gaps of knowledge. (by Diego Fdez-Sevilla) January 5, 2015 January 15, 2015 Probability in the atmospheric circulation dictating the Weather (by Diego Fdez-Sevilla) January 23, 2015 3D representation of the atmospheric pressure at sea level for the North Hemisphere for today 23 January 2015 (by Diego Fdez-Sevilla) January 28, 2015 The origin of the Storm “Juno” 27 Jan 2015 (by Diego Fdez-Sevilla) January 29, 2015 Some worthy visual resources in the media to observe the dynamics of usage for “Energy” for Groundwater Pumping and “Soil” for Agriculture (by Diego Fdez-Sevilla) Reality check (by Diego Fdez-Sevilla) January 30, 2015 January 30, 2015 3D representation of the atmospheric pressure at sea level affecting Europe from today 30th January 2015 (by Diego Fdez-Sevilla) February 7, 2015 Meteorological Outlook Feb 2015 (by Diego Fdez-Sevilla) February 10, 2015 (UPGRADED 24th March2015) Revisiting the theory of “Facing a decrease in the differential gradients of energy in atmospheric circulation” by Diego Fdez- Sevilla.
  17. 17. 16 | 21www.diegofdezsevilla.wordpress.com by Diego Fdez-Sevilla.PhD March 3, 2015 Extreme climatic events in the North Hemisphere outside the EEUU. News from Spain February 2015 (by Diego Fdez-Sevilla) March 7, 2015 Drops of Weather. (by Diego Fdez-Sevilla) Steering climate´s course (by Diego Fdez-Sevilla) March 27, 2015 Climate. Looking at the forest for the trees (by Diego Fdez-Sevilla) April 9, 2015 Peer reviews are not easy for authors and neither for reviewers. (by Diego Fdez-Sevilla) April 15, 2015 April 23, 2015 Matching Features Between Land Surface and Atmospheric Circulation (by Diego Fdez-Sevilla) May 7, 2015 Domesticating Nature. (by Diego Fdez-Sevilla) Talking about climate (by Diego Fdez- Sevilla) May 12, 2015 May 14, 2015 A roller-coaster of temperatures in South Europe. Spain (by Diego Fdez-Sevilla) May 20, 2015 News from an Ecosystem (by Diego Fdez-Sevilla) In climate it is becoming Less probable to not have a High probability. (by Diego Fdez-Sevilla) May 29, 2015 June 5, 2015 Climate and Data. Drinking From the Source (by Diego Fdez-Sevilla) Communication takes more than just publishing thoughts. (by Diego Fdez- Sevilla) June 9, 2015 June 18, 2015 Extreme climatic events, implications for projections of species distributions and ecosystem structure (by Diego Fdez-Sevilla) The scope of Environmental Science and scientific thought. From Thought- driven to Data-driven, from Critical Thinking to Data Management. (by Diego Fdez-Sevilla) June 26, 2015
  18. 18. 17 | 21www.diegofdezsevilla.wordpress.com by Diego Fdez-Sevilla.PhD Atmospheric Circulation and Climate Drift. Are we there yet? (by Diego Fdez-Sevilla) July 2, 2015 Lateral thinking. From Micro to Macro (by Diego Fdez-Sevilla) July 4, 2015 July 4, 2015 Keeping an Eye on European Atmospheric Conditions (by Diego Fdez-Sevilla) July 9, 2015 European Space Agency Course. Monitoring Climate from Space. Free Access (by Diego Fdez-Sevilla) July 14, 2015 Wildfires On The Ground and Smoke Up In The Sky (by Diego Fdez-Sevilla) July 17, 2015 Something for the curious minds. Climate and Streamlines (by Diego Fdez-Sevilla) July 24, 2015 Solar Activity and Human Activity, Settling Their Environmental Liability. (by Diego Fdez-Sevilla) August 6, 2015 Atmospheric Composition and Thermal Conductivity. (by Diego Fdez-Sevilla) August 13, 2015 Latitudinal barriers and typhoons (by Diego Fdez- Sevilla) August 20, 2015 The Earth is Ticking (by Diego Fdez-Sevilla) What if, the relevant bit lies hidden on identifying the pattern behind similarities instead of trying to match anomalies? (by Diego Fdez-Sevilla) September 3, 2015 September 8, 2015 A Climate “Between Waters” (by Diego Fdez-Sevilla). September 22, 2015 Sensing Atmospheric Dynamics (by Diego Fdez-Sevilla) InFormAtion. The “Act” of “Giving Form” to “Knowledge” (by Diego fdez- Sevilla) September 30, 2015 100 Things To Say (by Diego Fdez- Sevilla) October 1, 2015
  19. 19. 18 | 21www.diegofdezsevilla.wordpress.com by Diego Fdez-Sevilla.PhD October 7, 2015 Arctic Intake of Water Vapour (by Diego Fdez-Sevilla) October 15, 2015 Follow up on previous assessments addressing shifts on Atmospheric Dynamics (by Diego Fdez-Sevilla) October 16, 2015 SST Anomalies and Heat Waves. Are They Not All Just Heat Displacements? (by Diego Fdez-Sevilla) October 21, 2015 Discussing Climatic Teleconnections. Follow Up On My Previous Research (by Diego Fdez-Sevilla) October 30, 2015 Follow-up on Arctic circulation 30 Oct 2015 ( by Diego Fdez-Sevilla) November 5, 2015 There is Ice or Frost In Antarctica? (by Diego Fdez- Sevilla) The Language of Science ( by Diego Fdez-Sevilla) November 10, 2015 November 10, 2015 Starts Raining Drops of Winter at Mid-Latitudes. The new Autumn? (by Diego Fdez-Sevilla) November 12, 2015 Press release. Asking NASA. (by Diego Fdez-Sevilla) November 17, 2015 Waste from Space. What Goes Around Comes Around. (by Diego Fdez-Sevilla) November 19, 2015 Following the Behaviour of the Jet Stream (by Diego Fdez-Sevilla) The Sound of Silence in a Discussion We All Are Involved… Our Silence. (by Diego Fdez-Sevilla) November 24, 2015 What Is Wrong With The Concept “Bio”? (by Diego Fdez-Sevilla) November 26, 2015 December 1, 2015 PARIS2015. Many Observing How Few Talk. (by Diego Fdez-Sevilla) December 3, 2015 Energy. Looking For Sources of Something We Waste. (by Diego Fdez-Sevilla) Paris2015. Environmental Management at PARIS2015 (by Diego Fdez-Sevilla) December 5, 2015
  20. 20. 19 | 21www.diegofdezsevilla.wordpress.com by Diego Fdez-Sevilla.PhD December 9, 2015 SOILS. The Skeleton Holding The Muscle On Our Ecosystems (by Diego Fdez-Sevilla) December 11, 2015 Could It Be El Niño The New “Wolf” Coming? (by Diego Fdez-Sevilla) December 18, 2015 Climate and weather December 2015. Another Polar Vortex another Heat Wave? (by Diego Fdez-Sevilla) December 23, 2015 New insides on old concepts (by Diego Fdez-Sevilla) Happy New Year 2016 (by Diego Fdez- Sevilla) December 31, 2015 January 13, 2016 Atmospheric Dynamics And Shapes (by Diego Fdez- Sevilla) January 15, 2016 European weather. Old News, Same News? by Diego Fdez-Sevilla January 20, 2016 North American Weather. Old News, Same News? (by Diego Fdez-Sevilla) January 29, 2016 Observed Atmospheric Dynamics. A follow-up assessment over the theory proposed on Energetic gradients by Diego Fdez-Sevilla. February 4, 2016 (updated 11-18 Feb2016) Polar Vortex, Old News, Same News? (by Diego Fdez-Sevilla) February 12, 2016 Forecasting Past Events. Snow Coming to Spain (by Diego Fdez-Sevilla) Do You Believe in the Value of Your Work? (by Diego Fdez-Sevilla) February 23, 2016 February 25, 2016 Forecasts For Ecosystems (by Diego Fdez-Sevilla) March 3, 2016 Seasonality Spring 2016. Continuous follow-up on my previous research assessing atmospheric dynamics. (by Diego Fdez-Sevilla) March 10, 2016 Tangled in Words. Atmospheric Dynamics, Stefan Boltzmann Calculations and Energy Balance (by Diego Fdez-Sevilla) Artificial Intelligence “Indoors” and “Outdoors (by Diego Fdez-Sevilla) March 22, 2016
  21. 21. 20 | 21www.diegofdezsevilla.wordpress.com by Diego Fdez-Sevilla.PhD March 22, 2016 Pacific atmospheric dynamics with and without a positive ENSO (by Diego Fdez-Sevilla) March 31, 2016 Plant growth, CO2, Soil and Nutrients. (by Diego Fdez- Sevilla) April 6, 2016 Atmospheric Dynamics, GHG’s, Thermal Conductivity and Polar Jet Stream (by Diego Fdez-Sevilla) Feedback. Have Your Say. (by Diego Fdez-Sevilla) April 14, 2016 April 22, 2016 Plant an Idea and Then a Tree… But Which Ones? (by Diego Fdez-Sevilla) April 28, 2016 (updated 28/April/2016) Severe weather warning 27 April 2016 USA (by Diego Fdez-Sevilla) May 6, 2016 Climate and Hadley Circulation. Research Update May 2016 (by Diego Fdez-sevilla) Scientifically Challenged (by Diego Fdez-Sevilla) May 12, 2016 May 13, 2016 Another roller-coaster of temperatures in South Europe. Spain (by Diego Fdez-Sevilla) May 13, 2015 Our Environment. One Vision and Many Thoughts. (by Diego Fdez- Sevilla) May 20, 2016 May 26, 2016 Atmospheric Circulation and the Mixing Zone. (by Diego Fdez-Sevilla) May 30, 2016 When Temperature Becomes Something Else (by Diego Fdez-Sevilla) Settled Science (by Diego Fdez-Sevilla) June 9, 2016 June 10, 2016 The Butterfly Effect on Arctic Circulation. Peer review verification on previous assessments (by Diego Fdez- Sevilla) Who has the right and the responsibility to discuss Climate as a topic of debate? (by Diego Fdez-Sevilla) June 20, 2016 June 22, 2016 Snap shot of a day 22 June 2016. Follow-up on previous research over atmospheric dynamics. (by Diego Fdez- Sevilla)
  22. 22. 21 | 21www.diegofdezsevilla.wordpress.com by Diego Fdez-Sevilla.PhD

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